WEEK 6: Freedom of Speech – chapter 3 Gift of Fire Sept. 29/Oct. 1 & Sept. 30/Oct.

2
opic! &
"#e!tio$! a% &e' tech$o(o)ie! ha*e i$trod#ced $e' !it#atio$! a$d $e' cha((e$)e! to freedom of
!peech a$d ce$!or!hip a$d o(d (a'! are ha*i$) to adapt to the!e $e' tech$o(o)ie!.
+% ,ha((e$)e! of ce$!or!hip of the -$ter$et. for e/amp(e 'ith por$o)raph0. -! the pro*ider
of the materia( or the per!o$ do'$(oadi$) the 1#e!tio$a+(e materia( to +e he(d
re!po$!i+(e2 Or the compa$0 that pro*ided the co$$ectio$ to the -$ter$et2
c% 3iffere$t (a'! i$ differe$t co#$trie! – for e/amp(e. the 4ahoo *! Fre$ch ce$!or!hip ca!e –
po!ti$) & !e((i$) of &a5i memora+i(ia 'hich 'a! (e)a( i$ thi! co#$tr0 +#t i((e)a( i$
Fra$ce re!#(ted i$ a (a'!#it a)ai$!t 4ahoo – the0 'ere ac1#itted. +#t it re!#(ted i$ 4ahoo
a$d e6a0 +a$$i$) the!e t0pe! of thi$)! from their a#ctio$ !ite! – i! thi! re!po$!i+(e po(ic0
or free7!peech ta8e$ a'a02
d% Sho#(d !pam +e (e)a(2
e% 9$o$0mit0 – !ho#(d it +e protected2 Wo#(d$:t that he(p tho!e 'ho #!e the -$ter$et for
fra#d. hara!!me$t. e/tortio$. or to di!tri+#te chi(d por$o)raph0 to hide from (a'
e$forceme$t2 Sho#(d there +e a (a' that re1#ire! -S;! to 8eep record! of the rea(
ide$titie! of a(( #!er! <i.e. !ho#(d tr#e a$o$0mit0 +e +a$$ed%2 Wo#(d thi! he(p to catch
terrori!t! or other crimi$a(!2 Sho#(d the )o*er$me$t +e a((o'ed to acce!! the record! of
-S;! for thi! i$formatio$ 'hether the0 ha*e =#!t ca#!e or $ot. +eca#!e there i! $othi$) to
pre*e$t them from acce!!i$) i$formatio$ a+o#t a$0+od0 the0 'a$t to2
SS
,ompo$e$t a% >o' are 'e affected +0 the re)#(atio$! a$d (a'! that are impo!ed o$ the -$ter$et <or
a+!e$ce of them%2 We are e/po!ed to thi$)! that 'e mi)ht o+=ect to. !#ch a! offe$!i*e
materia(. or materia( that mi)ht i$f(#e$ce !ome peop(e:! actio$! or +e(ief!. or materia( that
i! i$correct. or da$)ero#! medica( ad*ice. Who !ho#(d +e re!po$!i+(e for 'atchi$) o#t for
o#r 'e((7+ei$) – the )o*er$me$t. o#r!e(*e!2
+% What a+o#t o#r chi(dre$ +ei$) e/po!ed to por$o)raph0 or other offe$!i*e materia(2 Or
o#r chi(dre$ +ei$) e/po!ed to other da$)er! o$(i$e. (i8e chi(d predator!2 -$ 'hat 'a0!
ha! o#r !ociet0 cha$)ed +eca#!e of the -$ter$et a$d other tech$o(o)ie! 'ith re)ard! to the
!afet0 of o#r chi(dre$ a$d 'hat the0 are a((o'ed to do or $ot to do2
c% >o' ha! !ociet0:! idea! of 'hat !ho#(d +e free !peech or 'hat !ho#(d +e re!tricted
affected tech$o(o)ie!2 -f tr#e a$o$0mit0 of the -$ter$et i! +a$$ed. 'i(( that !(o' the
ad*a$ce of hi)h7!peed -$ter$et co$$ectio$! a$d impro*eme$t! i$ i$fra!tr#ct#re +eca#!e of
red#ced i$ce$ti*e! to i$*e!t i$ +road+a$d capacitie!2
d% >o' !ociet0 affect! tech$o(o)0 – the $eed for fi(teri$) !oft'are re!#(ti$) i$ the
de*e(opme$t of !#ch !oft'are.
