Design of Pcc Abutment - Open Foundation

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Design of Pcc Abutment - Open Foundation

© All Rights Reserved

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ALL CELLS IN RED COLOUR ARE MEANT FOR DATA INPUT

Expansion gap 40 mm Thickness of Wearing Coat 75 mm

Approach slab Road level RL

395 mm

Depth of Super Structure @ Centre =

d = 22.5

0

2166 mm

q = 90

0

Depth of Super Structure @ Edges =

mm

96 mm

200 mm

300 mm BOB RL

300 320 380 50 Start of Batter RL

d = 22.5

0

105.5 MFL RL

q =

0

k

a2

=

276 Ground level RL

Heel side Toe side

500 1200 500 RL

500 700

2100 1400

500

700 700

RL

Pressure Developed in kN/m2

Minimum Maximum

no tension

Normal Case

< 233

for soil, tension is not permitted,cl.706.3.3.1

In case of rock, refer cl 706.3.3.2

no tension Seismic Case

< 292

600

600

2030

231.64

184.01

99.000

99.68

5400

99.619

1000

1000

600

98.000

99.619

1900

3519

top of fdn 96.100

0.320

1552

DESIGN OF PCC ABUTMENT - OPEN FOUNDATION

102.450

2166

1211

2800

1000 2200 1600

94.000

1000

58.29

21.85

a

b

DESIGN OF PCC ABUTMENT

General Data:

Roadway of the bridge = 12.00 m

Overall Length of span 12.6 = 21.56 m

Width of abutment in roadway direction = 12.00 m

Width of bearing 250 320 360 400 = 400 mm

Length of bearing 400 500 560 630 = 500 mm

Thickness of bearing 48 64 80 96 112 = 96 mm

Thickness of steel plate = 4 mm

No. of steel plate layers = 4

No of bearings in Abutment = 4

Intensity of footway loading ( Vide Cl 209.1 IRC:6-2000 ) = 400 kg/m

2

Width of footpath 0 1.5 = 1.5

Longitudinal Gradient (only in case of ROB) = 0

camber in carriage way = 0.025

Skew Angle = 0.0

o

Corrected N value at bottom of foundation for soil = 28

SEISMIC DATA

Zone as per Fig. 11- IS 1893 (Part I) 2002 = 2

BACKFILL SOIL PROPERTIES

Unit wt of soil g = 18 kN/m

2

Angle of internal friction f = 35

0

Angle of surcharge a = 0

0

Slope of earth fill i = 0

0

Coeff of friction between Concrete and Founding Soil/rock = 0.5 Cl.706.3.4 of IRC 78-2000

