# CHAPTER 19.

GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS II
Important Notes:
For Paper 1 (Objet!"e #\$est!ons%& t'e (\$est!ons as)e* are \$s\$a++, re+ate* to t'e s'apes an*
pos!t!ons o- bas! .rap's o- /INEAR& #UA0RATIC& CU1IC an* RECIPROCA/
FUNCTIONS.
Students are expected to be able to !*ent!-,:
a% t'e s'ape o- .rap' .!"en a t,pe o- -\$nt!on
b% t'e t,pe o- -\$nt!on .!"en a .rap'
% t'e .rap' .!"en a -\$nt!on an* "!e "ersa.
The different types of functions for Paper 1, SPM Mathematics:
Linear
y = mx + c
c = y-intercept
y = ax

+ bx + c
Note : Paper 1 limits to
y = ax
2
+ c
Cubic
y = ax
!
+bx

+cx + d
Note : Paper 1 limits to
y = ax
3
+ c
Reciprocal
y =
a
x
"ote : This module concentrates on graph s#etching, the s#ills needed for Paper 1\$ %or details on ho
to plot !raphs please refer to the other related modules &eg\$ 'hapter 1 ( The Straight )ine ( on ho* to
dra* + plot straight lines,
#\$est!ons 1ase* On E2am!nat!on Format
1\$ -hich of the follo*ing graphs represents y = x

( .
/\$ 0\$
'\$ 1\$
Graphs of Functions II 1
a
x
O
x
y
x
x
y
O
y
O
x
y
O
x
y
2
y
x
2
y
x
2
x
(
(
(
y
2
(
x
\$ -hich of the follo*ing e3uations represents the graph of a 3uadratic function.
A. y = 2 + x
2
1. xy = 2 C. x – y = 2 0. y = 2x
–2
!\$ The diagram belo* sho*s a s#etch of a function\$
-hat is the e3uation of the function.
/\$ y = x
2
– 5
0\$ y = – x
2
– 5
'\$ y = x
3
– 5
1\$ y = – x
3
– 5
4\$ -hich of the follo*ing graphs represents
4
y
x
= − .
/\$ 0\$
'\$ 1\$
Graphs of Functions II
y
x
2
( 5
x
y
2
y
x
2
y
x
2
x
y
2
5\$ -hich of the follo*ing graphs represents . 5
!
x y − =
A 1
C 0
6
1iagram 1
1iagram 1 sho*s the graph of 16 + − =
n
x y \$ State the 7alue of n and k\$
A. n = –1, k =16 1. n = !, k =18 C. n = –!, k =16 0. n = !, k =15
Graphs of Functions II !
y
x
2
5
y
x
2
5
y
x
2
5
y
x
2
-5
&–1, k,
x
y
9

.
8
1iagram
1iagram sho*s the graph of y = x
3
+ k. %ind the 7alue of h\$
A. 2 1. 3 C. – 2 0. ( !
:\$ -hich of the follo*ing e3uations represents a linear graph .
A. y = 1 + x
2
1. xy = 4 C. x – y = 2 0. y = 3x
–1
;\$ -hich of the follo*ing e3uations represents the graph of a reciprocal function.
A. y = 1 + 2x 1. y – x = 4 C. x y + 2 = 0 0. y = 3x
3
19\$ -hich of the follo*ing represents the graph of y = x
!
( 1 .
A 1 C 0
11\$ -hich of the follo*ing represents the graph of
19
y
x
= − .
A 1 C 0
Graphs of Functions II 4
O
x
y
x
x
y
O
y
O
x
y
O
x
& h, 9,
x
y
9
.
:
O
x
y
x
x
y
O
x
y
O
y
O
x
1\$
The graph labelled G most li#ely represents
A. y = –2x
2
1. y = 2x
2
– 2 C. x y + 2 = 0 0. y = 2x
3
1!\$
The graph labelled G most li#ely represents
A. y = x – 2 1. y = – x – 2 C. y = – x + 2 0. y = - 2x
14\$
The graph labelled G most li#ely represents
A. y =

1
x 1. y = – x C. y = x + 2 0. y = 2x
Graphs of Functions II 5
O
y
x
y = x

G
O
y
x
y = x +
G
O
y
x
y = x
G
15\$ -hich of the follo*ing represents the graph of
!
1 y x = − .
A 1 C 0
16\$ -hich of the follo*ing represents the graph of

y x = − .
A 1 C 0
18\$
1iagram !
1iagram ! sho*s the graph of y = - 4x
n
. %ind the 7alue of n
A. 2 1. 3 C. – 1 0. (
1:\$
The abo7e graph represents
/\$ y = - x + 2 '\$ y = ( x

0\$
x
y
6
= 1\$
x
y
6
− =
Graphs of Functions II 6
y
O
x
y
O
x
x
y
O
y
O
x
x
O
y
O
x
y
O x
y
O
x
y
x
y
O
x
y
O
1;\$
The abo7e graph represents
/\$ y = – x
2
+ 1 '\$ y = !x + 4"
2
0\$ y = x
2
+ 1 1\$ y = 1 – !x+4"
2
9\$ -hich of the follo*ing does "2T represent a linear graph .
A. y = x 1. x = 2y C. xy = 2 0. , 3 (
Graphs of Functions II 8
x
y
O
1
4
-4