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ANZAAS CONGRESS. “Science and Life in the
Tropics”. Section C-11 Architecture and
Planning, Portfolio of Papers Presented at
Townsville 24-28 August 1987, 57
th
ANZAAS
Congress.
Collection of papers that include a discussion of the
design principles and history of the “Queensland
House”, as well as architecture in the tropical areas of
Queensland.


ARONIN, Jeffrey Ellis. “Climate and
Architecture”. New Yor: Reinhold Publishing
Corporation, 1953
Provides and extensive look at climatic conditions and
then discusses design principles architects need to
consider.


BAKER, N.V. “Passive and Low Energy
Building Design for Tropical Island Climates”.
UK: Commonwealth Secretariat Publications,
1987.
Provides and overview of climate with the focus on
the Caribbean. Also provided are climate responsive
design techniques for this area. Some technical data.


BRIDGMAN, David. “Acclimatisation:
Architecture at the Top End”. ACT: RAIA, 2003
Discusses the topical climate of the Northern Territory
and provides a chronological history of buildings and
architecture in the Northern Territory.


COWELL, Elizabeth. “Tropical Punch.” Belle,
No.70 Jul/Aug 1985 pp.109-120.
A non-technical look at 3 houses built in South East
Queensland and the concessions made for the
climate in their design.


CSIRO – Divison of Building Research.
“Tropical Building Research Notes”. Vic:
CSIRO, 1977
Primary aim of this publication is to study the tropical
environment and its effect on building materials and
its occupants. Provides an overview of research
undertaken over a 10 year period. PNG is the primary
example.


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DANBY, Miles. “Grammar of Architectural
Design with Special Reference to the Tropics”.
London: Oxford University Press, 1963
Overview of basic architectural principles applicable
to a range of climatic and building conditions.
Discusses the tropical climate and adjustments that
can be made to the design process to optimize
comfort levels in this climate.


DOCHERTY, Michael and SZOKOLAY, Steven
V. “Climate Analysis”. Queensland: University of
Queensland, 1999
Provides a discussion of climate itself followed by
material which allows an appropriate thermal design
strategy to be selected. Some technical material is
included.


EMMANUEL, Rohinton. “An Analysis of the Bio-
climatic Effects of Roof Cover of Domestic
Buildings in the Equatorial Tropics” Architectural
Science Review, vol.45, June 2002, pp.117-124
A technical article which investigates the thermal
comfort effects of the most commonly used domestic
roof covers in the tropical climate of Sri Lanka.


EVANS, Martin. “Housing, Climate and
Comfort”. London: The Architectural Press,
1980
Provides data for climatic design and an overview of
the design and building process to maximize thermal
comfort in a tropical area.


FISHER, Thomas. “The Well-Tempered
Tropics: Design for Hot, Humid Climates”.
Progressive Architecture, vol.65(4) 1984, pp.98-
103
The primary focus of this article is on reducing a
building’s energy consumption. Useful data is
provided on ventilation, shading and insulation.


FRY, Maxwell and Drew, Jane. “ Tropical
Architecture in the Humid Zone”.London: B.T.
Batsford Ltd, 1956.
A landmark publication which provides a general
outline of factors affecting design in the humid tropics;
people and their needs; climate and its attendant ills
and materials and the means of building. COLONIAL


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FRY, Maxwell and Drew, Jane. “ Tropical
Architecture in the Dry and Humid Zones”. New
York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company,
1964.
Includes material published in the earlier publication
which is listed above. This book provides a general
outline of factors affecting design in dry and humid
climates; people and their needs; climate and its
attendant ills and materials and the means of building.
COLONIAL


HAINES, Murray and WHEELER, Tone.
“Energy Conservation and Thermal Comfort for
Australian Housing”. Canberra: DHC, n.d.
Covers all climatic conditions across Australia and
discusses the design principles to maximize the
climatic comfort in each. Some include some out-of-
date material.


HOLLO, Nick. :Warm House Cool House:
Inspirational designs for low-energy housing”.
NSW: Choice Books, 1995
An Australian publication which outlines design
principles to enable us to build, renovate or purchase
an energy efficient house that meets the climate
comfort needs of its owners. Covers all Australian
climatic conditions.


HYDE, Richard. “Climate Responsive Design: a
Study of Buildings in Moderate and Hot Humid
Climates”. London: Spon Press, 2000
This book looks at humid climates and discusses how
the design, construction and building materials
accommodate the “challenges” presented by the
climate. Examples from S.E. Queensland are
included.


KOENIGSBERGER, O.H. et al. “Manual of
Tropical Housing and Building”. London:
Longman, 1973
A significant publication discussing climatic data and
offering design solutions for climatic comfort in such
an environment.


