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TYPES OF OPERATING SYSTEMS

There are many types of operating systems with different


features and speciality. Some of them are:
WINDOWS 7 Windows is the most popular operating system
around the world. Its features are:
Speed: The speed of the Windows 7 is pretty fast. It works
better than the previous versions of Windows.
Search and organization: One of the best things about
windows 7 is the improved search tool, to be able to find
what you need quickly and easily. For example, typing
mouse will bring up the mouse option within the control
panel or typing a word will display it and split it neatly
into files, folders and applications. Also there is new
introduced concept of Libraries which are an easy way to
collect and track documents, pictures and videos on your
computer.
Start menu: The start menu provides the primary access for
programs and applications in the computer.
Mac OS X: It is an operating system which is ussually present
on Apple laptops and notebooks. The features are:
Spotlight: Spotlight made waves for its metadata index and
instant search capabilities. The utilitys in depth search
inside the files, rather than the name alone.
Smart Folders: Using the power of the Spotlight search
engine, smart folders are essentially saved searches. Tell
your Mac that you want to see all Word files youve created
in the past 10 days, and boom, theres a folder full of those
files. They do all the organization for you.
Bonjour: Using Bonjour, we can easily connect to printers,
servers, other computers and devices over a network.
Bonjour devices automatically make themselves available on
the network and the technology resolves any addressing
issues for you.
LINUX: The features are:
Multiprocessor: it has a native kernel support for
multiple independent threads of control within a
single process memory space. It has memory
protection between processes, so that one program
cant bring the whole system down.
System library: System libraries are special functions
or programs using which application programs or
system utilities accesses Kernels features. These
library implements most of the functionalities of the
operating system and do not require kernel modules
code access rights.
Kernel: Kernel is the core part of Linux. It is
responsible for all the major activities of this
operating system. It consists of various modules and
it interacts directly with the underlying hardware.
UNIX: The features are:
Shell: it presents each user with a prompt and interprets
commands types by a user. It then executes the user
commands and also supports a custom environment for
each user.
Running programs in the background: It lets the user carry
on with more important tasks for ex. Printing and
formatting documents. The ampersand symbol (&) is
appended to the command and the shell assigns a process
number to the command as well. The background jobs can
be deleted using the kill command.
The file: A file is a collection of information, which can be
data, an application, documents; in fact, under UNIX, a file
can contain anything. When a file is created, UNIX assigns
the file a unique internal number (called an inode).
MS-DOS: The features are:
Files: There are text files as well as batch files. The files can
also include application programs.
File names and Directory: A DOS file can have an 8
character name + an optional 3 character extension. The
extension is intended to indicate the type of file. Most DOS
programs assume some particular extension for the file they
use. The files are organized in a tree-structured directory.
An arbitrary file is specified by a path.
Concept of paths: Full name of a file or directory consists of
path primary name extension. Path is a sequence of
directory names which give you the hierarchy to access a
particular directory or file name.