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Crane Beam

Design
Release 2.0
Fastrak Elements
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Fastrak Crane Beam Design documentation: Fastrak Crane Beam Design software:
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All rights reserved. All rights reserved.
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Table of Contents
Crane Beam Design
Release 2.0
Contents : 5
Crane BeamDesign Manual
Crane Beam Design Release 2.0
Table of Contents
Users Guide
1 Introducing Crane Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Introducing Crane Beam features . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Introducing Crane Beam documentation . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2 Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Checking your package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
System requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
System software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Disc space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
What next ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3 Starting to use Crane Beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Becoming familiar with Crane Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Crane Beam Main window . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Crane Beam Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
To move a toolbar to a particular position . . . . . . . . . . . 24
To change the shape of a floating toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . 25
The Standard Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
The Beam, Loading, Design toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
The Beam Details View Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
The View Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
The Loading and Analysis Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Contents : 6
The Report Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Crane Beam Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Using help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
To use context sensitive help . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
To use the help menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Exiting Crane Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
To close Crane Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
4 Understanding Crane Beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Crane Beam Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
5 Setting preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Understanding preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Setting preferences for Crane Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
To set units preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
To set design preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
To set Colours preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
6 Controlling display content . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Controlling the Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
To remove a Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
To reinstate the Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Controlling the Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
To remove the Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
To reinstate the Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Controlling the Workbook tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
To remove the Workbook tabs. . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
To reinstate the Workbook tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Controlling the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
To remove the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
To reinstate the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
To choose a docked or a floating Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . 51
Controlling the content of the display . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
To set Beam Definition Display Properties . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Contents : 7
To set Analysis Results display Properties . . . . . . . . . . . 54
7 Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display . . . . . . . 56
Zooming the display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
To zoom into an area of the display . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
To move between different views . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
To zoom in-to or out-from the centre of the display . . . . . . . . . 60
To rotate the view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Using standard views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
To use standard views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
To return the Analysis Results window to its initial state. . . . . . . . . 62
8 Defining a Crane Beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Defining a new project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
To create a new project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Saving a project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
To save a project for the first time . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
To save a project which has been changed. . . . . . . . . . . 66
Closing a project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
To close a project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Opening a project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
To open a project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
To open a project using drag and drop . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Merging projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
To merge projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
To merge projects using drag and drop . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Sending mail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
To send mail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Modifying the reference details for a project . . . . . . . . . . . 73
To modify the project details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Adding a new crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
To create a new crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Defining Crane Beam Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
To define the crane beam size . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
To define the crane beam spans . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Contents : 8
To define the crane details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
To define the rail details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
To define the wheel loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
To define the bearing details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
To define other design needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
To define welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Modifying project details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
To modify project details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Modifying a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
To change the reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
To modify the crane beam details . . . . . . . . . . . 100
9 Viewing Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Performing the design . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Viewing the results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
To view the design summary . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
To view the overall summary . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
To use the summaries effectively . . . . . . . . . . . 105
10 Creating a report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Setting up the Page Details . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
To set the page format details . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
To set the page header and footer details . . . . . . . . . . 109
To set the font details . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Specifying the content of the report . . . . . . . . . . . 111
To set the level of output for the beams in your project . . . . . . . . 112
To change the standard report contents . . . . . . . . . . 113
To reset the default contents for a particular level . . . . . . . . 115
Controlling the information contained in the report . . . . . . . . 117
To set project report content . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
To set overall report content . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
To set local report content design . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Repeating settings across design cases . . . . . . . . . . 121
To copy design case settings . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Repeating settings between crane beams . . . . . . . . . . 123
To copy report settings between crane beams . . . . . . . . . 123
Contents : 9
Viewing the report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
To view an existing report . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Using the report window . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
To move through the report . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
To control the view of the report . . . . . . . . . . . 126
To print the report . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
To transfer the report to TEDDS . . . . . . . . . . . 130
To transfer the report to Word . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
11 Using the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Controlling the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . 133
To hide the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . 133
To show the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . 134
To allow docking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
To change the size of a docked Project Workspace . . . . . . . . 135
To change the position of a floating Project Workspace. . . . . . . . 135
Manipulating the view of the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . . 135
To use the Project Workspace effectively . . . . . . . . . . 136
Manipulating projects with the Project Workspace . . . . . . . . 136
To pick the crane beam on which to work . . . . . . . . . . 136
To add a new crane beam to a project . . . . . . . . . . 136
To change the reference details for a crane beam . . . . . . . . 137
Copying a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
To copy a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Deleting a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
To delete a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
12 Other Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Using other features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Customizing the menu and toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . 139
To set menu and toolbar options . . . . . . . . . . . 140
To customize the menu bar and toolbars . . . . . . . . . . 141
To pick the toolbars that are displayed . . . . . . . . . . 142
To remove icons from a toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . 142
To move icons between toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . 143
To create a new toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Contents : 10
To add new icons to a toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
To delete a custom toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
To reset a standard toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Engineers Handbook
1 Crane Beam Handbook. . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Key features of Crane Beam Design . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Crane Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Bearing/buckling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Modelling two cranes that work in tandem . . . . . . . . . . 157
Index
Users Guide
Crane Beam Design
Release 2.0
Chapter 1 : Introducing Crane Beam : 12
1
Introducing Crane Beam
Introducing
Crane Beam
features
Welcome to Crane Beam, an application which allows you to define and check a
comprehensive range of crane beams appropriate to Portal Frame Design,
Multi-Storey Building Design.
Introducing
Crane Beam
documentation
Crane Beam comes with the following online information:
On-line Help - Procedural steps for all Crane Beam functions, explanations of all
Help messages and a summary of all features in the software.
Electronic Manual - The Users Guide and Engineers Handbook are provided in
electronic format as an Adobe Acrobat (.pdf ) file. The current version of the
Adobe Acrobat Reader is provided on the CD.
Chapter 2 : Getting Started : 13
2
Getting Started
Checking your
package
This section lists the discs and documentation in your Crane Beam package. Take
time now to check the contents of your package. If your package is not complete,
contact your software dealer or supplier.
Discs Your Crane Beam package contains a CD.
System
requirements
This section describes the hardware, system software, memory and disc space
requirements that your computer needs in order to run Crane Beam.
Hardware
Crane Beam requires a computer capable of running Microsoft Windows
1
.
System software You must have Windows installed and running on your computer to install and
use Crane Beam.
Memory Crane Beam needs 32 MB of RAM although 64 MB is preferable.
Disc space Crane Beam requires a minimum of 5 MB of available hard disc space.
What next ?
For those of you who like reading, the following covers all parts of Crane Beam in
depth. Alternatively you may just want to start using Crane Beam and only use the
documentation when you have specific questions.
1. Either Microsoft Windows 98 (or higher) or Microsoft Windows NT Version 4.0 (or
higher). All versions are referred to by the term Windows. Crane Beam may not run correctly on
Windows emulators.
Chapter 2 : Getting Started : 14
Note No matter what your preference is, please remember that
extensive on-line help is available when you are running Crane
Beam. Simply pick Hel p from the menu, or press the F1 key
on your keyboard.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 15
3
Starting to use Crane Beam
Becoming
familiar with
Crane Beam
In Crane Beam you always work on a Proj ect . Each Pr oj ect can contain all the
crane beams for a particular job (limited only by the memory and resources
available on your computer). You can open as many projects as you like (again
limited only by the memory and resources) into Crane Beam.
When you launch Crane Beam and open a project, then you will see the Project
Workspace window. This shows you all the projects that you have opened and the
crane beams that you have defined within them. The Project Workspace allows
you to manipulate (copy, rename, edit or delete) those crane beams at will. The
Project Workspace also allows you to open any crane beam Definition windows
that you have closed for any reason.
For each Pr oj ect there is also a Report window which shows you the information
that will be included in the output exactly as it will appear on the printed page.
You can therefore ensure that the information you need is included in the report
before printing it, transferring it to TEDDS or transferring it to Microsoft Word.
For each Crane Beam in the project there are two distinct windows:
the Definition window (which appears for every crane beam), is the one you
use to define the various parts of the crane beam, and where you see a
graphical representation showing the items you have defined.
The Results Viewer which appears as soon as you have defined the crane beam
in sufficient detail (if auto design is switched on) or when you choose to
perform the design. This viewer (the Design Summary Property Sheet) indicates
the status of the design as it stands at the moment and allows you to see
particular results in more detail.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 16
Note If you save a project to disc all the crane beam definitions and
results are stored with it. However, when you recall the
project, you will only see the Def i ni ti on windows. This
approach is used in order to reduce screen clutter. However if
you click the Tool bar Desi gn I con or select the Desi gn /
Desi gn Crane Beam menu option for any definition window,
then this shows you the Desi gn Summary Property
Sheet for that crane beam without performing a redesign.
If you are a first time user it is a good idea to take a few seconds to acquaint
yourself with each of these views. Familiarise yourself with the terms and
concepts introduced in the following sections before you start using the
application, such familiarisation will reward you in the long run, because you will
be able to use Crane Beam quickly and efficiently.
An overview of the main Crane Beam window and each of the views is outlined
below, further information on each view is covered in more depth in the later
parts of this Users Guide.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 17
Crane Beam Main
window
The main Crane Beam window and the various windows that can be displayed are
shown and labelled in the figure below.
Toolbars Display related sets of icons (small symbols) that represent short-cuts for many
Crane Beam commands.
Toolbars
Crane
beam
definition
Project
workspace
Analysis
results
Workbook tabs Status bar
Report
view
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 18
Tip If you allow the pointer to stay over a Tool bar icon for a
short while you will see a Tool Tip which indicates the action
that the icon will perform if you click it.
Help For further details on the various Tool bar icons see:
The Standard Tool bar on page 26,
The Beam, Loadi ng, Desi gn tool bar on page 28,
The Beam Detai l s Vi ew Tool bar on page 30,
The View Tool bar on page 32,
The Report Tool bar on page 35,
The Loadi ng and Anal ysi s Tool bar on page 35.
Help You can choose whether or not you want to display a
particular Tool bar. For further information see Control ling
the Tool bars on page 49.
T
?
?
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 19
Crane Beam
Definition Window
Shows a picture of the current crane beam. You can click on the beam to access
the property sheet where you define its details. You can view the entire crane
beam, or zoom in to see a particular part in more detail.