Equivalent height of surcharge = 1.20 m

MATERIAL DATA

Grade of concrete 20 25 30 35 = M30 kN/m

3

Dead load (total dead load of 1 span) = 4950 kN

Unit weight of RCC, g

2

= 25

kN/m

3

Unit weight of PCC, g

1

= 22

kN/m

2

Maximum Live load reaction+ footpath live load = 837.2 kN

Maximum Live load coming over the span = 1000.0 kN

Derived / Known Data

Carriageway of the bridge = 7.50 m

No of lanes = 2

Intensity of live load on footpath for effective span of m = 3.4 kN/m

2

Effective span of super structure = 21.00 m

Thickness of wearing coat (ave) = 75 mm

Depth of Superstructure at centre = 2.166 m

Thickness of Superstructure at edges = 2.030 m

Thickness of expansion gap = 40 mm

Effective thickness of bearing = 72 mm

Pedestal height = 200 mm

Road level at centre =

Bottom of Deck Slab =

level at top of fdn =

Bottom of Foundation Level =

Length of abutment at top of foundation level = 12.000 m

Length of abutment at foundation level = 16.060 m

RL94.000

RL96.100

RL100.209

RL102.450

Front Batter = 1.20 m

Rear Batter = 0.60 m

Backwall portion = 0.30 m

Bearing portion = 0.70 m

Bed block height = 0.30 m

PERMISSIBLE STRESSES

Permissible tensile stress in concrete

s

cbc

= -0.67

N/mm

2

If surface reinforcement is not provided, permissible stress = -0.603 N/mm2

Calculation of Live load Reaction

Class 70R wheeled loading - One lane

4.42 5.79 7.92 9.44

170 170 170 120 120 3.96 80

3.05 1.52 3.0 7.9

B

A kN

R

A

= kN RB =

Total Load on Span = kN

Class 70R tracked loading - One lane

kN

kN

R

A

= kN RB =

Total Load on Span = kN

Class A wheeled loading - one lane 3

4.3 5.5 9.8 12.8 15.8 18.8

68 68 3 68 68

3.0 3.0 3.0 2.5

R

A

= kN for one lane RB = kN

Total Load on Span = kN

Class A wheeled loading - Two lane = kN

321.55

1108.00

643.107

0.280 21.00

0.280

1.1 3.2 1.2 4.3

700.00

27 27 114 114

0.280 21.00

0.280

1.37 1.37

0.280 21.00

0.280

727.29

1000.00

66.83

2.13

633.17

4.570

700

170

13.40

232.4

272.7

Summary of Live load

Impt.

factor

Imp.

factor

at top

of fdn

% kN

Class 70R Wheeled 16.67 0.000

Class 70R Tracked 10.00 0.000

16.67 0.000

Combination of Live load considered

Vehicles considerd

Total

load

1 Class 70RW - 1 Lane 727.29

Footpath 3.4x21.56x1x1.5 109.96

1 2 3 837.24

2 Class 70RT-1 Lane 633.17 633.17

Footpath 3.4x21.56x1x1.5 109.96

743.12

3 Class A wheeled 321.55 643.11

Footpath 3.4x21.56x1x1.5 109.96

753.06

Max vertical reaction + footpath liveload = kN

Load on span for the above max reaction = kN

Max load on span = kN

Vertical reaction for max load on span = kN

Combination 1 is considered

643.1

Combination

1000

1108

2

Reaction

1

837.24

0.000

0.000

1108.00

727.29

No of

lanes

0.000

696.48

750.31 643.1

Rn with

impact at

top of

bedblock

1

load on

span

1000.00

700.00

Impact

factor at

bottom of

fdn

Rn with

impact at

bottom of

foundation

%

727.3

Class A wheeled - 2 lane

Reaction

without

impact

727.29

633.17

643.11

Vehicle type

643.1

Rn with impact

at top of

foundation

kN

727.3

633.2

kN kN

633.2

848.52

228077616.xls.ms_office

ABUTMENT PRESSURE CALCULATIONS AT SILL LEVEL

Straight length of Abutment at top = 12.00 m

Effective length of Abutment at sill level = 12.00 + 2 x ( 1.20 ) x

sec(0)

= 14.40 m

Dead Load reaction = kN

Live load reaction at sill = kN

foot path liveload = kN

Coefficient of earth pressure K

a

=

sin

2

(y)x sin(y+d)x(1+K

2

)

K =

f 35

o

y = 90 + a where,

a = tan

-1

(batter width/batter height)

= tan

-1

( 0.60 )

3.519

= 9.7

o

y =

o

d = 22.5

o

z 0.0

o

K =

= 0.48

0.83

= 0.76

K

a

=

sin2(99.68)xsin(99.68+22.5)x(1+0.76)^2)

= 0.817

2.552

= 0.32

Active earth pressure

Earth pressure = 1/2 x g x h

2

x K

a

K

a

= 0.5x18x6.35x6.35x0.32

= 116.13 KN

K

ah

= 0.32 x cos(9.68+22.5) = 0.271

Lever arm for pressure P

2

= 0.42 x 6.35

= 2.67 m from sill

a)Horizontal component of earth pressure P

H

= 116.13 x cos(9.68+22.5)

99.68

2475.000

727.286

Pressure Calculation at Sill level

Stress due to Active Earth pressure

sin

2

(y-f) x 1

sin(f+d) x sin(f-z)

sin(y+d) x sin(y-z)

sin(35+22.5) x sin(35-0)

sin(99.68+22.5) x sin(99.68-0)

sin2(99.68-35) x1

109.96

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= 98.29 kN

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Modulus of section Z= b x d

2

where d = 1.2+0.6+0.3+0.7 = 2.80 m

6 =

2

6

= m

3

Moment =

= 262.15 KN-M

Stress = + M/Z = + 262.1

1.31

= + 201 kN/m

2

Stress due to Horizontal Earth Pressure at Heel = -200.6 kN/m

2

Stress due to Horizontal Earth Pressure at Toe = 200.6 kN/m

2

Stress due to Live Load surcharge

Earth pressure due to a fill of 1.2m = 0.32x18x1.2 x cos(9.68+22.5)

