No Word in

English
Definition Example Translation
1 To commence To begin to happen; to
begin something;
The meeting is
scheduled to
commence at noon.
A incepe;
adeschide;
2 Jurisdiction The authority that an
official organization has
to mae legal decisions
about
somebody!something;
The "ourt of Appeal
exercised its #urisdiction
to order a re$ie% of the
case.
&urisdictie;
' Custody The legal right or duty to
tae care of or eep
somebody!something;
the act of taing care of
something!somebody;
The di$orce court
a%arded custody to the
child(s mother.
)ri#a;
* Ambit The range of the
authority or influence of
something;
This case falls
clearly %ithin the ambit
of the 2++1 act.
Domeniu de
aplicare;
, Comity "ustom %hereby the
courts of one country
acno%ledge and apply
the la%s of another
country in certain cases;
-.no rule of comity to
pre$ent /arliament from
prohibiting under pain of
punishment persons
%ho are present in the
0.1..2
Aplicarea legii
straine;
3 To owe To ha$e to pay
somebody for something
that you ha$e already
recei$ed or return
money that you ha$e
borro%ed;
The country o%es
billions of dollars to
foreign creditors.
A datora;
4 To own To ha$e something that
belongs to you5
especially because you
ha$e bought it;
The shareholders o%n
the company.
A poseda;
6 Pursuant According to or follo%ing
something5 especially a
rule or la%;
A complaint %as made
pursuant to section 1'
of the Act of 1764.
8n temeiul;
7 Proponent A person %ho supports
an idea or course of
action;
The 9ill %as targeted at
these state as the
alleged principal
proponents of
international terrorism.
/redispus;
1+ Justifiable "apable of being
disposed of #udicially;
The uni$ersity can be
#ustifiably proud of its
record.
&ustificabil5 legal;
11 Inchoate
offences
:ffences ;such as
incintement or attempt or
conspiracy to commit a
crime< %hich are
offences e$en thought
the substanti$e offence
may not ha$e been
committed;
9efore the riot they
%ere arrested and
charged for commiting
inchoate offence.
8nfractiune
incompleta;
12 Conspiracy Agreeing %ith another
person or other persons
to commit a crime or tort
;=ci$il %rong<;
They %ere charged %ith
conspiracy to murder.
"omplot5
conspiratie;
1' Shareholder A person %ho one or
more of a company>s
share.
The shareholders o%n
the company.
Actionar;
1* Offshore 1ept or located in a
country that has more
generous tax la%s than
other places;
-/earson ?
@ardman2"o. ha$e
made a offshore
in$estments.
Dinspre uscat5
dinspre tarm;
1, Committee A group of people %ho
are chosen5 usually by a
larger group5 to mae
decisions or to deal %ith
a particular sub#ect;
The committee
has!ha$e decided to
close the restaurant.
"omitet;
13 To sue To mae a claim against
somebody in court about
something that they
ha$e said or done to
harm you;
They threatened to sue
if the %or %as not
completed.
A in$inui;
14 Precedence The condition of being
more important than
somebody else and
therefore coming or
being dealt %ith first;
The speaers came on
to the platform in order
of precedence ;= the
most important one
first<.
/recedenta5
anterioritate;
16 To act To do something for a
particular purpose or in
order to deal %ith a
situation;
@e claims he acted in
selfAdefence.
A actiona;
17 Commission An official group of
people %ho ha$e been
gi$en responsibility to
control something5 or to
find out about
something5 usually for
the go$ernment; an
amount of money that is
paid to somebody for
selling goods and %hich
increases %ith the
amount of goods that
are sold;
The go$ernment has
set up a commission of
inBuiry into the
disturbances at the
prison.a commission on
human rights.
"omisie;
2+ Commitment A promise to do
something or to beha$e
in a particular %ay; a
promise to support
somebody!something;
the fact of committing
yourself;
Che doesn(t %ant
to mae a big
emotional commitment t
o Cte$e at the moment.
Anga#ament5
obligatie;
21 To waie To choose not to
demand something in a
particular case5 e$en
though you ha$e a legal
or official right to do so;
@e %ai$ed the tuitution
fee.
Denunta la un
drept;
22 To adhere To stic firmly to
something;
:nce in the
bloodstream5 the
bacteria adhere to the
surface of the red cells.
A adera;
2' Cessation The stopping of
something; a pause in
Eexico called for an
immediate cessation of
8ncetare5
intrerupere;
something; hostilities.
2* !andout Eoney that is gi$en to a
person or an
organization by the
go$ernment5 etc5 for
example to encourage
commercial acti$ity; A
free document that
gi$es information about
an e$ent or a matter of
public interest5 or that
states the $ie%s of a
political party5 etc.
@er brother depend on
handouts.
/ensie5 a#utor
banesc;
2, Consent Agreement about
something;
Che %as chosen as
leader by common
consent ;= e$eryone
agreed to the choice<.
