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Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering

BKG3721
Fuel & Combustion Lab
Experiment 05
GAS E!E" CAL#B"A!#$%&#%'#(#')AL
E!E"
%ame
atri* %o+
Group
,ro-ram
Se*tion
'ate
Sem+ 11 & Session 2012.2013
1+0 $b/e*ti0e
BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

To provide hands on experience and enhance the understanding on
the principles of gas meter calibration using the reference meter
concept. The system used in this experiment is the
SOLTEQ/CL/!"!#/$$ Calibration Station.
2+0 #ntro2u*tion
The calibration process as conducted in this experiment follo%s the
international standards as practiced by the industry. The experience
and exposure gained from doing this experiment %ill enhance the
understanding of gas meter design and operation.
&n this particular experiment' system stabili(ation is closely lin)ed
%ith the time period and steady state process. &n order to reach
stabili(ed supply of the compressed air medium' buffering is re*uired
to ensure consistent supply by maintaining constant do%nstream
demand. &f large fluctuation occurs in the do%nstream demand'
stability might not be reached. y ensuring sufficient gas supply and
appropriate flo% control' operation accuracy and verification of gas
meter should be achieved.
&t is important to remember that since the supply pressure by the
portable gas cylinder is relatively high' pressure regulator must be
employed and appropriate safety precaution exercised. The control
of opening and closing of the isolation valve should be made
carefully.
The second stage regulator is employed to ensure gas supply does
not exceed the maximum operating pressure of %et type gas meter
to about "# + %.c.. Touch,screen -C installed should be operated only
after basic operation of the system is thoroughly understood.
.lo% control is by means of using the appropriate hand valves. Each
pressure sensing line should be made up to al%ays in the opening
position. The closing and opening of isolation hand valves should
follo% the instruction belo%.
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

/Note: Air Compressor will immediately stop, once the Air Receiving
Unit reaches its setpoint. The compressor will be automatically
triggered if this pressure is reduced.0
3+0 Experimental ,ro*e2ures
3+2 #n2i0i2ual (eri3i*ation o3 'iap4ra-m Gas eter
3+2+1 'iap4ra-m eter %o+1 an2 "e3eren*e eter
a. $ecord the initial reading of reference %et type
meter and meter no.". $ecord also the reading of
the pressure and temperature of the related
position using online touch,screen system.
b. Open isolation valves nos 1 2,S3T' 2,$E.' 2,"' 2,4'
2,5' 2,6' 2,"4 and ,"7.
c. Open the gas supply system from cylinders.
d. Ensure isolation valves 2,8' 2,#' 2,7' 2,9' 2,:' 2,
"!' 2,""' 2,"8' 2,"# and 2,LO3; is fully closed.
e. <radually' open the 2,LO3; valves.
f. Simultaneously' start the stop %atch.
g. 3t the end of 4 minutes record the pressure'
temperature and meter reading at reference meter
and meter no.".
h. 3t the end of # minutes repeat the above
instruction /g0.
i. Close isolation valve 2,LO3; at this particular
moment.
=. Stop the stop %atch.
). Stop the gas supply from the cylinders by closing
the valve 2,S3T.
l. Tabulate results.
3+2+2 'iap4ra-m eter %o+2 an2 "e3eren*e eter
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

a. $ecord the initial reading of reference %et type
meter and meter no.4. $ecord also the reading of
the pressure and temperature of the related
position using online touch,screen system.
b. Open isolation valves nos1 2,S3T' 2,$E.' 2,8' 2,#'
2,7' 2,6' 2,"4 and 2,"7.
c. Open the gas supply system from cylinders.
d. Ensure isolation valves 2,"' 2,4' 2,5' 2,9' 2,:' 2,
"!' 2,""' 2,"8' 2,"# and 2,LO3; is fully closed.
e. <radually' open the 2,LO3; valves.
f. Simultaneously' start the stop %atch.
g. 3t the end of 4 minutes record the pressure'
temperature and meter reading at reference meter
and meter no4
h. 3t the end of # minutes repeat the above
instruction /g0.
i. Close isolation valve 2,LO3; at this particular
moment.
=. Stop the stop %atch.
). Stop the gas supply from the cylinders by closing
the valve 2,S3T.
l. Tabulate results.
3+2+3 'iap4ra-m eter %o+3 an2 "e3eren*e eter
a. $ecord the initial reading of reference %et type
meter and meter no.8. $ecord also the reading of
the pressure and temperature of the related
position using online touch,screen system.
b. Open isolation valves nos 1 2,S3T' 2,$E.' 2,8' 2,5'
2,9' 2,:' 2,"4 and 2,"7.
c. Open the gas supply system from cylinders.
d. Ensure isolation valves 2,"' 2,4' 2,#' 2,7' 2,6' 2,
"!' 2,""' 2,"8' 2,"# and 2,LO3; is fully closed.
e. <radually' open the 2,LO3; valves.
f. Simultaneously' start the stop %atch.
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

