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09
179
LVARO SIZA
siza@mail.telepac.pt
lvaro Siza
TERRAOS DE BRAGANA
LISBOA - Portugal
COORDINATING ARCHITECTS
CONTRACTOR
COLLABORATING ARCHITECTS
PHOTOGRAPHY
1
st
phase: Clemente Menres
2
nd
phase: Miguel Nery
Ferrovial - Agromn, S.A.
Ashton Richards
Francesca Montalto
Cladia Vogel
Cristina Ferreirinha
Vitor Oliveira
Michele Gigante
Maria Moita
Mitsunori Nakamura
Atsushi Ueno
Tomoko Kawai
Jose Rodrigues
COLLABORATORS
STA - Segades Tavares Associados, Lda.
Antnio Segades Tavares
Antnio Vieira Pereira
Carlos Palma
Joo Gomes da Silva
Imoplis - Sociedade Gestora de Fundos
de Investimento Imobilirio, S. A.
Project Management
Structure
Electrical Installation
Mechanical, Plumbing, Drainage and Gas
Landscape architecture
Client
BEGINNING OF CONSTRUCTION
END OF CONSTRUCTION
DATES
1992
2004
09
180
lvaro Siza
COLLECTIVE HOUSING
LISBOA - Portugal
All ve buildings share the same underground parking area (9002 m
2
),
with three common entrances from Rua do Alecrim, while a circular ramp
guarantees the connection between the various oors.
The building has a reinforced concrete structure, made up of columns and
continuous, mushroom-shaped slabs.
On the basement level, the perimeter walls will be constructed according
to the berlinesque shoring system with drained air cavity and double
interior brick wall to avoid eventual inltrations.
The construction above grade will have brick walls with air cavity and
thermal insulation.
The interior partitions will be brick to plaster and paint.
The roofs will be at, waterproofed and thermally insulated with an
inverted roof system.
On Rua do Alecrim, exterior nish of the buildings will be Lioz stone up
to the last oor of ofce or commercial spaces, and the remaining levels,
which correspond to housing units, will be nished in tile. The buildings
bordering Rua Antnio Maria Cardoso will have a Lioz stone base until
the rst housing level and balconies of the buildings. The remaining wall
surfaces will be nished in tile.
The exterior windows are double, in enameled wood, with interior shutters
for solar protection.
The housing, service and commercial complex Terraos de Bragana
occupies a parcel of nearly 5000 m
2
situated between Antnio Maria
Cardoso and Alecrim, which arises in a perfectly consolidated area, like
an interval that needs to be lled.
Care was taken to establish a dialogue with the environment to nd the
rst motivations for the denition of the project; as well as to make a
conscientious reading of the terrain, its topography, and the footprints left
by those who had lived there and given it meaning. Those footprints trace
back at least to the beginning of the14th century, the period of completion
of the Muralla Fernandina city wall.
The construction of this defense structure clearly dened the border of
the metropolis, reinforcing what once was a natural border - the strong
existing slope in the terrain, previously assumed as the limit of the wall of
the Convent of San Francisco da Cidade, from the 13th century (a Convent
whose building still exists today and houses the Escola Superior de Belas
Artes). These grounds had gradually been urbanized, on both the inside
and the outside of the city walls, building new roads and buildings on the
summit of the hillside, such as the palace of the Dukes of Bragana and,
later, the Jansen Beer Factory
The demolitions carried out on the site twenty years ago had left a section
of the city wall exposed, nowadays clearly visible, along with the tower
and the extreme southwest access door to the city, as well as an ensemble
of brick foundations which presumably belonged to the Jansen Beer
Factory.
This ensemble sensibly divides the terrain in half longitudinally and parallel
to the roads which, in the meantime had been opened: Rua Antnio Maria
Cardoso, on the inside, above, and Rua do Alecrim on the lower side. This
topological, geographical and historical fragmentation which divides the
terrain in two, connecting the parts parallel to the access roads, is adopted
by the project, both in morphological and programmatic terms.
In this way, an ensemble of three buildings has been built on the terrain
which borders the Rua do Alecrim, each facing the street and 15,5m in
depth. The program is also similar: the ground oors (1 or 2 depending on
the case) are intended for commerce, while the upper oors for ofces and
housing. On the high part of the site, the area which borders Rua Antnio
Maria Cardoso, two residential buildings were constructed. The two
buildings contact the ground through columns, separated from each other
by a large distance, dened to preserve the existing ruins of the Muralla
Fernandina (city wall), historical testimony which greatly increases the
value of the terrain. According to the previous inquiries made to IPPARNT,
this will become a museum area, integrated in the open space of the
housing and open to the public.
D E S C R I P T I V E B R I E F
181
T E C H N I C A L D A T A
SURFACE AREA OF SITE
4.849,00 m
2
SURFACE AREA OF ENSEMBLE
Building 1 257,30 m
2
Building 2 639.55 m
2
Building 3 929,70 m
2
Public passage 70,00 m
2
Building 4 705,20 m
2
Building 5 260,50 m
2
Total 2695,40 m
2
CONSTRUCTED VOLUME
Building 1 4.847,00 m
2
Building 2 7.807,00 m
2
Building 3 11.938,80 m
2
Public passage 2.128,30 m
2
Building 4 11.988,80 m
2

