Classical Electrodynamics — PHY5347

HOMEWORK 20
(February 28, 2013)
Due on Tuesday, March 21, 2013
PROBLEM 58
Consider a waveguide made of an ideal conductor with cross sectional area in the shape
of a quarter circle of radius R, as shown in the figure. In what follows assume that
you are interested in computing only transverse magnetic (TM) waves, i.e., B
z
≡ 0
everywhere.
(a) We have shown in class that knowledge of the longitudinal component of the
electric field (E
z
) is sufficient to completely specify E and B. Assuming a
traveling-wave solution of the form:
E
z
(x, t) = E
z
(ρ, φ)e
i(kz−ωt)
,
compute the longitudinal component of the electric field E
z
(ρ, φ) by solving the
appropriate eigenvalue equation.
(b) From the results of part (a) obtain E
z
(ρ, φ) for the lowest-frequency mode of
propagation and give the value of the cutoff frequency.
You might find the following table useful:
Function First root
J
0
(J

0
) 2.405(3.832)
J
1
(J

1
) 3.832(1.841)
J
2
(J

2
) 5.136(3.054)
Here J
m
are Bessel functions satisfying the differential equation:
d
2
dr
2
J
m
(kr) +
1
r
d
dr
J
m
(kr) +

k
2

m
2
r
2

J
m
(kr) = 0 .
R
z
PROBLEM 59
A resonant cavity in the form of a cube of side a (as shown in the figure) is made of
perfectly conducting walls. For a certain cavity mode the electric field is given by the
following expression:
E(r, t) = ˆ xE
0
sin

πy
a

sin

πz
a

e
−iωt
.
In what follows assume that the material inside the cavity is vacuum.
(a) Compute the magnetic field B.
(b) Show explicitly that all of Maxwell’s equations and its associated boundary
conditions are satisfied.
(c) What is the resonant frequency of this mode?
(d) Find the currents that are flowing through the walls.
PROBLEM 60
In Section 8.4 Jackson solves the problem of the propagation of TE waves in a rect-
angular wave guide with inner dimensions a and b (see Jackson’s Figure 8.5). In this
problem you will consider the same geometry but now for TM waves. Throughout
this problem you may assume that =µ=1.
(a) Using Maxwell’s equation and its associated boundary conditions, compute the
longitudinal component of the electric field E
z
(r, t) by solving a suitable eigen-
value problem.
(b) For the lowest propagating mode, obtain all the components of both the electric
and magnetic fields.
(c) For the lowest propagating mode, obtain the surface charge density σ induced in
the walls of the waveguide.
(d) For the lowest propagating mode, obtain the surface current density K induced
in the walls of the waveguide.