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CHEMISTRY 962/1

One hour and a half hours


`
Name : ! "orm :



S#MM$TI%E $SSESSMENT
"IRST TERM
ST&M
2'1(
LOGO DAN
NAMA SEKOLAH

Se)*+on $ [15 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1 C and C atoms are isotopes of caron! "#ic# of t#e fo$$o%in& is t#e same
for t#e isotopes'
$ Stai$it(
, N)c$ear c#ar&e
C N)c$eon n)mer
- *e$ati+e isotopic mass

2
"#ic# of t#e fo$$o%in& )nkno%n or&anic compo)nd %i$$ re$ease a spectr)m as t#e one s#o%n
ao+e'
$ C
,
H
-
, C
-
H
1.
C C
1/
H
0/
- C
1/
H
00
( 1anadi)m #as t#e e$ectronic confi&)ration of 1s
0
0s
0
0p
.
2s
0
2p
.
2d
2
,s
0
! "#ic# ion does no* e3ist'
$ 1O
,
2.
, 1O
2
.
C 1O
0
4
- 1O
2/
0
10
.
1,
.
*e$ati+e
intensit(
m5e
/ 0/ ,/ ./ -/ 1// 10/ 1,/ 1./

0 6#e ener&(7$e+e$ dia&ram for a #(dro&en atom s#o%s se+era$ e$ectronic transitions %it# fre8)encies
f19 f29 f39 f4 and f5!
"#ic# of t#e fo$$o%in& statements is 5 are *rue of t#e ao+e dia&ram'
I f1 represents t#e con+er&ence $imit of t#e L(man series!
II f19 f2 and f3 represent $ines in t#e L(man series!
III f4 and f5 are )sed to ca$c)$ate t#e difference et%een t#e ener&( $e+e$s of
n : 2 and n : ,!
I% 6#e e$ectronic transition of f3 &i+es a $ine spectr)m t#at corresponds to t#e
re&ion of +isi$e $i&#t!
$ I and II
, I and I%
C II and III
- III and I%
1 ;ased on t#e and t#eor(9 t#e cond)cti+it( of meta$ is d)e to de$oca$i<ed e$ectrons in t#e cond)ction
and! Ho% man( e$ectrons are fo)nd in t#e cond)ction and of a 1/!/ & ma&nesi)m meta$ strip'
[*e$ati+e atomic mass of M& is 0,!/= A+o&adro constant is .!/0 3 1/
02
mo$
71
]
$ 0!51 3 1/
02
, 5!/0 3 1/
02
C 0!51 3 1/
0,
- 2!/1 3 1/
0,
6 "#ic# of t#e fo$$o%in& #as +an der "aa$s forces'
$ S)$p#)r!
, Diamond!
C Sodi)m c#$oride!
- Ma&nesi)m o3ide!
2
Ener&(
n : 1
n : 0
n : 2
n : ,
n : >
f1 f2 f3
f4 f5

2 "#ic# species is dra%n %it# t#e correct s#ape'
$ [ ? @ ? @ ? ]
7
,
O O
07
S
O O
C

;

A A A

-
H

B

H H

3
6#e dia&ram ao+e s#o%s t#e od(7centred c)ic str)ct)re of a )nit ce$$! Ho% man( atoms are t#ere
in t#e )nit ce$$ ao+e'
$ 1 , 0 C 2 - ,
9 6#e ;o$t<mann distri)tion c)r+es at temperat)re 6
1
and 6
0
are s#o%n e$o%!
At temperat)re 6
1
9
I t#e acti+ation ener&( is $o%er!
II more mo$ec)$es #a+e $o%er ener&(!
III t#e tota$ n)mer of mo$ec)$es remain constant!
I% t#e ma3im)m point of t#e c)r+e is disp$aced to t#e ri&#t!
$ I and II , I and I% C II and III - III and I%
,
Araction of
mo$ec)$es
6
1
6
0
E
a
Ener&(

1' A p#ase dia&ram of %ater is s#o%n e$o%!

