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TRIAL STPM MATHEMATICS M (MELAKA) SMK Tinggi MELAKA QA

SECTION A : [ 45 MARKS]
Answer all questions in this section

1. The table below shows the scores given by two judges in a talent competition for eight
contestants. The lower scores indicate poor performances and high scores indicate
good performances.

Contestants A B C D E F G H
Judge 1 14.50 17.00 12.40 9.50 15.80 10.60 11.00 18.80
Judge 2 10.00 9.60 13.80 14.50 16.40 15.00 12.20 17.00

Determine the Spearman rank correlation coefficient for Judge 1 and Judge 2. Comment
on your result. [4M]


2. A box contains green marbles and white marbles in the ratio 1 : 3. Three marbles are selected
at random from the box one at a time with replacement. Find the probability of getting

a. exactly two white marbles. [2M]
b. exactly two green marbles. [2M]
c. less than 2 white marbles. [2M]


3. The following table indicates the prices and values for five types of food for the year
2006 and 2008 where value is (price) x (quantity).

Food 2006 2008
Price (RM/kg) Value (RM) Price (RM/kg) Value (RM)
Mutton 12.50 8750 14.00 12600
Chicken 5.00 5500 6.50 8450
Fish 6.00 9000 7.50 15000
Prawn 25.00 6250 30.00 11400
Beef 8.00 7200 10.50 12600

Using 2006 as the base year,

a. find the Laspeyres and Paasche price indices for the year 2008. [4M]
b. which of the two price indices in (a) is more suitable to measure the changes in
prices of food ? Give a reason. [2M]


4. A hundred years ago, the occupational disease in one industry was such that the
workers had a 30% chance of suffering from it.

a. If six workers were selected at random, find the probability that less than three
of them contracted the disease . [3M]
b. Find the minimum number of workers could have been selected at random,
so that the probability that at least one of them contracted disease is greater than 0.9. [3M]
c. If there are 200 workers in the industry, calculate the probability that more than 50
workers were suffering from the disease. [3M]
1

5. X is a continuous random variable with probability density function

k (
2
1
x - ) x , 0 x 1
f(x) =
0 , otherwise

a. Find the value of k. [3M]
b. Calculate E(X) and Var(X). [6M]



6. The masses y (in kg) and ages t (in months) of a random sample of nine babies in a hospital
are recorded. The results obtained are summarized as follows :

t = 27 93
2
=

= 6 . 59 y 5 . 408
2
=

y 3 . 191 =

yt

a. Calculate the product-moment correlation coefficient between the mass and the age
of baby. Interpret your answer. [3M]
b. By using least square method, find the equation of regression line y on t in the
form of y = a + bt. Interpret the slope of the regression line. [6M]
c. Estimate the mass of a fifteen months old baby. [2M]



























2

SECTION B [ 15 MARKS ]
Answer any one question in this section


7. In an agricultural experiment, the gains in mass, in kilogram, of 100 cows during a
certain period were recorded as follows :

Gain in mass, kg 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39
Frequency 4 12 29 32 13 7 3

a. Plot a histogram to illustrate the data above. Hence, find the median. [4M]
b. Calculate
i. mean, [2M]
ii. mode and [2M]
iii. standard deviation of the gains in mass of 100 cows. [2M]
c. Find the percentage of the gains in mass of cows in the range of one
standard deviation from the mean. [3M]
d. State whether the mean or median is more suitable as a representative value
of the above data. Justify your answer. [2M]



8. A and B are two events with P(A) = 0.60, P(B) = 0.7 and P(A U B) = 0.89.

a. Find
i. P(A B) [2M]
i. P(A` B) [2M]
iii. P(A` U B`) [2M]

b. A group of students sit for both Mathematics and Economic papers in STPM. The results
are summarized as follows:
40% of the students pass Mathematics
70% of the students pass Economic if they pass Mathematics
68% of the students pass Economic if they fail Mathematics
A student is selected at random, find the probability that the student passes
i. Economic, [5M]
ii. Mathematics if he passes Economic. [2M]

Determine whether the event of a student passing Mathematics and the event
he passes Economic are independent. [2M]












3
Marking Scheme Mathematics M Term 2 Trial Exam 2012/2013 SMK TINGGI MELAKA

No Answer Mark
1.







0714 . 0
) 1 8 ( 8
) 78 ( 6
1
2
=

=
s
r (3s.f.)

There is a weak positive Spearman rank correlation coefficient for
the scores given by Judge 1 and Judge 2.

J1 5 7 4 1 6 2 3 8
J2 2 1 4 5 7 6 3 8
d
2

9 36 0 16 1 16 0 0



B1

M1A1


B1 [4M]
2.



a.



b.




c.
P( White) =
4
3
and P( Green) =
4
1

P( W =2) = ( )
4
3
(
2
4
1
)
! 2
! 3
=
64
27
or 0.422 (3s.f.)
P( G = 2) = ( )
4
1
(
2
4
3
)
! 2
! 3
=
64
9
or 0.141 (3s.f.)
P( W < 2) = 1- P( W2) = 1-
64
27
-
3
)
4
3
( =
32
5
or 0.156 (3s.f.)




M1A1



M1A1




M1A1 [6M]


3a.






b.






c.

