Running Header: MY CAREER: AN OVERVIEW 1

My Career: An Overview

Cesar Valencia
College of Western Idaho
PHYE 230 Exit Seminars


My Career: An Overview
Soccer is one of the oldest sports in the world. It has been played long before the creation
of football federations. “The English would play the sport with the heads of executed villains”
(M. Weiss, 2012) and “the Aztecs with rubber”. Times have changed and the game has evolved
as well. The game started off as ways to compete and have fun locally but then with the
emergence of education and the increase in popularity, there was an increase of need for great
Coaching soccer at a high school, and college level is my dream career. I have played
since I was 4 years old and haven’t stopped since then. There are tons of options and places to
move to when it comes to coaching. Here locally we have about 12 high schools and three
colleges with soccer programs with job openings most of the time. Coaching soccer can fall into
a couple of different industries; them being coaching in college, NCAA Division I, II, III, NAIA,
or coaching in high school, and those are just a few off the top of my head.
I am interested in coaching soccer as a career choice because it is where my biggest
passion. I love taking on the challenges of outthinking my opponent every minute and every
second of the game. I also enjoy teaching the game to kids, teens, adults, and even the special
needs. I have found a peace and reward system from coaching various groups. I also know that
because of my passion for the game and my knowledge of the game that I can find a job and
become one of the greats. Coaching is more than just showing up and telling everyone what to
do, it is being a role model for the team, it is staying twenty minutes after practice to help one of
the players who want to improve, it is respecting those you play against and those who play for

you. It is being a man of your word and following through on it. Coaching soccer is simply
With the game growing and evolving throughout time, the philosophy of soccer changed
for the better. To me the philosophy of soccer simply means that there is a set of beliefs of how
the game should be played. The key word that comes to mind is sportsmanship. “Sportsmanship
relates to the development of moral reasoning and social skills related to conflict resolution,
leadership, and group interaction” (J. Kassing, 2007).
With sportsmanship growing into the game more and more each year, other aspects of
soccer change as well. Soccer is no longer the game that it once was: played for joy and friendly
competition. It has grown to become marketable and competitive and thus leaves coaching in
search of education with degrees in the field and attaining licenses through clinics. Along with
the general idea of philosophy in soccer, do coaches have their own philosophies? The answer is
of course. I am a soccer coach myself and have my own personal philosophy in teaching the
game. I believe that it is my duty to not only teach proper sportsmanship, but to build an
environment where the kids can show up and enjoy themselves. The kids have to be in a safe
environment where they aren’t afraid to ask questions and willing to grow as both a soccer player
and a person.
General Requirements
There aren’t very many requirements to become a soccer coach, but the few that are there
are very difficult, cost a good amount of money, and take lots of time. Many coaches will just
need to obtain their soccer coaching license starting with E, and working their way up to the A
course. Each of these courses takes a different amount of time on and off the field to become

certified. At the high school level a B license or higher is recommended but not needed (US
Soccer 2014). Although there aren’t any degrees that focus on coaching soccer, NSCAA
recommends that you obtain a bachelor’s degree in sports science, physical education, or sports
physiology. I was able to find that Ohio University announced with the partnership of the
NSCAA, a master’s degree program for coaching soccer. In January 2013, The Patton College of
Education at Ohio University and the NSCAA announced a new master’s track in Recreation and
Sport Sciences with a concentration in Soccer Coaching (Ohio Univ 2013). Stephen Marshall
graduated with his Bachelors in pre-med from NNU. He has his “C” license and is currently
working on getting his “B”. As for prior training, he played for a team called Arsenal out of
northern California, and also played at NNU prior to being hired (Marshall 2014).
There are many transferable skills when it comes to my career choice as a soccer coach.
As a coach you do lots and lots of speaking, whether it is with your staff, players, or the players
parents, you also might have press conferences or answer to your boss. Another skill that is
useful is the ability to deal with people, so be sociable. Stephan Marshall believes that the most
important skill he took with him were all of the skills he learned over the last seven years.
The organization is a very well organized organization, which is why it has come so far
and grown so much. I was able to talk to Stephen Marshall, an assistant coach at Northwest
Nazarene University out in Nampa, Idaho, and he told me that the structure at NNU is simple.
There are a total of five coaches; the head coach, and his four assistants. The head coach gets to
decide what players are scouted, and offered a position. He also gets to decide when they’ll play
and what position they’ll play. The four assistants all specialize is some sort of job. They have a