"onsimtamint;
23 To ascertain To find out the true or
correct information about
something;
8t can be difficult to
ascertain the facts.
A constata5 a
stabili5 a
determina;
24 "imited liability
company
A company %hose
o%ners only ha$e to pay
a limited amount of its
debts;
/earce and "o. Ftd Cocietate cu
raspundere
limitata;
26 Seerance The act of ending a
connection or
relationship; The act of
ending somebody(s %or
contract;
The se$erance of
diplomatic relations.
Ceparare5
dezbinare;
27 To furnish To supply or pro$ide
somebody!something
%ith something; to
supply something to
somebody;
Che furnished him %ith
the facts surrounding
the case.
A apro$iziona;
'+ Premises The building and land
near to it that a business
o%ns or uses;
/olice %ere called to
escort her off the
premises.
Cediu;
'1 Attachment The act of #oining one
thing to another; a thing
that #oins t%o things
together;
They discussed the
attachment of ne%
conditions to the peace
plans.
Cechestru5
legare;
'2 #e$uisition A formal5 official %ritten
reBuest or demand for
something;
The reBuisition of ships
by the go$ernment ha$e
been sent.
Dechezitie5
cerere;
'' At somebody%s
behest
9ecause somebody has
ordered or reBuested it;
At the 1ing(s behest!at
the behest of the 1ing.
Fa porunca
cui$a;
'* &isuse 'of
power(
The act of using
something in a dishonest
%ay or for the %rong
purpose;
The misuse of
po%er!authority has
been applied against
him.
Abuz5 maltratare;
', Courteous /olite5 especially in a
%ay that sho%s respect;
The hotel staff are
friendly and courteous.
"urtuazie;
'3 Clergy The priests or ministers
of a religion5 especially
of the "hristian "hurch;
All the local clergy %ere
ased to attend the
ceremony.
"ler;
'4 To emancipate
To free somebody,
especially from legal,
Slaves were not
emancipated until 1863
A emancipa;
political or social
restrictions;
in the United States.
'6 To allege To state %ithout proof; The prosecution alleges
;that< she %as dri$ing
carelessly.
A pretinde5 a
in$oca;
'7 )raud The crime of cheating
somebody in order to get
money or goods illegally;
Che %as charged %ith
credit card fraud.
Grauda;
*+ Ta* easion The crime of deliberately
not paying all the taxes
that you should pay;
@e %as charged for tax
e$asion.
E$aziune fiscala;
*1 To detain To eep somebody in an
official place5 such as a
police station5 a prison
or a hospital5 and
pre$ent them from
lea$ing;
:ne man has been
detained for
Buestioning.
A retine;
*2 Prolific Hery producti$e; 9oo @aram has
emerged as one of the
most prolific militant
groups.
/roducti$;
*' #ansom Eoney that is paid to
somebody so that they
%ill set free a person
%ho is being ept as a
prisoner by them;
The idnappers
demanded a ransom of
I,++++ from his family.
Dascumparare;
** To abduct To tae somebody a%ay
illegally5 especially using
force;
Nigeria foreign %orers
abducted in 9auchi
stateA police.
Dapire;
*, T o sei+e to tae
somebody!something in
your hand suddenly and
using force;
Ce$en foreign %orers
ha$e been seized .
A captura5 a
aresta.
*3 ,ault A burial chamber
;usually underground<;
Eost of her #e%ellery is
stored in ban $aults.
/i$nita5 tainita;
*4 -omb.proof Ctrong enough to gi$e
protection against an
attac by a bomb;
During Jorld Jar 88 ci$il
%ere use underground
as bombAproof.
9uncher;
*6 To incur 8f you incur something
unpleasant5 you are in a
situation in %hich you
ha$e to deal %ith it; 8f
you incur costs5 you
ha$e to pay them;
Che had incurred the
%rath of her father by
marrying %ithout his
consent.
A intimpina;
*7 To en$uire To in$estigate; To as
somebody for some
information;
8 called the station to
enBuire about train
times.
A in$estiga;
,+ Suicide The act of illing yourself
deliberately;
8n$estigation sho%ed
that this case %as a
suicide.
Cinucidere;
,1 /enigrate0
defaime
To criticize
somebody!something
unfairly; to say
somebody!something
does not ha$e any $alue
or is not important;
8 didn(t intend to
denigrate her
achie$ements.
A defaima5 a
ponegri;
,2 Assets The total property of a
natural or legal person
;%hich could5 if
necessary5 be sold to
pay debts<;
The company is a
%orld%ide property and
liability insurance
organization %ith assets
%orth around '6o
dollars.
9unuri5 acti$e;
,' To condemn To say %hat somebody(s
punishment %ill be;
@e %as condemned to
death for murder and
later hanged.