= 5.85 KN/M

2

Horizontal force due to live load surcharge = 5.85x6.35

= 37.15 KN/M

Moment due to this force =

= 117.95 KN-M

Modulus of section Z = = 1 x 2.8

2

m

6

= 1.3067 m

3

Stress = + M/Z = +

1.307

= + kN/m

2

Stress due to Earth Pressure at Heel = -90.27 kN/m

2

Stress due to Earth Pressure at Toe = 90.27 kN/m

2

Stress due to Dead Load reaction

Total Dead load reaction from abutment = kN

Intensity of the Dead load =

= 171.88 kN/m

Eccentricity = 2.80 -(0.6+0.3+0.04+0.28)

2

= m

Stress due to Dead load reaction

P x 1 + 6e = 171.88 x ( 1+6x( 0.18 ) )

A d 2.80 2.80

Stress due to Dead load reaction at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Dead load reaction at Toe = kN/m

2

117.952

37.15x0.5x6.35

90.2693

1.31

1.00 x (2.8)

2475.000

14.40

85.06

2475.000

98.293x0.42x6.35

37.71

0.180

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Stress due to Live load reaction

Maximum Live load reaction from abutment = 837.2 kN

Intensity of the Dead load = 837.2

14.40

= 58.142 kN/m

Eccentricity = m

Stress due to Live load reaction P x 1 + 6e= 58.142 x ( 1+6x( 0.18 ) )

A d 2.80 2.80

Stress due to Live load reaction at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Live load reaction at Toe = kN/m

2

Stress due to Self weight

Lever

arm

1 0.30 x 2.537 x 25 19.03 0.75

2 1.025 x 0.30 x 25 7.69 1.1125

3 0.5 x 0.60 x x 22 23.2 0.4

4 0.30 x 3.519 x 22 23.2 0.75

5 0.70 x 3.519 x 22 54.2 1.25

6 0.5 x 1.20 x x 22 46.45 2.00

Total 173.8

C.G. from Heel = 210.2 = 1.2092 m

173.8

Eccentricity = 2.80 - 1.2092

2

= m

Stress due to Self weight P x 1 + 6e = 173.8 x ( 1+6x( 0.19 ) )

A d 2.80 2.800

Stress due to Self weight at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Self weight at Toe = kN/m

2

Stress due to Longitudinal Force due to Braking effect

Maximum Load coming over the span = kN

Braking force (20 % of the load on span) = kN

This force acts at 1.20m above road level

Vertical reaction due to Braking = 200x( 1.2+2.241)

21.0 x 14.40

= 2.29 kN

Eccentricity = m

Stress due to Braking effect P x 1 + 6e = 2.29 x ( 1+6x( 0.18 ) )

A d 2.80 2.800

Stress due to Braking effect at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Braking effect at Toe = kN/m

2

1.13

0.180

3.519

9.290

17.419

0.50

87.45

36.70

Wt/m

200.000

3.519

No.

28.77

14.271

Moment About Heel

92.902

1000.000

210.175

0.191

L x B x unit weight

8.552

67.741

0.180

12.76

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Stress due to Longitudinal force (Cl.214.5.1.4 - IRC :6 - 2000)

Longitudinal force = F

h

/2 + V

r

I

tc

Where F

h

= Applied horizontal force.