fitness coach, a goal keeper coach, a technical skills coach, and the first assistant coach which
overlooks the other assistant coaches (Marshall 2014).
As a soccer coach, I know that my position is never safe. One day I can be head coach of
a team and the next I could become an assistant coach. The responsibilities for each position are
a bit different with each position. As a head coach which is what I want to become, I would
oversee the entire soccer program at which ever school I end up at. I would be in charge of
everything from deciding what players I accept, to what days we practice. I would also be in
charge of making sure the student athletes believe and follow the philosophy that I choose for the
team. Becoming a head coach at a soccer program is very difficult considering the licenses
needed just to get a foot in the door. Becoming an assistant coach is a little more realistic to
begin. Once again depending on which assistant position you get, determines what your
responsibilities are. I could be the fitness coach or be the technical skills coach. The working
conditions are very nice, especially if you are one that enjoys being outdoors in all weather. Hot,
cold, snow, rain, as a soccer coach, you learn to deal with all of these. The hours vary from
season to season. Sometimes they practice three times a day three days a week, and sometimes
they practice once a day every day of the week (Marshall 2014). The only thing that changes is
whether they are in the film room, weight room, or on the soccer field. I couldn’t find much on
whether or not you need to have an affiliate’s membership, but I would imagine that you would
need to be recognized by the NCAA or NAIA associations. There are a few other requirements
besides the interview in order to get the job. A minimum of a bachelor’s degree in a related field
and five years’ experience coaching college or high school is required (Job Search 2014). “For
me I would say that there weren’t any other requirements, except for having a degree. Because I

played for Coe at NNU he knew who I was and offered me the position without an interview”
(Marshall 2014).
The industry of soccer is large in format. It has a world governing body called FIFA, and
divides into each individuals country’s federations. These federations oversee all soccer that is
played inside of each country. For example; there is FIFA, and under FIFA there is the US
Soccer Federation, under that are the various leagues, Major League Soccer (professional league)
with the women’s counterpart. There is the NCAA, and NAIA leagues, and then the Adults,
youth/ high school, and Paralympics’ leagues. The job I will be searching for falls under the
NCAA and NAIA collegian leagues. According to the market research report found at sports
coaching in the U.S., there is a 3.2% increase in coaching jobs every year since 2008. The
NCAA reports that there are currently 99 job openings across the country that is hiring soccer
coaches at various positions (Job Openings 2014).
With soccer becoming more and more popular with each passing year I believe that there
will be an increase in jobs when it comes to soccer. I also know that the numbers of colleges
across the country are a fixed number but schools without soccer programs can always add a
program and in effect create a couple more jobs. “Here locally it is growing but I believe that it is
all about who you know. As long as people are moving into the state and not out I would say that
more coaching jobs will pop up” (Marshall 2014) On average a NCAA soccer coach will make
anywhere from $27,000 to $50,000 with $37,000 being the average for the Boise State Coach for
women’s soccer (Simply Salary 2014). The head coach at NNU makes about $33,000 and
Stephen makes only $10,000. He also just started coaching last year so he said with more

experience, the more you make. “I don’t believe that working at a private school changes my
salary, but then again I haven’t worked at any other schools” (Marshall 2014). Considering that
you are working for a university or college, they offer you full coverage under their policy. Most
coaches that get hired at smaller schools usually teach as well which helps them get covered
where the bigger schools the coach can focus on just the coaching but may still be eligible to be
What do I need to obtain my dream of becoming a soccer coach? Well I need a minimum
of a bachelor’s degree in a physical education field, be it sports science, sports physiology, or
physical education general, as long as I get a four year degree that should take care of those
requirements. Along with the degree I will need to continue to get my US soccer coaching
licenses, “B” license being the minimum which gives you full permission to coach 16 year olds
and above (US Soccer 2014).
There are many things that I hope to obtain through my career with the most important
being happiness. I should be able to show up to my job every day with a smile and should always
be willing and glad to be there. I also hope to become a prestigious coach. I want to be well
known and respected amongst my colleagues and friends. Along with the two I would love to
become successful, not only on the field, but off of it too. I want my players to one day look back
and say that I was their favorite coach, that I thought them a lot of lessons not only about soccer,
but about becoming a good person and living happily. To me success is measured in the number
of lives that you change for the positive, and sometimes in the trophies we win along the way. “I
have learned to take every day and make the most out of it. There are so many other talented