A condamna;
,* Culpability0
liability
Fegally obliged or
responsible;
The punishment should
be proportionate to the
gra$ity of the offence
and the degree of
culpability of the
offender.
Daspundere;
,, E$uity The $alue of a
company(s shares; the
$alue of a property after
all charges and debts
ha$e been paid;
@e plans to raise the
company(s return on
eBuity to 1,K.
Echitate;
,3 To intricate @a$ing a lot of different
parts and small details
that fit together;
Detecti$e intricate all
the proof of the case.
"omplicat5
complex;
,4 Charge The amount of money
that somebody ass for
goods and ser$ices;
Je ha$e to mae a
small charge for
refreshments.
Tariff5 plata5 cost;
,6 To blame To thin or say that
somebody!something is
responsible for
something bad;
Che doesn(t blame
anyone for her father(s
death.
A condamna5 a
do#eni;
,7 To trace To follo% the course of; Tracing an attac to its
original source can be
complex in the extreme.
A urmari5 a
depista;
3+ Clue Comething that helps to
sol$e a mystery or
puzzle;
@acers precise
methods ha$e pro$ided
clues to their identity.
8ndiciu5 urma;
31 To struggle To try $ery hard to do
something %hen it is
difficult or %hen there
are a lot of problems;
Chona struggled for
breath.
A lupta5 a zbate;
32 Tarnish Damage or harm done
to somethingL
the tarnish on Alan>s
personal reputation.
/re#udiciu5
dauna;
3' "awsuit A claim or complaint
against somebody that a
person or an
organization can mae
in court.
@e filed a
la%suit against his
record company.
/roces;
3* Inestor A person %ho spends
money ;on securities or
some other property<
%ith an expectation of
earning a profit;
Ey brother %as in
search of an in$estor for
his business.
8n$estitor;
3, #etail The sale of goods to the
ultimate consumer
;usually in small
The recommended
retail price is I7.77.
Hinzare cu
amanuntul;
amounts<5 as opposed to
the sale for further
distribution;
33 Stoc1 The capital or principal
fund raised by
corporation through
subscribers>
contributions or the sale
of shares.
That particular model is
not currently in sto1c.
Ctoc5 rezer$a5
deposit;
34 Securities Chares5 stocs or any
other instrument relating
to finances %hich
e$idences the holder>s
o%nership rights in a
firm;
@is home and business
are being held as
security for the loan.
Titlu de $aloare;
36 Auction /ublic sale of goods or
property5 in %hich
parties ;bidders< mae
competing offers ;bids<
and the item is sold to
the person %ho offers
the highest price;
The house is up for
auction.
Auction;
37 Share EBual parts into %hich a
corporation>s capital
stoc is di$ided5
representing the holder>s
o%nership interest in the
corporation;
Next year %e hope to
ha$e a bigger share of
the maret.
"ota5 parte5 titlu;
4+ -rand Hersion of a product
made by one particular
manufacturer5 %hich
carries the company>
trade name;
Mou pay less for the
supermaret(s o%n
brand.
9rand;
41 &erger The #oining together of
t%o separate
companies5
organizations5 etc5 so
that thei become one;
A merger bet%een the
t%o bans %as finished
%ith success.
Guziune;
42 E*ecutie A senior manager in a
company responsible for
maing decisions and
ensuring that they are
carried out;
The union(s executi$e
has!ha$e yet to reach a
decision.
:rgan executi$e;
4' "oan Cum of money lent ;at
interest< to an indi$idual
or a company;
8t too three years to
repay my student
loan ;= money lent to a
student<.
8mprumut;
4* Trademar1 A name or symbol
;usually registered and
protected by la%< that a
manufacturer al%ays
uses on a product or
range of products;
N9ig Eac> is EcDonald(s
bestAno%n trademar.
Earca;
4, Trademar1 law Fa% %hich regulate the
%ay businesses
distincti$ely identify their
products by the use of
Trademar la% has a
large applying.
Dreptul marcii
fabricii;
trademars;
43 "aws
protecting
trade secrets
Fa% %hich protect
companies from
disclosure of confidential
information on their
business processes5
product formula5 etc.;
Attorney studied all
pro$ision of la%s %hich
protect trade secrets.
Fegea pri$ind
secretele
comerciale;
44 To infringe To brea a la% or rule. The material can be
copied %ithout infringing
copyright.
A incalca legea5
a abate de la
lege;
46 To disclose To gi$e somebody
information about
something5 especially
something that %as
pre$iously secret;
The spoesman refused
to disclose details of the
taeo$er to the press.
A descoperi5 a
dez$alui;
47 To grant To agree to gi$e
somebody %hat they as
for5 especially formal or
legal permission to do
something;
Che %as granted a
di$orce.
A permite5 a
acorda;
6+ 2nauthorised Jithout official
permission.
@e %as charged for
spread of an
unauthorized biography.