g. 3t the end of 4 minutes record the pressure'
temperature and meter reading at reference meter
and meter no.8.
h. 3t the end of # minutes repeat the above
instruction /g0.
i. Close isolation valve 2,LO3; at this particular
moment.
=. Stop the stop %atch.
). Stop the gas supply from the cylinders by closing
the valve 2,S3T.
l. Tabulate results.
3+2+5 'iap4ra-m eter %o+5 an2 "e3eren*e eter
a. $ecord the initial reading of reference %et type
meter and meter no.#. $ecord also the reading of
the pressure and temperature of the related
position using online touch,screen system.
b. Open isolation valves nos 1 2,S3T' 2,$E.' 2,8' 2,5'
2,6' 2,"!' 2,"" and 2,"7.
c. Open the gas supply system from cylinders.
d. Ensure isolation valves 2,"' 2,4' 2,#' 2,7' 2,9' 2,
:' 2,"4' 2,"8' 2,"# and 2,LO3; is fully closed.
e. <radually' open the 2,LO3; valves.
f. Simultaneously' start the stop %atch.
g. 3t the end of 4 minutes record the pressure'
temperature and meter reading at reference meter
and meter no#.
h. 3t the end of # minutes repeat the above
instruction /g0.
i. Close isolation valve 2,LO3; at this particular
moment.
=. Stop the stop %atch.
). Stop the gas supply from the cylinders by closing
the valve 2,S3T.
l. Tabulate results.
3+2+5 'iap4ra-m eter %o+5 an2 "e3eren*e eter
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

a. $ecord the initial reading of reference %et type
meter and meter no7. $ecord also the reading of
the pressure and temperature of the related
position using online touch,screen system.
b. Open isolation valves nos 1 2,S3T' 2,$E.' 2,8' 2,5'
2,6' 2,"4' 2,"8 and 2,"#.
c. Open the gas supply system from cylinders.
d. Ensure isolation valves 2,"' 2,4' 2,#' 2,7' 2,9' 2,
:' 2,"!' 2,""' 2,"7 and 2,LO3; is fully closed.
e. <radually' open the 2,LO3; valves.
f. Simultaneously' start the stop %atch.
g. 3t the end of 4 minutes record the pressure'
temperature and meter reading at reference meter
and meter no7.
h. 3t the end of # minutes repeat the above
instruction /g0.
i. Close isolation valve 2,LO3; at this particular
moment.
=. Stop the stop %atch.
). Stop the gas supply from the cylinders by closing
the valve 2,S3T.
l. Tabulate results.
5+0 "esults
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

5+1 #n2i0i2ual (eri3i*ation o3 'iap4ra-m Gas eter
!able 5+1+1 'iap4ra-m eter %o+1 an2 "e3eren*e eter
Temperatur
e
(
o
C)
Pressure
(bar)
Initial Volume, V
1
(L)
Final Volume,
V
o
(L)
V
o
-V
1
(L)
First Two Minutes
Meter No1
Ref Meter
Four Minutes
Meter No1
Ref Meter
!able 5+1+2 'iap4ra-m eter %o+2 an2 "e3eren*e eter
Temperatur
e
(
o
C)
Pressure
(bar)
Initial Volume, V
1
(L)
Final Volume,
V
o
(L)
V
o
-V
1
(L)
First Two Minutes
Meter No!
Ref Meter
Four Minutes
Meter No!
Ref Meter
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

!able 5+1+3 'iap4ra-m eter %o+3 an2 "e3eren*e eter
Temperatur
e
(
o
C)
Pressure
(bar)
Initial Volume, V
1
(L)
Final Volume,
V
o
(L)
V
o
-V
1
(L)
First Two Minutes
Meter No"
Ref Meter
Four Minutes
Meter No"
Ref Meter
!able 5+1+5 'iap4ra-m eter %o5 an2 "e3eren*e eter
Temperatur
e
(
o
C)
Pressure
(bar)
Initial Volume, V
1
(L)
Final Volume,
V
o
(L)
V
o
-V
1
(L)
First Two Minutes
Meter No#
Ref Meter
Four Minutes
Meter No#
Ref Meter
!able 5+1+5 'iap4ra-m eter %o5 an2 "e3eren*e eter
Temperatur
e
(
o
C)
Pressure
(bar)
Initial Volume, V
1
(L)
Final Volume,
V
o
(L)
V
o
-V
1
(L)
First Two Minutes
Meter No$
Ref Meter
Four Minutes
Meter No$
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

Ref Meter
!able 5+3 CALC)LA!#%G ,E"CE%!AGE $F E""$"S A%'
C$""EC!#$% FAC!$"S
Meter % &imultanreousl% In'i(i'uall%
) *rror ) Corre+tion ) *rror ) Corre+tion
Meter No1
Meter No!
Meter No"
Meter No#
Meter No$
Formula6
> Error ? meter y reading @ reference meter reading x "!!
meter y reading
> Correction ? reference meter reading @ meter y reading x "!!
reference meter reading

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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

5+0 A%AL7S#S
-lot the percent error and percent correction against the meter y for
the simultaneous case on the graph paper provided. $epeat the plot
for the individual case on the same graph paper.
a0 <ive reasons %hy the pressure throughout the system
continually drops right to the exit.
b0 Explain %hy domestic gas meter re*uires calibration.
c0 Ahy do %e need to calculate the percentage errors and
percentage correction in this experimentB
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

Fi-ure 18 S*4emati* 'ia-ram o3 Flo9 Control S:stem
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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

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BKG3751 1 Fuel an2 Combustion Lab Sem ##&2012.2013

<raph paper
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