coaches that want the position I am in and so I use that as my motivation. I try to prove to
myself, my players, and my fellow coaches that I belong there. I have also learned how to think
like a coach, and not a player. There is a huge difference between the two.” Said Stephen when
asked what he has learned since getting the job.
When I get my job I will be giving back to the community. Especially if I hold a
powerful tool, it being my position as head coach. I would set up soccer camps for all different
kinds of groups, those who suffer from poverty, and those who want to play soccer in college or
high school. I went them to get a taste of what it is like to step onto a top notch field and see
what great coaches are like. I could also set up tournaments which could be fundraisers for
charity programs and the school that I work for.
The one thing that I didn’t know was the fact that I need a Bachelor’s degree or higher in
order to coach at the college level. I knew about the licenses but had no idea that an actual degree
in physical education or similar was needed in order for me to pursue my dreams. I am still
interested in pursuing my career because it has been what I always wanted to do since I was 12
years old. I have always been one the loves to share my knowledge of the game and what better
way than coaching?


Job Openings > Category > Coaching - Soccer. (n.d.). Coaching. Retrieved March 10, 2014,
Job Search. (n.d.). National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA), NSCAA Career
Center|Find Your Career Here. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from
Kassing, J. W., & Barber, A. M. (2007). "Being a Good Sport": An Investigation of
Sportsmanship Messages Provided by Youth Soccer Parents, Officials, and Coaches.
Human Communication, 10(1), 61-68.
Marshall, S. (2014, March 10) Email Interview
Ohio univ. master's degree detils. (2013, january ). Retrieved from
Simply Salary. (n.d.). Ncaa Soccer Coach Salaries. Retrieved March 19, 2014, from
Sports Coaching in the US: Market Research Report. (n.d.). Sports Coaching in the US Market
Research. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from
US Soccer. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Weiss, M. (2012). The History and Evolution of Football (Soccer). Kentucky English Bulletin,
62(1), 107-108.

A) Interview Questions
1) What are your current job titles/ position?
I am one of the assistant coaches at NNU.
2) What responsibilities are involved with your position?
I am the technical skills coach, and thus any practice in which we focus on technique, is
one that I will run.
3) Did you need a degree to get the job? Certifications? Training?
Yes I did need a degree. I graduated with my Bachelors in pre-med from NNU. I have my
“C” license and I am currently working on getting my “B”. As for training, I played for a
team called Arsenal out of northern California, and I played for four years at NNU prior
to being hired.
4) Any other skills needed? (ex. Public speaking, language, writing)
Of course you need other skills in this job. I believe that everything I have learned and
was thought over the last seven years of my life, I have used at one point or another.
5) Is there various positions staff wise, and if so what are they?
Coe Michelson is the Head Coach at NNU, and we have Ryan who is the goal keeper
coach. Then we have Dan who is the first assistant coach. Then there is Dane who is the
weight trainer for athletes and coaches. Lastly there is me.

6) What are your working conditions (location, hours, etc.)?
Our location changes from place to place within the school. We could be in the weight
room one day, and the next be in the film room, or just out at the field. Depends on the
weather as well. As for the hours, some days we work long hours and others we just have
to run one of the three practices or the one practice for the day.
7) Besides an interview, where there other requirements to the job?
For me I would say that there weren’t any other requirements, except for having a degree.
Because I played for Coe at NNU he knew who I was and offered me the position
without an interview.
8) What is the coaching industry like? Healthy and growing? Or poor and fixed?
Here locally it is growing but I believe that it is all about who you know. As long as
people are moving into the state and not out I would say that more coaching jobs will pop
9) What is the average salary for a person starting in the industry compared to one who has
experience? Does working for a private school effect the salary?
I know that our head coach makes about $33,000 and I make only $10,000. I just started
coaching last year so I would say with more experience, the more you make. I don’t
believe that working at a private school changes my salary, but then again I haven’t
worked at any other schools.


10) What have you learned about yourself or the job in your time working?
I have learned to take every day and make the most out of it. There are so many other
talented coaches that want the position I am in and so I use that as my motivation. I try to
prove to myself, my players, and my fellow coaches that I belong there. I have also
learned how to think like a coach, and not a player. Huge difference between the two.