Project Workspace
Window
Shows all the crane beams in your current project.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 20
Design Summary The Design Summary gives you an overview of the design, and then allows you to
access the different checks in more detail. The summary appears when you
choose to perform the design.
The summary shows you the individual checks that have been performed on the
crane beam.
You can view the individual design checks for the crane beam in more detail by
picking the appropriate tab from the top of the Design Summary property sheet or
by double clicking the Design Condition.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 21
The analysis results
window
This view shows you the results of the analysis of the current crane beam. A
representation of a typical analysis is shown below.
Note The values have been removed from the above diagram for
clarity. They can be added as and when you choose.
You can choose the loading condition which is shown in the window by selecting
it from the Loading and Analysis toolbar.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 22
The report window This view shows you the calculations that have been performed for all the crane
beams in the current project, exactly as they will appear on the printed page. You
can also tailor the content of the report ensuring that it meets your particular
requirements. A representation of a typical report is shown below.
Status Bar This shows information which relates to the status of the current connection
definition and design in Crane Beam.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 23
If you select a menu option, then the status bar gives one line of help information
telling you exactly what the effect of that menu option will be.
Crane Beam
Toolbars
There are six toolbars available in Crane Beam:
the Standard toolbar,
the Beam, Loading, Design toolbar,
the Beam Details View toolbar,
the View toolbar,
the Report toolbar,
the Loading and Analysis toolbar,
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 24
These toolbars allow you to access many of Crane Beams features directly, instead
of having to select them from the menus.
All the toolbars operate in a similar manner:
they all contain tool icons that you choose to access particular features,
they can all be placed wherever you like on the screen,
they can all be switched on or off at will,
you can choose the number of rows and columns which are used to display
the I cons that the toolbar contains,
You can dock any Toolbar against the edge of the main Crane Beam window.
Help For further information on a particular toolbar see:
The Standard Tool bar on page 26,
The Beam, Loadi ng, Desi gn tool bar on page 28,
The Beam Detai l s Vi ew Tool bar on page 30,
The View Tool bar on page 32,
The Report Tool bar on page 35,
The Loadi ng and Anal ysi s Tool bar on page 35.
where you will find the features summarised.
Note If you can use a toolbar icon to access a particular feature,
then you will see its icon to the left of the descriptive text.
To move a toolbar
to a particular
position
1. Point between icons on a toolbar (or the toolbar title for a floating toolbar).
2. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the toolbar to a new location. If
you drag it to the edge of the Crane Beam window, the toolbar will dock to the
edge of the window automatically. If you drag it to any other point on the
screen the toolbar will become a floating toolbar at that position.
?
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 25
To change the
shape of a floating
toolbar
1. Point over the edge of the toolbar, and then, holding the left mouse button
down, drag the edge of the toolbar. The shape of the toolbar will change in
steps which fit the icons that have to be displayed most efficiently.
The features accessed by the icons on the each of the Toolbars are summarised
below.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 26
The Standard
Toolbar
Gives you access to the following features:
Icon Name Function
New project Create a new project, giving the project details,
selecting the type of the crane beam and then
entering the appropriate details. Once these are
complete a new crane beam definition window is
opened showing the crane beam that you have
defined.
see Def i ni ng a new pr oj ect on page 63.
Open project Allows you to open a previously saved project,
recovering the information for all the crane beams
that it contains from disk.
see Openi ng a pr oj ect on page 67.
Save project Allows you to save the current project, with all the
crane beams that it contains to disk, so that you can
recall it later for amendments or to allow additional
calculations to be performed.
see Savi ng a pr oj ect on page 65.
Send mail Create an email attachment of the current project.
see Sendi ng mai l on page 71.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 27
Report
Content
Pick the items that are to be included in the report,
so that it contains the correct level of information
when you print it.
see Speci f yi ng t he cont ent of t he r epor t on
page 111.
Report View Display the report as it will appear when printed
out. Use the view in conjunction with the Report
Options icon to tailor the report to your
requirements.
see Vi ewi ng t he r epor t on page 125.
Print Produce a hard copy of some or all of the
calculations for the project for submission to
checking authorities, or for archive purposes.
see To pr i nt t he r epor t on page 129.
About Access the Crane Beam help system to show details
of the application name, version number and
copyright details.
Icon Name Function
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 28
The Beam,
Loading, Design
toolbar
Gives you access to the following features:
Icon Name Function
Crane Beam
Size
Allows you to define the size of the crane beam and
any associated channel or plate.
see To def i ne t he crane beam si ze on page 76.
Crane Beam
Spans
Allows you to define the span of the crane beam
between its supports. You can define single and
multiple span beams.
see To def i ne t he crane beam spans on
page 81.
Crane Beam
Details
Allows you to define the details of the crane which
the crane beam is to carry.
see To def i ne t he crane det ai l s on page 82.
Rail Allows you to define the details of the rail on the top
of the crane beam.
see To def i ne t he rai l det ai l s on page 85.
Wheel loads Allows you to see the details of the calculated loads
that the crane beam has to carry. These are
calculated from the crane details. You can override
the automatically calculated values if necessary.
see To def i ne t he wheel l oads on page 86.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 29
Bearing
details
Allows you to specify the bearing details for the
crane beam. You can define different bearing details
for the end and internal condition.
see To def i ne t he bear i ng det ai l s on page 89.
Design data Allows you to specify other information which
controls the design of the crane beam. You can set
partial safety factors, deflection limits and such like.
see To def i ne ot her desi gn needs on page 94.
Perform
Design
Check the adequacy of the current crane beam or
regenerate the Design Summary if it is closed.
see Per f or mi ng t he desi gn on page 102.
Icon Name Function
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 30
The Beam Details
View Toolbar
Gives you access to the following features: This toolbar allows you to control the
view of the beam in the Beam Definition window:
Icon Name Function
Zoom Area Allows you to see a particular part of the beam in
more detail interactively from the graphical display.
see To zoom i nt o an ar ea of t he di spl ay on
page 58.
Note You can use the zoom tool progressively to see a
part of the display in more and more detail.
Zoom Extents Returns the view of the Analysis Results window to
its initial state (not zoomed).
see To r et ur n t he Anal ysi s Resul t s wi ndow t o
i t s i ni t i al st at e on page 62.
Note This icon duplicates the Fi rst icon on the Vi ew
toolbar.
Front View - View the beam from the front.
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
Note If you click this or any of the Vi ew icons listed
below the display resets to show the entire beam
from that direction.
Top View View the beam from the top.
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 31
Left View View the beam from the left.
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
Back View View the beam from the back.
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
Bottom View View the beam from the bottom.
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
Right View View the beam from the right.
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
View
South-West
View the beam from the southwest (bottom left).
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
View
South-East
View the beam from the southeast (bottom right).
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
View
North-East
View the beam from the northeast (top right).
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
View
North-West
View the beam from the northwest (top left).
see To use st andar d vi ews on page 61.
Icon Name Function
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 32
The View Toolbar This toolbar controls all views on the screen, its functionality depends on the
active window.
Note If an option is not possible, then the appropriate view icon is
dimmed.
Example If you are already viewing the first page of a report, then both
the Fi rst and Previ ous icons will be dimmed.
Beam Definition and Analysis Results
E
Icon Name Function
First Shows the first available view of the beam.
see To move bet ween di f f er ent vi ews on
page 59.
Note Many views are stored as you zoom, pan and rotate
the beam. You can navigate through these using
this toolbar.
Previous Shows the previous view of the beam.
see To move bet ween di f f er ent vi ews on
page 59.
Next Shows the next view of the beam.
see To move bet ween di f f er ent vi ews on
page 59.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 33
Last Shows the last view of the beam.
see To move bet ween di f f er ent vi ews on
page 59.
Properties Shows the Properties dialog which allows you to
control the beam details and annotations that are
shown in the Beam Definition window.
see To set Beam Def i ni t i on Di spl ay
Pr oper t i es on page 53 and To set Anal ysi s
Resul t s di spl ay Proper t i es on page 54.
Icon Name Function
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 34
Report
oooo
Icon Name Function
First Shows the first page of the report.
see To move t hr ough t he repor t on page 126.
Previous Shows the previous page of the report.
see To move t hr ough t he repor t on page 126.
Next Shows the next page of the report.
see To move t hr ough t he repor t on page 126.
Last Shows the last page of the report.
see To move t hr ough t he repor t on page 126.
Properties Shows the Properties dialog (which informs you that
there are no properties for the Report window).
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 35
The Loading and
Analysis Toolbar
Gives you access to the following features:
The Report Toolbar Gives you access to the following features:
Icon Name Function
Loading
condition
allows you to control which loading
condition is shown in the analysis
results window.
see The anal ysi s r esul t s
wi ndow on page 21.
Icon Name Function
Fit width sets the display so that the width of the report takes
up the full width of the report window.
see To vi ew t he repor t i n page wi dt h f or mat
on page 127.
Single page sets the display so that a single page of the report
appears in the report window.
see To vi ew t he r epor t i n f ul l page f or mat
on page 128.
Double page sets the display so that two pages of the report
appear in the report window.
see To vi ew t he r epor t i n doubl e page
f or mat on page 129.
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 36
Crane Beam
Project
Workspace
The Crane Beam Project Workspace allows you to see at a glance the crane beams in
your current project. The Project Workspace also allows you to:
choose the crane beam that you want to work on,
add a new crane beam to the a project,
change the reference of a crane beam,
change the details of the crane beam,
copy a crane beam within a project,
delete a crane beam,
open the Definition window for any crane beam that is not currently shown.
You can also choose whether or not the Project Workspace is to be displayed, and
if so its location and appearance within the main Crane Beam application window.
Help For further information on the Proj ect Workspace see
Usi ng the Project Workspace on page 132
Export TEDDS allows you to export the report for inclusion in a
TEDDS calculation document.
see To t ransf er t he r epor t t o TEDDS on
page 130.
Export Word allows you to export the current report directly to
Microsoft Word.
see To t ransf er t he r epor t t o Wor d on
page 130.
Icon Name Function
?
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 37
Using help
Using the Microsoft Help Program, Crane Beam provides on-line Help for every
function. You can Resize, Move, Tile, or Cascade the Help window and Crane Beam
so that you can keep both of them displayed.
There are several ways to obtain on-line Help:
Crane Beam provides a description of the command associated with a Toolbar
icon when you use the right mouse button when the cursor is positioned over
the icon.
