73 views

Uploaded by Gem Carpio

Rotating Unbalance Lab report. Mechanism and theory behind rotating unbalance.

- Dynamics of Machines - Part I - IfS
- First Review
- William_Robert_Porter_PhD_Thesis_PRESSURE DISTRIBUTIONS_ADDED_MASS_AND_DAMPING_COEFFICIENTS_FOR_CYLINDERS_OSCILLATING_NEAR_FREE_SURFACE.pdf
- MEC421_KJM457_4
- 04 Structural Dynamics
- Tutorial No. 1 Free Vibration
- Section2_4
- Seismic-responses-of-secondary-systems-in-base-isolated-structures_1992.pdf
- Wind induced vibration and dynamic response on concrete column
- Phase Measurement
- Dynamics and Vibrations_ Notes_ Free Undamped Vibrations
- Chapter 2-24.02
- Full Hussein Algusab Thesis
- Discussion Notes
- Dom
- VibroAcoustics.pdf
- Bài 4 - Longitudinal Motion (Stick Fixed) (2008)
- Estimation of Turbine Blade Natural Frequencies
- ansys
- 16.pdf

You are on page 1of 3

College of Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman

ME 143

MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS

LABORATORY EXPERIMENT No.2

ROTATING UNBALANCE

Introduction

Unbalance of mass is a common source of vibration in rotating machinery. A small

eccentricity in the distribution of mass can cause a significant vibration onto a system. In this

experiment, a spring-mass system will be analyzed in order to illustrate the effects of an

eccentric mass onto a system, find the damping ratio experimentally and compare it to the

theoretical values of the damping ratio.

Setup and Procedure

The setup to be analyzed is a spring-mass system composed of a rotating disk with a

diameter of 126mm and weight of 3.36kg, suspended on a pair of springs. The mass is

constrained to move vertically.

An accelerometer sensor was attached onto reciprocating mass; used to measure the

amplitude of the vibration of the reciprocating system. The sensor expresses the vibration in

terms of g units.

The first test was to determine the spring constant of the system. The spring displaced

13.5 mm under a loading of 2kg, giving a spring constant of 1453.33 N/m.

The first case was to measure the amplitude of vibration of the system with an eccentric

mass. The 88g mass was attached to the rotating disk at a distance of 17mm from the mass

center of the disk. It was allowed to reciprocate until a reading was taken.

The second case was to measure the amplitude of vibration of the setup rotating at the

same frequency, but with a 1.197 kg clamp was attached to the base of the system. This is to

illustrate the effect of an added mass to increase the total mass of the base.

The natural frequency is given by

. The vertical displacement due to the vibration was measured from the gradations on

the side of the rotating disk. The rotational frequency is then given by

Where X is the difference between the displacement rotating body with and

without the eccentric mass. The frequency ratio r is given by

The damping ratio was then found using the equation for rotating unbalance.

()

()

()

()

()

The damping coefficient was then found using the relationship

(

)

(

)

The following are the raw data and calculated values of the experiment:

Case k X m m

spring constant displacement eccentric mass mass of system

without eccentric mass 1453.333 0.0006 0.000 3.360

with eccentric mass 1453.333 0.0050 0.088 3.360

with e.m. and clamp 1453.333 0.0025 0.088 4.557

n r

natural frequency Rotational frequency frequency ratio

20.798 25.573 1.230

20.798 22.586 1.086

17.858 24.261 1.359

A e c

amplitude (acc) eccentricity damping ratio damping coeff.

0.392 0.000 0.208 29.097

2.551 0.080 0.212 29.633

1.472 0.080 0.282 45.844

The same calculation was done using the rotational frequency reading from the

accelerometer, =27 (rad/s) and the resulting damping ratios were compared.

error^2

damping ratio

(theoretical)

damping ratio

- - -

0.212 0.152 0.158

0.282 0.311 0.009

Discussion

The system appears to behave according to the theory of rotating unbalances. As the

mass of the base is increased, the natural frequency of the system increased while the

amplitude of the vibration is decreased. The damping ratio of the case with the clamp is similar

to that of the first case, with a small amount of error.

However, the damping ratio still has 15.8 percent error compared to the theoretical

case where the given frequency was 27 rad/s. Possible sources of error can be the inadequacy

of the ruler as the measuring device for the displacement of the reciprocating body. Another

source could be the assumption that the clamp was a point force added to the base; in this

case, it was not, as it was attached to one corner of the base.