Laspeyres Price Index
= 100
) 900 ( 8 ) 250 ( 25 ) 1500 ( 6 ) 1100 ( 5 ) 700 ( 50 . 12
) 900 ( 50 . 10 ) 250 ( 30 ) 1500 ( 50 . 7 ) 1100 ( 50 . 6 ) 700 ( 14
x
+ + + +
+ + + +

= 02 . 123 100
36700
45150
= x

Paasche Price Index
= 100
) 1200 ( 8 ) 380 ( 25 ) 2000 ( 6 ) 1300 ( 5 ) 900 ( 50 . 12
) 1200 ( 50 . 10 ) 380 ( 30 ) 2000 ( 50 . 7 ) 1300 ( 50 . 6 ) 900 ( 14
x
+ + + +
+ + + +

= 93 . 122 100
48850
60050
= x

Paasche Price Index is more suitable. It reflects the latest value since the
term of
n
q P
0
changes as the year under study changes.



M1


A1



M1


A1


B1B1 [6M]

4a.







X ~ B ( 6 , 0.30 )

P ( X < 3 ) = P( X=0 ) + P( X =1 ) + P( X=2 )
=
4 2 6
2
5 1 6
1
6 0 6
0
) 70 . 0 ( ) 30 . 0 ( ) 70 . 0 ( ) 30 . 0 ( ) 70 . 0 ( ) 30 . 0 ( C C C + +
= 0.744 ( 3s.f. )



B1


M1
A1



4b.








4c.

P( X 1) > 0.9
1- P( X < 1 ) > 0.9
1-P( X = 0 ) > 0.9
P( X = 0 ) < 0.1
( 0.7 )
n
< 0.1
n lg (0.7) < lg ( 0.1 )
n > 6.4557
The minimum number of workers = 7

X ~ B ( 200 , 0.30 )
X ~ N ( 60 , 42 )
P( X > 50 ) = P( X > 50.5 ) = P ( Z >
42
60 5 . 50
)
= P ( Z > -1.4659 )
= P ( Z < 1.4659 )
= 0.92866
= 0.929 (3 s.f.)

B1




M1

A1


B1

M1




A1 [9 M]

5a.









b.
k dx x x ) (
1
0
2
1

= 1
k 1 ]
2 3
2
[
1
0
2
2
3
=
x
x
k[ 1 ] 0
2
1
3
2
=
k = 6

E(x) = 6 dx x x dx x x x ) ( 6 ) (
2
1
0
2
3
1
0
2
1
=

= 6
1
0
3
2
5
]
3 5
2
[
x
x
=
5
2

E(x
2
) = 6 dx x x dx x x x ) ( 6 ) (
3
1
0
2
5
1
0
2
1
2
=

= 6
1
0
4
2
7
]
4 7
2
[
x
x
=
14
3

Var (x) =
14
3
- (
5
2
)
2
=
350
19





M1
M1

A1


M1M1


A1


M1




M1A1 [9M]

6a.




b.







c.

r =
.) . 3 ( 971 . 0
] ) 6 . 59 ( ) 5 . 408 ( 9 ][ ) 27 ( ) 93 ( 9 [
) 6 . 59 ( 27 ) 30 . 191 ( 9
2 2
f s =



There is a strong linear correlation between the masses and ages of babies.

b =
04 . 1
108
5 . 112
=

a = .) . 3 ( 50 . 3 4971 . 3 )
9
27
( 0417 . 1
9
6 . 59
f s = =
Therefore, y = 3.50 + 1.04t. (3s.f.)

b = 1.04 indicates that the mass of a new born baby increases by 1.04 kg per
month.

y = 3.50 + 1.04 ( 15 ) = 19.1 (3s.f.)
The mass of a 15 months baby is 19.1kg.

M1A1
B1

M1A1

M1A1

A1

B1


M1
A1 [11M]
7a.









b.
i.

ii.


iii.




c.





d.
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
4.5-9.5 9.5-
14.5
14.5-
19.5
19.5-
24.5
24.5-
29.5
29.5-
34.5
34.5-
39.5
Frequency

Mean = kg 6 . 20
100
2055
=
Mode = 19.5 + (
19 3
3
+
)5 = 20.2kg ( 3s.f. )
Standard Deviation =
2
) 55 . 20 (
100
46545

= 6.57 kg ( 3.s.f.)

= = ) 5687 . 6 55 . 20 ( 1 x ( 13.981 , 27.119 )
055 . 69 ) 13
5
5 . 24 119 . 27
( 32 29 ) 12
5
981 . 13 5 . 14
( =

+ + +

x x
% of the gains in mass of cows = % 1 . 69 % 100
100
005 . 69
= x
Median is more suitable because mean > mode,this dist. is tvely skewed.


D1 Label & Scale

D1 All correct

M1 Find Median
A1 Correct answer



M1A1


M1A1


M1

A1


M1


M1A1

B1B1 [15M]
8ai.

ii.


iii.


8b.

i.











ii.
P( A B ) = 0.60 + 0.70 0.89 = 0.410

P( A` B ) =P (B) P(A B)
= 0.70 0.410 = 0.290

P( A` U B` ) = 1- P( A B )
= 1 0.410 = 0.590

P(M) = 0.40 P(E/M) = 0.70 P(E/M`) = 0.68

P( E/M) =
70 . 0
) (
) (
=

M P
M E P

P (EM) = 0.280

P( E/M`) =
68 . 0
`) (
`) (
=

M P
M E P

=
68 . 0
60 . 0
) ( ) (
=
M E P E P


P( E ) = 0.408 + 0.280 = 0.688 (3s.f.)

P( M/E ) =
407 . 0
688 . 0
280 . 0
) (
) (
= =

E P
E M P


P(M) x P(E) P(M E )
0.40 x 0.688 0.280
Both events are not independent.
M1A1


M1A1

M1A1


B1

M1

A1




M1

A1


M1A1



M1
A1 [15M]





From the graph,
Median = 20.5 kg