V

r

= Shear rating of elastic bearing

I

tc

= Movement of deck above bearing other

Strain due to shrinkage E

s

= (Cl.220.3 -IRC:6 -2000)

Temperature variation = 17.0 deg

Coefficient of expansion a = (Cl.218.4 -IRC:6 -2000)

Strain due to Temperature variation E

t

=

Total strain Es + Et = +

=

Horizontal deformation due to above strain =

= mm

Total thickness of bearing = 96 mm

Effective thickness of bearing = 96 - (4x4) = 80

Shear strain = 4.3/80 =

Considering 10% variation in the efficiency of the bearing force developed

1.1 5E-02

= KN

Total longitudinal force =

= 142.57 KN

Intensity of the force per metre run =

= 9.9007 KN

Moment due to this force = 9.9007 x 4.109

= 40.682 KN-M

Modulus of section Z= = 1 x 2.8

2

6 6

= m

3

Stress due to long. force at Heel -M/Z = 40.682 = kN/m

2

1.3067

Stress due to long force at Toe +M/Z = = kN/m

2

1.3067

b)Without liveload

Total longitudinal force = 42.570 KN acts at bearing level

Intensity of the force per metre run = 42.57/14.4 = 2.9563 KN

Moment due to this force = 2.9563 x 4.109 = 12.147 kN-m

Modulus of section Z= = 1 x 2.8

2

= 1.3067 m

3

6 6

Stress due to longitudinal force at Heel -M/Z =

= kN/m

2

Stress due to longitudinal force at Toe +M/Z =

31.13

31.13

at bearing level

40.682

1.99E-04

2.00E-04

than that due to applied force

2.00E-04

x 0.9 x

42.570

x400x500x4x0.001

3.99E-04

0.0003989x21.56

200/2+42.57

142.57/14.4

9.2964

12.1472

b x d

2

1.3067

5.38E-02

x10^3/2

1.17E-05

(1 x a x t)

1.99E-04

4.30E+00

b x d

2

1.3067

12.147

1.3067

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= kN/m

2

9.2964

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ABSTRACT OF STRESSES AT SILL LEVEL AT RL

Without seismic (with live load condition)

1

2 Live load surcharge

3

4

5

6

7

M30 grade of concrete is -0.603 Mpa

The stresses are within the permissible limits.Hence the section is safe

Without seismic (without live load condition)

1

2 Live load surcharge

3

4

5

6

7

M30 grade of concrete is -0.603 Mpa

The stresses are within the permissible limits.Hence the section is safe

With seismic (with live load condition)

1

2 Live load surcharge

3

4

5

6

7

8 Seismic force

M30 grade of concrete is -0.905 Mpa

The stresses are within the permissible limits.Hence the section is safe

Net Stress with Earth

-0.19154 0.46004

Pressure

Longitudinal force -0.02022 0.02022

Braking effect 0.00057 0.00025

Self weight 0.08745 0.03670

Live load 0.01439 0.00638

Active Earth pressure -0.20062 0.20062

0.00000 0.00000

No. Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

At Heel At Toe

No. Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

At Heel At Toe

0.03670

-0.02934

0.00113

-0.03113

0.00050

0.03113

Pressure

Net Stress with Earth

0.31942

Braking effect

Longitudinal force

Self weight

0.02877

0.08745

0.00000

0.01276

Dead load

Live load

-0.20062

0.00000

0.08506 0.03771

Active Earth pressure 0.20062

98.000

Permissible Tensile stress for

Active Earth pressure -0.20062 0.20062

Dry condition Mpa

-0.09027 0.09027

0.03771

Live load 0.00000 0.00000

Dead load 0.08506

Pressure

Longitudinal force

0.00000

No. Stress due to

Permissible Tensile stress for

Permissible Tensile stress for

Braking effect

0.03670

0.15817

0.37459

-0.15817

Dead load 0.08506 0.03771

Self weight

Net Stress with Earth

-0.12768

0.00000

0.08745

0.00930 -0.00930

At Heel At Toe

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With seismic (without live load condition)

1

2 Live load surcharge

3

4

5

6

7

8 Seismic force

M30 grade of concrete is -0.905 Mpa

The stresses are within the permissible limits.Hence the section is safe

-0.23252 0.47944

-0.00930 0.00930

-0.14998 0.14998

Braking effect 0.00000 0.00000

Self weight 0.08745 0.03670

Live load 0.00000 0.00000

Dead load 0.08506 0.03771

No. Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

0.04513

-0.20062 0.20062

At Toe

Net Stress with Earth

Pressure

-0.04513

At Heel

Longitudinal force

Active Earth pressure

Permissible Tensile stress for

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ABUTMENT PRESSURE CALCULATIONS AT THE BOTTOM OF FOUNDATION

Corrected N value = 28

Overburden pressure = 64.00 kN/m

2

Footing No.1

Front offset = 0.600 m

Rear offset = 0.500 m

Height = 0.700 m

Footing No.2

Front offset = 0.500 m

Rear offset = 0.000 m

Height = 0.700 m

Footing No.3

Front offset = 0.500 m

Rear offset = 0.500 m

Height = 0.700 m

Bottom of Foundation level =

Width of foundation =

= 5.400 m

SBC of actual width of foundation = 3.5x(N-3)x(B+0.3)

