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Name

Vocabulary
1

Match the words and expressions in A to their definitions in B.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

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.....

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

B
change from one language to another
say youre sorry
first language
ask for something
pay no attention
talk or write occasionally
able to speak two languages
say you arent happy about something

Complete the sentences with the words and expressions in Exercise 1, column A.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

A
ignore
complain
keep in touch
translate
bilingual
mother tongue
apologise
request

I promise to while Im abroad.


to your brother. You hurt him.
This food is terrible. We should .
Im talking to you. Dont me.
I dont understand French. Could you this into English, please?
If you cant do it yourself, youll have to help.
Michael is . He speaks English and French.
Suzanne was born in Japan, but English is her .

Complete the collocations with the words below.


sign official bad first
1.
2.
3.
4.

Small children shouldnt watch that film because of all the violence and language.
Although there are many Spanish speakers in the USA, English is the language.
Deaf people use language to communicate with each other.
She speaks eight languages fluently, but French is her language.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs below.
get by get across get through pass on pick up cut in pass down
1. He couldnt speak Chinese so he his message using mime.
2. She has a great ear for languages and managed to a lot of English from
watching television.
3. The recipe is a family secret that from generation to generation.
4. He is able to at work even though he never formally learnt how to use
a computer.
5. I dont like using open online chat rooms as anyone can suddenly on
your conversation.
6. He finally to the airline after eight tries.
7. In next weeks magazine, Penlope Cruz her top ten beauty tips.

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Name

Complete the passage with the words and expressions below.


face-to-face misunderstand slang get across body language fluent foreign
contacts discussing
When learning a (1) language, one of the most difficult ways to communicate is on the telephone.
Why is this? Well, first of all, when someone (2) us by telephone, we cant see him or his
(3) . This means we lose a very important clue for understanding, and as a result it is easy to
(4) what he is saying. Likewise, without the ability to use facial expressions and hands when we
speak, it is much harder to (5) our own message. Therefore, many people avoid
(6) anything important on the phone. Another reason why the telephone is challenging is that its
often more difficult to hear a speaker on the phone than in (7) conversations. In addition, people
often speak more quickly and may use more (8) on the telephone, which makes it difficult to
understand if you arent (9) in a language.

More Practice

Name

Grammar
1

Choose ALL the correct answers. Then tick the sentences where the relative pronoun can be omitted.
.....
.....
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.....

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

I saw the film who / which / that you told me about.


We ate at Mikes caf, who / which / that has the best pancakes.
The programme who / which / that you are watching is boring.
My mother is visiting my grandmother, who / which / that lives in a nursing home.
Anyone who / which / that wants to enter the zoo must buy a ticket.
Helen bought a new car who / which / that was made in Japan.
The student who / which / that you were speaking to was obviously very smart.

Complete the sentences with the relative pronouns below.


who which where when whose
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Can you tell me the name of the street Amy lives?


Brad Pitt, is an American actor, has starred in over 35 films.
My mother works with a woman husband is the star of a TV programme.
He speaks Italian in addition to Portuguese, is his first language.
I met him last summer I worked at the summer camp.

Write sentences with the words below. Add commas when necessary.
1. he / I / that / love / the gift / gave / me
.............................................................................................................................................
2. cousin / dentist / married / my / is / Dr Jones / a / who
.............................................................................................................................................
3. prefers / which / She / are / products / environmentally-friendly
.............................................................................................................................................
4. the man / dog / bit / That / whose / me / is
.............................................................................................................................................
5. year / was / stayed / Grand Hotel / nice / The / where / very / we / last
.............................................................................................................................................
6. when / women / There / vote / a time / couldnt / was
.............................................................................................................................................

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Name

Combine the sentences using a relative pronoun. Make any necessary changes.
1. My neighbour won the gardening prize. His garden is beautiful.
.............................................................................................................................................
2. He misses his house. It was destroyed in the fire.
.............................................................................................................................................
3. Leonid Stadnyk is the tallest man in the world. He lives in the Ukraine.
.............................................................................................................................................
4. He returned to visit the town. He was born there.
.............................................................................................................................................
5. Ana Segon is the company secretary. She is bilingual.
.............................................................................................................................................
6. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is in the Himalayan mountains.
.............................................................................................................................................
7. He decided to visit London. His friend is studying there.
.............................................................................................................................................

Complete the sentences. Add a relative pronoun and a suitable ending.


1.
2.
3.
4.

She really likes the teacher .............................................................................................. .


Theyve opened a new shop ............................................................................................. .
He was born in a town ...................................................................................................... .
2000 was the year ............................................................................................................ .

Complete the passage with suitable relative pronouns.


Washoe, (1) was the first non-human to learn to speak a human language, was a chimpanzee. The
language (2) she learned, was American Sign Language (ASL).
Washoe was born in 1965 in West Africa, (3) she was captured. She was later taken to the USA for
research. Washoe lived with two scientists, Allen and Beatrice Gardner, (4) goal was to teach her to
communicate. She was named after Washoe County, Nevada, (5) the Gardners raised and taught her.
Washoe was using over 250 signs by October 2007, (6) she died at the age of 42.