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Measurement Principle

The dispersion analyzed is contained in a cylindrical glass cell. The light source is an
electro luminescent diode in the near infrared (air=880nm). Two synchronous
optical sensors receive respectively light transmitted through the sample (180 from
the incident light transmission sensor) and light !ac"scattered !y the sample (#$
from the incident radiation !ac"scattering detector) (%igure 8).
Note The instrument is self&cali!rated to correct effects due to thermal drifts of the optoelectronic
head and ageing of the components.
1. Scan Mode
The Tur!iscan '(b can wor" in scanning mode) the optical reading head scans the
length of the sample (up to $$ mm) ac*uiring transmission and !ac"scattering data
every #0 +m. This is the most complete analysis mode ena!ling the detection of the
migration phenomena.
These curves provide the transmitted and !ac"scattered light flu, in - relative to
standards (suspension of monodisperse spheres and silicone oil) as a function of the
sample height (in mm). These profiles !uild up a macroscopic fingerprint of the
sample at a given time. Transmission is used to analyze clear to tur!id dispersions
and !ac"scattering is used to analyze opa*ue dispersions.
2. Fixed Position Mode
The Tur!iscan '(b can also wor" in fi,ed mode) the height of ac*uisition is fi,ed !y
the user and the apparatus ta"es measurement up to every 0.1 second. This mode is
useful for *uality control analysis when one wants to loo" at the reproduci!ility from
one !atch to the other or when loo"ing at very *uic" insta!ility (e.g. foam).
The curve o!tained gives the transmitted and !ac"scattered light flu, in - relative to
standards (suspension of monodisperse spheres and silicone oil) as a function of
time. Transmission is used to analyze clear to tur!id dispersions and !ac"scattering is
used to analyze opa*ue dispersions.
Preparation of the Cell
1. Ta"e a new cell.
.. /lean the outside of the cell with a clean non&a!rasive tissue.
0. /hec" for significant mar"s on the glass surface. 1f any ta"e another cell.
2. Sampling
1. 2lace the clean cell in the holder provided.
.. 3ha"e the product to !e analysed.
0. %ill the cell with the product to !e analysed up to the height of the holder (around
.0 m' which corresponds to around #. mm) (%igure 10).
#. /hec" the *uality of the meniscus (%igure 11).
$. /lose the cell with the stopper previously prepared (as descri!ed in 3.111.1.1)
Analysis
4uring analysis the information will !e as follows (%igure 1).
1f there is no transmission signal (opa*ue product) you can hide this graph and wor"
only on the !ac"scattering profile. The same applies if you have transmission where
you can hide the !ac"scattering profiles.
nterpretation of !ata
The Tur!iscan allows for a macroscopic visualisation of the
sta!ility of concentrated dispersions ma"ing it possi!le to discriminate various
desta!ilizations (%igure 11).
5e can o!serve on this graph simultaneously that the level of !ac"scattering
decreases over the total length of the sample due to an increase of the size of the
particles characteristic of a coalescence or a flocculation. 6oreover there is a
decrease of the !ac"scattering signal at the !ottom of the cell and an increase at
the top !oth phenomena characteristic of a creaming.