2

xR

w

xF

d

+overburdenpr

2xB

R

w

water reduction factor = 0.50

F

d

Depth factor (1+D/B) = 1+(2.1 / 5.4) = 1.4

= 3.5x(28-3)x(5.4+0.3)2x0.5x1.389x10 +64

2x5.4

= kN/m

2

Length of abutment at foundation level = 12+(2x(1.2+0.6+0.5+ 0.5) x sec

= 17.60 m

Dead load reaction = kN

Intensity of the Dead load =

= 140.625 kN/m

Eccentricity from Heel = - ( 0.6 + 0.3 + 0.04 +

2 + 0.28 + 0.5 +

0.000 + 0.50 )

= m

Stress P x 1 + 6e = 140.625 x ( 1+6x(

A d 5.400

Stress due to DL reaction at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to DL reaction at Toe = kN/m

2

Stress due to Live load reaction

Maximum Live load reaction from abutment = kN

Intensity of the Live load =

= 47.5706 kN/m

Eccentricity = m

Stress due to Live load reaction P x 1+ 6e = 47.5706 x ( 1+6x(

A d 5.40

Stress due to LL reaction at Heel = kN/m

2

5.40

2475.000

RL94.000

2.8 + 0.6 + 0.5 + 0.5 + 0

0.480

0.480

0.480

5.400

+ 0.5 + 0.5

837.242

17.60

2475.000

0.480

5.40

13.5077

12.1528

837.242

39.9306

17.60

233.257

Stress due to Dead load

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Stress due to LL reaction at Toe = kN/m

2

Stress due to Earth pressure

Live load surcharge height = 1.20 m

K

ah

= 0.271

Active earth pressure

Active earth pressure P =

= 0.5x0.271x18x8.45x8.45

= 174.15

= KN

This force acts at 0.42H from sill level

Moment due to this force M =

= 174.151x0.42x8.45

= 618.06 KN-M

Modulus of section Z = =

2

m

6

= 4.860 m

3

Stress = + M/Z = +

= + kN/m

2

Live load surcharge

Earth pressure due to a fill of 1.2m =

= 5.85 KN/M

2

Horizontal force due to live load surcharge =

= 49.47

= 49.47 KN

Moment due to this force =

= 209.00 KN-M

Modulus of section Z = =

2

m

6

= 4.860 m

3

Stress = + M/Z = +

= + kN/m

2

Stress due to Earth Pressure at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Earth Pressure at Toe = kN/m

2

Stress due to Longitudinal Force due to Braking effect

Maximum Load coming over the span = kN

Braking force (20 % of the load on span) = kN

This force acts at 1.20m above road level

Vertical reaction due to Braking = 200x( 1.2+2.241 )

21.00 x 17.6

= 1.872 kN

Eccentricity = m

Stress due to Braking effect P x 1+ 6e = 1.87 x ( 1+6x( 0.480 ) )

A d 5.40 5.40

Stress due to Braking effect at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Braking effect at Toe = kN/m

2

174.15

1000.000

-0.5316

0.480

-0.1618

-43.00

43.00

200.000

43.0031

P x 0.42h

1 x 5.4

1 x 5.4

0.271x18x1.2

5.854x8.45

49.47x0.5x8.45

208.995

4.860

618.062

127.17

1/2 x K

a

x g x h

2

4.1110

4.860

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Stress due to Longitudinal force (Cl.214.5.1.4 - IRC :6 - 2000)

Longitudinal force = F

h

/2 + V

r

I

tc

Where F

h

= Applied horizontal force.

