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PART - A

1) Find the partial differential equation of the family of spheres having their
centres on the line x = y = z.
2) Obtain partial differential equation by eliminating arbitrary constants a and
b from . 1 ) ( ) (
2 2 2
z b y a x
3) Form the partial differential equation by eliminating a and b from
) )( (
2 2 2 2
b y a x z .
4) Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the constants a and b
from .
n n
by ax z
5) Find the partial differential equation of all planes passing through the origin.
6) Find the partial differential equation of all planes having equal intercepts on
the x and y axis.
7) Eliminate the arbitrary function f from ) (
z
xy
f z and form the partial
differential equation.
8) Obtain partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function
from ). (
2 2
y x f z
9) Obtain the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary
functions f and g from ). ( ) ( it x g it x f z
10) Find the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function
from . 0 ] , [
2
z
x
xy z
11) Find the complete integral of pq q p where
x
z
p and
y
z
q .
12) Write down the complete solution of . 1
2 2
q p c qy px z
13) Find the singular solution of the partial differential equation
.
2 2
q p qy px z
14) Find the complete integral of the partial differential equation
. 3 ) 2 ( ) 1 ( z q y p x
15) Find the complete integral of . pq
p
y
q
x
pq
z

16) Find the complete integral of .
2 2
x q y p
17) Find the solution of .
2 2 2
z qy px
18) Solve . 0 8 4 2
3
3
2
3
2
3
3
3
y
z
y x
z
y x
z
x
z

19) Solve . 0 ) (
3 2 2 3
z D D D D D D
20) Find the particular integral of ). 2 sin( ) 12 4 3 (
3 2 2 3
y x z D D D D D D
UNIT I PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
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PART B

1) Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary functions
f and g in ). 2 ( ) 2 (
3 3
y x g y x f z
2) Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary functions
f and g in ). ( ) (
2 2
x g y y f x z
3) Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary functions
f and from ). ( ) ( z y x y f z
4) Find the singular solution of . 16
2 2
q p qy px z
5) Solve . 1
2 2
q p qy px z
6) Find the singular integral of the partial differential equation
.
2 2
q p qy px z
7) Solve . 1
2 2
q p z
8) Solve ). 1 ( ) 1 (
2
z q q p
9) Solve . 4 ) ( 9
2 2
q z p
10) Solve . ) 1 ( qz q p
11) Solve ). )( ( ) ( ) ( y x y x q x yz p xz y
12) Solve . 2 ) 2 ( ) ( z x q y x p z y
13) Find the general solution of . 3 2 ) 2 4 ( ) 4 3 ( x y q z x p y z
14) Solve ) ( ) ( ) ( y x z q x z y p z y x
15) Solve ). 2 (
2
y z x xyq p y
16) Solve . ) ( ) (
2 2 2
xy z q zx y p yz x
17) Solve . ) ( ) (
2 2
y x zq y x zp y x
18) Solve . ) 2 ( ) 2 ( x y q y z p z x
19) Find the general solution of . ) (
2 2
qy px y x z
20) Solve ). ( ) ( ) (
2 2 2 2 2 2
x y z q x z y p z y x
21) Solve ). 4 sin( ) 20 (
5 2 2
y x e z D D D D
y x

22) Solve ). 2 sin( 3 ) 5 4 (
2 2 2
y x e z D D D D
y x

23) Solve ). cos( ) (
2 3 2 2 3
y x e z D D D D D D
y x

24) Solve . ) 30 (
6 2 2 y x
e xy z D D D D
25) Solve . ) 6 (
3 2 2 2 y x
e y x z D D D D
26) Solve . ) sinh( 2
2
2 2
2
2
xy y x
y
z
y x
z
x
z

27) Solve . cos 6
2
2 2
2
2
x y
y
z
y x
z
x
z

28) Solve . sin ) 6 5 (
2 2
x y z D D D D
29) Solve . ) 1 2 2 2 (
2 2 2 y x
e z D D D D D D
30) Solve . 7 ) 3 3 (
2 2
xy z D D D D
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UNIT II FOURIER SERIES
PART A
1) State Dirichlets conditions for a given function to expand in Fourier series.
2) Does x x f tan ) ( possess a Fourier expansion?
3) If ) (x f is discontinuous at a x , what does its Fourier series represent at
that point?
4) Determine
n
b in the Fourier series expansion of ) (
2
1
) ( x x f in
2 0 x with period 2 .
5) If the Fourier series for the function
2 ; sin
0 ; 0
) (
x x
x
x f is
x
x x x
x f sin
2
1
......
7 . 5
6 cos
5 . 3
4 cos
3 . 1
2 cos 2 1
) ( . Deduce that
.
4
2
..........
7 . 5
1
5 . 3
1
3 . 1
1

