- 9702_s10_ms_31
- Zinc Chloride Lab
- Chap02 Scientific Measurement
- 3025_16
- Lab Manual
- Physics Introductory Notes
- The Easy Slide Rule
- Chapter 2 Analysing Data
- episd unit 1 pre algebra
- Compare the Radii of Three Given Wires Using Screw Gauge
- As h 31 Isapreparation
- lesson plan observation 2 my teacher copy
- 4.Ch-1.docx
- vraj khamar - rapid-physics-book.pdf
- Example 4 _ Plane Areas in Rectangular Coordinates _ Integral Calculus Review
- Unit 2 P1 Set Theory
- Aptitude.pdf
- Number Theory Vocab
- edtpa task 4
- 16 LO3 Properties of Shapes and Objects 2 and 3 D
- Surds and Indices
- ChemNotes[1]
- Mathematics Assignment
- volume elo booster ubd
- Aptitude Formula Downloads-students3k.com
- surfaceareaofacuboidandacubesarfaceareaofarightcircularcylindersurfaceareaofrightcircularconesurfaceareaofaspherevolumeofcuboidvolumeofcylindervolumeofrightcircularconeandvolumeofsphere-121020083028-phpapp01
- lab - measurementbasics
- Module 01 Mathematics EASA
- Education_Kits_User_Manuals_Module_5.pdf
- 0607_w10_qp_4
- 1.1 Significant Figures
- Chapter 7 Geometrical Construction
- Chapter 1
- Chapter 6 f2
- 2 Quadratic Expressions and Equations
- 1.2 Standard Form Ringkas
- 1.2 Standard Form Ringkas
- Chapter 8 Coordinates
- RPT Mathematics FORM4 2014
- 1.1 Significant Figures
- Testing and Evaluation 1
- Chapter 4 Thermochemistry
- Chapter 5 Chemicals for Consumers
- 1.1 Significant Figures
- The Kinetic Theory of Matter
- Presentation 2
- Chapter 1
- Chapter 1

1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

1

1.1a Concept of significant figures

Significant figures:

The relevant digit of an integer or decimal number rounded off to a value according to a particular

level of accuracy

Properties used as a guide to round off a number to the required number of significant figures

Properties Examples

1. All non-zero digits are significant

42 (2 significant figures)

62.29 (4 significant figures)

2. Zeros between non-zero digits are significant

2.08 (3 significant figures)

2006 (4 significant figures)

3. Zero following a non-zero digit in a whole

number may or may not be significant. It

depends on how the estimation is made

*All zeros after any non-zero digit in a whole

number are not significant unless stated

otherwise

20 (1 significant figures)

200 (1 significant figures)

2000 (2 significant figures)

2000 (3 significant figures)

4. For decimals less than 1, zeros preceding the

first non-zero are not significant

*All zeros before any non-zero digit in a

decimal point are not significant

0.8 (1 significant figures)

0.08060 (4 significant figures)

5. Zeros following a non-zero digit after the

decimal point are significant

*All zeros after any non-zeros digit in a

decimal are significant

3.60 (3 significant figures)

26.00 (4 significant figures)

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

2

PRACTICE

1. State the number of significant figures in each of the following numbers:

(a) 6050 (d) 0.600078

(b) 7.100 (e) 30.09

(c) 0.0280 (f) 80 004

2. State the number of significant figures in each of the following numbers:

(a) 876 (d) 0.0802

(b) 294.02 (e) 2.020

(c) 8.0 (f) 600

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

3

1.1b Round off a positive number to a given number of significant figures

PRACTICE

1. Round off the following numbers to:

(i) Correct to 3 significant figures

(ii) Correct to 2 significant figures

(iii) Correct to 1 significant figures

(a) 38 106 (d) 45.465 (g) 0.09707 (j) 59.593

(b) 4398.7 (e) 80.043 (h) 0.0002938 (k) 598.3

(c) 1998 (f) 0.03562 (i) 0.9997 (l) 0.003498

Determine digit (x) to round off

Is it the number after x

greater or less than 5?

Add 1 to x

Is it extra digits after x

located before or after

decimal point?

Change the extra digits with zero

x does not change

Dropping the extra digits

NO

YES

AFTER

BEFORE

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

4

2. Round off the following, correct to 3 significant figures.

(a) 6.229 (d) 8996 (g) 0.006497

(b) 99.45 (e) 0.8429 (h) 0.02096

(c) 709.3 (f) 0.06025

3. Round off each of the following numbers to the number of significant figures indicated in

brackets:

(a) 78 534 (1) (b) 0.604 (2)

(c) 4768 (2) (d) 0.003745 (3)

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

5

1.1c Operations involving a few numbers and significant figures

Find the value of each of the following, stating your answer correct to 2 significant figures.