V

r

= Shear rating of elastic bearing

I

tc

=

Strain due to shrinkage E

s

=

(Cl.220.3 - IRC:6 - 2000)

Temperature variation = deg

Coefficient of expansion a =

(Cl.218.4 - IRC:6 - 2000)

Strain due to Temperature variation E

t

=

Total strain Es + Et = +

=

Horizontal deformation due to above strain = x 21.6

= mm

Total thickness of bearing = 96 mm

Effective thickness of bearing = 96 - (4x3)

= 80 mm

Shear strain =

=

Considering 10% variation in the efficiency of the bearing, force developed =

= 1.1 0.07 x400x500x4x0.001

= KN

Total longitudinal force =

= KN

Intensity of the force per metre run =

= 12.7 KN

Moment due to this force = 12.7 x 6.209

= 78.9 KN-M

Modulus of section Z= = 1 x 5.4

2

6

= m

3

Stress due to longitudinal force at Toe +M/Z =

= kN/m

2

Stress due to longitudinal force at Heel -M/Z= kN/m

2

Without live load

Total longitudinal force = 52.561 KN at bearing level

Intensity of the force per metre run =

= 4.38 KN

Moment due to this force = 4.38 x 6.209

= 27.2 KN-M

Modulus of section Z= = 1 x 5.4

2

6

= m

3

Stress due to longitudinal force at Toe +M/Z =

= kN/m

2

Stress due to longitudinal force at Heel -M/Z= kN/m

3

16.2423

4.93E-04

(1 x a x t)

2.00E-04

25.0

1.1700E-05

152.561

5.5959

-5.5959

4.8600

2.93E-04

2.93E-04

4.93E-04

x10^3/2

4.860

6.64E-02

-16.2423

5.31E+00

4.860

78.938

2.00E-04

152.561/12

4.860

27.196

than that due to applied force

Movement of deck above bearing other

5.30915/80

52.561/12

b x d

2

6

b x d

2

6

x 0.9 x

52.561

200/2+52.561

Fdn-check Page 15

228077616.xls.ms_office

Stress due to Bouyancy

Width of abutment at MFL level = 1.32 m

Bouyant force due to submerged vol of stem = (1.317+2.8)/2 x 1 x 10

= 21 kN

Bouyant force due to submerged volumeof footing1

= 3.90 x 0.70 x 1 x 10

= 27.3 kN

Bouyant force due to submerged volumeof footing2

= 4.40 x 0.70 x 1 x 10

= 30.8 kN

Bouyant force due to submerged volumeof footing3

= 5.40 x 0.70 x 1 x 10

= 37.8 kN

Total Bouyant force = 21 + 27.3 +

+ 37.80

= kN

Bouyant effect (as per IRC:6-2000 is 15 % of full bouyancy)

= 0.15 x

= kN

Stress P =

A

Stress due to Bouyancy at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Bouyancy at Toe = kN/m

2

Stress due to Self weight

Lever

arm

1 0.30 x 2.54 x 19.0 1.75 33.3

2 1.03 x 0.30 x 7.7 2.11 16.2

3 0.50 x 0.60 x x 23.2 1.40 32.5

4 0.30 x 3.52 x 23.2 1.75 40.6

5 0.70 x 3.52 x 54.2 2.25 121.9

6 0.50 x 1.20 x x 46.5 3.00 139.4

7 3.90 x 0.70 x 60.1 2.45 147.1

8 4.40 x 0.70 x 67.8 2.70 183.0

9 5.40 x 0.70 x 83.2 2.70 224.5

10 0.50 x 0.60 x x 19.0 1.20 22.8

11 0.60 x 2.83 x 30.6 1.30 39.7

12 0.50 x 6.35 x 57.2 0.75 42.9

13 0.00 x 7.05 x 0.0 0.50 0.0

14 0.50 x 7.75 x 69.8 0.25 17.4

561.3 1061.5

C.G. from Heel = = 1.891 m

Eccentricity = 5.40 -

2

= m

Stress due to Self weight P x 1 + 6e = 561 x ( 1+6x(

A d 5.4

Stress due to Self weight at Heel = kN/m

2

Stress due to Self weight at Toe = kN/m

2

17.472

116.483

Moment About

Heel

L x B x unit weight

116.483

5.40

197.3672

5.400

0.809))

30.800

1.891

10.5093

17.472

-3.2356

-3.2356

22

18

Wt/m

18

18

22

0.809

561.267

1061.465

18

Total

No.