6) Find the constant term in the Fourier series corresponding to x x f
2
cos ) (
expressed in the interval ). , (
7) What is the constant term
0
a and the coefficient of nx cos ,
n
a in the Fourier
series expansion of
3
) ( x x x f in ) , ( ?
8) Find
n
b in the expansion of
2
x as a Fourier series in ). , (
9) In the Fourier series expansion of
x
x
x
x
x f
0 ,
2
1
0 ,
2
1
) ( in ) , ( , find
the value of
n
b , the coefficient of nx sin .
10) Find
n
a in expanding
x
e as Fourier series in ). , (
11) Find the Fourier constants
n
b for x xsin in ). , (
12) If the Fourier series of the function
2
) ( x x x f in the interval x
is , sin
2
cos
4
) 1 (
3
1
2
2
n
n
nx
n
nx
n
then find the value of the infinite series
.........
3
1
2
1
1
1
2 2 2

13) Find a Fourier sine series for the function 1 ) (x f ; x 0 .
14) To which value , the half range sine series corresponding to
2
) ( x x f
expressed in the interval ) 2 , 0 ( converges at 2 x ?
15) Find a
0
in the expansion of | cos x | as a Fourier series in ). , (

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PART-B
1) Find the Fourier series of period 2 for the function
) 2 , ( ; 2
) , 0 ( ; 1
) (x f and
hence find the sum of the series ........
5
1
3
1
1
1
2 2 2
.
2) Obtain the Fourier series for
) 2 , ( ; 2
) , 0 ( ;
) (
x
x
x f .
3) Expand
2 ; 0
0 ; sin
) (
x
x x
x f as a Fourier series of periodicity 2 and
hence evaluate ..........
7 . 5
1
5 . 3
1
3 . 1
1
.
4) Determine the Fourier series for the function
2
) ( x x f of period 2 in
2 0 x .
5) Obtain the Fourier series for
2
1 ) ( x x x f in ) , ( . Deduce that
6
.........
3
1
2
1
1
1
2
2 2 2
.

6) Expand the function x x x f sin ) ( as a Fourier series in the interval
x .
7) Determine the Fourier expansion of x x f ) ( in the interval x .

8) Find the Fourier series for x x f cos ) ( in the interval ) , ( .
9) Expand x x x f
2
) ( as Fourier series in ) , ( .
10) Determine the Fourier series for the function
x x
x x
x f
0 , 1
0 , 1
) ( .
Hence deduce that
4
.........
5
1
3
1
1 .
11) Find the half range sine series of x x x f cos ) ( in ) , 0 ( .
12) Find the half range cosine series of x x x f sin ) ( in ) , 0 ( .
13) Obtain the half range cosine series for x x f ) ( in ) , 0 ( .
14) Find the half range sine series for ) ( ) ( x x x f in the interval ) , 0 ( .
15) Find the half range sine series of
2
) ( x x f in ) , 0 ( .
Hence find ) (x f .
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APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

PART A
1. Classify the following PDE (i) U
xx
= U
yy
(ii) U
x y
= U
yy
+ xy
2. Classify the following PDE U
xx
+ U
yy
= ( U
x
)
2
+ (U
y
)
2
3. Write any two solutions of the transverse vibrations of a string.
4. Write down the appropriate solutions of the vibration of string
Equations. How is it chosen?
5. State any two assumptions made in the derivation of one dimension
wave equation.
6. If the ends of a string of length l are fixed and the mid point of the
String is drawn aside through a height h and the string is released
from rest, write the initial conditions.
7. When a vibrating string has an initial velocity, its initial conditions
Are.?
8. When a vibrating string has an initial velocity zero, its initial
conditions Are.?
9. State one dimensional heat equation with the initial and boundary
conditions.
10. State the laws assumed to derive the one dimensional heat equation.
11. Define steady state temperature distributions.
12. When the ends of a rod length 20cm are maintained at the
temperature 10
o
c and 20
o
c respectively until steady state is prevail.
Determine the steady state temperature of the rod.
13. In steady state conditions derive the solution of one dimensional heat
flow equation.
14. State Fourier law of heat conduction.
15. Write down the appropriate solutions of the one dimensional heat
Equations. How is it chosen?
16.What is the basic difference between the solutions of one dimensional
wave equation and heat equation.
17. Write down the partial differential equation that represents variable
Heat flow in two dimensions? Deduce the equations of steady state
heat flow in two dimensions.