,(a!!
3i!c#!!io$ a% o 'hat e/te$t i! *io(e$ce o$ the We+ a$d i$ comp#ter )ame! re!po$!i+(e for !hooti$)! i$
!choo(!2 What !ho#(d +e do$e a+o#t it 'itho#t *io(ati$) the Fir!t 9me$dme$t2
+% he ca!e of ?e)a$ ?e0er! – !ho#(d the mother 'ho 'a! prete$di$) to +e @Ao!hB +e he(d
re!po$!i+(e2 >a*e 0o# +ee$ or 8$o' !omeo$e 'ho 'a! a *ictim of hara!!me$t o$(i$e2
;o!!i+(e
9!!i)$me$t! C Of the 12 that - ha*e. here are a co#p(e:
a% E/erci!e 3.21 pa)e 190: 9mate#r a!tro$omer! aro#$d the 'or(d ha*e +ee$ (ocati$) a$d
trac8i$) !ate((ite! – +oth commercia( a$d !p0 !ate((ite! – a$d po!ti$) their or+it! o$ the
We+. Some i$te((i)e$ce officia(! ar)#e that. if e$emie! a$d terrori!t! 8$o' 'he$ D.S. !p0
!ate((ite! are o*erhead. the0 ca$ hide their acti*itie!. What i!!#e! doe! thi! pro+(em rai!e2
Sho#(d po!ti$) !ate((ite or+it! +e i((e)a(2 Gi*e ar)#me$t! o$ +oth !ide!. Which are
!tro$)er2 Wh02
+% 9!!i)$me$t 3.29 pa)e 191: Fi$d o#t 'hether 0o#r co((e)e re!trict! acce!! to a$0 We+
!ite! from it! comp#ter !0!tem!. What i! it! po(ic0 for determi$i$) 'hich !ite! to re!trict2
What do 0o# thi$8 of the po(ic02
c% 9!!i)$me$t 3.31 pa)e 191: Keep a (o) of the e7mai( that 0o# recei*e for o$e 'ee8. For
each me!!a)e. i$dicate 'hether it i! commercia( or !ome other form of !pam <de!cri+e
0o#r criteria%. a$d 'hether 0o# !o(icited it.
WEEK E: : -$te((ect#a( ;ropert0 – chapter F Gift of Fire Oct 6/G & Oct E/9
opic! &
"#e!tio$! a% What i! i$te((ect#a( propert02 ,op0ri)ht!2 Fair7D!e 3octri$e2 Free Soft'are2 Ope$
So#rce Soft'are2
+% ,ha((e$)e! of $e' tech$o(o)ie! that faci(itate a$d ma8e ea!0 the cop0i$) of i$te((ect#a(
propert0 – 'hat are !ome of the!e tech$o(o)ie!2 Sho#(d the0 +e he(d acco#$ta+(e for the
i((e)a( #!e of their prod#ct!2 Wo#(d$:t that +e (i8e +a$$i$) matche! +eca#!e the0 ca$ +e
#!ed to !tart fire!2
c% Si)$ifica$t ca!e!: So$0 *! D$i*er!a( cit0 St#dio!H Se)a E$terpri!e! *! 9cco(adeH 9tari *!