Context sensitive help this is available in all dialogs through use of the F1
key, many dialogs have Help which will also access the context sensitive help
for that dialog.
Help menu this gives full access to the Crane Beam help system with all the
search facilities that your version of Windows supports.
Help about this gives details of the version of Crane Beam design that you are
using.
To use context
sensitive help
Crane Beam provides help based on the function you are using.
1. Select an option to display its associated dialog and then press F1 on the
keyboard and Crane Beam displays the appropriate help topic.
To use the help
menu
1. Select Help/Help Topics or Help/About
Chapter 3 : Starting to use Crane Beam : 38
Exiting Crane
Beam
Before leaving Crane Beam you should ensure that you have saved any
information that you subsequently require. If you fail to do this, Crane Beam will
warn you.
Take note of the warning and select the appropriate option from the dialog.
To close Crane
Beam
1. Select File/Exit.
Chapter 4 : Understanding Crane Beam : 39
4
Understanding Crane Beam
Crane Beam is an extremely advanced product, using state of the art Windows
techniques, combined with CSCs years of experience in the design of structures
to enable you to achieve extremely competitive solutions easily. At CSC we are
rightly proud of this application, and hope that it will increase your productivity,
while at the same time making your work more enjoyable.
Crane Beam
Basics
Crane Beam is a powerful Windows based design and checking tool for defining
and checking a wide range of crane beams.
Crane Beam adheres to Microsoft Windows conventions and to the standard CSC
dialog style guide. This means that the operation of this application will be
similar to the operation of all other CSC design applications. You can therefore
get on with performing your designs, rather than worrying about how the
program works.
As with any advanced application it is necessary to familiarise yourself with the
terminology that is used, and some fundamental concepts. Taking the time to
understand these now will amply reward you with increased productivity later.
Projects Crane Beam is based around the concept of a Pr oj ect . This project may contain a
single crane beam, or it may contain many. You define the layout and loading for
each crane beam that you need (creating them from scratch or copying
previously defined crane beams and amending them as necessary).
Once this layout and loading is defined you can perform a complete check of the
crane beam for adequacy under all the appropriate conditions.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 40
5
Setting preferences
Understanding
preferences
Crane Beam allows you to set a range of Pref er ences which control the way that
it works. These preferences allow you to control the default values that Crane
Beam will propose for the various items of information that you must provide in
order to define your crane beam.
Obviously if some of the input has been automatically generated for you,
correctly, in this way, then it will take you less time to define a crane beam than if
you had to enter all the values yourself.
Note If any of the values proposed by Crane Beam (based on your
preferences) are not suitable for a particular crane beam,
then you can simply replace the default value with the
correct value for this particular case.
Setting
preferences for
Crane Beam
When you first start Crane Beam you will find that preferences are already set. If
you want to change these, then you do so at any stage.
Note You can change your preferences as often as you like.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 41
To set units
preferences
1. Select File/Preferences to see the Output Units page of the Preferences
property sheet.
2. First select the System of units that you prefer. The Items list shows the units
and preferences for your selected System.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 42
3. Initially Settings is dimmed and empty. However click an item in the Item
list and Settings will show the available options and the current Precision.
4. Pick your preferred Unit and set the Precision using the spin buttons.
Note You can change the precision at any time and the new
precision will be used immediately.
5. You can display small or large numbers using Exponential Format. This
setting applies to all units i.e. you can not set a different threshold for each
unit.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 43
6. Pick another page of the Preferences property sheet or click OK to save your
current preferences.
To set design
preferences
1. Select File/Preferences followed by Design
2. Select your Country Selection. The list of Steel Grades will show those for
this country.
3. If you want to use one of the listed steel grades as your default pick it and
click >> Default.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 44
Add steel grade
dialog
4. If you want to add a new steel grade, then click Add while you are viewing
the list of steel grades. You will see the Add Steel Grade dialog.
Enter the description for the Grade that you want to add.
If the design strength depends on the material thickness, then complete
the table of Thicknesses and Design Strengths.
If the design strength does not depend on the material thickness, then
enter a large value for the first Thickness (t1), the constant design
strength for the first Design strength value (fy1) and leave the other
thicknesses and strengths at zero.
Enter the values for Modulus of Elasticity (Youngs modulus), Poissons
ratio, Coefficient of linear thermal expansion and Density.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 45
Once your settings are complete click OK to return to the Preferences
property sheet. The grade that you have just added will be sorted into the
list of available grades.
5. If you want to change the data for an existing steel grade, then click Edit
while you are viewing the list of steel grades. You will see the Edit Steel Grade
dialog.
In this case the name of the grade cannot be changed and so it is
dimmed.
If the design strength depends on the material thickness, then complete
the table of Thicknesses and Design Strengths.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 46
If the design strength does not depend on the material thickness, then
enter a large value for the first Thickness (t1), the constant design
strength for the first Design strength value (fy1) and leave the other
thicknesses and strengths as zero.
Caution You should only change settings to cater for modifications to
design codes etc. The changed settings will be used for all
designs using this steel grade. Your changes might affect the
work of others.
If you want to use specific values resulting from material
tests etc. then we recommend that you add a new grade
containing this information and name it explicitly.
Enter the values for Modulus of Elasticity (Youngs modulus), Poissons
ratio, Coefficient of linear thermal expansion and Density.
Once your settings are complete click OK to return to the Preferences
property sheet. The grade that you have just added will be sorted into the
list of available grades.
6. Pick another page of the Preferences property sheet or click OK to save your
current preferences.
To set Colours
preferences
You use colour preferences to control the colour of the various parts of the
graphical connection display.
For a solid display the colour you choose is the base colour for that part of the
connection, however this will be affected by the lighting to give you a rendered
3-dimensional view of the beam.
!
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 47
For a wire frame view (i.e. when you are panning or rotating the display) the
colour you choose is the colour of the lines used for that part of the beam.
1. Select File/Preferences
You will see the Preferences property sheet showing the Units page. Pick the
Colours tab.
The colour swatch to the side of each component shows the base colour that
will be used for that component.
2. To select the colour for an item click the text relating to that item; you can
then either choose a colour from the swatches in the Colours part of the
dialog, or you can click Other to select the colour using the standard
Windows Colour dialog. Alternatively you can select the swatch for an item
which will take you to the Windows Colour dialog directly.
Chapter 5 : Setting preferences : 48
3. Pick another page of the Preferences property sheet or click OK to save your
current preferences.
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 49
6
Controlling display content
Normally Crane Beam displays every possible item on the screen which might lead
to a cluttered display. If this is so, then you can remove specific items to improve
clarity.
Controlling the
Toolbars
Crane Beam displays its Tool bar s immediately under the menu bar. You can
switch the toolbars off to give a larger area for the graphical display.
To remove a
Toolbar
1. Select View/Toolbar/Toolbar name
If a toolbar is displayed its name is ticked. Click the toolbar name to remove
it.
To reinstate the
Toolbar
1. Select View/Toolbar/Toolbar name
If a toolbar is not displayed its name is not ticked. Click the name to reinstate
it.
Controlling the
Status Bar
Crane Beam displays its St at us bar at the bottom of its window. The status bar is
used to give essential information about the current design.
Tip We recommend that you do not switch the status bar off
except as a temporary means of increasing the area available
for the graphical display.
To remove the
Status Bar
1. Select View/Status Bar
T
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 50
If the Status Bar is displayed its menu option is ticked. Click the Status Bar
menu option to remove the status bar,
To reinstate the
Status Bar
1. Select View/Status Bar
If the Status Bar is not displayed its menu option is not ticked. Click the
Status Bar menu option to reinstate the status bar,
Controlling the
Workbook tabs
Normally Crane Beam displays Workbook tabs at the bottom of its graphics area.
The workbook tabs allow you to switch between the various open graphical
displays.
To remove the
Workbook tabs
1. Select View/Workbook
If the Workbook tabs are displayed their menu option is ticked. Click the
Workbook menu option to remove them,
To reinstate the
Workbook tabs
1. Select View/Workbook
If the Workbook tabs are not displayed their menu option is not ticked.
Click the Workbook menu option to reinstate them,
Controlling the
Project
Workspace
Normally Crane Beam displays the Project Workspace. You can use the
workspace to see exactly which beams your project contains, to select the beam
that you want to work on and to access the Beam Details or Analysis Results
windows for that beam quickly. Furthermore you can choose whether the Project
Workspace can be Docked against the side of the main Crane Beam window, or
whether it is forced to be a Fl oat i ng window which can be positioned anywhere
on your Windows desktop.
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 51
To remove the
Project Workspace
1. Select View/Project Workspace
Mouse Click anywhere over the Proj ect Workspace with the
right mouse button, and pick Hi de on the context menu.
If the Project Workspace is displayed its menu option is ticked. Click the
Project Workspace menu option to remove the Project Workspace,
To reinstate the
Project Workspace
1. Select View/Project Workspace
If the Project Workspace is not displayed its menu option is now ticked.
Select the Project Workspace menu option to reinstate the Project
Workspace,
To choose a
docked or a
floating Project
Workspace
You can only select this option using the mouse. You must be able to see the
Project Workspace to make this choice.
Mouse Click anywhere over the Proj ect Workspace with the
right mouse button. If the Al l ow docki ng option is ticked,
then the Proj ect Workspace can be docked, otherwise it
cannot. Selecting the option switches Al l ow docki ng on and
off.
Note If Proj ect Workspace docking is allowed, and you switch
the Al l ow docki ng option off, then the Proj ect
Workspace will become a normal window at the point on
your Wi ndows desktop where it was positioned before it was
docked.
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 52
Note You can still position a docked Proj ect Workspace
anywhere on your Wi ndows desktop, by positioning the
cursor over its border, and then dragging using the left
mouse button. If Al l ow docki ng is switched on and you drag
and drop the Proj ect Workspace over the edge of the
Crane Beam window the Proj ect Workspace will dock to
that side of the window.
Controlling the
content of the
display
You can choose the information that you want to see in the Beam Definition and
Analysis Results windows. You do this using the Properties property sheet. The
instructions below explain how to get to this sheet. We recommend that you take
time to investigate the effects of the different combinations of settings for
yourself.
If your current window has no properties, but you have the Properties sheet open
it simply indicates that there are no properties available.