3.519

22

22

22

22

22

25

25

18

3.519

3.519

Fdn-check Page 16

228077616.xls.ms_office

ABSTRACT OF STRESSES AT FOUNDATION LEVEL AT RL 94

CASE-1 Without seismic (with live load condition)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 Seismic force

8 Safe Bearing Capacity 0.233 Mpa

9 Buoyancy

Net Stress

CASE-2 Without seismic (without live load condition)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 Seismic force

8

9 Buoyancy Safe Bearing Capacity 0.233 Mpa

CASE-3 With seismic (with live load condition)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 Seismic force

8 Safe Bearing Capacity 0.292 Mpa

9 Buoyancy

CASE-4 With seismic (without live load condition)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 Seismic force

8

9 Buoyancy Safe Bearing Capacity 0.292 Mpa

-0.0032 -0.0032

0.0218 0.23164

-0.0032 -0.0032

-0.0579 0.0579

0.0122

-0.0032

0.05829 0.18401

0.10362 0.16679

-0.0032 -0.0032 Stresses within permissible limits.

0.0162 Longitudinal force -0.0162

0.0000 0.0000

Braking effect -0.0002

Self weight

Live load 0.0135

0.1272

0.0000

Active earth pressure

0.1974

0.0399

At Heel

Live load surcharge

-0.1272

0.0000

Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

-0.0005

At Toe

No. Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

No.

0.0041

0.0122

0.0105

Dead load

At Heel At Toe

Active earth pressure -0.1272 0.1272

Live load surcharge -0.0430 0.0430

Live load 0.0000 0.0000

Dead load 0.0399

Braking effect 0.0000 0.0000

0.0000 0.0000

Self weight 0.1974 0.0105

Net Stress

Longitudinal force -0.0056 -0.0056

-0.0032

No. Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

At Heel At Toe

Live load surcharge 0.0000 0.0000

Active earth pressure -0.1272 0.1272

Live load 0.0068 0.0021

Dead load 0.0399 0.0122

Braking effect -0.0003 -0.0001

Self weight 0.1974 0.0105

Longitudinal force -0.0109 0.0053

-0.0610 0.0610

Net Stress 0.0414 0.21494

At Heel At Toe

Active earth pressure -0.1272 0.1272

No. Stress due to

Dry condition Mpa

Dead load 0.0399 0.0122

Live load surcharge -0.0215 0.0215

Braking effect 0.0000 0.0000

Live load 0.0000 0.0000

Self weight 0.1974 0.0105

Stresses within permissible limits

Stresses within permissible limits.

Stresses are within permissible limits.

Longitudinal force -0.0056 0.0056

Fdn-check Page 17

228077616.xls.ms_office

Check for stability in loaded condition

Check for overturning

Resisting moment

Dead load moment = x ( + 0.480 )

= kNm

Live load moment = x ( + 0.480 )

= kNm

Vertical Reaction due braking = x ( + 0.480 )

= 5.95 kNm

Self weight moment = x ( + 0.809 )

= kNm

Over turning moment

Active earth pressure = kNm

Live load surcharge = kNm

Longitudinal moment = kNm

Seismic moment (with live load) = 301 kNm

(without live load)= 282 kNm

Factor of saftty against overturning without seismic

(I) Without seismic (with live load)

= + 151.27 + 5.9539 +

1969.48

+ 0.000 + 78.94

= 3.69 > 2 Hence safe.

(II) Without seismic (without live load)

= + 0.000 +

1969.48 + 0

+ 209.00 + 0.00

= 2.92 > 2 Hence safe.

Factor of safety against overturning with seismic

(I) With seismic (with live load)

= + 75.637 + 2.9769 +

1969.48 + 0

+ 0.000 + 78.94 + 301.383

= 2.5 > 1.5 Hence safe.

(II) With seismic (without live load)

= + 0.000 + 0 +

1969.48 + 0

+ 104.498 + 0.00 + 281.62

= 2.41 > 1.5 Hence safe.

