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PI 100 - G Quadrant 2 First Row First Semester, AY 2009-2010

A newsletter presenting the evils of the Philippines of Rizal’s times
Power in the Educated and His Name Using religion and education, they were able to use their civil government for our late fellows to follow them and in effect, to rule. Though we can’t deny that many a Filipino gained an advantage upon introducing Christianity and European civilization to our culture, we are obliged an eternal debt of gratitude, for without their service through preaching, the Indios may not be able to emerge from history as one of the many Christian nations.

October 15, 2009

For this issue: On Frailocracy The Predicaments of the Friar’s Government: Revealing the Pangs and Tangs of Frailocracy by Mark Angelo Ordonio On Human Rights Puso ng Saging: Pagsasalarawan sa Hindi Makataong Pagtrato sa Panahon ni Rizal by Cris Angelo Vispo On the Guardia Civil - Peace and Order by the (Dis)Respected Guardia Civil by Glenn Ian Quimbo On Colonialism Mga Kastila sa Kolonyal na Pamahalaan by Mary Cliedy Angelie Bersola On Unequality We are Superior and That Does It by Winifredo Jr., Yaon and Equal Treatment of the Unequals by Rachelle Rogando

The Predicaments of the Friars’ Government
Revealing the Pangs and Tangs of Frailocracy
By Mark Angelo Ordonio So, how do we put a greater emphasis on the dark side of the country when the arrival of the Spaniards is a mere fact and truth that the Filipinos have witnessed total darkness? Let’s have these friars. A Bridge for Political Power Not all of these friars had brought their good intentions when they preach. Most are allies of those who seat on a higher rank, giving them the opportunity either to give orders being allknowing entities or to follow commands as the government trusts them much. Aside from his priestly duties (if these really are duties) the friar has these capabilities: inspect internal revenues through academic and government institutions, manage local elections and public works, repress publications and all kinds of media including theatre, and above all, act as a sentinel of peace and order. Can you imagine these being done by just a priest? We don’t limit one to function inside the four corners of the Church, but we’re more concerned with the taxes and irregularities being practiced in his supervisions.

Puso ng Saging
Pagsasalarawan sa Hindi Makataong Pagtrato sa Panahon ni Rizal
By Cris Angelo Vispo Saging Lang ang May Puso! “Buti pa ang saging, may puso. Kayo, wala!” Napakinggan ko ito minsan habang ako ay nanonood ng telebisyon. Nakatatawa, pero kung susuriin, may laman itong mensahe. Sa drama ng buhay ni Rizal at sa mga hindi makataong karanasan niya at ng pamilya niya sa kamay ng mga Kastila, isa ang linyang ito sa mga pinaka-saktong linya na maaari niyang sambitin. Hindi Saging ang mga Kastila Ginamit ni Rizal ang literatura upang magsilbing salamin ng kanyang buhay. Maihahalintulad natin ang mga ito sa kanyang talaarawan. Hindi man siya mabuhay nang matagal upang maibahagi sa iba ang kanyang makulay ngunit masalimuot na buhay, maaaring dumungaw ang isang nilalang sa kanyang mga nobela upang sariwain ang kaganapan sa panahon na namuhay si Rizal. Ang isa sa mga pinakakilalang pagsasalarawan ng buhay ni Rizal sa kanyang mga nobela ay kwento ni Kabesang Tales sa El Filibustrismo kung saan ang kanyang lupang pinaghirapan ay inangkin ng mga prayle. Sino ba naman ang matutuwa kung angkinin ang iyong lupain at pagkatapos ay pagbayarin ka ng buwis sa pagtira o paggamit ng nasabing lupa? May limitasyon ang tao: hindi sa lahat ng pagkakataon ay pagtitimpi ang mamamayani, at pinatunayan ito noong nagdesisyon si Kabesang Tales nang umanib siya sa mga tulisan. Maaaring ito na lamang ang naiisip niyang paraan kung paano makagaganti sa mga taong nang-alipusta sa kanya at kanyang pamilya. Isa pang halimbawa ay ang paghihirap na dinanas ng magkapatid na si Crispin at Basilio. Pinagbintangang magnanakaw si Crispin ng sakristan mayor, ngunit sa halip na kausapin, mga hagupit at bugbog ang sumalubong sa murang katawan ng bata. Isang pagbibintang na hindi naman dumaan sa masusing imbestigasyon ang nagdudulot ng hindi makataong pagtrato kay Crispin. Ganito rin ang nangyari sa ina ng ating bayani, si Doña Teodora. Pinagbintangan siya nang nagtangkang lasunin ang kanyang hipag. Ang parusa: pinag-lakad siya ng limampung kilometro patungo sa kanyang kulungan sa Sta. Cruz. Kahit ngayon, sasabihing hindi makatao ang ganitong pagtrato.
(Continued on page 2)

