Exhibit “A” Judicial Affidavit of Lennie Joy A.

Alviola (Private Complainant) dated
ov !"# $%!& and it' attachment'
(o prove it' exi'tence# )enuinene'' and due
execution and a' part of the te'timony of
Private Complainant.
(o prove all alle)ation' of the complainant in
thi' crimanl complaint a)ain't defendant.
A*! Pa)e $ of the affidavit
A*$ Pa)e &
A*& Pa)e +
A*+ Pa)e ,
A*, Pa)e -
A*- Pa)e .
A*-*a /i)nature of Lennie Joy A. Alviola
Exhibit “0” An'1er to Letter*Complaint (o prove the fact that defendant had 1ritten
1ord' a)ain't the complainant 1hich i'
'ub2ect to thi' criminal ca'e.
0*! Par $ of the An'1er3 “/he i' the victim
of a con'piracy and frame up bet1een
her cunnin) immediate 'upervi'ory
authority# 'ome 2ealou' co*employee'
the 'chemin) dau)hter of incumbent
mayor 1ho 1ant' to be the mayor and
a certain 4r'. 5a''elman”
0*$ /i)nature of ila 6. Arado
Exhibit “C” 4inute' of the Preliminary
7nve'ti)ation conducted on the
complaint a)ain't 4'. ila Arado for
i''uin) fa8e 4ayor9' Permit
C*! /i)nature of 6ivien 4iraflor*/ecretary
C*$ /i)nature of :odard ;abri'tante*
Chairman
C*& /i)nature of Ce'ar 0lanco# Jr *4ember
C*+ /i)nature of A)u'tin <amacho*
member
C*, /i)nature of 4arfelia /arte *4ember
Exhibit “=” >indin)' and <ecommendation' of the
7nve'ti)atin) Committee.
(o prove the fact that =efendant Arado
for)ed the 'i)nature of the 4unicipal 6ice
4ayor in i''uin) the 4ayor' Permit.
Exhibit “E” Letter from =enmar Abo addre''ed to
4ayor Alviola dated July !,# $%!&
(o prove that a complaint 1a' filed a)ain't
ila Arado for i''uin) a fa8e mayor9' permit.
Exhibit “>” Affidavit of Carmecil albino dated July
!-# $%!&
(o prove that ila Arado i''ued a 4ayor9'
Permit to 4ad =o) <e'to 0ar and <e'ort.
Exhibit >*! /i)nature of Carmecil Albino in her
Affidavit dated July !-# $%!&
Exhibit “:” 4ayor9' Permit i''ued on June $,#
$%!&
:*! /econd Pa)e of the 4ayor' Permit
>*!*a >or)ed 'i)nature of 6ice 4ayor
(uballa
Exhibit “5” Letter of 6ice 4ayor (uballo
addre''ed to the 4ayor dated
????????
Exhibit “7” Judicial Affidavit of Elenita (.
6alencia dated =ec !%# $%!&
(o 'upport certain alle)ation' of Private
Complainant in hi' complaint a)ain't the
defendant
>oundation@Preliminary@E'tab motive
7*! Pa)e $
7*!*a /i)nature of Elenita (. 6alencia
Exhibit “J” Judicial Affidavit dated =ec !%# $%!&
of 4erlie A. Abante
(o 'upport certain alle)ation' of Private
Complainant in hi' complaint a)ain't the
defendant
J*! Pa)e $
J*!*a /i)nature of 4erlie A. Abante
Exhibit “;” Judicial Affidavit dated =ec !%# $%!&
of <evah An)u'tia 6. 6enale'
(o 'upport certain alle)ation' of Private
Complainant in hi' complaint a)ain't the
defendant
Pa)e $
/i)nature of <evah An)u'tia 6.
6enale'
Exhibit “L” Judicial Affidavit dated =ec !%# $%!&
of Ed1in 7noferio
(o 'upport certain alle)ation' of Private
Complainant in hi' complaint a)ain't the
defendant
L*! Pa)e $
L*!*a /i)nature of Ed1in 7noferio
Exhibit “4” Judicial Affidavit dated =ec !%# $%!&
of <o1ena 4orado'
(o 'upport certain alle)ation' of Private
Complainant in hi' complaint a)ain't the
defendant.
4*! Pa)e $
4*!*a /i)nature of <o1ena 4orado'
<e'ervation of additional exhibit' in the cour'e of the proceedin) of thi' ca'e.
ot made 1ith )ood motive' and for 2u'tifiable end'
G.R. No. L-16772 November 30, 1962
THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff*appellant#
v'.
JULIN !ONTON, E
AEvery defamatory imputation i' pre'umed to be maliciou' even if it be true# if no )ood intention and
2u'tifiable motive for ma8in) it i' 'ho1n# except in the follo1in) ca'e'3 (!) a private communication
made by any per'on to another in the performance of any le)al# moral# or 'ocial duty.A Libel# a' defined
under Article &,&# ha' three element'3 (he imputation mu't be defamatory# it mu't have been )iven
publicity# and it mu't be maliciou'. A fourth element may al'o be con'idered implicit in the provi'ion#
namely# that the victim of the libel mu't be identifiable. (he defamatory character of the imputation i'
'ho1n by the recital' thereof. o evidence aliunde need be adduced to prove it. Bith re'pect to the
element of malice# the 'ame i' e'tabli'hed (either by pre'umption or by proof. 7f nothin) but the
defamatory imputation it'elf i' laid before the court# malice i' pre'umed from it# and to overcome thi'
pre'umption there mu't be a 'ho1in) of )ood intention and 2u'tifiable motive. 7n other 1ord'# the burden
i' upon the defendant' to overcome the le)al inference of malice.