1969

618.1

561

447.188

151.274

447.2

618.1

78.938

618.06

140.63

47.57

1.87 5.400

2

5.400

2

208.995

447

618

447.19

618.1

447.2

5.400

2

5.400

2

Fdn-check Page 18

228077616.xls.ms_office

Check for Sliding without seismic (without liveload)

Total horizontal force = Act.ear.pressure+Llsurcharge+Long.force

= 174.15 + 49.47 + 4.380

= 228.0 kN

Total resisting force = 0.5 x ( DL + Self weight )

=0.5x( 140.625 + 561 )

= kN

Factor of safety against sliding =

= 1.54 > 1.5 Hence safe.

Check for Sliding with seismic (without liveload)

Total horizontal force = Act.ear.pressure+Llsurcharge+Long.force+

Seismic force

= 174.15 + 24.733 + 4.380

+ 50.0

= 253.2 kN

Total resisting force = 0.5 x ( DL + LL + Self weight )

140.625 + 0 + 561

= kN

Factor of safety against sliding =

Hence safe.

The section is safe against sliding = 1.39 > 1.25

Check for Stability in Span Dislodged Condition

Check for Overturning

Resisting Moment

Dead load moment = kNm

Live load moment = kNm

Vertical moment = kNm

Selfweight moment = kNm

Passive earth pressure moment = kNm

Total restraining moment = kNm

Overturning moment

= kNm

Live load surcharge = kNm

Longitudinal moment = kNm

Seismic moment = kNm

Total overturning moment = kNm

Factor of safety against overturning = kNm

The section is safe against overturning = 3.19 > 1.5

Check for Sliding

Total horizontal force = Act.ear.pressure+Llsurcharge+Long.force

Seismic force

= 174.15 + 0 + 0.00

+ 0.00

= 174.2 kN

Total horizontal resisting force = 0.50 x ( DL + LL + Self weight )

=0.5x( 0.00 + 0.00 + 561

= kN

Factor of safety against sliding =

0.00

0.00

1969.484

350.946

350.946

253.221

0.00

350.946

350.946

227.997

Active earth pressure 618.062

0.00

280.633

0.00

0.000

1969.484

0.00

280.633

174.151

618.062

1969.484

618.062

=0.5x(

TRUE

Fdn-check Page 19

228077616.xls.ms_office

The section is safe against sliding = 1.61 > 1.25

Fdn-check Page 20

228077616.xls.ms_office

CALCULATION OF SEISMIC FORCES

a

h

= Horizontal seismic coefficient

= (z/2) (S

a

/g)

z = Zone factor for zone 2 = 0.1

I = Importance factor = 1.2

R = Response reduction factor = 1

S

a

/g = Average response acceleration coefficient = 2.5

= x 2.5 = 0.15

(1/1.2)

a

v

= Vertical seismic coefficient = 0 for zone 2 & 3

AT SILL LEVEL

1. Self weight

Lever

arm

1 0.3 x 2.54 x 25 19.0 5.09

2 1.03 x 0.30 x 7.7 3.67

3 0.5 x 0.28 x 1.62 x 22 4.9 2.44

4 0.3 x 1.62 x 22 10.7 2.71

5 0.7 x 1.62 x 24.9 2.71

6 0.5 x 0.55 x 1.62 x 22 9.8 2.44

7 0.50 x 0.28 x 1.62 18 4.0 2.98

8 0.28 x 2.83 x 18 14.1 3.32

9 0.82 x 4.45 x 18 66.0 4.13

Total 161

Horizontal force = 161.2x0.15

= 24.2 Kn

Horizontal moment = 588.4x0.15

= 88.3 Knm

Stress at Toe = +

Stress at Heel = - kN/m

2

2.Deadload

Total Dead load from Superstructure = kN

Seismic coefficient ah =

Seismic force F' =

= KN

F1 =

= kN

Seismic force perRM = 371.25/14.4

= KN/m

22 67.555

25.781

23.983

588.400

28.952

kN/m2

Moment About Heel

96.802

28.205

(R/I)

(0.1/2)

No. L x B x unit weight Wt/m

25

0.150

742.5

371.25

67.546

67.546

742.5/2

4950.000

11.994

11.984

46.638

272.245

4950x0.15

SEISMIC Page 21

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