+ e >
(b)(i) k 2 < < 2
(ii)
hg
R [4, ) =
3 Application to Differentiation
(i)
( )
3
2
d 4
1
d
y
u
x u u
= +
(iii)
3
8 2
4 Integration Technique +
Application to Integration
(i)
37
50
(iii)(a)
1 2
23 3
sin units
50 5
 
+

\ .
(b)
3
3.56 units
5 Sampling Method (a) Number the citizens from 1 to 500, 000.
Randomly select a citizen from the first
500 000
5000
100
= citizens.
Select every 5000
th
citizen thereafter till a sample
of 100 citizens is obtained.
Stratified sampling with appropriate strata such
as income levels is more appropriate because
this way of sampling will ensure views from
different groups of citizens such as by income
levels (likely to have different opinions), will be
heard and thus the sample is more representative
of the population.
OR
Quota sampling is more appropriate as it is easier
and generally faster to conduct than systematic
sampling. Hence it will require lesser amount of
resources to conduct the survey.
OR
Quota sampling is more appropriate as it can be
conducted without knowledge of the sampling
frame since the editor may not have access to the
sampling frame.
(b) Any of the following:
 People may lie in the preelection poll.
 People may change their minds.
 Sample may not be representative of the
population even though the sample is
randomly chosen.
 Sample size may not be large enough to
reflect the votes of the citizens.
6 Permutation and Combination (i) 1024
(ii) 768
(iii) 240
7 Binomial and Approximation (a) n at least 34
(b) 0.0863
8 Hypothesis Testing (i) 5.9, 1.32
(ii) Conclusion: Since pvalue =0.0175 <0.05
(or t =2.479 >1.833), we reject H
0
at 5 % level
of significance and there is sufficient evidence to
conclude that the horticulturists claim is correct,
i.e. the new variety of fruit bush gives a higher
yield.
Assume that the yield of the new variety fruit
bush follows a normal distribution for thettest to
be valid.
If the actual value of
2
( 5) x
is less than
19.96, the actual
2
s will be smaller. This implies
that the actual test statistic will be larger.
Therefore, actual test statistic will still fall within
the rejection region.
OR
The actual test statistic is larger the actual p
value is smaller. Therefore, the actual pvalue
will still be <0.05.
Hence there is sufficient evidence to conclude
that the new variety of fruit bush produces a
higher yield at 5% level of significance. Thus, the
conclusion would still be the same.
9 Normal +Binomial (a) 0.216
(b)(i)8.3, 0.5194
(ii) 0.0821
10 Probability (i) 0.982
(ii) 0.727
(iii) 0.236
(iv) 0.231
5
Since P(sum 8 and at least 1 blue)
22
13 54
P(sum 8) P(at least 1 blue) ,
55 55
> =
= > =
the two events are not independent.
11 Regression (i) Scatter diagram:
(ii) Method 1:
For p =a +bx, r =0.834.
For p =ab
x
, i.e. ln ln ln p a x b = + , r =0.998.
Since the value of r for the model p =ab
x
is
closer to 1, it is the more appropriate model.
Method 2:
It can be observed from the scatter diagram that
the data points fit a curve of the form p =ab
x
better than a linear model. Therefore the model p
=ab
x
is more appropriate.
0.00000421 a = b =1.22
(iii) 10.9
(iv) 1000a o = and b  = .
12 Normal +Poisson (a) 0.00864
Assumption: All calls are made independently.
OR
The mean rate of calls received remains constant
throughout the given time interval.
(b)(i) 118
(ii) Since n =118 is sufficiently large, by Central
Limit Theorem, X follows a normal distribution
approximately. Hence the answer in previous
question is still valid.
(c) 84
0.07020
20
0.00021
50
x
p