KONYA, Allan. “Design Primer for Hot
Climates”. London: Architectural Press, 1980.
Discussion of hot climatic conditions and a look at the
design features used to increase comfort levels of
those who live in these areas.


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LIPPSMEIER, Georg. “Tropenbau: Building in
the Tropics”. Munchen: Callwey, 1980.
Includes material on the tropical climate and covers
the design and building process in such environs.
Books are now starting to acknowledge that building
in the tropics encompasses structures for rich and
poor people. Many of the earlier books equate the
tropics with “poor natives” and the effects this
has on the lack of design and building process.


MARTIN-CHEW, Louise. “Tropical Mastery”.
Vogue Living, March 1998, pp.78-85
Discusses the principles used in the design and
construction of a house at Sunshine Beach, Qld.


MOULIS, Antony. “Subtropical Revision”.
Houses, Issue 23, 2003 pp.32-37
The primary focus is on the floorplan designed to
utilize the exceptional views of the Moreton Bay
location.


OAKLEY, David. “Tropical Houses: a guide to
their design”. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd, 1961.
Looks at climatic elements of the tropics and follows
the design and building process and looks at their
effectiveness in a tropical climate. The focus is on
Brazil and Jamaica.


OLGYAY, Victor. “Design with Climate:
Bioclimatic Approach to Architectural
Regionalism”. New Jersey: Princeton University
Press, 1963
Provides an overview of world climate and includes a
discussion of the architectural design principles for
each climate type. Technical data is included. Makes
use of American examples.


SAINI, Balwant Singh. “Architecture in Tropical
Australia”. Victoria: Melbourne University Press,
1970
An Australian publication focusing on the tropical
areas of Australia. Building design and planning
issues are covered and many examples from the
Australian tropics are included.


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SAINI, B.S. and SZOKOLAY, S.V. “Evaluation
of Housing Standards in Tropical Australia: a
Report Prepared for the Council of
Commonwealth Public Service Organisations”.
Queensland: University of Queensland
Department of Architecture, 1974.
A response to a need to ensure Australian
government employees were provided with an
appropriate standard of housing when they were
living in the tropical regions of Australia. Provides
guidelines to follow.


SALMON, Cleveland. “Architectural Design for
Tropical Regions”, New York: John Wiley &
Sons Inc., 1999
Discusses the elements of the tropical climate and
provides an overview of the regions in the world,
including Australia, which have this climate. The
author then looks at the effect of the climate on
building design and construction and offers a variety
of solutions.


SLESSOR, Catherine. “ Hot Issues”.
Architectural Review, No.1276 June 2003,
pp.40-66
A collection of five articles which provide a thought
provoking look at contemporary design issues
associated with building in a tropical climate.


SU, Bing. “Estimation of Natural Ventilation
around Medium Density Housing in the Humid
Tropics”. Architectural Science Review, Vol.44,
Sep 2001, pp. 241-250
A technical article which applies scientific principles to
identify natural ventilation issues and solutions in
outdoor spaces in a medium density housing
development in Townsville.


SU, Bing. “ Estimation of Natural Cross-
ventilation Potential of Medium-Density Housing
in the Humid Tropics” Architectural Science
Review, Vol.44, Dec 2001, pp. 405-418
A technical articles which investigates the indoor
cross-ventilation potentials of houses in a new
subdivision in Townsville using scientific measures
and a computer model. Improvement in cross-
ventilation through housing design is explored.


SUMNER, Ray. “Settlers and Habitat in Tropical
Queensland”. Queensland: James Cook
University, 1974
Provides a history of North Queensland housing and
the design strategies used to cope with the tropical
climate.


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SZOKOLAY, S.V. “Climate, Comflrt and Energy:
Design of Houses for Queensland Climates”.
Queensland: University of Queensland
Architectural Science Unit, 1991
A Queensland publication which provides specific
information about the Brisbane climate and some
design considerations for maximum thermal comfort
in buildings.


TAAC (NT) Architects and Planners. “The
Tropical House”. Architecture Australia, May
1989 pp. 91, 93, 95.
Showcases the use of natural ventilation as an
effective means of temperature control for a house in
Darwin. Included also is a discussion of the building
materials used.


THOMPSON, Shane. “Making a Sub-tropical
Architecture”. Italy: ; l’Arca Edizioni, 2003
Provides an overview of some of the work undertaken
by Shane Thompson, Principal of Bligh Voller Nield.
Includes commercial and residential architecture with
much located in S.E. Queensland.


TROPPO ARCHITECTS. “Tropical Breezes”.
Houses Issue 28, 2002, pp.48-51
Describes the building principles used in the
construction of a project home located in the tropical
area of Townsville.