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 53
To set Beam
Definition
Display
Properties
1. Ensure that a Beam Definition window is active. Select View/Properties to
see the Properties property sheet this has two pages.
Ensure that the items that you want to display are ticked. As you tick items or
remove ticks the display is updated instantly.
If a non-graphical window is active, then you will see that the Properties
property sheet tells you that there are No properties available.
hp
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 54
To set
Analysis
Results
display Properties
1. Ensure that an Analysis Results window is active. Select View/Properties to
see the Properties property sheet this has four pages.
Chapter 6 : Controlling display content : 55
Ensure that the items that you want to display are ticked. As you tick items or
remove ticks the display is updated instantly.
Note If you switch all the options off for a particular diagram, then
that diagram will be completely removed from the display,
If a non-graphical window is active, then you will see that the Properties
property sheet tells you that there are No properties available.
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 56
7
Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical
display
When you create a beam and define its length, or if you change to a different
standard view orientation the Beam Definition window will show the beam at a
scale which causes it to fill the window. For many beams this display will be
adequate for you to pick major elements. However for very large beams the
display may be too small for you to do this efficiently.
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 57
Zooming the
display
Zoomi ng allows you to enlarge a particular area of the display. There are several
ways to zoom in and out. Simply choose the option that you find easiest and then
stick with it. You can use zooming in both the Beam Definition and Analysis
Results windows.
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 58
To zoom into
an area of
the display
Select View/Beam Details/Zoom Area. You can then define the area you want
to see zoomed.
Mouse Right click the display, and pick Zoom Area from the context
menu.
1. Move the cross hairs cursor to the top left corner of the area you want to see.
2. Hold down the left mouse button and drag across to the diagonally opposite
corner of the area.
Click here
Drag to here
and release
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 59
3. Release the button and the area will be expanded to fill the frame window.
Note When the display is zoomed you can pan around by left
clicking, holding the mouse button down and dragging.
Tip You can use the icons on the Vi ew toolbar to move between
different views of the beam or of the analysis results.
To move between
different views
Crane Beam stores the views of both the Beam Definition and Analysis Results
windows. You can use the icons of the View toolbar to move backward and
forward between the views you have accessed recently.
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 60
1. Click the icon on the View toolbar to get to the view you require. The options
are given in the table below.
To zoom in-to or
out-from the
centre of the
display
You can zoom in-to, or out-from, the centre of the graphical display using the
mouse.
Mouse Right click, hold, left click and hold then drag with both buttons
held drag downwards to zoom in, or upwards to zoom out.
To rotate the view You can rotate the graphical display of the beam only (not the analysis results)
using the mouse.
Mouse Right click and hold over the Beam Def i ni ti on display, and
then drag to rotate the view in wireframe mode until you have
achieved the orientation you require, then release the button.
Icon Action move
move to the first available
view of the window
move to the last view of the
window
move to the next view of
the window
move to the last available
view of the window
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 61
Using standard
views
Crane Beam allows you instant access to a series of standard views of the Beam
Definition window, If you choose one of these options, then Crane Beam will show
the beam from the appropriate direction and will also make the entire beam fit
into the window.
To use standard
views
1. Ensure that the Beam Definition window is active.
2. Click on the appropriate icon as summarised in the table below.
Icon Action
View the beam from the front.
View the beam from the top.
View the beam from the left.
View the beam from the back.
View the beam from the bottom.
View the beam from the right.
View the beam from the southwest.
Chapter 7 : Manipulating the Beam Definition graphical display : 62
To return the
Analysis
Results
window to its
initial state
You have a choice of two options to return the Analysis Results window to its
initial state (not zoomed):
1. Click the Zoom Extents icon.
2. Click the First icon ( ) from the View toolbar.
View the beam from the southeast (bottom right).
View the beam from the northeast (top right).
View the beam from the northwest (top left).
Icon Action
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 63
8
Defining a Crane Beam
Defining a new
project
When you first start Crane Beam, you will see the Crane Beam window and the
Crane Beam splash screen.
After a few seconds the splash screen is removed, leaving you with a Crane Beam
window which is, initially, empty.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 64
Crane Beam allows you to define as many crane beams as you like (subject only to
memory and resources available on your computer). However each crane beam
must be included in a project. Therefore until you create or open a project Crane
Beam does not allow you to define any crane beams.
You must therefore either decide whether you want to create a new project or
open an existing project to work on.
At this stage we shall only consider the steps required to create a new project.
Help For information on opening an existing project see Openi ng a
project on page 67.
To create a
new project
1. Click the New icon and you will see the Project Details dialog.
This allows you to give information which is appropriate to all the crane
beams that you will define for this project
2. Give the details for the Job Number, Project, Structure and Calcs by areas
by typing directly into the text boxes.
Note This information will be included in any reports that you
create in Crane Beam.
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 65
Note You must specify a Job No. all the other details are
optional. Once you have specified the Project Details you want
to use, then click OK to register these.
3. Now Crane Beam automatically shows the New Crane Beam dialog:
This allow you to enter the reference for the first crane beam in your project.
Once you have done this click OK.
Note The operation of the New Crane Beam dialog is identical
whether you are defining the first or a subsequent crane
beam in your project.
Help For further details on the New Crane Beam dialog see
Addi ng a new crane beam on page 73.
4. Crane Beam automatically creates the first crane beam in your project. You
can now continue and define its details.
Help see Defi ni ng Crane Beam Detai l s on page 74.
Saving a project
You will probably need to save your project to disc so that you can pick it up later
to make changes without having to enter all the data again.
?
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 66
To save a
project for
the first time
1. Select File/Save Project As to see the Save As dialog.
2. Navigate to the folder where you want to save the project, enter its name and
then click Save.
To save a
project
which has
been changed
If you change a project you can easily save your changes.
1. Select File/Save Project and the existing file is overwritten automatically.
Closing a
project
You may want to work on several projects during a single session in Crane Beam,
however you can only have one project open at once. When you want to move
from one project to another you must close the current project before opening
the new one.
To close a project 1. Select File/Close Project
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 67
If you have changed, but have not saved the current project Crane Beam
prompts you to save it.
Respond to this dialog and you can then create a new project or open an
existing one.
Opening a
project
If you want to make changes to a saved and closed project you will first need to
open it.
To open a
project
1. Select File/Open
If you already have a project open which has been changed but not saved you
need to decide whether or not to save the changes.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 68
Respond to this dialog and you can then pick the project to open.
2. Navigate to the folder where the project is saved. Select it and then click
Open.
To open a project
using drag and
drop
You can also open a project by dragging it from Windows Explorer to the Crane
Beam window.
If you dont have a project open in Crane Beam, then the project will be opened
immediately. If you do have a project open, then Crane Beam will ask whether you
want to open the project as a new project or merge the beams it contains with the
existing project.
1. Click Open project and click OK to open the project.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 69
Merging
projects
As you create designs for a building, you might save several projects which each
contain some beams. You can combine these projects to create a single one
containing all the beams in the building.
To merge projects 1. Save and close all the projects you want to merge.
Note If you are working on a network with several licences for
Crane Beam you will need to ensure that:
the projects you want to merge are closed throughout
the network,
that the projects are available to your computer.
2. Open the first project you want to merge in the normal manner.
Help For information on opening a project see Opening a project
on page 67.
3. Select File/Merge Project
4. Pick the file name of the project that you want to merge.
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 70
Note If you try to merge the file that you opened in step 2, or a file
that is open on another computer Crane Beam will give you a
message telling you that the file is locked. In the first case
you cannot merge the file, in the second the project must be
saved and closed on the second computer before the merge
can be performed.
5. Click OK to merge the second project. Its beams appear in the project
workspace.
To merge projects
using drag and
drop
You can also merge projects by dragging existing projects from Windows Explorer
to the Crane Beam window.
1. Open the first project you want to merge.
Help You can also do this using drag and drop see To open a
project usi ng drag and drop on page 68.
2. In Windows Explorer move to the folder that contains the projects you want to
merge.
3. Drag a project from Windows Explorer into Crane Beam. Crane Beam will ask
whether you want to open the project as a new project or merge the columns
it contains with the existing project.
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 71
4. Click Merge project with current project and click OK to merge the
projects.
Sending mail
If you have any queries about the designs you create in Crane Beam, or if you
encounter unexpected features you will need to contact our support department
for assistance. Generally you will be asked to provide a copy of your project. If
you have email, you can use Send Mail to create an email with your project as an
attachment.
To send mail 1. Open the project you want to mail, or if you have made changes then save it
to disc.
Help For information on saving a project see Savi ng a project on
page 65.
Help For information on opening a project see Opening a project
on page 67.
?
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 72
2. Select File/Send Mail to see the New Message dialog.
Note Crane Beam has automatically attached a copy of your
project file to the new message.
3. Enter the e-mail address of the recipient in the To box, and optionally enter
a Subject and a Message to accompany the project.
Note The e-mail address for the UK CSC Support Department is
support@cscworld.com
4. Click the Send icon to send the email.
Note If you do not have a permanent e-mail connection you might
need to trigger the sending of the e-mail from your e-mail
application.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 73
Modifying the
reference
details for a
project
You can easily alter the project reference details if circumstances require this.
To modify the
project details
1. Select File/Project Details
2. You will then see the Project Details dialog.
3. Make the changes that you need and then click OK.
Adding a new
crane beam
Your project may contain as many beams as you like
1
. You can create a new beam
from scratch, or you can copy an existing beam and then modify it appropriately.
1. Limited only by the memory and resources available to your computer.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 74
To create a new
crane beam
1. Select Crane Beam/New to start to define your first crane beam. You will
see the New Crane Beam dialog.
Shortcut Right click the current Job No. in the Pr oj ect Wor kspace
and click New Beam from the context menu.
2. Enter the reference for this crane beam and then click OK. You will now see
the new crane beam in the Project Workspace and can continue to define its
details.
Help For further details on the Crane Beam Detai l s property
sheet see Defi ni ng Crane Beam Detai l s on page 74
Defining Crane
Beam Details
You define the details of the crane beam through the Crane Beam Details property
sheet. This contains different pages relating to the Size, Spans, Crane, Rail,
Wheel Loads, Bearing, Design and (for crane beams fabricated either from a
beam and channel or from a beam and plate) Weld criteria. Each of these pages is
covered in more detail below.
