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KUB Ultrasound

Indications:
To look for changes in the bladder wall
To look for changes in the kidney size or structure
To look for stones in the urinary tract
To evaluate reasons why you have recurrent kidney infection
To identify the cause of renal or pelvic pain
Preparation:
A full bladder is required and you will need to drink a pint of water in the hour
before your scan. During this period, please do not empty your bladder.
URINALYSIS
Indication
Urinalysis is often used as pre-emptive screening during pregnancy checkups, prior
to surgery, or part of a routine medical exam or physical.
Your doctor may order urinalysis if he or she suspects you of having certain
conditions, or you experience certain symptoms, including:
abdominal pain
back pain
blood in the urine
diabetes
kidney disease
liver disease
painful urination
urinary tract infection
If youve been diagnosed with any of these conditions, your doctor may use
urinalysis testing to check on the progress of treatments or tracking the progression
of a disease.
Preparation
One of the best ways to prepare for giving a urine sample is to make sure you drink
enough water to provide an adequate sample.
Prior to the test, tell your doctor about any medications or supplements you take as
these may affect the results.

SKIN
skin tests for allergy or disease (intradermal test, ppd)
indication
Method for determining induced sensitivity (allergy) by applying or inoculating a
suspected allergen or sensitizer into the skin and determining sensitivity (allergy) to
the specific antigen by an inflammatory skin reaction to it
This test is done to find out if you have ever come in contact with the bacteria that
causes TB.
Preparation
There is no special preparation for this test.
Tell your health care provider if you have ever had a positive PPD skin test. If so, you
should not have a repeat PPD test, except under unusual circumstances.
Tell your doctor if you have a medical condition or if you take certain drugs, such as
steroids, that can affect your immune system. These situations may lead to
inaccurate test results.
skin biopsy
indication
removal of lesions for pathological examination, usually microscopic
A skin biopsy is used to diagnose or rule out skin conditions and diseases. It may also
be used to remove skin lesions. A skin biopsy may be necessary to diagnose or to
help treat skin conditions and diseases
Actinic keratosis
Bullous pemphigoid and other blistering skin disorders
Dermatitis, psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions
Skin cancers, including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and
melanoma
Skin infection
Skin tags
Suspicious moles or other growths
Warts
Preparation
Before the skin biopsy, tell your doctor if you:
Have been diagnosed with a bleeding disorder
Have experienced excessive bleeding after other medical procedures
Are taking blood-thinning medications, such as aspirin, aspiring-containing
medications, warfarin (Coumadin) or heparin
Have a history of skin infections, including impetigo
Are taking medications that suppress the immune system, such as diabetes
medications or medications used after an organ transplant
debridement
indication
Debridement is used to clean dead and contaminated material from your wound to
aid in healing. The procedure is most often done for the following reasons:
To remove tissue contaminated by bacteria, foreign tissue, dead cells, or crusting
To create a neat wound edge to decrease scarring
To aid in the healing of very severe burns or pressure sores (decubitus ulcers)
To get a sample of tissue for testing and diagnosis
Preparation
Prior to Procedure
Your doctor will likely do the following:
Physical exam
Take a measurement of the wound
Provide pain medicine before changing debridement dressings (for nonsurgical
procedures)
Arrange for a ride to and from the procedure
If you will be getting general anesthesia, do not eat or drink anything after midnight
the night before the procedure
Anesthesia
Anesthesia may be used for deep pressure ulcers or other wounds. Local anesthesia
will numb the area. General anesthesia will allow you to sleep through the
procedure.