But then again, not all Spanish friars carry the same purpose upon stepping our land: regardless of the order a friar belongs to, many just simply used His name and the words of the educated for Filipinos A Wider Dominion via Haciendas to be fascinated (or to scare us?) upon being an allAn image of a Spanish friar: Who are behind the Calamba land probknowing being and thus, angel from the outside, evil lem Rizal and his family had undergone survive world’s struggles, anyway? Do I have to reiterate that friars from the inside which would be then are involved even in these incomeachieved upon receiving their generating activities for the Filipinos? No customs. Some were obviously interpreted in wonder these land properties became breeding Rizal’s two great novels by Padre Damaso and grounds of agrarian revolts, thanks to these Godly Padre Salvi while Jaena used Fray Botod. With people. Even our provinces had the best plantathese, these writers were able to destruct the good tions, how come we haven’t seen progress? It’s for image these friars had in their poker faces as these the best areas are named after the friars. writers construct a degrading yet near-truth icon that destroyed the Filipinos’ good impression to For real, the dominance of the friars in the Spanish the friars, that in return, opened their awareness era is a clear manifestation of the main objective of Spain in hitting our country. on other evils Spain had gifted us.

Peace and Order by the (Dis)Respected Guardia Civil
By Glenn Ian Quimbo Fade to Black The darkest age in Philippine history is the Spanish rule, wherein, back then, everyday life was not just a struggle; it’s a fight for survival. Since it was not a free country in those times, Filipinos, mainly the “common tao” didn’t have the slightest chance against this torture that they cherish every second of their live, not knowing if they’ll die today or That Disparate Treatment maybe sooner. And what symbol sprung upon Unfair treatment to the Filipinos who suffered was these merciless killings? not news to everyone, but the fatal blow against us Filipinos was the unequal treatment before the Halt, Who Goes There! law. So first we had to endure the torture that was Even though the Philippines were under Spanish upon us, but not having the privilege to defend rule, the upper class were not in constant interacourselves was just too much. We were treated like tion with the Filipinos. It was the guardia civil who their dogs moving around not just anywhere, but in was the most abusive and had the luxury of punour very own Motherland! So people Rizal that ishing and doing the dirty work for Though these have risen up against Spain was the best blessing men assert for the maintenance of peace and the Filipinos could ask for. order as they suppress bandits, hidden acts were made as women and children didn’t stand a I cannot quite see what the Philippines would be chance against these treatment. People could be like without Rizal, I’m just thankful that it isn’t so. killed in an instant or be tortured just for the fun of it. These scenarios are better portrayed by the lives of Crispin whose death was done by the sacristan mayor, and Elias whose clan has been ruthlessly violated subjected to persecution. Name it: maltreating the innocent, raping women, looting paraphernalia, these could be compared in my opinion being under Martial Law, but much worse.