(a) 7.5 + 0.48 ÷ 0.04

(b) 0.06 x 0.1 + 35.6 ÷ 50

(c) 6.84 ÷ 30 + 3.75

(d) 5.28 – 7.5 x 0.04

(e) (724 + 25.1) ÷ 0.2

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

6

(f) 1.24 ÷ 0.4 + 0.8 x 4.2

(g) 0.06 x 0.4 + 0.084 ÷ 0.2

(h) 19.2 – 4.2 ÷ 0.5 + 9.1

(i) 0.21 + 4.1 x 5 – 6.5

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

7

Find the value of each of the following, stating your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

(a) 9.658 x 3.2 + 6.248

(b) 1.254 ÷ 0.03 – 6.2549

(c) 85.2

2

x 0.0663 – 76.369

(d)

.

.

(e)

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

8

Find the value of each of the following and express each answer correct to the number of significant

figures indicated in the brackets

(a) 0.028 ÷ 0.02 – 1.204 [3]

(b) 0.68 ÷ 0.2 – 0.296 [3]

(c) 0.3 x 0.04 + 1.074 ÷ 60 [2]

(d) 5.2 x 0.3 – 0.345 [3]

(e) 6.78 ÷ 10 x 3.1 [3]

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

9

(f) 0.3(4 – 0.38) [2]

(g) 1.38 + 8.13 ÷ 0.3 [2]

(h) 58.72 – 24.13 x 2.2 [2]

(i) 0.6 x 0.8276 ÷ 0.12 [1]

(j) 36.7 + 10.6 x 0.3 [2]

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

10

1.1d Solve problems involving significant figures

1. The height of the Petronas Twin Towers is about 451.9 m and each has 88 storeys. What is the

average height of a storey? Give your answer, correct to 3 significant figures.

2. The width of a piece of land is 12.5 m and its length is twice its width. Calculate the area of the

land, correct to 2 significant figures.

3. Mary borrows RM63 000 froma bank with an interest rate of 6.25% per annum. Calculate the

interest she needs to pay after two years (simple interest). State your answer, correct to 3

significant figures.

4. The length of a piece of rectangular card is 15.7 cm. its width is 12.4 cm. calculate the area, in

cm

2

, of this card, correct to 3 significant figures.

5. The volume of a cylinder is 54.5 cm

3

. The radius of the base is 3 cm. calculate the height of the

cylinder, correct to 2 significant figures. (Take = )

1.1 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

11

6. The length, breadth and height of a rectangle are 7.5 cm, 12.5 cm and 10.5 cm respectively.

Calculate the volume of rectangle, stating your answer correct to 4 significant figures.

7. A box contains 6 cans. Each can has a mass of 505 g. the box has a mass of 60 g. find the total

mass, in g, of 6 cans and the box, stating your answer correct to 2 significant figures.

8. The diameter of a sphere is 8.45 cm. calculate its volume, in cm

3

, correct to 2 significant figures.

[ Volume of sphere = r

3

and use = 3.142 ]

1.2 STANDARD FORM

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

1

1.2a State positive numbers in standard form

1. State the following in standard form

(a) 39 871

(b) 0.006 73

(c) 430 557

(d) 0.000 523 6

(e) 9 803 000

(f) 0.00709

(g) 8833

(h) 31 584

(i) 680 000

(j) 0.9233

(k) 0.0463

(l) 0.0005452

Solution:

2. Write the following numbers in standard form

(a) 72.5

(b) 202.8

(c) 6879

(d) 325 000

(e) 0.00006

(f) 0.008382

(g) 0.0546

(h) 0.6118

Solution:

1.2 STANDARD FORM

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

2

3. Express 5 630 000 in standard form

A. 5.63 x 10

4

B. 5.63 x 10

6

C. 5.63 x 10

-4

D. 5.63 x 10

-6

1.2b State the numbers to standard form as single numbers

1. State the following as single numbers

(a) 5.872 x 10

6

(b) 3.012 x 10

-2

(c) 2.015 89 x 10

4

(d) 4.305 x 10

-3

Solution:

2. Express the following in single numbers

(a) 2.73 x 10

4

(b) 3.638 x 10

5

(c) 9.445 x 10

6

(d) 6.229 x 10

-3

(e) 7.47 x 10

-4

(f) 8.06 x 10

-5

Solution:

1.2 STANDARD FORM

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

3

3. Write each number below in standard form or as single numbers

(a) 12

(b) 189 200

(c) 542.800

(d) 54 670 000

(e) 0.12

(f) 0.0415

(g) 0.000 72

(h) 0.000 001 23

(i) 23 x 10

3

(j) 0.079 x 10

6

(k) 3900 x 10

-4

(l) 0.001 21 x 10

6

Solution:

1.2 STANDARD FORM

MATHEMATICS FORM 4

4

1.2c Perform operations involving numbers in standard form

1. Solve the following and state your answer in standard form.

(a) 23 800 + 3947

(b) 0.040 021 – 0.000 5461

(c) 3.21 x 10

5

– 7.593 x 10

4

(d) 2.01 x 10

-4

+ 3.75 x 10

5

Solution:

2. Evaluate the following, giving your answers in standard form

(a) 7.4 x 10

2

– 3.7 x 10

2

(b) 7.9 x 10

5

– 8.8 x 10

4

(c) 6.7 x 10

-8

– 4.9 x 10

-8

(d) 2 x 10

-6

– 2.4 x 10

-8

(e) 7.2 x 10

-4

– 0.0000084

Solution:

- 9702_s10_ms_31Uploaded byHubbak Khan
- Zinc Chloride LabUploaded byRaehaneyRamli
- Chap02 Scientific MeasurementUploaded byRomizzelle Gonzales Penafiel
- 3025_16Uploaded byState of David
- Lab ManualUploaded byLeonardo Muñoz
- Physics Introductory NotesUploaded byAnonymous 9xheGVRM1
- The Easy Slide RuleUploaded byRobert Adams
- Chapter 2 Analysing DataUploaded byLinda Wirianty
- episd unit 1 pre algebraUploaded byapi-234452998
- Compare the Radii of Three Given Wires Using Screw GaugeUploaded byGyanRaj Chavan
- As h 31 IsapreparationUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- lesson plan observation 2 my teacher copyUploaded byapi-232744621
- 4.Ch-1.docxUploaded byKhadeeja Salva
- vraj khamar - rapid-physics-book.pdfUploaded byRam Ji Pandey
- Example 4 _ Plane Areas in Rectangular Coordinates _ Integral Calculus ReviewUploaded byimrancenakk
- Unit 2 P1 Set TheoryUploaded byNsBhasin
- Aptitude.pdfUploaded byshravya ailoni
- Number Theory VocabUploaded byGaluh Jgs
- edtpa task 4Uploaded byapi-339696969
- 16 LO3 Properties of Shapes and Objects 2 and 3 DUploaded bywmathematics
- Surds and IndicesUploaded byravi98195
- ChemNotes[1]Uploaded byZhang Kathy
- Mathematics AssignmentUploaded byhelperforeu
- volume elo booster ubdUploaded byapi-317044756
- Aptitude Formula Downloads-students3k.comUploaded byChaitanya Krishna Reddy
- surfaceareaofacuboidandacubesarfaceareaofarightcircularcylindersurfaceareaofrightcircularconesurfaceareaofaspherevolumeofcuboidvolumeofcylindervolumeofrightcircularconeandvolumeofsphere-121020083028-phpapp01Uploaded byClaire
- lab - measurementbasicsUploaded byapi-234540318
- Module 01 Mathematics EASAUploaded byPei Shuang Ch'ng
- Education_Kits_User_Manuals_Module_5.pdfUploaded byJayes
- 0607_w10_qp_4Uploaded byvedant

- 1.1 Significant FiguresUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 7 Geometrical ConstructionUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 1Uploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 6 f2Uploaded byMadihah Ramly
- 2 Quadratic Expressions and EquationsUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- 1.2 Standard Form RingkasUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- 1.2 Standard Form RingkasUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 8 CoordinatesUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- RPT Mathematics FORM4 2014Uploaded byMadihah Ramly
- 1.1 Significant FiguresUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Testing and Evaluation 1Uploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 4 ThermochemistryUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 5 Chemicals for ConsumersUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- 1.1 Significant FiguresUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- The Kinetic Theory of MatterUploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Presentation 2Uploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 1Uploaded byMadihah Ramly
- Chapter 1Uploaded byMadihah Ramly