Quick Review

 IVRS: Interactive Voice response System.
 SMS: Short Messaging Service
 PAN means Permanent Account Number.
 In India so far 15 times the Lok Sabha elections are conducted.
15
th
one is 2009.
 The midterm elections were conducted for 5 times so far. (1971,
1980, 1991, 1998, 1999).
 The Madam Tussauds Museum is located in London. The wax
models of historical and Royal figures, film stars, sport stars etc
are displayed.
 Green Cars are those cars that run with CNG (Compressed Natural
Gas), LPG (liquefied Petroleum Gas) and with electric engine.
 Highest number of air ports are present in USA (15079).
 Sir Robert Cheese Brow (1837 – 1933) is the inventor of Vaseline
Petroleum gelly.
 The life expectancy is lowest in Swaziland (32 years). Here more
than 61 percent of the people die of AIDS every year.
 Gulzarilal Nanda was the first interim PM of India after the death
of the Jawaharlal Nehru (1
st
PM) in the year 1964. Gulazari Lal
Nanda is also the interim PM after the death of Lal Bahadur
Sastri in the year 1966.
 Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was the first Home Minster of India.
P.Chidambaram is the current HM.
 So far India had 7 deputy PM‟s (As of March 2011).
 First Dy. PM was Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel (1947-50). 7
th
was LK
Advani (2002-04).
 The position of Deputy PM was not mentioned in the Constitution.
 Maulana Abdul Kalam was the first Education Minister for the
independent India. November 11, the birth anniversary of
Maulana was declared as „National Education Day‟.
 During National Emergency the term of Lok Sabha and assemblies
is extended by 1 year.
 So far National Emergency was imposed for 3 times.
 National Emergency was imposed for the 1
st
time in 1962 because
of war with China, second time in 1971 because of war with
Pakistan. Third time in 1975 because of internal disturbances.
(44
th
Constitutional amendment replaced the “Internal
Disturbances” with “Armed Rebellion”).
 Golaknath vs. the state of Punjab (1967) case judgment was
delivered by the CJI K.Subba Rao. Supreme Court said
Fundamental Rights cannot be amended.
 Keshavananda Bharati Vs state of Kerala (1973) case judgment
was delivered by the CJI SM Sikri. Supreme Court said Judicial
Review is a basic feature of the Constitution.
 86
th
Amendment of 2002 changed the subject matter of Article 45
and also made elementary education a fundamental right under
Article 21 A. (This came into effect on April 1, 2010).
 Morarji Desai (4
th
PM) is the 1
st
PM of India who do not belong to
Congress. He is the only Indian to receive both Bharat Ratna and
Nishaan-e-Pakistan.
 Morarji Desai is the first Indian Prime Minister to resign from the
office.
 In Radar system, Radio waves are used to locate the existence of
an object.
 As on January 12, 2012, the four Chief Ministers are the members
of the State Legislative Council (Upper House). They are Nitish
Kumar (Bihar), Mayawati (UP), Sadananda Gowda (Karnataka)
and Prithviraj Chouhan (Maharashtra).
 “Smiling Buddha” is the code name of the India‟s 1
st
nuclear
programme conducted in 1974 in Pokhran (Rajasthan).
 “Operation Shakti” is the name of Pokhran-II conducted by India
May 11 and May 13, 1998.
 Morarji Desai was the 1st Chairman of Administrative Reforms
Commission (ARC) and Verappa Moily the Union Law minister is
the latest chairman of ARC.
 Legislative Assembly strength should not be more than 500 and
not less than 60 members.
 Legislative council strength should not be less than 40 and not
more than 1/3
rd
of the strength of assembly.
 Lion was the National animal of India up to 1972.
 Since 1972, National animal is Tiger.