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1. Positive charge is distributed uniformly throughout a nonconducting sphere. The
highest electric potential occurs:
A) at the center
B) at the surface
C) halfay beteen the center and surface
!) "ust outside the surface
#) far from the sphere
$olution:
%auss la → E alays points along & r
'aay from sphere center).
Ans: A
(′. )f the electric field is in the positive x direction and has a magnitude given by E *
Cx
(+
here C is a constant+ then the electric potential is given by V *:
A) (Cx
B) ,(Cx
C) Cx

.
!) ,Cx

.
#) ,Cx3
$olution:
( 
1

V Cx dx Cx const = − = − +
∫
Ans: ! '
/ / V at x = =
)
(. The electric field in a region around the origin is given by E = C ' x i 0 y j ) here
C is a constant. The e1uipotential surfaces are:
A) concentric cylinders ith a2es along the z a2is
B) concentric cylinders ith a2es along the x a2is
C) concentric spheres centered at the origin
!) planes parallel to the xy plane
#) planes parallel to the yz plane
$olution: E in 2yplane+ radial direction. E normal to e1uipotentials.
Ans: A
. #ight identical spherical raindrops are each at a potential V+ relative to the potential
far aay. They coalesce to ma3e one spherical raindrop hose potential is:
A) V.4
B) V.(
C) (V
!) 5V
#) 4V
$olution: $ingle conducting sphere:
Q
V k
R
= at surface.
6adius of coalesced sphere:
 
