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Tsunamis are a force of nature that can destroy the coastlines with large wall like waves
that crash onto cities and towns in all parts of the world. The word Tsunami is a Japanese word,
the word Tsu means harbor and the word nami means wave. The Tsunami Story, 1998
Tsunamis are called different things like, tidal waves or seismic sea waves, these names come
from different places that have different names for them. What causes Tsunamis?
Tsunami waves are different from wind waves because tsunamis are formed by
earthquakes and underwater volcanoes. Wind waves are caused by the distance across the water
that the wind blows, this is a key element that helps create wind waves. Many people wonder
why everyday waves crash on the shore immediately when tsunamis dont, this is because the
everyday wave feels the bottom and feels the need to slow down and then come together, this
process is called shoring. The tsunami is caused by earthquakes and keeps going because of the
energy inside it so when the tsunami hits the shore and land its energy and speed will decrease.
Different from everyday waves you see at the beach tsunamis start far away from the shore.
Everyday waves form closer to the shore than tsunamis. When storms happen on the coastline
that doesnt always mean a tsunami is coming. That doesnt mean that you wont get some big
waves. These waves are caused by the biggest storms with strongest and most powerful winds.
What causes waves, 2013
Every day there are small earthquakes all around the world but they dont create giant
tsunami waves that can damage a coastline. This is because the earthquakes that trigger tsunamis

are underwater not above the surface or on land; if there was a devastating earthquake
somewhere in the world it wouldnt effect waves or create a tsunami. Even though underwater
earthquakes can cause tsunamis that doesnt mean that just any underwater earthquake can cause
it, it would have to be close to the surface and not deep down in the ocean. If the earthquake
happened very deep it wouldnt effect or cause any waves. Although many tsunamis are caused
by earthquakes this isnt the only way to create tsunamis, they can also be created by underwater
volcanoes. The Relationship between Earthquakes and Tsunamis, 2013
Since tsunamis can be hurtful to people, plants, animals, and land scientists have made
whats called a deep detection buoy, these buoys are far out in the ocean recording earthquakes
and tsunamis. Where these buoys are placed is very important because if they were put to close
to where the earthquake was supposed to happen then the buoy would be damaged. When the
buoys are put into the water all of its special parts start to work. First its anchor sinks and then all
of its equipment sinks and works on different jobs. Then the Tsunameter, another part of the
buoy connects to the buoys signal and both of them connect to a satellite. These detection buoys
will develop even more in the future and will be able to tell us when and where tsunamis will
happen and as soon as possible. Deep Ocean Tsunami Detection Buoys, 2013
In conclusion tsunamis have been studied by many people and there is so much more we
know and are beginning to know about them. We have so many tools and equipment that can
protect and help us learn and teach other people about them. Today we have so many people
working on developing so many different things that we will know in the future when, what time,
how, and why tsunamis happen and form much better than we do know.