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18. Write down the appropriate solutions of the two dimensional heat
Equations.
19. In two dimensional heat flow, what is the temperature along the
Normal to the xy- plane?
20. If a square plate has its faces and the edge y = 0 insulated, its edges
x = 0 and x = n are kept at zero temperature and its fourth edge is
kept at temperature u, then what are the boundary conditions for this
problem?
PART B
21. A tightly stretched string with fixed end points x = 0 and x = l is
initially in a position given by y = y
0
sin
3
( x / l ). If it is released from
rest from this position, find the displacement y( x, t).
22. A tightly stretched string of length l has its ends fastened at x = 0 ,
x = l. The mid-point of the string is then taken to height h and then
released from rest in that position. Find the lateral displacement of a
point of the string at time t from the instant of release.
23. A tightly stretched string with fixed end points x = 0 and x = l. At time
t = 0, the string is given a shape defined by F(x) = x ( l - x ), where
is constant, and then released . Find the displacement of any point x of
the string at any time t >0.
24. The points of trisection of a string are pulled aside through the same
distance on opposite sides of the position of equilibrium and the string
is released from rest. Derive an expression for the displacement of the
string at subsequent time and show that the mid-point of the string
always remains at rest.
25. A tightly stretched string of length l with fixed ends is initially in
equilibrium position. It is set vibrating by giving each point a velocity
v
0
sin
3
( x / l ). Find the displacement y(x,t).
26. A tightly stretched string with fixed end points x = 0 and x = l is
initially at rest in its equilibrium position. . It is set vibrating by giving
each point a velocity x ( l - x ), find the displacement of the string at
any distance x from one end at any time t.

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27. A taut string of length 20cms.fastened at both ends is displaced from its
position of equilibrium , by imparting to each of its points an initial velocity
given by: v = x in 0 < x < 10 and, x being the
20 x in 10 < x <20 distance from one end.
Determine the displacement at any subsequent time.
28. An insulated rod of length l has its ends A and B maintained at 0
0
C and
100
0
c respectively until steady state conditions prevail. If B is suddenly
reduced to 0
0
C and maintained at 0
0
C, find the temperature at a distance x
from A at time t.
29. A homogeneous rod of conducting material of length 100cm has its ends
kept at zero temperature and the temperature initially is
u(x,0) = x in 0 < x < 50
100 x in 50 < x <100 Find the temperature u(x,t) at any time.
30. An insulated rod of length l has its ends A and B maintained at 0
0
C and 100
0
c
respectively until steady state conditions prevail. If the change consists of
raising the temperature of A to 20
0
c and reducing that of B to 80
0
c ,
find the temperature at a distance x from A at time t.
31. The ends A and B of a rod 20cm.long have the temperature at 30
0
c and 80
0
c
until steady state prevails. The temperature of the ends are changed to 40
0
c
and 60
0
c respectively. Find the temperature distribution in the rod at time t.
32. The ends A and B of a rod 10cm.long have the temperature at 50
0
c and 100
0
c
until steady state prevails. The temperature of the ends are changed to 90
0
c
and 60
0
c respectively. Find the temperature distribution in the rod at time t.
33. A square plate is bounded by the lines x =0, y = 0 , x =20 and y = 20.
Its faces are insulated. The temperature along the upper horizontal edge
Is given by u ( x,20) = x ( 20 x) when 0 < x < 20 while the other three edges
are kept at 0
0
c. Find the steady state temperature in the plate.
34. Find the steady state temperature at any point of a square plate whose two
adjacent edges are kept at 0
0
c and the other two edges are kept at the constant
temperature 100
0
c.