Neautorizat;
61 "itigation The process of maing
or defending a claim in
court.
The company has been
in litigation %ith its
pre$ious auditors for a
full year.
Fitigiu5contestati
e;
62 Compliance The practice of obeying
rules or reBuests made
by people in authority.
Cafety measures %ere
carried out in
compliance
%ith paragraph 3 of the
building regulations.
"onformitate;
6' Intangible Jhich can not be
touched5 not
clear!definite enough to
see5 feel or notice;
A company>s most
important assets are
no% often its intangible
intellectual property.
8ntangibil;
6* )easible Jhich can be done5
made or achie$ed;
8t(s #ust not feasible to
manage the business
on a partAtime basis.
/osibil5
realizabil;
6, Interoperability /ossibility to operate
bet%een system5
s%itching from one
system to another;
Net%or effects cause
consumer consumers to
gra$itate to one
standard for maximum
interoperability.
8nteroperabilitate
;
63 ,ulnerability Jeaness5 possibility to
be attaced and
destroyed;
/erhaps recognizing its
legal $ulnerability5
Napster ga$e an eBuity
stae to 9ertelsmann.
Hulnerabil;
64 Sta1eholder Comeone %ho has
interest or concern in a
business or enterprise5
thought not necessarily
as another;
All our employees are
staeholders in the
company.
/artile
interesate;
66 To bid 'to do
smth(
An attempt to do smth or
to obtain smth; an offer
to pay a particular
8 bid I2+++ for the
painting.
A ordona;
amount of money for
smth5 for example at an
auction;
67 &ortgage loan Foan of money from a
ban or other financial
institution in order to buy
property;
@e too from ban
mortgage loan in order
to buy a ne% $illage.
"redit;
7+ P"C Abbre$iation for -public
limited company2. 8t is
used after the name of a
company %hose shares
can be bought by the
public since the
company is listed on the
Ctoc Exchange.
Floyd(s 9an plc. Cocietate cu
raspundere
publica limitata;
71 &ortgage /roperty used as a
security for the payment
of a debt or the
discharge of some other
obligation;
A mortgage of I3++++5
doe>s this enoughO
)a#;
72 "aws
concerning the
use of mar1s
and domain
names
Fa% %hich protect
companies against those
%ho use their mars and
domain names ;on the
internet< in bad faith;
Ctudent from la%
department study la%
concerning the use of
mars and domain
names.
Fegile pri$ind
utilizarea
mPrcilor Qi
numelor de
domenii;
7' Copyright law Fa% %hich protect
authors of original %or;
They are someho%
immune from the
ordinary application of
la%s of the 0C including
copyright la%.
Drept de autor;
7* To rent To regularly pay money
to somebody so that you
can use something that
they o%n5 such as a
house5 some land5 a
machine5 etc;
8n the long run5 it %ors
out more expensi$e to
rent a tele$ision than to
buy one.
A inchiria;
7, &isconception A belief or an idea that is
not based on correct
information5 or that is not
understood by people;
Come companies ha$e
the misconception that
distributing music
recorded from
cyberspace is immune.
Neintelegere;
73 To balance The amount that is left
after taing numbers or
money a%ay from a
total;
The balance of R,++
must be paid %ithin 7+
days.
A echilibra5 a
balansa;
74 Intuitie :btained by using your
feelings rather than by
considering the facts;
@e had an intuiti$e
sense of %hat the
reader %anted.
"u caracter de
intuitie;
76 )lotation A process by %hich a
public company can5 by
an issue of securities5
raise capital from public;
the term may refer to the
initial issue of shares5 by
%hich a pri$ate company
becomes a public
company5 listed on the
A stocAmaret flotation. Glotatie;
Ctoc Exchange;
77 Insider
dealing3insider
trading
The use of material5
nonpublic information in
trading the shares of a
company by a corporate
insider or other person
%ho o%es a fiduciary
duty to the company;
@e %as accused for
insider trading.
Eembru ce
tranzactionare;
1+
+
)iduciary duty The GD arises from the
director>s BuasiAtrustee
position %ith regard to
the company>s assets.
This duty is o%ed by all
directors5 e$en nonA
executi$e directors;
The company(s
fiduciary duty to its
shareholders in
ob$iously.
Taxa fiduciara;
1+
1
Charge An encumbrance5 lien or
claim; a formal
accusation of a crime as
a preliminary step to
prosecution;
Je ha$e to mae a
small charge for
refreshments.
Acuzare;
1+
2
#eceiership :ne of the se$eral
formal option for the
sur$i$al of an insol$ent
business5 by %hich a
recei$er taes control of
the assets sub#ect to the
charge and pays off the
debenture holders5
after%ards returning
surplus proceeds or
unrealised assets to the
company5 %hich may
carry on or go into
liBuidation;
Gi$e hundred #obs %ere
lost %hen the
company %ent into
recei$ership last year.