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 75
Help For further information see:
To defi ne the crane beam si ze on page 76,
To defi ne the crane beam spans on page 81,
To define the crane details on page 82,
To defi ne the rai l detai l s on page 85,
To define the wheel loads on page 86,
To defi ne the beari ng detai l s on page 89,
To defi ne other desi gn needs on page 94,
To defi ne wel ds on page 96.
?
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 76
To define the
crane beam
size
1. Click the Crane Beam Size icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet
which will be open at the Size tab.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 77
2. Pick the type of Fabrication that you want to use. If you pick a Fabrication
type other than I Beam, then the page will reconfigure to allow you to define
the details appropriate to that type.
You will also see that a new page is added to the property sheet Welds
which allows you to define the welds connecting the main beam to the
channel or plate.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 78
3. Click Select which is associated with the I Beam Section and you will see
the Data List for I sections.
4. From the Data List pick the Section Type (from the left pane) and the
Section Size (from the right pane). When you have made your selection
click Select to return the chosen section to the Beam Properties sheet.
5. Select the Grade which you want to use from the list of available grades. All
parts of your crane beam will be taken to be of this grade. You can not define
the different parts of the crane beam being of different grades.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 79
6. If you are defining an I Beam + Channel beam, then click Select which is
associated with the Channel Section and you will see the Data List for
channels.
7. From the Data List pick the Section Type (from the left pane) and the
Section Size (from the right pane). When you have made your selection
click Select to return the chosen section to the Beam Properties sheet.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 80
8. If you are defining an I Beam + Plate beam, then click Select which is
associated with the Plate Section and you will see the Data List for plates.
9. From the Data List pick the Section Type (from the left pane) and the
Section Size (from the right pane). When you have made your selection
click Select to return the chosen section to the Beam Properties sheet.
10. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 81
To define the
crane beam
spans
1. Click the Crane Beam Spans icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet
which will be open at the Spans tab.
2. Initially this will be set to show a single span. If you want to add a new span at
the bottom of the list click Add. If you want to add a new span above the
current row click Insert.
3. Once your list of spans is complete, or as you go, enter the Length and Eff.
Length Factor that you want to use for each span.
4. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 82
To define the
crane details
1. Click the Crane icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet which will be
open at the Crane tab.
2. If you know the Manufacturer of the crane and have a crane Reference
from their standard literature enter the details in the appropriate boxes. (If
you dont know these details, then you will have to enter text such as that
shown above, since these details are required by Crane Beam although they
are only for reference).
3. Select the Type of crane that you are designing Electric Overhead or Hand
Operated the setting that you make controls the size of the impact and
surge loads that the crane beam must carry.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 83
4. Pick the Class of crane that you are designing:
Cl ass Q1 Li ght Cranes which hoist the safe working load very rarely
and, normally, light loads,
Cl ass Q2 Moder at e Cranes which hoist the safe working load fairly
frequently and, normally, moderate loads,
Cl ass Q3 Heavy Cranes which hoist the safe working load
frequently and, normally, heavy loads,
Cl ass Q4 Ver y Heavy Cranes which are normally loaded close to
safe working load.
Note For cranes of Class Q3 or Q4, Crane Beam caters for
horizontal crabbing loads as required by Clause 4.11.2 of
BS5950:2000.
5. Enter the Data for the crane directly from the details provided by the crane
manufacturer comprising:
Span of the crane - the distance between the centres of the crane rails on
either side of the building or bay containing the crane,
the Minimum Hook Approach the closest distance from the hook to the
crane rail,
the Side Clearance the minimum side clearance for the particular crane
you are providing. This will normally be the distance from the centre line
of the crane rail to the inside flange of the column that is supporting the
crane. You may need to increase this dimension for particular types of
construction,
the Capacity the nominal capacity of the crane from manufacturers
tables,
the Crab Weight information which is provided by the crane
manufacturer,
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 84
the Crane Weight the self-weight of the crane, again taken from tables
supplied by the crane manufacturer.
the Guide Roller Dimension the dimension out from the external
wheels of the bogey to any guide rollers that are present. This information
is only applicable to Cl ass Q3 or Cl ass Q4 cranes. If the bogeys are on a
pivot system, then you can specify a negative value for the Guide Roller
Dimension to decrease the distance for the crabbing couple to that
between the pivot points.
6. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 85
To define the
rail details
1. Click the Rail icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet which will be
open at the Rail tab.
2. Select the Profile that you want to use from the list of available profiles.
3. Select the Size that you want to use from the list of available sizes.
Note The available Si zes depend on the Profi l e type that you
select.
Crane Beam shows the Properties of the rail for your
convenience, you cannot change these.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 86
4. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
To define the
wheel loads
1. Click the Wheel Loads icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet which
will be open at the Wheel Loads tab.
When you access this page you will see that Crane Beam has already
calculated the wheel loads for you based on a two wheel bogey.
2. If your crane has more than two wheels, and you want to add a new wheel to
the end of the list click Add. If you want to add a new wheel above the
current row in the table click Insert.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 87
3. Crane Beam will calculate the wheel loads based on the crane details and
number of wheels which you have defined. If you have details of the wheel
loads as part of the manufacturers data and these are different to the
automatically calculated values tick Override and enter the wheel loads
directly.
Note The value which you need to enter for the Hori zontal Load
is the value of the vertical load to which the appropriate
factor is to be applied to calculate the horizontal forces
acting longitudinally and transverse to the crane rail.
Note If you are defining a crane of class Q3 or Q4, then the dialog
will reconfigure to allow you to define the crabbing load.
4. If the default Wheel Centres (0.5 m) are not correct, then enter the Wheel
Centres which you want to use.
Note The default value of 0.5 m allow for the closest approach of a
pair of wheels when 2 cranes are acting in tandem. If this
condition does not arise in your configuration, then for
ordinary wheel loads the minimum Wheel Centres that you
define should be the crane span/7.
5. For the impact condition enter the Impact percentage by which the Static
crane loads are to be increased for the impact condition.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 88
Example If you have a static wheel load of 100 kN and you specify an
impact percentage of 25%, then the load taken for the
impact condition will be 125 kN.
6. Enter the percentage of the vertical load which you want to take for the
Longitudinal surge force acting horizontally on the crane rail.
Example If you have a static wheel load of 100 kN and you specify a
longitudinal surge percentage of 5%, then the load taken for
the longitudinal surge condition will be 5 kN.
7. Enter the percentage of the vertical load which you want to take for the
Transverse horizontal surge force acting on the crane rail.
Example If you have a static wheel load of 100 kN and you specify a
transverse surge percentage of 10%, then the load taken for
the transverse surge condition will be 10 kN.
8. For the transverse surge force specify whether the entire force is to be taken
on one crane beam, or whether the transverse surge force is to be shared
equally between both crane beams (at either end of the crane).
Note The surge shared equal l y between both crane
beams setting does not apply to crabbing loads which are
always taken on one beam within the critical combination
9. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
E
E
E
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 89
To define the
bearing
details
1. Click the Bearing Data icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet which
will be open at the Bearing tab.
If your crane beam has only one span, then the internal bearing details will be
removed from the page since they are not appropriate.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 90
2. If you want to specify the details of the bracket which supports the end of the
crane beam, then you need to define the Bracket Size. Click Bracket Size to
indicate that this is the method you want to use to determine the bearing
length and then click Select and you will see the Data List for I sections.
3. From the Data List pick the Section Type (from the left pane) and the
Section Size (from the right pane). When you have made your selection
click Select to return the chosen section to the Beam Properties sheet.
Note Cr ane Beam assumes that the bracket is unstiffened. If you
want to use a stiffened bracket, then you should calculate
the stiff bearing length yourself and use the Length b1
method to specify the length which you have calculated.
4. If you prefer you can enter the stiff bearing Length b1 for the crane beam
support directly. Click Length b1 and then enter the Length that you want
to use directly.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 91
5. You use the Beam Clearance to define the distance from the end of the beam
to the centre-line of the bracket. There are two possible conditions as shown
below:
there is another crane beam connecting to the same bracket. If so, then
the distance which you specify here should be half the distance between
the two adjacent beams.
Beam Clearance Beam Clearance
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 92
there is no other crane beam on the other side of the bracket. In this case
you can specify a positive value (as above) or you can specify a negative
value in which case this will allow the crane beam to sail over the bracket/
stiff bearing length developing an increased bearing resistance.
Beam Clearance
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 93
6. If you want to specify the details of the bracket which supports the crane
beam internally, then you need to define the Bracket Size. Click Bracket
Size to indicate that this is the method you want to use to determine the
bearing length and then click Select and you will see the Data List for I
sections.
7. From the Data List pick the Section Type (from the left pane) and the
Section Size (from the right pane). When you have made your selection
click Select to return the chosen section to the Beam Properties sheet.
Note Cr ane Beam assumes that the bracket is unstiffened. If you
want to use a stiffened bracket, then you should calculate
the stiff bearing length yourself and use the Length b1
method to specify the length which you have calculated.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 94
8. If you prefer you can enter the stiff bearing Length b1 for the crane beam
support directly. Click Length b1 and then enter the Length that you want
to use directly.
9. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
To define
other design
needs
1. Click the Design Data icon and you will see the Beam Properties sheet which
will be open at the Design tab.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 95
2. Enter the Partial safety factors that you want to use:
the Vertical (Static or Impact) + Horizontal loads considered
separately (Gammaf) factor is used when Crane Beam checks your
vertical and horizontal loads acting separately,
the Vertical Impact + Horizontal loads combined (Gammaf) factor is
used when Crane Beam checks your vertical impact and horizontal loads
acting together,
the Vertical Static + Horizontal loads combined (Gammaf) factor is
used when Crane Beam checks your vertical static and horizontal loads
acting together.
. If your crane beam has only one span, then the internal bearing details
will be removed from the page since they are not appropriate.
3. Enter the Vertical deflection limit as a ratio of the span of the beam.
Example If you have a six metre long beam and specify a value of 600,
then Cr ane Beam will apply a limit of 13.333 mm and will
flag you if this limit is exceeded.
4. Enter the Horizontal deflection limit as a ratio of the span of the beam.
Example If you have a six metre long beam and specify a value of 500,
then Crane Beam will apply a limit of 12 mm and will flag you
if this limit is exceeded.
Note Deflection limits for crane beams are usually far more
rigorous than those for other members. Horizontal
deflections are even more critical than vertical ones since
excessive deflection could lead to the crane leaving the rails.