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35. Find the steady temperature distribution at points in a rectangular plate
With insulated faces the edges of the plate being the lines x = 0 , x = a ,
y = 0 and y = b. When three of the edges are kept at temperature zero
and the fourth at fixed temperature a
0
c.
36. Solve the BVP U
xx
+ U
yy
= 0 , 0 < x, y < with u( 0 ,y ) = u( , y) =
u( x , ) = 0 and u(x,0) = sin
3
x.
37. A rectangular plate is bounded by the lines x = 0 , y = 0 , x = a , y = b . Its
Surfaces are insulated. The temperature along x = 0 and y = 0 are kept
at 0
0
c and the others at 100
0
c . Find the steady state temperature at any
point of the plate.
38. A long rectangular plate has its surfaces insulated and the two long sides
as well as one of the short sides are maintained at 0
0
c . Find an
expression for the steady state temperature u(x,y) if the short side y = 0
is cm long and is kept at u
o
0
c.
39. An infinitely long rectangular plate with insulated surface is 10cm wide.
The two long edges and one short edge are kept at zero temperature
while the other short edge x = 0 is kept at temperature given by
U = 20y for 0 < y < 5
20 ( 10 y ) for 5 < y < 10 .Find the steady state temperature
distribution in the plate.
40. An infinitely long plane uniform plate is bounded by two parallel edges
and an end at right angle to them. The breadth of this edge x =0 is , this
end is maintained at temperature as u = k (y y2) at all points while the
other edges are at zero temperature. Determine the temperature u(x,y)
at any point of the plate in the steady state if u satisfies Laplace equation.

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Unit IV
FOURIER TRANSFORMS
PART A

1. State the Fourier integral theorem.
2. Define Fourier transform pair.
3. State the convolution theorem on Fourier transform.
4. Write the Parsevals identity for Fourier transform.
5. State Modulation theorem on Fourier transform.
6. Prove that if F(s) is the Fourier transform of f(x), then F{ f(x a) } = e
isa
F(s).
7. State and prove change of scale property of Fourier transform.
8. Find the F.T of f(x) defined by f(x) = 1 if a <x < b
0 otherwise
9. Find the F.T of f(x) defined by f(x) = 1 if |x| < a
0 if |x| > a >0
10. Find the F.T of f(x) defined by f(x) = e
imx
if a <x < b
0 otherwise
11. Find the F.T of f(x) defined by f(x) = 2 / 2t if -t <x < t
0 otherwise
12. Find the F.T of f(x) defined by f(x) = e
-|x|
.
13. Find F.C.T and F.S.T of f(x) = e
-ax
.
14. Find the sine transform of 1/x.
15. If F
c
{ e
-ax
} = (2/ ) [ a / s
2
+a
2
], find F
s
[ x e
-ax
].
16. Find F{ x
n
f(x) } & F{ f
n
(x) }.
17. Find F.C.T of e
-ax
cos ax.
18. Using transform methods, evaluate dx / ( x
2
+a
2
)
2.
in 0 < x< .
19. Using transform methods, evaluate x
2
dx / ( x
2
+a
2
)
2.
in 0 < x< .
20. Find F.S.T of (e
-ax
- e
-bx
) / x.

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PART B
1. A function f(x) is defined as f(x) = 1 if |x| < 1
0 , otherwise . Using Fourier

integral representation of f(x). Hence evaluate [sin s/ s]

cos sx ds in 0 < x< .

2. A function f(x) is defined as f(x) = 1 if |x| < 1
0 , otherwise . Using Fourier
cosine integral representation of f(x). Hence evaluate [sin s/ s]

cos sx ds in
0 < x < .
3. Find the F.T of f(x) is defined as f(x) = 1 if |x| < 1
0 , otherwise . Hence evaluate
(i) [sin / ]

d (ii) [sin
2
/
2
]

d in (0 , ).
4. Find the F.T of f(x) is defined as f(x) = a -|x| if |x| < a
0 , otherwise . Hence evaluate
(i) [sin / ]
2
d in (0 , ). (ii) [sin / ]
4
d in (0 , ).