5 5
4
 
R
π π
= × R → (R = R
Charge of coalesced sphere:
4Q = Q
4
5
(
Q
k k V
R
= = =
Q
V
R
Ans: !
5. )n the diagram+ the points 1+ (+ and  are all the same very large distance from a
dipole. 6an3 the points according to the values of the electric potential at them+ from
the most negative to the most positive.
A) 1+ (+ 
B) + (+ 1
C) (+ + 1
!) 1+ + (
#) 1 and ( tie+ then 
$olution:
7ield line goes roughly from 0 end of dipole to ( to  to 1 to , end of dipole.
Ans: !
5′. To particle ith charges Q and −Q are fi2ed at the vertices of an e1uilateral
triangle ith sides of length a. )f k * 1.5πε/
+ the or3 re1uired to move a particle ith
a charge q from the other verte2 to the center of the line "oining the fi2ed charges is:
A) /
B) kQq.a
C) kQq.a
(
!) (kQq.a
#) (kQq a
$olution: 8 at verte2 is
/
Q Q
k
a a
− =
÷
8 at midpoint is
( /
. ( . (
Q Q
k
a a
− =
÷
Ans: A
9. A particle ith a charge of 9.9 × 1/
,:
C is .9 cm from a particle ith a charge of ,
(. × 1/
,4
C. The potential energy of this toparticle system+ relative to the potential
energy at infinite separation+ is:
A) .( × 1/
,5
;
B) ,.( × 1/
,5
;
C) <. × 1/
,
;
!) ,<. × 1/
,
;
#) =ero
$olution:
( )
: 4
< 
: 1/ ( 1/
< 1/ (> 1/
./5
J
− −
−
× × − ×
× ≈ − ×
Ans: B
9′. A particle ith a charge of 9.9 × 1/
,4
C is fi2ed at the origin. A particle ith a
charge of ,(. × 1/
,4
C is moved from x * .9 cm on the x a2is to y * 5. cm on the y
a2is. The change in potential energy of the toparticle system is:
A) .1 × 1/
,
;
B) ,.1 × 1/
,
;
C) :./ × 1/
,9
;
!) ,:./ × 1/
,9
;
#) /
Ans: C
9′′. A particle ith a charge of 9.9 × 1/
,4
C charge is fi2ed at the origin. A particle
ith a charge of,(. × 1/
,4
C charge is moved from x * .9 cm on the x a2is to y * .9
cm on the y a2is. The change in the potential energy of the tocharge system is:
A) .( × 1/
,5
;
B) ,.( × 1/
,5
;
C) <. × 1/
,
;
!) ,<. × 1/
,
;
#) /
Ans: #
(. Three particles lie on the x a2is: particle 1+ ith a charge of 1 × 1/
,4
C is at x * 1
cm+ particle (+ ith a charge of ( × 1/
,4
Cis at x * ( cm+ and particle + ith a charge
of − × 1/
,4
C+ is at x *  cm. The potential energy of this arrangement+ relative to the
potential energy for infinite separation+ is:
A) 05.< × 1/
,5
;
B) −5.< × 1/
,5
;
C) 04.9 × 1/
,5
;
!) −4.9 × 1/
,5
;
#) =ero
Ans: B
:. To identical particles+ each ith charge q, are placed on the x a2is+ one at the
origin and the other at x * 9 cm. A third particle+ ith charge ,q, is placed on the x
a2is so the potential energy of the threeparticle system is the same as the potential
energy at infinite separation. )ts x coordinate is:
A) 1 cm
B) (.9 cm
C) >.9 cm
!) 1/ cm
#) ,9 cm
$olution:
(
(
1 1
/
9 9
q
k kq
x x
− + =
÷
−
( )
1 ( 9
9 9
x
x x
−
=
−
(
19 (9 / x x − + =
( ) ( ) 1 ( x x ≈ − −
Ans: A
>. Three possible configurations for an electron e and a proton p are shon belo.
Ta3e the =ero of potential to be at infinity and ran3 the three configurations according
to the potential at $+ from most negative to most positive.
A) 1+ (+ 
B) + (+ 1
C) (+ + 1
!) 1 and ( tie+ then 
#) 1 and  tie+ then (
$olution:
1.
1 1
S
V ke
d D
= − +
÷
(.
1 1
S
V ke
d D
= − +
÷
.
1 1
S
V ke
D d
= − +
÷
Ans: !
<. Points 6 and T are each a distance d from each of to particles ith charges of
e1ual magnitudes and opposite signs as shon. )f k * 1.5πε/
+ the or3 re1uired to
move a particle ith negative charge q from 6 to T is:
A) =ero
B) kqQ.d
(
C) kqQ.d
!) ( )
( kqQ d
#) kQq.'(d)
$olution:
1 1
/
R
V kQ
d d
= − + =
÷
1 1
/
T
V kQ
d d
= − + =
÷
Ans: A
<′. Points 6 and T are each a distance d from each of to e1ual positive charges as
shon. )f k * 1.5πε/
+ the or3 re1uired to move a particle ith a charge q from 6 to T
is:
A) /
B) kQq.d
(
C) kQq.d
!) ( )
( kqQ d
#) kQq.'(d)
Ans: A
1/. A 9cm radius conducting sphere has a charge density of ( × 1/
,:
C.m
(
on its
surface. )ts electric potential+ relative to the potential far aay+ is:
A) 1.1 × 1/
5
8
B) (.( × 1/
5
8
C) (. × 1/
9
8
!) .: × 1/
9
8
#) >.( × 1/
:
8
$olution:
(
< :
5
< 1/ 5  /./9 ( 1/
Q R
V k k
R R
π σ
−
= = ≈ × × × × × ×
1
1/// 1/ V ≈ ×
Ans: A
51. To conducting spheres are far apart. The smaller sphere carries a total charge of
?. The larger sphere has a radius that is tice that of the smaller and is neutral. After
the to spheres are connected by a conducting ire+ the charges on the smaller and
larger spheres+ respectively+ are:
A) Q.( and Q.(
B) Q. and (Q.
C) (Q. and Q.
!) =ero and Q
#) (Q and ,Q
$olution:
(
s L
s L
s s
Q Q
V k V k
R R
= = =
→
(
s L
Q Q =
s L
Q Q Q + =
∴
1

s
Q Q =
(

L
Q Q =
Ans: B
5(. A metal sphere carries a charge of 9 × 1/
,<
C and is at a potential of 5// 8+
relative to the potential far aay. The potential at the center of the sphere is:
A) 5// 8
B) ,5// 8
C) ( × 1/
,:
8
!) /
#) none of these
Ans: A
5. A 9cm radius isolated conducting sphere is charged so its potential is 01// 8+
relative to the potential far aay. The charge density on its surface is:
A) 0(.( × 1/
,>
C.m
(
B) ,(.( × 1/
,>
C.m
(
C) 0.9 × 1/
,>
C.m
(
!) ,.9 × 1/
,>
C.m
(
#) 01.4 × 1/
,4
C.m
(
Ans: #
55. A conducting sphere has charge Q and its electric potential is V+ relative to the
potential far aay. )f the charge is doubled to (Q+ the potential is:
A) V
B) (V
C) 5V
!) V.(
#) V.5
Ans: B
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