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**http://www2.seminolestate.edu/lvosbury/DiffEq_Folder/ECsolutionsDE.htm 1/5
**

Seminole State Homepage | Calculus I | Calculus II | Calculus III | Diff Eq |

Calculus Homepage

SOLUTIONS TO SOME OF THE APPLICATION PROBLEMS

Mixture Problem 2

MIXTURE PROBLEM 2: A tank holds 100

gallons of liquid. The tank is half full with a salt water

solution that contains 0.1 lb of salt per gallon. Pure

water is added to the container at the rate of 2 gallons

per minute and at the same time one gallon of salt water

per minute is removed from the tank. Assume that the

concentration of salt in the water in the tank remains

uniform throughout. When the tank becomes full it

begins to overflow and at that time a total of 2 gallons

per minute of salt water will be leaving the tank.

Construct a piecewise continuous function S(t) that

gives the amount of salt in the tank as a function of time

t where t = 0 represents the time when the 2 gallons

per minute of pure water began being added to the

tank and the 1 gallon per minute of "well-stirred,

uniform" mixture began exiting the tank. The picture at

the right shows the amount of salt in the tank as a

function of time.

25/3/2014 Solutions To Some DE EC Problems

http://www2.seminolestate.edu/lvosbury/DiffEq_Folder/ECsolutionsDE.htm 2/5

NEWTON'S LAW OF COOLING PROBLEM 2:

When a thermometer reads 36

o

F, it is placed in an

oven. After 1 and 2 minutes, respectively, it reads

60

o

F and 82

o

F. What is the temperature of the oven?

25/3/2014 Solutions To Some DE EC Problems

http://www2.seminolestate.edu/lvosbury/DiffEq_Folder/ECsolutionsDE.htm 3/5

I guess we could say that this is a thermometer that

reacts pretty slowly to an increase in the temperature

around it.

NEWTON'S LAW OF COOLING PROBLEM 3:

Some hot chocolate has been created using milk and

chocolate and has a temperature of 200

o

F. The hot

chocolate is in a cup that is 9/10 full. Cool milk at a

temperature of 50

o

F is to be used to help cool the hot

chocolate. Assume that the cooling constant, k, from

Newton's Law of Cooling is the same for the hot

chocolate and the milk and therefore the same for any

mixture of hot chocolate and milk. If the cup of 200

o

F

hot chocolate is filled the rest of the way up to the brim

with the 50

o

milk then the milk diluted hot chocolate

will have an immediate temperature of

Two minutes later the milk diluted hot chocolate will

have a temperature of 160

o

F if it is in a room whose

25/3/2014 Solutions To Some DE EC Problems

http://www2.seminolestate.edu/lvosbury/DiffEq_Folder/ECsolutionsDE.htm 4/5

temperature is 80

o

F. Use this fact to calculate k. (a)

If the milk was added to the hot chocolate at time t=0

minutes, how long will it take for the temperature of the

milk diluted hot chocolate to reach 120

o

F? (b)

Suppose instead that the milk is not added to the hot

chocolate until the originally 200

o

F hot chocolate has

been in the 80

o

F room for 5 minutes. In this case how

long will it take (total) for the hot chocolate (ultimately

diluted by milk) to reach a temperature of 120

o

F? (c)

Using the 80

o

F room and the 50

o

F milk, how could the

hot chocolate be cooled to 120

o

F in the least amount

of time and what would this time be?

25/3/2014 Solutions To Some DE EC Problems

http://www2.seminolestate.edu/lvosbury/DiffEq_Folder/ECsolutionsDE.htm 5/5

Red gives the temperature curve when the milk is

added immediately.

Blue gives the temperature curve when the milk is not

added until five minutes after the hot chocolate was

poured into the cup in the 80

o

F room.

Green gives the temperature curve when the milk is

added when the temperature of the hot chocolate

reaches 127.778

o

F.

The graph above is a zoom in on the graph at the left

around the points where the three temperature curves

are intersecting the horizontal line along which the

temperature equals 120

o

F.

This site contains links to other Internet sites. These links are not endorsements of any products or services in such sites, and no information

in such site has been endorsed or approved by this site.

Lane Vosbury, Mathematics, Seminole State College email: vosburyl@seminolestate.edu

This page was last updated on 01/07/14 Copyright 2002 webstats

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