Testing 110 V Appliances

Application note 39

110V Appliances

Using the Megger PAT4DV/3, the PAT300 series
and PAT400 series, the testers need to be supplied
by 110 V in order to perform an operations or
leakage tests on 110 V appliances. This way, the
PAT testers are lighter and cheaper to make,
therefore better for the customer!

There is an adaptor (p/n 1000-766 pictured below)
that will adapt your mains lead on your PAT tester
so you can plug it into 110 V supply. So, with the
PAT300s and 400s, you can just plug the fixed
mains lead into this adaptor, then into the 110 V
supply. The PAT4DV/3, you have the option of
buying the 110 V mains lead (p/n 6220-631) or
using the adaptor.

Testing Procedures

A visual inspection is the most important part of
inspecting and testing appliances, and it is not any
different when testing 110 V appliances. Tests that
should be performed on 110 V appliances would
include an earth bond test and an insulation test at
250 V. An operation/load test and leakage test can
also be performed.
Care should be taken when performing an operation
or leakage test, as this will power up the appliance. A
lot of the time 110 V appliances are hand tools,
which if care is not taken, could potentially harm
once powered up.

Extension Leads

110 V leads tend to be found with different
polarities; therefore we do not check the polarity of
110 V leads. If we did, we would probably be failing
50% of them. To check an extension lead, we need
to check the earth is complete. Therefore, link the
other end of the lead back into the tester so a bond
or continuity test can take place. An adaptor, such as
the one pictured can be used for this. The yellow
plug connects into the extension lead, while the
black IEC socket links back into the tester.

Testing 110V Transformers

110 V transformers plug into 230 V supply,
therefore can be tested under a 230 V test group
code that are pre-programmed into many of the
Megger PAT testers. Typical tests for transformers
would include a visual inspection, earth bond test
and an insulation resistance test.
When performing an earth bond test, you would
normally connect the bond probe into the earth pin
of the 110 V socket.
The insulation test can be performed using a 500 V
DC test voltage, due to being supplied by 230 V.

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