&i$te$doH &ap!ter ca!eH ?G? *! Gro8!ter
d% 3I?. 3?,9 *! Fair D!e
e% Jideo !hari$) – 4o##+e i!!#e!
f% Ethica( ar)#me$t! a+o#t cop0i$)
)% -$ter$atio$a( pirac0
h% Search e$)i$e! a$d o$(i$e (i+rarie! – are the head(i$e!. e/cerpt!. th#m+$ai(! that are
ret#r$ed o$ a !earch cop0ri)ht i$fri$)eme$t2
i% Free !peech i!!#e! *! i$te((ect#a( propert0 (a'! – for e/amp(e. the ,h#rch of Scie$to(o)0
+ri$)i$) (a'!#it! a)ai$!t tho!e that po!t doc#me$t! that critici5e their or)a$i5atio$
=% app(icatio$! – 'hich pro)ram! are 0o#r fa*orite! – are the0 free'are. commercia(.
do'$(oaded from ,(em!o$ >#+ or )i*e$ to 0o# +0 a frie$d. etc.H di!c#!! the!e i!!#e!
SS
,ompo$e$t a% With a(( thi! $e' tech$o(o)0. the -$ter$et. i;od!. fi(e!hari$) capa+i(itie!. ho' ha! a(( thi!
affected the m#!ic i$d#!tr02 >a*e 0o# rea((0 !pe$t (e!! o$ m#!ic or do 0o# #!e it to
!amp(e m#!ic that 0o# the$ ma0 p#rcha!e from the !tore if 0o# (i8e it. a! !ome !a0 the0
do2 >a! the (e)a( m#!ic do'$(oadi$) for (e!!er78$o'$ +a$d! he(ped them )ai$ e/po!#re2
+% >o' ha! free !oft'are a$d ope$7!o#rce !oft'are affected #! i$ term! of 'hat app(icatio$!
'e #!e or do$:t #!e2 9re there a$0 $e)ati*e! 'ith free !oft'are. e.). doe! it decrea!e
competitio$ or ma8e it harder for !oft'are compa$ie! to ma8e mo$e0 if !omethi$) !imi(ar
to their prod#ct i! a*ai(a+(e for free2 3oe! it feed o#r de!ire to )et thi$)! 'itho#t ha*i$)
to pa0 for them2
c% With !ome of the (e)a( ca!e!. 'e ca$ !ee ho' !ociet0 ha! affected tech$o(o)0 – o#r de!ire
to record a t* !ho' for (ater *ie'i$) re!#(ted the tech$o(o)0 that a((o'! #! to do thatH the
pop#(arit0 of m#!ic a$d the fir!t m#!ic p(a0er! ha! re!#(ted i$ the creatio$ of a(( 8i$d! of
m#!ic p(a0er! a$d other de*ice! <(i8e ce(( pho$e!% that i$corporate m#!ic p(a0er! i$to
them
,(a!!
E/erci!e! a% What i! the (a!t !o$) that 0o# do'$(oaded2 Where did 0o# do'$(oad it from2
+% Ki!t of actio$! – 'hich are (e)a( a$d 'hich are $ot2
c%
;o!!i+(e
9!!i)$me$t! C Of the 1F that - ha*e. here are a co#p(e:
a% E/erci!e F.11 pa)e 2FF: ho#!a$d! of hi)h !choo(! a$d co((e)e! !#+mit !t#de$t term
paper! a$d e!!a0! to a !er*ice that chec8! them for p(a)iari!m +0 compari$) them to it!
data+a!e of mi((io$! of !t#de$t paper! a$d to materia( o$ the We+ a$d i$ =o#r$a( archi*e!.
he !er*ice +#i(d! it! data+a!e of !t#de$t paper! +0 addi$) tho!e the !choo(! !#+mit for
chec8i$). Se*era( !t#de$t! !#ed the compa$0 for i$fri$)i$) their cop0ri)ht! +0 addi$)
their paper! to the data+a!e. 9$a(05e the ca!e. Gi*e ar)#me$t! for +oth !ide!. Which do
0o# thi$8 !ho#(d 'i$2 Wh02
+% E/erci!e F.1F pa)e 2FF: 4o# are a teacher. 4o# 'o#(d (i8e 0o#r !t#de$t! to #!e a
!oft'are pac8a)e. +#t the !choo(:! +#d)et doe! $ot i$c(#de e$o#)h mo$e0 to +#0 copie!