Administrare
#udiciara;
1+
'
Insolency Excess of liabilities o$er
assets; inability to pay
debts in the ordinary
course of business or as
they fall due;
8n Australia "orporate
insol$ency is go$erned
by the "orporations Act
2++1.
8nsol$abilitate;
1+
*
Insolent ;ref. to a debtor<9eing
unable to pay debts in
the ordinary course of
business or as they fall
due
The company has been
declared insol$ent.
Galit5 insol$abil;
1+
,
Paralegal A person %ho assists a
la%yer in duties related
to the practice of la% but
%ho is not a licensed
attorney S also termed
legal assistant;
After uni$ersity the first
t%o year 8>ll be a
paralegal.
/aralegal5
practicant;
1+
3
Accountancy The theory and practice
of eeping and
inspecting accounts;
@e is student at
accountancy
department.
"ontabilitate;
1+
4
-rief A %ritten statement
setting out the legal
contentions of a party in
"ounsel of defense
create a great brief for
court.
Dezumat5 dosar;
litigation5 esp. on appeal;
a document prepared by
counsel as the basis for
arguing a case;
1+
6
Company A business organization
that maes money by
producing or selling
goods or ser$ices;
"ompany profits %ere
,K lo%er than last year.
"ompanie;
1+
7
Corporation An organization or a
group of organizations
that is recognized by la%
as a single unit;
The "hrysler
corporation is the
biggest one in the 0CA.
"orporatie;
11
+
&emorandum
of association
The primary
constitutional document
of a company that must
be dra%n up and signed
by t%o or more founder
members %hen a
registered company is
formed. 8t states the
company>s name and
registered office5 the
purposes for %hich it
%as formed5 the mount
of its capital. American
la%L articles of
incorporation;
Eembers of company
ha$e signed the
memorandum of
association.
Actul de
contituire;
11
1
Juristic person An entity5 such as
company5 recognized as
ha$ing legal personality5
rights and duties in the
same %ay as natural or
human person;
&uristic person and
natural person are
sub#ect of the ci$il la%.
/ersoana
#uridica;
11
2
4atural person A human being5 as
opposed to an artificial
or legal person lie a
company;
&uristic person and
natural person are
sub#ect of the ci$il la%.
/ersoana fizica;
11
'
To eict To force somebody to
lea$e a house or land5
especially %hen you
ha$e the legal right to do
so;
A number of tenants
ha$e been e$icted for
not paying the rent.
A e$acua5 a
alunga din
proprietate;
11
*
To hold To eep somebody and
not allo% them to lea$e;
/olice are holding t%o
men in connection %ith
last Thursday(s ban
raid.
A detine5 a
aresta;
11
,
To abuse The use of something in
a %ay that is %rong or
harmful;
@e %as arrested on
charges of corruption
and abuse of po%er5
A abuza;
11
3
Inheritance The money5 property5
etc. that you recei$e
from somebody %hen
they die; the fact of
recei$ing something
%hen somebody dies;
Che spent all her
inheritance in a year.
Eostenire;
11 Threat A statement in %hich @e recei$ed death Amenintare;
4 you tell somebody that
you %ill punish or harm
them5 especially if they
do not do %hat you
%ant;
threats from rightA%ing
groups.
11
6
To combat To stop something
unpleasant or harmful
from happening or from
getting %orse;
They tae actions to
combat human
trafficing.
A lupta;
11
7
To bully To frighten or hurt a
%eaer person; to use
your strength or po%er
to mae somebody do
smth;
8 %on(t be bullied into
signing anything.
A brutalize5 a
teroriza;
12
+
Complaint A reason for not being
satisfied; a statement
that somebody maes
saying that they are not
satisfied;
The most common
complaint is about poor
ser$ice.
/lingere;
12
1
Compulsion Ctrong pressure that
maes somebody do
something that they do
not %ant to do;
Mou are under no
compulsion to pay
immediately.
:bligatie;
12
2
To mutilate To damage somebody(s
body $ery se$erely5
especially by cutting or
tearing off part of it;
The body had been
badly mutilated.
A mutila;
12
'
Waste Any damage to real
property by a tenant
%hich lessens its $alue
to the landlord5 o%ner or
future o%ner;
8t seems such a %aste
to thro% good food
a%ay.
Deteriorare;
12
*
Commutation The reduction of a
sentence by the
go$ernment;
A commutation of the
death sentence to life
imprisonment %as
aplyed recently in
Dussia.
Aplicarea
pedepsei mai
blinde;
12
,
Confession A statement made by a
person suspected or
charged %ith a crime5
that he ;or she< did5 in
fact5 commit that crime;
@is confession %as
extracted under torture.
Earturisire5
confesiune;
12
3
To defile To mae something dirty
or no longer pure5
especially something
that people consider
important or holy;
Eany $ictims of
burglary feel their
homes ha$e been
defiled.