The default limit is span/500.
E
E
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 96
5. If the Flange of your crane beam is restrained against rotation relative
to the web, then leave its box ticked. If this is not true, then remove the tick
and enter the Effective length factor, ke that you want Crane Beam to use
when it checks the buckling capacity of the web.
6. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
To define welds The Welds page is only applicable if your crane beam is fabricated either from a
beam and channel or of a beam and plate. It allows you to define the weld that
connects these two separate parts of the beam.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 97
1. Click any of the icons which access the Beam Properties sheet and then click
on the Weld tab.
2. The only Type of weld which is applicable for a fabricated crane beam is a
fillet weld, so the buttons for the other types of weld are dimmed.
3. Enter the Strength and Leg Length of the weld you want to use. The
Preparation Length is not applicable for fillet welds and so is dimmed.
4. Pick another page of the Beam Properties sheet to continue defining your
crane beam, or, if all the details are correct, click OK to save them.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 98
This completes the definition of your crane beam. Your Project Workspace
will now show the crane beam that you have defined and you will see a
window containing a graphical representation of it. This window will have
the reference that you gave to the crane beam as its title.
Modifying
project details
Once you have defined a project you can modify its details as and when necessary
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 99
To modify project
details
1. Select File/Project Details to see the Project Details dialog which will be
completed with the details that you have already given for the project.
Shortcut Right click the current Job No. in the Pr oj ect Wor kspace
and click Proj ect Detai l s from the context menu.
2. Make the necessary changes and then click OK to save these.
Modifying a
crane beam
Once you have defined your crane beam you can change its details quickly. You
can choose the part of the crane beam that you want to modify in several ways:
using the menus (standard and context),
using the toolbar icons.
To change the
reference
1. Select Crane Beam/ Reference to see the Reference dialog.
Shortcut Right click the current Reference in the Proj ect
Wor kspace and click Reference from the context menu.
2. Type in the new Reference that you want to use and then click OK.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 100
To modify the
crane beam details
1. Select Crane Beam/Item (where Item is the name of the page you want to
amend. You will see the Crane Beam Properties property sheet showing the
existing beam details.
Shortcut Right click the current Reference in the Proj ect
Wor kspace and click the I tem from the context menu.
2. Make the changes you require to the details of your beam (encompassing one
or more pages) and then click OK.
Note If you have the Desi gn Summar y open, then Cr ane Beam
updates this automatically.
Chapter 8 : Defining a Crane Beam : 101
Help For further information see:
To defi ne the crane beam si ze on page 76,
To defi ne the crane beam spans on page 81,
To define the crane details on page 82,
To defi ne the rai l detai l s on page 85,
To define the wheel loads on page 86,
To defi ne the beari ng detai l s on page 89,
To defi ne other desi gn needs on page 94,
To defi ne wel ds on page 96.
?
Chapter 9 : Viewing Results : 102
9
Viewing Results
One of the most significant requirements of any design package is to allow you to
review the results quickly, easily and intuitively. when you design the beam Crane
Beam shows a summary table. You can use this to quickly home in on areas of
interest.
Performing
the design
When you have defined the loading and geometry of your crane beam, then you
will want to check whether it is able to carry these loads.
1. Select Design/Crane Beam.
2. Once the design is complete you will see the Design Summary which will give
the details of the various design checks.
Viewing the
results
If you want to see the results for a crane beam that has been designed before, or
for a new crane beam the process is the same.
To view the
design
summary
1. Select Design/Crane Beam.
If the current design for the crane beam is valid, then you will see a summary
of the results immediately. If the current design is not valid or has never been
performed, then it will be performed while you wait this may take a
Chapter 9 : Viewing Results : 103
moment or two, particularly for a continuous crane beam with many spans.
Once the calculations are complete the Design Summary will be shown. A
typical representation is given below.
Each of the pages of the Design Summary is described in more detail in the
following sections of this Users Guide.
2. Once you have viewed the results that are of particular interest to yourself,
click Close to return to the graphical display.
Chapter 9 : Viewing Results : 104
To view the
overall
summary
1. If the Design Summary sheet is not displayed select Crane Beam/Design in
order to see it. The first page of that you will see is the Summary Page. This
page gives you an overview of the entire design, you can see the status of each
check at a glance.
2. Once you are satisfied with the design click OK to return to the main display.
If you want to view the details of one or more checks in more depth you can
either double click that check on the Summary page or select its tab.
Help For further details on viewing the check summaries see:
To vi ew the overal l summary on page 104.
?
Chapter 9 : Viewing Results : 105
To use the
summaries
effectively
When you pick a tab of the Design Summary property sheet you will see a
summary of the calculations for that particular check.
Further information is available for many calculations, these are indicated with a
plus sign in the left hand margin. To see the further information simply select the
line showing the plus sign then click the Examine icon to the right of the list.
Note The information that you see may itself contain items which
can be expanded. You can therefore view the results in closer
and closer detail, until all the calculations that have been
performed are available. This is a very flexible and direct way
of viewing the fine detail of the calculations.
Tip You can also double click a check with the l eft mouse button to
see its details.
Additionally many checks in Crane Beam Design have a unique feature the
engineering tip. This gives you advice to help you modify your base to achieve a
satisfactory result. To see this simply select the check that you are interested in
and then click the Engineering Tip icon to the right of the list.
Note If there is no engineering tip for a check, then the
Engi neeri ng Ti p icon will be dimmed when the check is
selected.
Tip You can also double click on a check with the right mouse
button to see its engineering tip.
T
T
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 106
10
Creating a report
Once your design is complete, and you have satisfied yourself about this using the
various pages and options of the Design Summary you will probably need to
produce a printed report.
Crane Beam has a sophisticated report generator which allows you to produce
high quality reports that contain exactly the level of detail that you require
1
.
Setting up the
Page Details
Crane Beam reporting lets you set the page layout Margi ns, Header s &
Foot er s and Font s so that your calculations are aesthetically pleasing and
consistent for the different reports you create.
1. The Materials list report always contains the full details for all the members in your structure.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 107
To set the page
format details
1. Select File/Report Page Setup
Shortcut Right click anywhere over a report and pick Repor t Page
Setup from the context menu.
2. Enter your preferred margins into the Left, Top, Right and Bottom boxes.
Fix margins dialog 3. If you enter a margin which is less than your printers minimum and you try
to leave the page, you will see the warning dialog.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 108
4. Click Fix and Crane Beam will set any invalid margins to the minimum value
for your printer.
Caution If you I gnore the problem then your report may not print
correctly.
5. Paragraph Spacing allows you to set the amount of white space that you
want to see between the paragraphs in your report. A larger amount of space
will make your report look less cluttered, but will increase the number of
pages.
6. By default Crane Beam numbers all reports starting at page one. If you want to
create a series of reports numbering them sequentially, then print each one in
turn and set the First Page Number for the current report to one greater
than the last page of the previous one.
7. Many of the reports include tables of information. If you want the headers of
the tables shaded, then check Table Background.
Caution With some printers this may reduce the readability of the
text. If you are going to fax your reports, we recommend that
you do not check this option.
8. If you want to check the system settings for your printer, then click Printer
Setup. You will then see the System Print Setup dialog which will be system
and printer dependent.
9. Pick another page of the Page Setup property sheet, or click OK to register
your settings.
!
!
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 109
To set the page
header and footer
details
1. Select File/Report Page Setup and Header/Footer.
Shortcut Right click anywhere over a report and pick Repor t Page
Setup from the context menu.
2. Enter your Company Name, Address, Telephone and Fax details.
3. If you want you can date your report by checking the Date box.
4. You can include the Header information (plus the project reference details)
on just the first page or on all pages of the report by ticking or un-ticking the
Print on first page only box.
5. If you want the report numbering check Page Numbers. The numbering
will start at the First Page Number set on the Format page.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 110
6. Pick another page of the Page Setup property sheet, or click OK to register
your settings.
To set the font
details
1. Select File/Report Page Setup and Fonts.
Shortcut Right click anywhere over a report and pick Repor t Page
Setup from the context menu.
You will see that there are areas relating to the Body Text, Headings, Tables
and Header/Footer and a sample of the text that is currently selected is
shown for each type of text. The way that you choose the font is identical in
each instance and a typical example is given below.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 111
2. Click Change for the text you want to change. You will see the Font dialog.
This is a standard Windows dialog which allows you to choose any installed,
active font on your system.
When you have picked a font that you like click OK to return to the Fonts
page.
3. Pick another page of the Page Setup property sheet, or click OK to register
your settings.
Specifying the
content of the
report
Crane Beam provides powerful features to allow you to produce exactly the
reports you require. When you install Crane Beam a series of standard report
options are set. You can use these as they are, simply choosing the level of output
that you require for each beam in your project. Alternatively you can adapt the
default report contents to meet your requirements. You can then use these revised
settings to set the same details for future projects and crane beams quickly.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 112
Help For further information see:
To set the level of output for the beams in your project on
page 112,
To change the standard report contents on page 113.
To set the
level of
output for
the beams in your
project
1. Select File/Report Contents to see the Report Contents property sheet.
2. Select the level of report that you require. You can select Full, Reduced or
Summary.
3. From the list of Beams pick the crane beam(s) that you want to take this level
of report.
Note Appl y is only enabled when you have completed steps 2 and
3 above.
?
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 113
4. Click Apply and you will see a confirmation dialog.
Click Yes to set the level for all the crane beams you selected.
5. Pick another page of the Report Contents property sheet, or click OK to
register your settings.
To change
the standard
report
contents
1. Select File/Report Contents to see the Report Contents property sheet.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 114
2. Click Edit Level to see the Report Levels Content dialog.
3. Select the Report Level that you want to configure Summary, Reduced or
Full.
4. In the Include Beam Options list tick the beam options that you want to
include at this report level. Conversely remove the tick against any beam
options that you do not want to include.
5. Similarly, in the Include Design Options list tick the design options that you
want to include at this report level. For many of these options you can also
pick the level of detail that is included. If this facility is available you will see
the available Output Levels, simply click the level that you require. If you do
not want to include a specific design option in your report at this level
remove the tick against that design option.
6. If you want to tailor the content of a different level of report repeat steps 3 to
5 as necessary.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 115
7. Once your settings for all report levels are correct click OK to save these. You
are asked to confirm the save.