O

"#at can (o) ded)ced from t#e p#ase dia&ram'
$ An increase in press)re %i$$ decrease t#e free<in& point of %ater!
, An increase in press)re %i$$ decrease t#e oi$in& point of %ater!
C ?ce s)$imes at a press)re #i&#er t#an .11 Ba!
- "ater e3ists as $i8)id at a press)re of .11 Ba and temperat)re of 0C-K!
11 6#e kinetic data for t#e reaction A 4 0; D C at a certain temperat)re is s#o%n in t#e fo$$o%in&
ta$e!
E3periment ?nitia$
cencentration
?nitia$ rate of
reaction
[A]
o
[;]
o
1 a r
0 0a ,r
2 a 0 r
"#at is t#e rate of t#e reaction'
$ k[A]
0
, k[;]
0
C k[A][;]
0
- k[A]
0
[;]
12 A 0!/ dm
2
stoppered f$ask at 6
o
C contains /!5/ mo$ of SO
0
9 /!/1/ mo$ of O
0
and ,!. mo$ of SO
2
at
e8)i$iri)m! Ca$c)$ate K
c
for t#e fo$$o%in& e8)i$iri)m at 6
o
C!
0SO
0
E&F 4 O
0
E&F 0SO
2
E&F
$ 5!C 3 1/
75
dm
2
mo$
71
, C!0 3 1/
0
dm
2
mo$
71
C -!5 3 1/
2
dm
2
mo$
71
- 1!G 3 1/
,
dm
2
mo$
71
5
Bress)re 5 Ba
6emperat)re 5 K
0G2!1.
A
C
;
.11

1( "#ic# )nder$ined mo$ec)$e reacts as a Le%is ase'
$ K
0
O 4 SO
2
D K
0
SO
,
, ;A
2
4 NH
2
D H
2
N!;A
2
C OH
7
4 CO
0
D HCO
2
7
- CH
2
C$ 4 AeC$
2
D CH
2
4
4 AeC$
,
7
10 6#e so$)i$it( prod)ct9 K
sp
of ma&nesi)m #(dro3ide in p)re %ater at 05
o
C is 0!/ 3 1/
711
mo$
2
dm
7C
!
"#at is t#e so$)i$it( of ma&nesi)m #(dro3ide %#en an e3cess of so$id ma&nesi)m #(dro3ide is
s#aken in 1 dm
2
of /!1 mo$ dm
72
sodi)m #(dro3ide'
$ 0!/ 3 1/
712
mo$ dm
72
, ,!/ 3 1/
710
mo$ dm
72
C ,!/ 3 1/
711
mo$ dm
72
- 0!/ 3 1/
7C
mo$ dm72

11 6#e p#ase dia&ram of a mi3t)re of t%o $i8)ids B and H is as fo$$o%sI
"#at co)$d B and H e'
B H
$

6ric#$oromet#ane Bropanone
, ;en<ene Met#($en<ene
C Et#ano$ "ater
- Caron dis)$p#ide Bropanone
.
1apo)r press)re 5
atm
B H
1!/ 1!/ Mo$e fraction

SECTION , [15 marks]
Answer all 8)estions in t#is section!
16 6#e mass spectr)m of a &aseo)s compo)nd is s#o%n e$o%!
4a5 "rite t#e form)$a of ions responsi$e for eac# of t#e peaks $ae$$ed A9 ;9 C and D!
[0 marks]
A I 77777777777777777777777777777 ;I 777777777777777777777777777777777
CI 777777777777777777777777777777 DI 777777777777777777777777777777777
465 EiF "rite a possi$e form)$a for t#e compo)nd %it# m5e +a$)e of C0
[0 marks]
777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777
EiiF Name t#e compo)nd
7777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777
4)5 6#e fo)r nat)ra$$( occ)rrin& sta$e isotopes of iron are &i+en in t#e ta$e e$o%!
Determine t#e re$ati+e atomic mass of iron! [0 marks]
*e$ati+e atomic mass 52!C, 55!C2 5.!C, 5G!C2
*e$ati+e a)ndance 5 J 5!-0 C1!-/ 0!1/ /!0-
G
Bercenta&e
a)ndance

17. 6#e dia&ram e$o% represents t#e ener&( $e+e$s of t#e orita$s in atoms of t#e t#ird period!
(aF ?ndicate t#e t(pe of orita$s at eac# ener&( $e+e$ e$ectrons in t#e dia&ram ao+e!
[0 marks]
465 Dra% and $ae$ a$$ t#e possi$e s#apes of orita$s at t#e ener&( $e+e$9 n : 0!
[, marks]
4)5 ?n t#e ao+e dia&ram9 mark t#e +a$ence e$ectron confi&)ration for p#osp#or)s9 )sin& arro%s to
represent e$ectrons in t#e dia&ram ao+e!
[2 marks]