A profana;
12
4
To deport To force somebody to
lea$e a country5 usually
because they ha$e
broen the la% or
because they ha$e no
legal right to be there;
@e %as con$icted of
drug offences and
deported.
A deporta;
12
6
Embracery 8mproper influence on a
#uror;
Attorney tries to ha$e a
embracery to the last
/resare a ilegala
a #uriului;
#uror.
12
7
To e*punge To remo$e permanently;
to cancel.
Jhat happened #ust
before the accident %as
expunged from his
memory.
A inlatura5
aelimina;
1'
+
E*tortion Gorcing a person to gi$e
up property in a thing
through the use of
$iolence5 fear or under
pretense of authority;
@e %as arrested and
charged %ith extortion.
Ctoarcere;
1'
1
)orgery The maing of a false
document no%ing it to
be false %ith intent that it
should be used or acted
on as genuine to the
pre#udice of another;
Experts are dismissing
claims that the painting
is a forgery.
Galsificare;
1'
2
To impanel To choose the members
of a #ury in a court case;
They choose Eie as
#uror at the criminal
case;
8nscrie pe lista
#uriului;
1'
'
Incest The crime of sexual
contact %ith a blood
relati$e usually including
a parent5 child5 sibling5
grandparent or
grandchild;
@is brother %as
sentenced for incest.
8ncest;
1'
*
Infanticide Eurder of an infant soon
after its birth;
8nsane mother %as
charge for infanticide.
/runcucidere;
1'
,
Insanity Disorder %hich impairs
the human mind and
pre$ents distinguishing
bet%een actions that are
right or %rong;
@e %as found not guilty5
by reason of insanity.
Gara
discernamint;
1'
3
&istrial A trial that is not
considered $alid
because of a mistae in
the %ay it has been
conducted;
:ffender is %aiting a
ne% sanction because
the #udgement %as
passed by a mistrial.
8ncalcarea
normelor de
procedura la
#udecata5
in$alidarea
#udecatei;
1'
4
To poach To illegally hunt birds5
animals or fish on
somebody else(s
property or %ithout
permission;
The elephants are
poached for their tuss.
Hinare ilegala;
1'
6
Polygraph /iece of eBuipment that
is used5 for example by
the police5 to find out if
somebody is telling the
truth;
/olice department use
polygraph in order to
get the truth from
offender.
/oligraf;
1'
7
Premeditation Cpecific intent to commit
a crime for some period
of time5 ho%e$er short5
before the actual crime;
The crime %as
commited %ith
premeditation.
/remeditare;
1*
+
Probatie
'eidence(
8n e$idence la%5 tending
to pro$e something;
@is guilty %as
established by
probati$e e$idence.
Do$ezi
probatorii;
1* Torture The act of causing @is confessions %ere Tortura;
1 somebody se$ere pain
in order to punish them
or mae them say or do
something.
made under torture5
1*
2
,agrancy A criminal offence of
being intentionally
unemployed and thereby
neglecting to maintain
himself or his family;
@e %as con$icted of
drunenness and
$agrancy.
Hagabonda#5
golanie;
1*
'
To maim To in#ure somebody
seriously5 causing
permanent damage to
their body;
@undreds of people are
illed or maimed in car
accidents e$ery %ee.
A mutila5 a
schilodi;
1*
*
#ecess A short brea in a trial in
court;
The #udge called a short
recess.
/auza;
1*
,
To ad6ourn To stop a meeting or an
official process5
especially a trial5 for a
period of time;
The court ad#ourned for
lunch.
A suspenda5 a
amina;
1*
3
Emolument Calary5 %ages and
benefits paid for
employment or an office
held;
After they finished the
deal5 they get a
semnificati$e
emolument.
:norariu5
remuneratie;
1*
4
To impeach To discredit the
testimony of a %itness
by pro$ing that he!she
has not told the truth or
has been inconsistent5
by introducing contrary
e$idence5 including
statements made
outside of the courtroom
in depositions or in
statements of the
%itness heard by
another;
"ouncel of defence
impeach ne% %itness
during the trial.
A acuza5 a
suspecta;
1*
6
Ob6ection A la%yer(s protest about
the legal propriety of a
Buestion %hich has been
ased of a %itness by
the opposing attorney5
%ith the purpose of
maing the trial #udge
decide if the Buestion
can be ased;
No ob#ections %ere
raised by attorney
during the trial.
:biectie5
reclamatiel
1*
7
Jurist Although it means any
attorney or legal scholar5
#urist popularly refers to
a #udge;
Che has a dream to
become after year a
#urist.
&urist;
1,
+
&ediator A person or an
organization that tries to
get agreement bet%een
people or groups %ho
disagree %ith each
other;
After la% school he
%ants to act as a
mediator.