5. Find the F.T of f(x) is defined as f(x) = 1 x
2
if |x| < 1
0 , otherwise . Hence evaluate
(i) [sin t t cos t/ t
3
]

dt in (0 , ). (ii) [x cos x - sin x / x
3
] cos (x /2)dx in (0 , ).

6. Find the F.T of f(x) is defined as f(x) = e
-a2x2
,a >0. Hence S.T e
-x2 / 2
is self reciprocal
under F.T.
7. Find the F.T of e
-|x|
and hence find the F.T of e
-|x|
cos 2x.
8. Obtain the F.S.T of f(x) = x if 0 <x < 1
2 x if 1<x<2
0 , otherwise
9. Find the F.C.T of f(x) is defined as f(x) = cos x if 0 <x < a
0 , otherwise .
10. State and Prove Parsevals Identity.
11. Find the F.S.T and F.C.T of x
n-1
, where 0 < n< 1, x >0 . Deduce that 1/ x is self-
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reciprocal under both F.S.T and F.C.T.
12. Find the F.S.T of e
-ax
/ x . Hence find F.S.T of 1 / x.
13. Evaluate [dx / (a
2
+ x
2
) (b
2
+ x
2
)

]

dx in (0 , ).
14. Find F
c
{f (x)}.
15. Solve the integral equation [f(x) cos x]

dx in (0 , ) and also [cos x / ( 1 +
2
)]

d
in (0 , ).

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Z TRANSFORM

PART A

1. Define Z transform of sequence U
n
.
2. Find Z [ a
n
]
3. Find Z [ n ]
4. Find Z [ c ], where c is any constant.
5. Find Z [ cos n ]
6. Find Z [ sin n ]
7. State Damping rule.
8. Define Z transform of f(t)
9. Find Z [ e
at
]
10. Find Z [ t ]
11. Find Z [ e
at
f(t) ]
12. State second shifting property of Z transform.
13. State convolution theorem of Z transform.
14. State final value theorem.
15. State initial value theorem.
16. Find Z [ 1 / n ]
17. Find Z [ 1 / n! ]
18. Find Z [ 1 / n ( n + 1) ]
19. Find Z [ 2 n
2
+ 3 n + 7 ]
20. Find Z [ n
p
]
PART B

21. Find Z [ a
n
cos n ] and Z [a
n
sin n ]
22. Find Z [a
n
n
2
].
23. Find Z [ cos n/2 ] and Z [ sin n/2 ]
24. Find the Z transforms of the following (i) e
an
(ii) n e
an
25. Find the Z transform of (i) cosh n (ii) a
n
cosh n
26. Find Z [ cos ( n/2 + /4 ) ]

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w
w
w
.
r
e
j
i
n
p
a
u
l
.
c
o
m
w
w
w
.
r
e
j
i
n
p
a
u
l
.
c
o
m

27. Find the Z transform of (i)
n
c
p
(ii)
n+p
c
p
28. Find the Z transform of unit impulse sequence and unit step sequence.
29. Find the Z transform of (i) sinh n (ii) a
n
sinh n
30. Find Z [ e
t
sin2t ] and Z [ e
-2t
sin3t ].
31. Find the inverse Z transform of z / ( z + 1 )
2
by division method.
32. Find the inverse Z transform of { 2 z
2
+ 3z } / ( z + 2) ( z 4 ) by partial
fractions method.
33. Find the inverse Z transform of ( z
3
20 z ) / ( z 2 )
3
( z 4 ) by partial
fraction method.
34. Find the inverse Z transform of 10 z / ( z-1) ( z-2) by inversion integral
method.
35. Find the inverse Z transform of 2z / ( z -1 ) ( z - i ) ( z + I ) by inversion
integral method.
36. Using convolution theorem , evaluate the inverse Z transform of
z
2
/ ( z -a ) ( z - b )
37. Using convolution theorem , evaluate the inverse Z transform of
z
2
/ ( z a)
2
38. Show that ( 1/ n! ) * (1/ n! ) = 2
n
/ n!
39. Solve y
n+2
+ 6 y
n+1
+ 9y
n
= 2
n
with y
0
= y
1
= 0, using Z transform.
40. Solve y
n+2
- 2 y
n+1
+ y
n
= 3n + 5.
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