Building 5 4.397,50 m
2
Total 43.107,40 m
2

SURFACE AREA OF PAVEMENT
Building 1 1.587,00 m
2
Building 2 2.432,90 m
2
Building 3 3.993,20 m
2
Public passage 344,50 m
2
Building 4 4.220,10 m
2

Building 5 1.291,70 m
2
Total 13.869,40 m
2

AREA OF PUBLIC SPACE
2.153,60 m
2
INDEX OF RECLAMATION
2,86
INDEX OF OCCUPATION
0,55
WATERPROOFED SURFACE AREA
2.934,10 m
2
GROSS CONSTRUCTED SURFACE AREA
13.869,40 m
2
GROSS CONSTRUCTED AREA ABOVE GRADE
9.002,60 m
2
TOTAL GROSS CONSTRUCTION AREA
22.872,00 m
2
FLOOR LEVELS ABOVE GRADE
Building 1 6
Building 2 5
Building 3 4/5
Public passage
Building 4 5
Building 5 4
FLOOR LEVELS BELOW GRADE
Building 1,2 e 3 3
Building 4 e 5 5/2
NUMBER OF HOUSING UNITS
36
NUMBER OF OFFICE UNITS
10
NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL SPACES
7
NUMBER OF PARKING SPACES
187
NUMBER OF STORAGE UNITS
41
FAADE HEIGHT
Building 1 17,50 m
Building 2 16,80 m
Building 3 17,80/14,70 m
Public passage 17,20 m
Building 4 18,20 m
Building 5 17,00 m
DEPTH
Building 1 15,00 m
Building 2 15,50 m
Building 3 15,50 m
Public passage 15,50 m
Building 4 15,50/19,20 m
Building 5 12,40/14,90 m
182
1:700
20m 0 10
09
4 COLLECTIVE HOUSING - EDITORIAL PENCIL
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lvaro Siza
West elevation
183
184
1:500
0 10 20m
1:700
20m 0 10
09
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East elevation
South elevation
185
1:700
20m 0 10
West elevation
186
09
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187
188
1:700
20m 0 10
09
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Interior East elevation
189
190
1:500
0 10 20m
09
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lvaro Siza
Section
Section
Section
1. Parking lot
2. Machine room
3. Storage room
4. Waste room
5. Room
6. Garden storage
7. Technical gallery
8. Antechamber
9. Access corridor
10. Ventilation room
191
192
1:500
0 10 20m
N
09
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Floor level 0
193
Floor level 3
1. Parking lot
2. Machine room
3. Pump room
4. Tank
5. Technical gallery
6. Stock area
7. Ventilation room
8. Waste room
9. Loading / Unloading area
10. Shop 1 (oor 1)
11. Shop 2 (oor 2)
12. Shop 3
13. Shop 4
14. Ventilator room
15. Storage room
16. Void
17. Desk
18. Small ofce
19. Medium ofce
20. Large ofce
21. Library
22. Reception
23. Archive
24. Meeting room
25. P. Trasf.
26. Garden storage
194
1:500
0 10 20m
N
09
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Floor level 5
Partial oor plan, height level 32.94
27. Lobby
28. Corridor
29. Single room
30. Hall
31. Living room
32. Dining room
33. Balcony
34. Laundry
35. Terrace
36. Service room
37. Water
195
The two buildings contact the ground through
columns, separated from each other by a large
distance, dened to preserve the existing ruins
of the Muralla Fernandina (city wall), historical
testimony which greatly increases the value of
the terrain.
196
1:500
0 10 20m
N
09
4 COLLECTIVE HOUSING - EDITORIAL PENCIL
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lvaro Siza
Floor level 6
27. Lobby
28. Corridor
29. Bedroom
30. Hall
31. Living room
32. Dining room
33. Balcony
34. Laundry
35. Terrace
36. Service room
37. Water
197
D 2
D 1
MODULATION OF FAADES
199
1:150
5 m 0 1 2 3 4
Seccin D 3
D 3
1. Row of Stone,23cm from axis
2. Acerto Tiles
3. Alignmemt

L. Special Stone type L
U. Special Stone type U
V. Special Stone type V
M. Special Stone type M
C. Special Stone type C
Cut stone
Brick
Concrete
1:150
5 m 0 1 2 3 4
200
Section A
Ground oor level
Floorplan type
Section B
201
Section C Section D
Roof level 1
Roof level
202
Sliding window elevation Sliding window section
D. 0
D. 1
D. 2
203
D. 3 D. 7 D. 5
D. 9
D. 6 D. 4 D. 8
1. Lioz Stone
2. Stainless steel corner board 80x55x5 mm
3. Prole vedante cruzfer m8115
4. Prole vedante cruzfer st. E2018.93
Concrete Brick Mortar Tile Wood Insulation Marble Steel Rell