Eediator;
1,
1
Assessor An expert in a particular
sub#ect %ho is ased by
The go$ernment
appointed independent
Asesor
e$aluator;
a court or other official
group to gi$e ad$ice.
assessors to re$ie% the
$iability of the remaining
coal mines.
1,
2
Counsel for the
defence
A la%yer or group of
la%yers representing
somebody in court.
"ounsel for the defence
has the right to crossA
examine.
A$ocat al
apararii;
1,
'
Counsel for the
prosecution
A la%yer or group of
la%yer accusing
somebody in court.
The counsel for the
prosecution %ill address
the #ury and present his
case.
/rocurer5 a$ocet
al acuzarii;
1,
*
/ispute Discussion about a
sub#ect %here there is
disagreement.
The union is in dispute
%ith management o$er
%oring hours.
Fitigiu5 conflict;
1,
,
Corroboratie
eidence
the information5 proof
that is gi$ing support to
a statement.
8s there
any corroborati$e
e$idence for this
theoryO
/robe care
coroboreaza5
spri#ina5
confirma;
1,
3
!earsay
eidence
Depresents %hat a
%itness sa%5 not %hat
he heard from other
people.
0nder English la%5
hearsay e$idence is not
generally taen into
consideration.
/robe indirecte;
1,
4
To embe++le To steal money that you
are responsible for or
that belongs to your
employer.
@e %as found guilty of
embezzling R1,++++ of
public funds.
A frauda5 a fura5
a delapida;
1,
6
To presume To accept sth. as true
until it is pro$ed untrue5
especially in la%.
8n English la%5 a
person presumes
innocent until it is
pro$ed guilty.
A presupune5 a
banui;
1,
7
Pic1.poc1eting To steal something from
somebody(s pocet
%ithout them noticing.
The bac pocet on a
pair of #eans is the
easiest one to pic.
&af de buzunare5
furt a
portofelului;
13
+
-lac1mail The crime of demanding
money from a person by
threatening to tell
somebody else a secret
about them.
They %ere acBuitted of
charges of blacmail.
Canta#;
13
1
,engeance The act of punishing or
harming somebody in
return for %hat they ha$e
done to you5 your family
or friends.
@e s%ore $engeance
on his child(s iller.
Dazbunare;
13
2
To breathalyse To chec ho% much
alcohol a dri$er has
drun by maing him or
her breathe into
a breathalyser;
9oth dri$ers %ere
breathalysed at the
scene of the accident.
A trece test de
alcoolemie;
13
'
To stipulate To state clearly and
firmly that something
must be done5 or ho% it
must be done;
The policy stipulates
%hat form of consent is
reBuired.
A stipula5 a
pre$edea;
13
*
/isbarred To stop a la%yer from
%oring in the legal
profession5 especially
because he or she has
done something illegal.
A barrister may be
disbarred.
Dat afara din
barou;
13
,
To rest 'your(
case
0sed by la%yers in court
to say that they ha$e
finished presenting their
case.
The prosecution rests
its case.
A incheia cazul;
13
3
&oney
laundering
Eo$ing money made
from illegal acti$ities so it
can not be found.
@e %as charged for
money laundering.
Cpalare de bani;
13
4
Term of office The length of time a
person ;politician<
ser$es in a particular
office.
8n the 0CA senators
ha$e six years term of
office.
Eandatul;
13
6
Pro bono Done %ithout asing for
payment.
Fa%yer %as ready to
tae a pro bono case.
/ro bono5 fara
de plata;
13
7
#ape The crime of forcing
somebody to ha$e sex
%ith you5 especially
using $iolence.
@e %as charged %ith
rape.
Hiol5 siluire;
14
+
Estate All the money and
property that a person
o%ns5 especially
e$erything that is left
%hen they die.
@er estate %as left to
her daughter.
9unuri5
proprietate5
a$ere;
14
1
To reprimand To repro$e se$erely5
especially in a formal
%ay.
The officers %ere
se$erely reprimanded
for their unprofessional
beha$iour.
A mustra aspru;
14
2
To creep To mo$e slo%ly5 Buietly
and carefully5 because
you do not %ant to be
seen or heard. ;8n the
phrasal $erb creep
smbd out, creeped is
used for the past simple
and past participle<.
8 heard someone
creeping around the
house.
A se strecura5 a
se infiltra5 a se
tiri ;
14
'
Custodial
'sentence(
8n$ol$ing sending
somebody to prison.
The #udge ga$e him
a custodial sentence.
/ri$ati$e de
libertate;
14
*
!itman A criminal %ho is paid to
ill somebody.
@e %as shot in bac by
a hitman %earing a suit.
Asasin5
14
,
To disseminate To spread information5
no%ledge5 etc. so that it
reaches many people.
Their findings ha$e
been %idely
disseminated5
A propaga5 a
raspindi;
14
3
Code of
practice
A set of standards that
members of a particular
profession agree to
follo% in their %or.