‘Equal Treatment of the Unequals’
By Rachelle Rogando Defining Inequality As by Thomas Fuller, “The only stable nation is the one in which all men are equal before law.” This line proves that we do not have a stable country during the Rizal’s time. The Spaniards who colonized us for years showed us the real meaning of inequality: unequal treatment helps us to be strong and to struggle for justice and for equality that gave us the key for freedom. Substantiating the Variations I remember one line of Mark Twain in his article The Doctrine of Human Equality: “It is a wise man who said that there is no greater inequality than the equal treatment of the unequals.” We know that under the colonization of the Spaniards, the Filipinos were not given the chance to lead our own country: it is because these unequals or the Spaniards themselves believe that the Filipinos do not have the ability and the knowledge to lead our country, but the truth is, they only want to have a full control over our country and Filipinos tagged as “Indios” serve as obstructions in the government. This is an example of “equal” treatment of the “unequals”. Another is the women’s situation: Spaniards take the women for granted and they create a conclusion that men are powerful than women. Women never had any choice but to follow what the friars told them: to be a servant of God and to be a full-time housewife serving her husband and taking care of their children. One specific proof of inequality in the life of Rizal is when he won the first place in a contest but nobody from the audience gave him applause. They did not recognize Rizal or his work for as pride dominates, it is very hard for them to accept that they were defeated by a Filipino. Spaniards always believed that they are brighter than the Filipinos; that’s why any achievement made by a Filipino is an insult for them. These inequalities helped the Filipinos to struggle for freedom. Despite of those obstacles and miseries, we remain standing because there is a large majority of the Filipinos that unite together for a common goal: to achieve independence. Putting Things Disregarded Today, we are still not free of inequality and judgment, not only from other countries but also from our fellow brethren. I don’t understand why many Filipinos are not proud to carry their race. Why are there a lot of Filipinos who, when they step on a foreign land, stride on snow and try to make a snowman during the winter season, forgot that a country named Philippines had existed? They fail to remember that there is a country which served as their home, their home of childhood memories and land that played an important role in their lives. Are you one of them? Is it because they are not proud that they belong to what other countries call us as a “poor country,” “second-to-the-most -corrupt country,” “country of OFWs,” and “country of uneducated people?” Do you really believe to those things? Do you accept all those things with a light heart? As Filipinos, we have to be alarmed: we have to wake up. We have to do something to defend our land like what our ancestors did during their time. We have to prove them wrong. Now, we have to play smart and finally do our part.

A newsletter presenting the evils of the Philippines of Rizal’s times

We are Superior and That Does It
By Winifredo Ya-on Jr. It All Began Here Looking back through time, Ferdinand Magellan , the first Spaniard to set foot on the Philippine islands, attempted to convince the natives through talks via Lapu-lapu. Lapu-lapu showed courage and pride by driving away Magellan and all his remaining forces. But then, that was a not-so-wise decision, unfortunately. regarded as the one that must do all household activities. Filipinos are allowed to study in different universities established by the Spaniards. However, discrimination of indios by the teachers which are Spanish priests can be seen. Lastly, the power of church and the government is not well distributed. The church is more powerful to the government which can be clearly seen when there was a sudden change of governor-general. During the trial of Jose Rizal the governor-general was changed from Governor General Ramon Blanco to Govenor General Polavieja. It only shows that the church can intervene whenever it wanted to, without even informing the current Governor-general about its decisions.

Years after a fleet of Spaniards returned to the Philippines, leaded by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, equipped with a silent weapon that the natives did not recognize. The Spaniards have changed their tactics from the use of brute force to the more peaceful and more effective way, which is the introduction of religion. It was indeed a powerful tool that can be used in colonization; it was able to make courageous Truth of Dissent people kneel down before its messengers; it was able to inculcate the idea that it is the only Today, many Filipinos are still not proud of being one because of the stereotypes sculpted way to salvation. my media. Most are still envious with the One is to Five other races which reflect on our weak history. Things changed during the colonization period Most of the people in high positions don’t of the Spanish: inequality in church, govern- show an equal treatment in dealing with coment, military, and universities can be seen. Filipinos compared to other races they’ve met. Filipino priests cannot become the Parish They give the impression of higher regard Priests of a specific place. The power of Filipino when it comes to other races. priests is limited compared to other priests: Let us help in every little way we can - a good they are not allowed to handle lands owned example would be correcting information that by the Spaniards. are misleading. A good example for that is the Filipinos are also not allowed to gain high image of Andres Bonifacio portrayed by histopositions in the military. As for most Filipino rians. Through this, we can strengthen our women, many stereotypes are of more con- nationalistic instincts. cern: they are not allowed to study and are Kastila sa pagsakop sa ating bayan; ngayon, Kastila na mismo ang takot sa Pilipinas dahil sa matinding panunuhol ng mga namumuno. Kung iisipin, Kastila na rin lang ang nagimpluwensya ng pag-uugaling ito: hindi sila natakot noong sakop nila ang Pilipinas pero ngayo’y bahag ang buntot nila sa mga kurakot. Kung gayon, saan tutungo ang ganitong kolonyal na mga gawain? Ito lamang ay tumatawag sa pagmulat ng kamalayan ng mga naaapi para sa isang kolektibo at progresibong pag-aalsa laban sa mga naghaharing-uri.