for a(( the !t#de$t!. 4o#r !choo( i! i$ a poor $ei)h+orhood. a$d 0o# 8$o' mo!t of the
pare$t! ca$$ot afford to +#0 the !oft'are for their chi(dre$.
i. Ki!t !ome 'a0! 0o# co#(d tr0 to o+tai$ the !oft'are 'itho#t ma8i$)
#$a#thori5ed copie!.
ii. S#ppo!e the method! 0o# tr0 do $ot 'or8. Wi(( 0o# cop0 the !oft'are or
decide $ot to #!e it2 Gi*e !ome ar)#me$t! for a$d a)ai$!t 0o#r po!itio$.
E/p(ai$ 'h0 0o# thi$8 the ar)#me$t! o$ 0o#r !ide are !tro$)er.
c% E/erci!e F.1E pa)e 2FL: ?r. A 'rote the fir!t !erio#! +oo8 o$ the pro+(em of !t#tteri$)
a+o#t F0 0ear! a)o. he +oo8 i! o#t of pri$t. a$d ?r. A ha! died. ?r. A:! !o$ 'a$t! to
ma8e thi! c(a!!ic 'or8 a*ai(a+(e to !peech patho(o)i!t! +0 !ca$$i$) it a$d p#tti$) it o$ hi!
We+ pa)e. he p#+(i!her he(d the cop0ri)ht <!ti(( i$ effect%. +#t a$other compa$0 +o#)ht
o#t the ori)i$a( p#+(i!hi$) compa$0. he !o$ doe! $ot 8$o' 'ho ha! the cop0ri)ht $o'.
i. 9$a(05e thi! ca!e accordi$) to the fair7#!e )#ide(i$e!. ,o$!ider each of the
criteria a$d te(( ho' it app(ie!. 3o 0o# thi$8 ?r. A:! !o$ !ho#(d po!t the +oo82
ii. S#ppo!e ?r. A:! !o$ doe! p#t the +oo8 o$ the We+. a$d the p#+(i!hi$)
compa$0 that ho(d! the cop0ri)ht a!8! a =#d)e to i!!#e a$ order for ?r. A to
remo*e it. 4o#:re the =#d)e. >o' 'o#(d 0o# r#(e2 Wh02
d% 9!!i)$me$t F.36 pa)e 2FE: Iead a (ice$!e a)reeme$t for a !oft'are prod#ct. -t co#(d +e a
)ame. operati$) !0!tem. *ideo editor. or ta/ preparatio$ pro)ram. or !ome other 8i$d of
!oft'are.
i. What doe! the (ice$!e a)reeme$t !a0 a+o#t the $#m+er of copie! 0o# ca$
ma8e2
ii. 3oe! it !pecif0 pe$a(tie! for ma8i$) #$a#thori5ed copie!2
iii. Wa! the a)reeme$t ea!0 to read +efore p#rcha!e <e.).. o$ the o#t!ide of the
pac8a)e or a*ai(a+(e o$ a We+ !ite%2
i*. 3o 0o# co$!ider the (ice$!e a)reeme$t to +e c(ear(0 !tated2 Iea!o$a+(e2
e% 9!!i)$me$t F.3E pa)e 2FE: Iead the mem+er a)reeme$t or po(ic0 !tateme$t of 4o##+e.
?0Space. or a$0 other (ar)e !ite that ho!t! #!er *ideo!. What doe! it !a0 a+o#t po!ti$)
fi(e! that co$tai$ or #!e 'or8! of other! 'itho#t a#thori5atio$2
WEEK G: ,rime – chapter L Gift of Fire Oct. 13/1L & Oct. 1F/16
opic! &
"#e!tio$! a% ,omp#ter hac8i$) – 'hat i! it2 9 (itt(e +it of hi!tor0 of hac8i$) – Aoh$ 3raper <@,aptai$
,r#$chB%. Ke)io$ of 3oom. @mafia +o0B. e/amp(e! of 'orm!. *ir#!e!. de$ia(7of7!er*ice
attac8!. ro=a$ >or!e!H 'h0 it:! importa$t to #!e a fire'a((
c% 3id 0o# 8$o' that 0o#r ce(( pho$e. ha$dhe(d!. i;od!. $a*i)atio$ !0!tem!. di)ita( frame!