8. Click OK and the selected options are stored away ready to be applied in
future.
To reset the
default
contents for
a particular level
1. Select File/Report Contents to see the Report Contents property sheet.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 116
2. Click Edit to see the Report Levels Content dialog.
3. Select the Report Level that you want to reset Summary, Reduced or Full.
4. Click Reset. You are asked to confirm the reset.
5. Click Yes and this report level will be set to the default (as installed) settings.
6. If you want to reset the content of a different level of report repeat steps 3 to 5
as necessary.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 117
7. Once you have reset the settings for all necessary report levels click OK to
save these. You are asked to confirm the save.
8. Click OK and the selected options are stored away ready to be applied in
future.
Controlling the
information
contained in the
report
You can control the information that is included in the report at three levels:
Pr oj ect l evel a Crane Beam Summar y Tabl e gives brief details of the
status of all crane beams in your project,
Beam l evel you choose the crane beams and the major items (input, design
and diagram) for each crane beam,
Desi gn check l evel for each crane beam you choose which design cases
you want to include and the checks for each design case.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 118
To set
project
report
content
1. Select File/Report Contents followed by Project to see the Report Contents
property sheet - Project page.
2. If you want to include the Beam Summary Table, ensure that the box is
checked.
3. Pick another page of the Report Contents property sheet, or click OK.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 119
To set overall
report
content
1. Select File/Report Contents and then Beams to see the Report Contents
property sheet - Beams page.
2. Pick a single Beam from the left hand list, then select the items that you want
to include from the Include Items list.
Caution If you want to omit a beam from your report completely, then
ensure it is not ticked in the Beams list otherwise you will
get its reference details in your report.
Note Settings on this page override those on the Desi gn page.
3. Repeat the previous step for all crane beams, or use the Copy page to repeat
these settings between crane beams.
Help For further information on copying between crane beams see
To copy report setti ngs between crane beams on page 123.
4. Pick another page of the Report Contents property sheet, or click OK.
!
?
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 120
To set local
report
content
design
1. Select File/Report Contents followed by Design to see the Report Contents
property sheet - Design page.
2. Pick a crane beam from the Beam list.
3. Select a single Design Case from the left hand list then pick the items from
the Include Items list that you want in your report for this crane beam and
design case.
Caution If you want to omit a design case from your report
completely, then ensure that it is not checked in the Desi gn
Case list.
Note The settings on this page are overridden by your settings on
the Beams page.
!
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 121
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 as necessary for all beams and design cases.
Alternatively you can use the Copy option to repeat the settings between
design cases and then use the Copy page to repeat the settings between crane
beams.
Help For further information on copying between design cases see
To copy desi gn case setti ngs on page 122.
Help For further information on copying between crane beams see
To copy report setti ngs between crane beams on page 123.
5. Pick another page of the Report Contents property sheet, or click OK.
Repeating
settings across
design cases
You can copy report settings from one design case to any other design cases with
a couple of mouse clicks.
?
?
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 122
To copy
design case
settings
1. Select File/Report Contents followed by Design to see the Report Contents
property sheet - Design page.
2. Pick a single Design Case and ensure that its Include Items meet your
requirements.
3. Click Copy Settings. This copies the item settings for the current Design
Case.
4. Now select the Design Cases that are to receive the copied settings.
Note If you want to copy to other design cases for the current
crane beam, then you only need to select these.
Tip You can change the crane beam if necessary. You might prefer
to use the Copy page to copy settings from one crane beam
to another.
T
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 123
Help For further information on copying between crane beams see
To copy report setti ngs between crane beams on page 123.
5. Finally click Paste Settings, and the copied settings will be applied to each
selected design case.
Repeating
settings
between crane
beams
When you have set your report content for one crane beam you can copy this to
any others. This gives your reports consistency and makes them easy to follow
and understand.
To copy
report
settings
between crane
beams
1. Select File/Report Contents followed by Copy to see the Report Contents
property sheet - Copy page.
2. From the Source list pick a crane beam whose report settings you want to
copy. When you do this the list of Target Beams will show only the other
crane beams in the project.
?
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 124
3. Select the crane beam(s) whose options you want to set.
4. From the list of Copy options pick the particular options to copy:
Beam data will copy the Beams Beam Data setting to all the target
crane beams,
Diagram will copy the Beams Diagram setting and the Diagrams View
settings to all the target crane beams,
Crane Data - will copy the Beams Crane Data setting to all the target
crane beams,
Rail Data - will copy the Beams Rail Data setting to all the target crane
beams,
Weld Data - will copy the Beams Weld Data setting to all the target crane
beams,
Wheel Loads - will copy the Beams Wheel Loads setting to all the target
crane beams,
Bearing Data - will copy the Beams Bearing Data setting to all the target
crane beams,
Design Data - will copy the Beams Design Data setting to all the target
crane beams,
Design Summary - will copy the Beams Design Summary setting to all
the target crane beams,
Design Settings will copy all the Design settings to all the target crane
beams.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 125
5. Click Copy and you will see a confirmation dialog.
Click Yes to copy your selected source crane beam options to all selected
target crane beams.
Note Copy is only enabled when you have completed steps 2 to 4
above.
6. Pick another page of the Report Contents property sheet, or click OK.
Viewing the
report
If you have already defined and created a report but have closed it down, you can
open and view the existing report without having to regenerate its contents.
To view an
existing
report
1. Select File/Report View.
Using the report
window
The Report window shows you an exact preview of the printed report. You can
move through the report and choose how the information is presented on the
screen. Once you are satisfied that the report meets your needs you can:
print it,
export it to TEDDS,
export it to Word.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 126
To move through
the report
You use the icons on the View toolbar and the scroll bars on the Report Window to
move around your report. You can also use the following keyboard short-cuts:
To control the view
of the report
The report can be displayed on the screen in page width, full page and double
page formats.
Icon Short-Cut Action move
HOME to top of current page
END to bottom of current page
UP ARROW up current page
DOWN ARROW down current page
PAGE DOWN to top of next page
PAGE UP to top of previous page
CTRL+HOME back to start of report
CTRL+END to end of report
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 127
To view the
report in page
width format
1. Select View/Page Width and the report will be configured to fit the available
page width.
Mouse Right click anywhere over a report view and pick Page Wi dth
from the context menu.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 128
To view the
report in full
page format
2. Select View/Full Page and the report will be configured to show a single page
in the available area.
Mouse Right click anywhere over a report view and pick Ful l Page
from the context menu.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 129
To view the
report in
double page
format
3. Select View/Double Page and the report will be configured to show a double
page in the available area.
Mouse Right click anywhere over a report view and pick Doubl e Page
from the context menu.
To print the
report
1. Select File/Print to see the Windows Printer dialog which depends on your
version of Windows and your printer. Make your settings and then click OK to
print the report.
2. Select the pages that you want to print, and the number of copies that you
require. When you click OK from this dialog your report will be printed.
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 130
To transfer
the report to
TEDDS
1. Set the content of your report and create it.
2. With the Report Window active select File/Export Report to TEDDS
Mouse Click anywhere over a report view with the right mouse
button. Pick Expor t Repor t to TEDDS from the
context menu.
Note If the Repor t Wi ndow is not active, then these menu
options will not be available.
If you have several versions of TEDDS on your computer you will see a dialog
which asks which version of TEDDS you want to use.
3. If you always want to use this version of TEDDS click Always use this
version.
4. If this version of TEDDS is not running, then it will start. After a short delay
you will see your exported report in TEDDS.
To transfer
the report to
Word
1. Set the content of your report and create it.
2. With the Report Window active select File/Export Report to Word
Chapter 10 : Creating a report : 131
Mouse Click anywhere over a report view with the right mouse
button. Pick Expor t Repor t to Word from the context
menu.
Note If the Repor t Wi ndow is not active, then these menu
options will not be available.
3. If Word is not open, then it will be started. Your report will be transferred to
Word via the Windows clipboard.
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 132
11
Using the Project Workspace
The Project Workspace gives you details of the crane beams in your project. It
allows you to manipulate and edit your crane beams quickly and easily. You can:
choose whether the Project Workspace is to appear on the screen,
control the location and position of the Project Workspace on the screen,
choose the crane beam on which you want to work,
add a new crane beam to the project,
change the reference of a crane beam,
change the details for a particular crane beam,
copy a crane beam,
delete a crane beam.
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 133
Controlling the
Project
Workspace
You can control whether or not the Project Workspace is to be displayed, and if so
you can control its size and location on the screen. When you start Crane Beam
and open a project you will always see the Project Workspace docked to the left
hand side of the Crane Beam window.
To hide the Project
Workspace
1. Select View/Project Workspace
Mouse Right click over a blank area of the Pr oj ect Wor kspace
(below the lines relating to the crane beams) and pick Hi de
from the context menu.
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 134
If you use the View menu to control whether the Project Workspace is
displayed, you will see a tick by the side of the menu option if it is, and no tick
if it is not.
To show the
Project Workspace
1. Select View/Project Workspace
If you use the View menu to control whether the Project Workspace is
displayed, you will see a tick by the side of the menu option if it is, and no tick
if it is not.
Note If you cannot see the Pr oj ect Wor kspace, then it might be
hidden by another window, you might have made it extremely
small, or you might have dragged it so that you can only see
the very edge on your desktop. If the option is ticked, then
you will find it somewhere on your desktop.
To allow docking You can choose whether the Project Workspace can or can not be docked.
If docking is allowed and you drag the Project Workspace over an edge of the
Crane Beam window, the Project Workspace will dock against that edge, taking up
its full width or height.
If docking is not allowed, and you drag the Project Workspace over an edge of the
Crane Beam window its size and shape will be maintained and it will simply float
over the edge of the Crane Beam window without docking.
1. Right click over a blank area of the Project Workspace (below the lines relating
the crane beams) and pick Allow Docking from the context menu.
Note If docking is already allowed the menu option will be ticked, if
you pick Al l ow Docki ng you will switch docking off and
remove the tick from the menu item.
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 135
To change the size
of a docked Project
Workspace
If a Project Workspace is docked against a side of the main Crane Beam window,
then you can change its width. If it is docked against the top or bottom of the
main Crane Beam window then you can change its depth. If the Project Workspace
is floating then you can change both width and depth.