Mga Kastila sa Kolonyal na Pamahalaan
By Mary Cliedy Angelie Bersola Bago pa man tayo sakupin ng mga Espanyol, nauna na tayong sinakop ng ibang dayuhan, ngunit masasabing ang pananakop nila ang pinakamakulay sa lahat. Ito marahil ay dahil sa panahong ito nakilala ang ating pambansang bayani, si Gat Jose P. Rizal. Katiwalian Bilang Dahilan Kung iisipin, ang mga Kastila ang humubog kay Rizal para siya’y maging pambansang bayani. Bakit? Kung hindi dahil sa kanilang mga katiwalian, hindi sana nakapag-isip si Rizal ng paraan para ipaglaban ang bayan. Sa pamamagitan ng pagsulat ng mga nobela katulad ng Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo ay nagawa niyang ihayag ang kanyang mga saloobin sa tahimik na paraan. Sa nobela niyang ito nakapaloob ang mga katiwalian ng mga Kastila sa panahon ng kanilang pananakop. Katiwalian Bilang Kapangyarihan Una, mababasa sa Noli Me Tangere, sa ika-apat na kabanata (Erehe at Filibustero) ang tungkol sa pagkamatay ng ama ni Crisostomo Ibarra na si Don Rafael. Dito tinukoy ng matandang tinyente ang mga katiwalian ng Kastila: “… ang katiwalian ng mga nasa itaas, ang paglalagay sa katungkulan kahit hindi nararapat,ang kamurahan at kaiklian ng paglalakbay ang siyang may kasalanan ng lahat: nakapunta dito ang mga pinakamasama sa Espanya, at kung may dumarating na isang mabuti, ay sumasama agad sa sandaling panahon…" Naging mabilis din ang pagpapalit ng gobyerno sa kapitolyo ng Espanya na nagbunga sa mabilis na pagpapalit ng gobernador heneral sa Pilipinas. May mga sinasang-ayunan ang mga Kastila sa pagtatalaga sa posisyon, kaya dahil sa walang tiyak na prosesong pinagdaanan sa pagtatalaga ng mga pinuno ay halos umasa ang mga bagong naitalaga sa mga sinasabi ng mga prayle. Nagkaroon ng pagsasanib ang pamahalaan at simbahan kung saan sila halos ang nakinabang ng kapangyarihan na kanila naming inabuso. Mula kay Don Rafael, “… ikumpisal ang lihim sa isang taong magtatago, sa pagbibigay ng limos sa mga kurang na siyang lalong hindi nangangailangan, bumili ng bula de composicion o managhoy araw at gabi? At ang balo at mga ulila?” Ipinapakita sa mga pahayag na ito na hindi maayos na ginampanan ng mga prayle ng ang kanilang paglilingkod sa Maykapal. Hindi sila naging tamang instrumento ng simbahan. Bakit? Ito ay dahil sa humihingi sila ng halaga kapalit ng pagpatawad sa mga kasalanan ng nangungumpisal. Katiwalian Bilang Impluwensya

- Contributors G0214 - Mary Cliedy Angelie Bersola G0220 - Glenn Ian Quimbo G0221 - Rachelle Rogando G0223 - Winifredo Ya-On Jr. G0230 - Mark Angelo Ordonio
Lay-out and proofreading by Mark Angelo Ordonio

G0231 - Cris Angelo Vispo

(Puso ng Saging… Continued from page 1)

Mapagmahal ang Saging Paano ba natin masasabing nalabag ang karapatang pantao ng isang indibidwal? Kailangan pa ba ng mga patakaran o hayaan nating masunod ang itinakda ng ayon sa moral? Hindi ba’t mga Kastila ang nagdala ng Kristyanismo sa Pilipinas? Nakalulungkot isipin na ang mga dapat na nagsisilbing ehemplo ay sila pang umaalipusta sa mga Filipino. Kung pantay lamang sana ang tingin sa mga dayuhan at katutubo, naging mabuti at makatao sana ang pagtrato nila sa mga ninuno natin.

Hindi na lingid sa ating kaalaman ang pangungurakot ng mga pulitiko ngayon na mas lalo Kung saging nga lamang ang may puso, siguro pang lumalala. Noon, mababagsik ang mga ay nakapagtanim na ng punla ng saging si Rizal sa katawan ng mga dayuhan.

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