-
Ener&(

SECTION C [2/ marks]
Ans%er an( *7o 8)estions in t#is section!
13 4a5 Ammonia is a co$o)r$ess &as %it# a p)n&ent sme$$! ?t reacts %it# #(dro&en ions in acids to form
ammoni)m ions9 NH
,
4
! Dra% a Le%is str)ct)re for ammonia and t#e ammoni)m ion!
[0 marks]
465 6#e H@N@H ond an&$es in ammonia and ammoni)m ion are 1/GK and 1/C!5K respecti+e$(!
E3p$ain t#e difference in t#ese ond an&$es! [, marks]
4)5 6#e reaction et%een f$)orine and nitro&en dio3ide %as carried o)t at 6 K!
A
0E&F
4 0NO
0E&F
0NO
0
A
E&F
6#e fo$$o%in& data %ere otained %#en t#e reaction %as carried o)t )sin& different
concentrations of t#e &ases!
"#at is t#e order of t#e reaction %it# respect to
EiF f$)orine and nitro&en dio3ide' [, marks]
EiiF "rite t#e rate e8)ation for t#e reaction! [ 1 mark ]
EiiiF Bropose a possi$e mec#anism for t#is reaction! [, marks]
19! 4a5 Nitro&en mono3ide9 NO can e prepared from t#e reaction et%een nitro&en and o3(&en!
N
0E&F
4 O
0E&F
0NO
E&F
/
LH : 41-/!5 kM
State #o% EiF K
c
and EiiF t#e amo)nt of NO %i$$ c#an&e %#en an e8)i$iri)m mi3t)re of N
0
9 O
0
and
NO is s)Nected to t#e fo$$o%in& c#an&es!
EiF More O
0
is added
EiiF 6#e +o$)me is increased
EiiiF 6#e temperat)re is decreased
Ei+F A cata$(st is )sed
[- marks]
465 Caron mono3ide can e )sed to red)ce steam to #(dro&en!
CO
E&F
4 H
0
O
E&F
H
0E&F
4 CO
0E&F
0!0/ mo$ of CO
E&F
and 1!G1 mo$ of H
0
O are p$aced in an empt( 1!// dm
2
f$ask at 6 KC! After
e8)i$iri)m %as reac#ed9 t#e concentration of CO %as /!G- mo$ dm
72
! Ca$c)$ate
EiF t#e concentration of H
0
O
E&F
at e8)i$iri)m [0 marks]
EiiF t#e +a$)e of K
c
at 6 KC for t#e ao+e reaction [0 marks]
EiiiF t#e +a$)e of K
c
at 6 KC for t#e reaction9
H
0E&F
4 CO
0E&F
CO
E&F
4 H
0
O
E&F
[2 marks]
C

2'! 4a5 EiF "#at do (o) )nderstand ( t#e term so$)i$it( prod)ct' [0 marks]
EiiF "rite an e3pression for t#e so$)i$it( prod)ct of ma&nesi)m #(dro3ide9 M&EOHF
0
!
[0 marks]
465 A 05!/ cm
2
samp$e of sat)rated9 a8)eo)s ma&nesi)m #(dro3ide re8)ired 1C!0 cm
2
of /!/5/ mo$ dm
72

#(droc#$oric acid for ne)tra$isation! Ca$c)$ate
EiF t#e #(dro3ide ion concentration of t#e sat)rated so$)tion9 [0 marks]
EiiiF a +a$)e for t#e so$)i$it( prod)ct of ma&nesi)m #(dro3ide9 statin& t#e )nits!
[0 marks]
4)5 6#e )ffer s(stem9 H
0
BO
,
7
5 HBO
,
07
in $ood #e$ps to keep t#e pH of $ood at ao)t G!,/!
EiF Ca$c)$ate t#e [H
0
BO
,
7
] 5 [ HBO
,
07
] ratio at t#e norma$ pH of $ood!
[K
a
H
0
BO
,

7
I .!0 3 1/
7-
mo$ dm
72
] [2 marks]
EiiF Osin& a s)ita$e e8)ation9 e3p$ain %#at #appens %#en=
?F a sma$$ amo)nt of stron& acid is added to t#is )ffer s(stem!
??F a sma$$ amo)nt of stron& ase is added to t#is )ffer s(stem!
[, marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
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