Answer Scheme for Mathematics (M) SMK SEAFIELD SUBANG Trial STPM 950/2

1

No. Answer scheme Marks Total
1(a)








(b)
Mean, 87 . 18
95
5 . 1792
= = x minutes
Median, 78 . 15 10
32
29 5 . 47
10 = ×

+ = m
Standard deviation,
25 . 50831
2
=

fx
38 . 13
95
5 . 1792
95
25 . 50831
2
= |
¹
|

\
|
− = s
Pearson’s coefficient of skewness
( )
6928 . 0
38 . 13
78 . 15 87 . 18 3
=

=

The distribution is positively skewed.
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10 marks
2(a)


(b)


(c)
P(the child is a girl who writes using left hand)
= 0.052 × 0.58
= 0.03016
P(the child writes using left hand)
= 0.03016 + 0.078 × 0.42
=0.06292
P(the child is a boy,the child writes using left hand)
5207 . 0
06292 . 0
42 . 0 078 . 0
=
×
=


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6 marks
3(a)

(b)


0.15 + 0.40 + 2k + k = 1
k = 0.15
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 15 . 0 2 30 . 0 1 40 . 0 0 15 . 0 1 + + + − = X E
= 0.45
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 15 . 0 2 30 . 0 1 40 . 0 0 15 . 0 1
2 2 2 2 2
+ + + − = X E
= 1.05
( ) ( )
2
45 . 0 05 . 1 Var − = X
= 0.8475
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7 marks
2

4(a)












(b)


(c)



















Negative correlation.
As the mortgage interest rate increases the housing sales index
decreases.
∑ ∑ ∑
= = = = 985 , 1043 , 99 , 10
2
y x x n
∑ ∑
= = 9355 , 100525
2
xy y
Coefficient of determination,
( ) ( )( ) | |
( ) ( ) | | ( ) ( ) | |
2 2
2
2
985 100525 10 99 1043 10
985 99 9355 10
− ⋅ −

= r
= 0.7136
Hence, 71.36% of the variation in the number of houses sold is
accounted for by the variation in the mortgage interest rate.




D2








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9 marks
5(a)





(b)
Simple aggregate price index for February 2013
44 . 112
100
80 . 31 50 . 24 68 . 5
40 . 35 30 . 28 99 . 5
=
×
+ +
+ +
=

The price of the seafood has increased by 12.44% from January
to February 2013.
Weighted average of price relatives for February 2013
27 . 111
100
80 . 424 00 . 283 65 . 209
80 . 424
80 . 31
40 . 35
283
50 . 24
30 . 28
65 . 209
68 . 5
99 . 5
=
×
+ +
|
¹
|

\
|
× + |
¹
|

\
|
× + |
¹
|

\
|
×
=

The price of the seafood has increased by 11.27% from January
to February 2013.

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6 marks
6(a)


(b)

(c)(i)

(ii)
The time series has an increasing trend.
The revenue is the highest in the fourth quarter each year but
rather low in the first three quarters.
An additive model is more suitable because the amplitude of
the seasonal variations is almost constant as the trend rises.
7439 . 0
0 0761 . 2 6427 . 0 6895 . 0
− =
= + − + −
k
k

2.0761 means that the revenue in the fourth quarter is
RM2.0761 million above the trend value.
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7 marks
3

7(a)







(b)

















(c)








(d)
( )
27
1
1 0 3
3
=
= −
k
k

( ) ( )
3
1 3
27
1
1 − = > X P

27
8
=
( ) ( )
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
´
¦
− − =
, 1
, 3
27
1
1
, 0
3
x x F
3
3 0
0
>
≤ <

x
x
x














Let X = the number of observations greater than 1.
Then, |
¹
|

\
|
27
8
, 3 B ~ X .
( ) ( ) 0 1 1 = − = ≥ X P X P

6515 . 0
27
19
1
3
=
|
¹
|

\
|
− =

|
¹
|

\
|
27
8
, 729 B ~ X .
Hence, ( ) 152 , 216 N ~ɺ X .
( ) ( ) 5 . 229 229 > = > X P X P
( )
1368 . 0
095 . 1
152
216 5 . 229
=
> =
|
|
¹
|

\
| −
> =
Z P
Z P


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D2








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15 marks



2
1.5
1
0.5
-0.5
-1 1 2 3 4
0 3
1
( ) x F y =
y
x
4

8(a)






















(b)


























Year
Quarter
Sales
(×RM100,000),
Y
4-pt
moving
average
Centred
moving
average,
T
S=Y/T
1 5.3
2 4.1
3 6.8 5.725 5.6625 1.2009
2009
4 6.7 5.600 5.5625 1.2045
1 4.8 5.525 5.3750 0.8930
2 3.8 5.225 5.2375 0.7255
3 5.6 5.250 5.1875 1.0795
2010
4 6.8 5.125 5.1250 1.3268
1 4.3 5.125 5.1375 0.8370
2 3.8 5.150 5.0750 0.7488
3 5.7 5.000 5.1625 1.1041
2011
4 6.2 5.325 5.4250 1.1429
1 5.6 5.525 5.5750 1.0045
2 4.6 5.625 5.5125 0.8345
3 6.1 5.400
2012
4 5.3

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
2009 1.2009 1.2045
2010 0.8930 0.7255 1.0795 1.3268
2011 0.8370 0.7488 1.1041 1.1429
2012 1.0045 0.8345
Mean
Seasonal
Variation
0.9115 0.7696 1.1282 1.2247
Adjusting
factor
0.9916 0.9916 0.9916 0.9916
Adjusted
Seasonal
Variation
0.9038 0.7631 1.1187 1.2144


Adjusted seasonal variations are:
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
0.904 0.763 1.119 1.214
















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(column
5)

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(column
6)














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5


(c)

































(d)

t Y S
Deseasonalised
Series, y=Y/S
1 5.3 0.9038 5.8641
2 4.1 0.7631 5.3728
3 6.8 1.1187 6.0785
4 6.7 1.2144 5.5171
5 4.8 0.9038 5.3109
6 3.8 0.7631 4.9797
7 5.6 1.1187 5.0058
8 6.8 1.2144 5.5995
9 4.3 0.9038 4.7577
10 3.8 0.7631 4.9797
11 5.7 1.1187 5.0952
12 6.2 1.2144 5.1054
13 5.6 0.9038 6.1961
14 4.6 0.7631 6.0280
15 6.1 1.1187 5.4528
16 5.3 1.2144 4.3643

∑ ∑ ∑
= = = = 7076 . 85 , 1496 , 136 , 16
2
y t t n

= 6733 . 719 ty
( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )
2
136 1496 16
7076 . 85 136 6733 . 719 16


= b
02600 . 0 − =
( ) |
¹
|

\
|
− − |
¹
|

\
|
=
16
136
02600 . 0
16
7076 . 85
a
58 . 5 =
Least squares regression equation is t y 0260 . 0 58 . 5 − = .

4
th
quarter of 2013, t = 20.
( ) 20 0260 . 0 58 . 5 − = y
= 5.06
2144 . 1 06 . 5
ˆ
× = Y
= 6.145
Forecast sales = RM6.145 (×100,000)











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(column
4)











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15 marks


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