A recommended code
of practice issued to all
local go$ernment
employees.
Degulamentul
intern;
14
4
Subpoena A %ritten order to attend
court as a %itness to
gi$e e$idence.
Che is appearing
today under subpoena.
"itatie5 somatie;
14
6
To oerrule To change a decision or
re#ect an idea from a
position of greater
po%er.
The $erdict %as
o$erruled by the
Cupreme "ourt.
A anula5 a
respinge;
14
7
Proctor 8n admiralty ;maritime<
la%5 an attorney;
Earines %ere
represented by a fairly
proctor.
/roctor;
16 To abrogate To officially end a la%5 The rule has been A abroga;
+ an agreement5 etc.; abrogated by mutual
consent.
16
1
Accomplice Comeone %ho assists in
the commission of a
crime and5 unlie a mere
accessory5 is usually
present or directly aids
in the crime;
@e %as accomplice of
murder.
"omplice5
participatie;
16
2
To ac$uit To decide and state
officially in court that
somebody is not guilty of
a crime;
Che %as acBuitted on
all charges.
A achita5 a ierta;
16
'
Ad hoc Fatin shorthand meaning
Tfor this purpose only.T
Thus5 an ad hoc
committee is formed for
a specific purpose5
usually appointed to
sol$e a particular
problem;
The meetings %ill be
held on an ad hoc
basis5
Ad hoc;
16
*
Addendum An addition to a
completed %ritten
document. Eost
commonly this is a
proposed change or
explanation in a
contract5 or some point
that has been the
sub#ect of negotiation
after the contract %as
originally proposed by
one party;
8n addendum %asn>t
%rite nothing about the
goods.
Anexa;
16
,
Admission A statement made by a
party to a la%suit or a
criminal defendant5
usually prior to trial5 that
certain facts are true. An
admission is not to be
confused %ith a
confession of blame or
guilt5 but admits only
some facts;
@e is a thief by his o%n
admission ;= he has
admitted it<.
Earturisire;
16
3
Affiant A person %ho signs an
affida$it and s%ears to
its truth before a notary
public or some person
authorized to tae oaths5
lie a "ounty "ler;
Affiant s%ore on oath
that he %ill say only
truth.
Eartor sub
#uramint;
16
4
Affidait Any %ritten document in
%hich the signer s%ears
under oath before a
notary public or
someone authorized to
tae oaths ;lie a "ounty
"ler<5 that the
statements in the
They sign the affida$it. Declaratie scrisa
sub #uramint;
document are true;
16
6
Alimony Cupport paid by one exA
spouse to the other as
ordered by a court in a
di$orce ;dissolution<
case;
The husband should
pay e$ery month 2+++
lei.
/ensie
alimentara;
16
7
Appearance The %ay that
somebody!something
loos on the outside;
%hat
somebody!something
seems to be;
Che had ne$er been
greatly concerned about
her appearance.
Aparitie5 cautare;
17
+
)orfeit To lose property or
rights in$oluntarily as a
penalty for $iolation of
la%;
The go$ernment can
tae automobiles or
houses %hich are used
for illegal drug
trafficing.
"onfiscare;
17
1
!arassment The act of systematic
and!or continued
un%anted and annoying
actions of one party or a
group5 including threats
and demands;
@e has complained of
being harassed by the
police.
@artuire;
17
2
In absentia ad#. or ad$. phrase. Fatin
for Tin absence5T or more
fully5 in one(s absence;
T%o foreign suspects
%ill be tried in absentia.
8n absentia;
17
'
In e*tremis
ad#. from Fatin5 facing
imminent death;
This felony %as happen
in extremis situation.
"onditii
ine$itabile de
deces;
17
*
In personam ad#.from Fatin for
Tdirected to%ard a
particular person.T
The damage %as
supported by in
personam $ictim.
8n personam;
17
,
To incriminate To mae it seem as if
somebody has done
something %rong or
illegal;
They %ere afraid of
ans%ering the
Buestions and
incriminating
themsel$es.
A icrimina;
17
3
Petition An official document
asing a court to tae a
particular course of
action;
@er husband has
already filed a petition
for di$orce.
/etitie;
17
4
Pimp A man %ho
controls prostitutes and
li$es on the money that
they earn;
The police arrest the
notorious pimp in the
city.
/roxenet;
17
6
Presumption Comething that is
thought to be true or
probable;
There is a general
presumption that the
doctor no%s best.
/rezumtie5
presupunere;
17
7
To trespass to enter land or a
building that you do not
ha$e permission or the
right to enter;
@e told me 8 %as
trespassing on pri$ate
land.
A incalca legea;
2+
+
Jury panel The list from %hich
#urors may be selected;
Je ha$e t%o dri$ers on
tonight(s panel.
Fista #uriului;