a$d other !ma((er de*ice! ca$ )et *ir#!e! or +e hac8ed i$to2
d% hac8ti*i!m. po(itica( hac8i$)
e% the (a' – ,F99. the ;atriot 9ctH catchi$) & p#$i!hi$) hac8er!. pe$a(tie! for 0o#$)
hac8er!
f% -de$tit0 theft & credit7card fra#d – !tea(i$) ide$titie!: phi!hi$). *i!hi$). pharmi$).
ro=a$ >or!e!. 8e0(o))er!. other tech$i1#e!H credit card a$d de+it card fra#d – !to(e$
card!/$#m+er! #!ed or !o(d. d#mp!ter di*i$). !8immer!. !ho#(der !#rfi$)
)% 9#the$ticatio$ !oft'are. fra#d a(ert!. mo$itori$) 0o#r credit report. F-,O !core!. free5i$)
0o#r credit
h% Some +iometric !o(#tio$!
i% Scam! a$d for)er0 – a#ctio$! <!hi(( +iddi$). $ot recei*i$) the item. e6a0 i!!#e!%H c(ic8
fra#dH !toc8 fra#dH di)ita( for)er0H fra#d#(e$t ca!hier:! chec8!H We!ter$ D$io$ !cam!H
(otter0 a$d !'eep!ta8e! !cam!
=% ,rime fi)hti$) *! pri*ac0 & ci*i( (i+ertie! – !earch & !ei5#re of comp#ter! <!ho#(d
a#thoritie! +e a((o'ed to ro#ti$e(0 !earch thro#)h (aptop! of pa!!e$)er! at airport! 'itho#t
a 'arra$t2%H i!!#e of *e$#e <'hat (a'! app(0 'he$ the crime cro!!e! !tate or i$ter$atio$a(
+order!2%H the c0+ercrime treat0
8% Who!e (a'! r#(e the We+ – 'he$ di)ita( actio$! cro!! +order!H arre!ti$) forei)$ *i!itor!H
(i+e(. !peech. & commercia( (a'H c#(t#re. (a'. & ethic!
SS
,ompo$e$t a% >o' the We+ cha$)e! the impact of crime a$d the impact of (a'.
+% >o' o#r fi$a$cia( hea(th i! affected +0 tech$o(o)0 – a(( the $e' c0+ercrime that 'e ha*e
to 8eep #p 'ith a$d (ear$ ho' to a*oid.
c% 6eca#!e the hac8er! a$d crimi$a(! are !o c(e*er i$ fi$di$) !ec#rit0 ho(e! a$d !tea(i$)
i$formatio$. the tech$o(o)0 ha! to co$ti$#a((0 e*o(*e to 8eep #p 'ith fi$di$) a$d
patchi$) !ec#rit0 f(a'!.
d% &at#ra( Scie$ce! ,ompo$e$t: +iometric!. i$c(#di$) fi$)erpri$t!. *oice pri$t!. face
!tr#ct#re. ha$d )eometr0. e0e patter$!. a$d 3&9 – 'i(( +iometric! ma8e #! more !ec#re
or 'i(( it ma8e it ea!ier to +#i(d do!!ier! o$ peop(e2 What happe$! 'he$ a hac8er )et! a
cop0 of a fi(e 'ith o#r di)iti5ed th#m+pri$t or reti$a !ca$2
,(a!!