- Dynamics of Machines - Part I - IfSUploaded byFreddy Alver Lovera
- First ReviewUploaded byajay_sr
- William_Robert_Porter_PhD_Thesis_PRESSURE DISTRIBUTIONS_ADDED_MASS_AND_DAMPING_COEFFICIENTS_FOR_CYLINDERS_OSCILLATING_NEAR_FREE_SURFACE.pdfUploaded byCarlos Garrido
- MEC421_KJM457_4Uploaded byMohammad Syawal Ismail
- 04 Structural DynamicsUploaded bynahan_khanehe_del
- Tutorial No. 1 Free VibrationUploaded byNjuguna Waweru
- Section2_4Uploaded bysonti11
- Seismic-responses-of-secondary-systems-in-base-isolated-structures_1992.pdfUploaded bycisco
- Wind induced vibration and dynamic response on concrete columnUploaded byAndres Fernandez
- Phase MeasurementUploaded byJose Luis Rattia
- Dynamics and Vibrations_ Notes_ Free Undamped VibrationsUploaded byPhatechand Naik
- Chapter 2-24.02Uploaded byVishnu Pradeep
- Full Hussein Algusab ThesisUploaded byHusseinali Hussein
- Discussion NotesUploaded byhisham_sherif_2
- DomUploaded bysamgeorgemax
- VibroAcoustics.pdfUploaded byPutri Nur Cahyanti
- Bài 4 - Longitudinal Motion (Stick Fixed) (2008)Uploaded byTuan Anh Pham
- Estimation of Turbine Blade Natural FrequenciesUploaded byfazzlie
- ansysUploaded bynanduslns07
- 16.pdfUploaded byMuhammadKhizarSiddique
- Gazetas, Dynamic Stiffness Functions of Strip and Rectangular Footings on Layered Media 1975Uploaded byCarlos Eduardo Cueva Caller
- PAPER PowerGen ME - Final PaperUploaded byKarthik Sriramakavacham
- BS ISO 16063-1-1998+A1-2016--[2018-01-19--01-28-23 PM].pdfUploaded byKrit Jiamjiroch
- Vibration Reduction by Using Periodic Supports in a Piping SystemUploaded byGuillermo Huanes Alvan
- Damped Vibrator Thermometer in Thermo Pocket Step Response and Impulse for ZetaUploaded bySomani Meet
- Amortiguadores Para BarraUploaded byCesar Zamudio
- MIT2 003SCF11 Pset9 SolUploaded byDasaka Brahmendra
- A i 4101201205Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- 1Uploaded bymaunish123
- GL_Case study.pdfUploaded byAhmadA.Swidan

- Cell Parts and FunctionUploaded byGem Carpio
- Mechanical Engineers of the PhilippinesUploaded byGem Carpio
- Mountain Maid Industry Inspection TripUploaded byGem Carpio
- Dimensionless QuantitiesUploaded byGem Carpio
- Python Code Gauss JordanUploaded bygemnikkic
- Analysis-of-Curved-Beams.pdfUploaded bydarkkimi
- Numerical Integration and DifferentitaionUploaded byGem Carpio
- Hydraulic Turbine Design 1Uploaded byVilash Shingare
- 1.IntroductionUploaded byGem Carpio
- Inverse Laplace Transform for Solving ODEUploaded byGem Carpio
- a3 Coriolis Mechanism Mt07Uploaded byMaria Ulfa Damayanti
- Problem Set ME 41 Dynamics of Machinery 1Uploaded byGem Carpio
- Sound MeasurementUploaded byGem Carpio
- Vibration FormulasUploaded bygemnikkic
- impressv2Uploaded byGem Carpio

- Fusing TechnologyUploaded byShreyasiSaxena
- Optical FiberUploaded byGrace Grace
- ProbabilityUploaded bychandu5759
- AP Biology Lab Four: Plant Pigments and PhotosynthesisUploaded byCoolAsianDude
- HY17-8385-UKUploaded byies837
- Prepartion of 4 Bromo 2 ChloroacetanildeUploaded byAmil Patel
- c805Uploaded byAsif Aziz
- Pump_Notes.pdfUploaded byUsman Khalid
- Bahr in 2010Uploaded bymayang eka novindasari
- Design and Construction of a Remote Piloted Flying WingUploaded bylufabao
- Water Only CycloneUploaded byYogeshwar5831
- Noise Vibration Control in GensetsUploaded byDYNEMECH SYSTEMS PVT. LTD.
- NNZZ_Solution Montmort ProblemUploaded byGregory Trevino
- Wilsons Ltd Aluminium Alloy Specifications 42Uploaded byAnubhav Lakhmani
- Chemical Recycling of PET by Catalyzed Glycolysis Kinetics of ThUploaded byViviana Teodora
- Pipe Denting Thesis 20140922 CompressedUploaded bytt3340
- RECENT ADVANCES inENGINEERING MECHANICS,STRUCTURES and URBANPLANNINGUploaded byHarold Taylor
- Test Buat UnileverUploaded byNofilia Citra Candra
- EnzymeUploaded byhakim
- S1 REV2 Exercises SolutionsUploaded bysesma1
- Husam's Reconstruction of Schaefer's Formula of Visibility of Crescent Of Luna [Revised]Uploaded byAHLUSSUNNAH WAL JAMAA"AH [ASHA:'IRAH & MATURIDIYAH]
- Lecture 6 LandauUploaded byYossi Cordova
- FSD113eng_Turbomachinery.pdfUploaded byMargaret Daugherty
- CAR-E PART8Uploaded byprsnjt11
- Engg GraphicsUploaded byprashmce
- Blow MouldingUploaded byXubair Wajid
- How to Improve System Stability Without Risking SubsynchronousUploaded bymartinpells
- 34 Absorption SpectroscopyUploaded bykorna2
- chapter11_ SN1_SN2_E1_E2Uploaded byMXR-3
- E1104.1479757-1Uploaded byThaweekarn Changthong