E/erci!e! a% Ge$era( E/erci!e L.G pa)e 300: ,hri! (o)! o$ to 0o#r comp#ter at $i)ht 'hi(e 0o# !(eep
a$d #!e! !ome of 0o#r !oft'are. Io+i$ ta8e! 0o#r car at $i)ht 'hi(e 0o# !(eep a$d dri*e!
it aro#$d for a 'hi(e. <&either ha! 0o#r permi!!io$H $either doe! dama)e.% Ki!t !e*era(
characteri!tic! of the t'o e*e$t! that are !imi(ar <characteri!tic! re(ated to the effect! of the
e*e$t!. ethic!. (e)a(it0. ri!8!. etc.%. Ki!t !e*era( characteri!tic! of the t'o e*e$t! that are
differe$t. Which 'o#(d offe$d 0o#r more2 Wh02
+% Ga! !tatio$!. !ome )rocer0 !tore!. a$d other !tore! do $ot re1#ire a !i)$at#re for credit7
card p#rcha!e!. Gi*e ar)#me$t! for a$d a)ai$!t thi! practice. 3o 0o# thi$8 retai(er!
!ho#(d a('a0! re1#ire a !i)$at#re2 Wh0 or 'h0 $ot2
c% he fami(ie! of t'o ho!pita( patie$t! 'ho died a! the re!#(t of a *ir#! i$ a ho!pita(
comp#ter are !#i$) each of the peop(e (i!ted +e(o' a$d #r)i$) the )o*er$me$t to +ri$)
crimi$a( char)e! for $e)(i)e$ce a)ai$!t each of them.
i. 9 !t#de$t i$ a co#r!e o$ comp#ter !ec#rit0 at a !ma(( co((e)e 'ho po!ted a cop0 of
the *ir#! pro)ram o$ the c(a!! We+ !ite. 'ith a di!c#!!io$ of ho' it 'or8!.
ii. he !t#de$t 'ho acti*ated the *ir#! pro)ram a$d re(ea!ed it o$to the -$ter$et.
iii. he pre!ide$t of the co((e)e.
i*. he pre!ide$t of the co((e)e:! -S;.
*. he director of the ho!pita( 'ho!e comp#ter !0!tem the *ir#! i$fected. ca#!i$)
patie$t medica( record! to +e #$a*ai(a+(e for a f#(( da0. re!#(ti$) i$ the death! of
the t'o patie$t!.
he c(a!! ca$ +e di*ided i$to team! 'here o$e team ar)#e! i$ fa*or of ci*i( a$d/or
crimi$a( pe$a(tie! a$d o$e team pre!e$t! defe$!e ar)#me$t!. he$ ta8e a c(a!! *ote o$
'hich of the character! !ho#(d $ot +e co$!idered )#i(t0 at a(( a$d 'hich. if a$0. !ho#(d
+ear a hi)h de)ree of re!po$!i+i(it0H a$d 'hich are @f#550B ca!e!. hard to decide.
;o!!i+(e
9!!i)$me$t! C Of the 10 that - ha*e. here are a co#p(e:
a% E/erci!e L.1F pa)e 300: S#ppo!e a 1670ear o(d hac8er #!e! a#tomatic7dia(i$) !oft'are to
f(ood the emer)e$c0 911 te(epho$e !0!tem 'ith ca((!. 8$oc8i$) o#t 911 !er*ice. What
pe$a(t0 do 0o# thi$8 i! appropriate2 Wo#(d 0o#r opi$io$ cha$)e if it had re!#(ted i$ the
death of !omeo$e +eca#!e a$ emer)e$c0 ca(( co#(d$:t )et thro#)h2
+% 9!!i)$me$t L.31 pa)e 302: Fi$d a #!e of +iometric! i$ 0o#r cit0. 3e!cri+e the
app(icatio$ a$d it! +e$efit! a$d ri!8!. See if 0o# ca$ fi$d o#t if there ha*e +ee$ pro+(em!
'ith the tech$o(o)0.
c% 9!!i)$me$t L.32 pa)e 302: Fi$d the fi$a( deci!io$ or c#rre$t !tat#! of the ca!e de!cri+ed
i$ the +o/ @69SE69KK. K96OI9OI4 F-KES. 9&3 >E FODI>
9?E&3?E&B <Sectio$ L.L.1%
WEEK 9: ,omp#ter! i$ the Wor8p(ace – chapter 6 Gift of Fire Oct. 20 /22 & Oct. 21/23
e!t 2 ?o$/#e!. Oct. 20/21

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