1. Position the pointer over the edge of the Project Workspace you want to move.
2. Click and hold the left mouse button.
3. Drag the edge to the new position.
4. Release the mouse button.
To change the
position of a
floating Project
Workspace
You can change the position of a floating Project Workspace.
1. Position the pointer over the Project Workspace title bar.
2. Click and hold the left mouse button.
3. Drag the title to the new position - the Project Workspace will be moved,
maintaining its current size and shape.
4. Release the mouse button.
Manipulating
the view of the
Project
Workspace
As you add crane beams to your project you will see them added to the list in the
Project Workspace. If your project contains many crane beams, then the list may
become very long and cumbersome to work with.
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 136
To use the Project
Workspace
effectively
With a large number of crane beams you can simplify the display so that you only
get a single line for each crane beam. To do this click the - sign to the left of the
crane beam reference.
You can easily reverse the process by clicking the + sign to the left of the crane
beam reference.
Manipulating
projects with
the Project
Workspace
You can choose the project and crane beam that you want to work on, modify any
of the details for a crane beam, copy and delete crane beams directly from the
Project Workspace.
To pick the crane
beam on which to
work
1. Ensure that the crane beam that you want to pick is visible in the Project
Workspace.
2. Double click the crane beam reference from the Project Workspace to make it
active. You are now working on that crane beam.
To add a new crane
beam to a project
1. Right click anywhere over the reference information for the project, or over a
blank area of the Project Workspace.
2. Pick New Beam from the context menu.
3. Continue to define your new crane beams details.
Help For further information on defining the crane beam see
Defi ni ng Crane Beam Detai l s on page 74.
?
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 137
To change the
reference details
for a crane beam
1. Right click over the crane beams reference.
2. Pick Edi t Reference from the context menu.
3. Enter the new details in the Reference dialog.
Copying a crane
beam
Many projects will contain more than one crane beam depending on the lengths
of steel which you can ship to site and the number of bays over which your crane
runs. Once you have defined a single crane beam you can then use that crane
beam as a template for other similar ones, by copying the details and then
amending them as necessary.
To copy a crane
beam
1. Ensure that the crane beam which you want to copy is active (select it from
the Project Workspace).
2. Select Crane Beam/Copy. The active crane beam will be copied and given the
reference Copy of (where is the reference of
the crane beam that has been copied). You can now edit the reference and/or
details for the copied crane beam independently to meet your specific
requirements.
Shortcut Right click the reference of the crane beam in the Pr oj ect
Wor kspace and then pick Copy from the context menu.
Deleting a crane
beam
If your project contains a crane beam that is no longer required, then it is easy to
delete it permanently.
To delete a crane
beam
1. Right click the reference of the crane beam you want to delete.
Chapter 11 : Using the Project Workspace : 138
2. From the context menu that appears pick Del ete to see a message asking you
to confirm the deletion.
3. Take note of the message, especially that the reference is that of the crane
beam which you want to delete. If so then click Yes and the crane beam will
be deleted.
Caution Once a crane beam is deleted its information is permanently
removed from the project and cannot be recovered. Please
take care when using this function.
!
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 139
12
Other Features
Using other
features
In the previous chapters we have considered the features necessary to define and
check a crane beam. In this chapter we shall look at other features of the program
which you might need to use once you have a crane beam defined.
have covered the aspects of Crane Beam that you will use to define and design or
check a beam. This deals with other features that you might find useful to tailor
Crane Beam even further.
Customizing the
menu and
toolbars
The Crane Beam menu and toolbars allow you to access all its features. You
control the look of the toolbars and you can tailor them and the menu to suit
your particular requirements; for instance you might:
include only those features that you normally use,
add new toolbars including particular groupings of those icons and / or
menus that compliment each other.
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 140
To set menu and
toolbar options
1. Select View/Toolbar and then select the Customize option from the
cascading menu that appears to see the Customize Toolbars property sheet.
Caution Whenever this property sheet is open you can manipulate any
Crane Beam toolbar or menu bar. Pl ease take care to
ensure that your changes are i ntenti onal .
2. Set the options you require:
Tooltips - Check this option to see a tip indicating the effect of any toolbar
icon when you allow the pointer to rest over it.
Flat Buttons - Check this option to see the edges of an icon only when the
pointer is over it or uncheck it to see the edges at all times.
!
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 141
3. Once your options are set correctly click OK to register these and return to
the main Crane Beam window.
To customize the
menu bar and
toolbars
1. Select View/Toolbar and then select the Customize option from the
cascading menu that appears.
You can now pick the toolbars that are to be displayed, remove icons from a
displayed toolbar, move icons between toolbars, create new toolbars, add
icons to toolbars. Each of these options is covered in more detail below.
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 142
To pick the
toolbars that are
displayed
1. Select View/Toolbar and then select the Customize option from the
cascading menu that appears.
The Toolbars page contains a list of all the current toolbars.
2. To the left of the list of Toolbars will see a tick box associated with each
toolbar name. Tick the box to display the toolbar or remove the tick to hide it.
To remove icons
from a toolbar
1. Ensure that you can see the toolbar containing the icon that you want to
delete.
2. Drag and drop the icon from the toolbar anywhere on the screen, but not
over another toolbar or the menu bar.
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 143
To move icons
between toolbars
1. Ensure that you can see both toolbars.
2. Drag and drop the icon from one toolbar to the correct position in the other.
3. The icon will be moved from one toolbar to the other.
Note The icon appears in the toolbar as near as possible to the
place where you drop it. The other icons are moved to create
space if necessary.
Tip You can change the order of icons within a toolbar by dragging
and dropping an icon within the toolbar.
To create a new
toolbar
1. Click New from the Toolbars page.
2. Enter the Toolbar Name, and then click OK. A new empty toolbar with this
name is created towards the top left of the Crane Beam window.
Tip Ensure that the name identifies the toolbar commands
otherwise you will need to show the toolbar to identify its
commands.
Note If you do not give the toolbar a name, then it will appear as
(noname) in the list of toolbars.
T
T
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 144
Note You can change the name of a toolbar you have created
whenever you want by typing over the existing Tool bar
Name.
To add new icons
to a toolbar
1. Select View/Toolbar and then select the Customize option from the
cascading menu that appears. Now pick Commands to see that page.
The left hand list shows the available Categories, while the right hand list
shows the icons or items that are available for each category. These are
detailed below:
Standard
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 145
Beam, Loading, Design
Beam Details View
View
Loading and Analysis
Report
Window
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 146
2. Pick the appropriate category and then drag and drop the icon or menu item
of your choice to the toolbar or menu where you want to add it.
3. Once your toolbar or menu layout is complete close the Customize Toolbars
dialog and enjoy using your own personalised toolbar.
Tip If you drag an existing icon in a toolbar slightly to the right,
then this will create a separator just to the left of the moved
icon. The dragged icon and any icons to its right will be moved
to create room for the separator.
To delete a custom
toolbar
1. Pick the toolbar that you want to delete from the list of toolbars.
2. Click Delete and the toolbar will be permanently deleted.
Caution Once a toolbar has been deleted it cannot be recovered. You
will have to repeat the process that you used to create it.
Pl ease take due care when usi ng thi s faci l i ty.
Note If you pick one of the standard toolbars provided with Crane
Beam, then Del ete will not be available. Standard toolbars
cannot be deleted, they can only be reset to their initial
configuration.
Menu
T
!
Chapter 12 : Other Features : 147
To reset a standard
toolbar
1. Pick the toolbar that you want to reset from the list of toolbars.
2. Click Reset and the toolbar will be reset to the layout that was used when
Crane Beam was installed.
Caution Once a toolbar has been reset any customizing cannot be
recovered. You will have to repeat the process that you used
to customize it in the first place. Pl ease take due care
when usi ng thi s f aci l i ty.
Note If you pick a created, rather than a standard toolbar, then
Reset will not be available. Created toolbars cannot be
reset, they can only be deleted.
!
Engineers
Handbook
Crane Beam Design
Release 2.0
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 149
1
Crane Beam Handbook
The Fastrak Portal Frame Plus Crane Beam Design application (Crane Beam Design)
will allow you to define an electric or hand operated crane to any class (Q1, Q2,
Q3 or Q4).
Note There is no difference in the loading or design checks required
for either class of crane. But the robustness of the crane
changes to meet the expected usage cycle demands.
Key features of
Crane Beam
Design
Crane Beam will check:
the classification,
the vertical shear capacity,
the moment strength capacity of the crane beam,
the moment buckling capacity of the crane beam,
the biaxial bending capacity of the crane beam,
the web bearing capacity of the crane beam,
the web buckling capacity of the crane beam,
the web compression capacity of the crane beam,
the deflection of the crane beam,
the welds (for a compound crane beam).
Crane Beam will also report:
the unfactored reactions of the crane beam onto the supporting structure for
the loadcases you have defined,
the factored reactions of the crane beam onto the supporting structure for the
combinations you have defined.
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 150
Throughout Crane Beam Design graphics are used to display the crane beam in its
current state. You can therefore graphically see the beam that you are defining
and the results that the design process has achieved. This allows you to see the
effects of any modifications that you make, instantly on the screen.
The following two sections cover specific areas of interest in the order that they
are utilised during input and result viewing respectively.
Input
Crane Details BS 5950, Clause 2.2.3 refers to BS 6399: Part 1 for the effects of dynamic loads
and impacts. BS 6399 does not give specific values, but instead refers to BS 2573,
which itself does not give completely clear guidance. The values presented by
Crane Beam Design are those that are typically used within the industry for the
class of crane that you choose.
When you are defining the crane details you can either enter the data for the
crane, or you can calculate and enter the wheel loads directly. You should always
use the latter approach if the assumptions detailed in the following two
paragraphs are unsuitable.
If you choose the option to enter the crane data, Crane Beam Design uses the crane
span and minimum hook approach dimensions to calculate the maximum local
and remote static wheel loads.
Each end carriage is assumed to have n wheels and therefore the maximum static
vertical wheel load can be calculated from the expression:
1
n
---
Crane weight
2
---------------------------------
Capacity Crab weight + ( ) L
R

Span
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- +

Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 151


Where LR is the remote dimension, given by:
Beam The default effective length factor of 1.2 for each span is used because the wheel
loads of the crane are destabilizing in nature.
Rail Crane manufacturers give a recommended minimum size of crane rail. You must
also take account of the rail /beam fixing detail, since this might affect your
choice of section.
Loads To allow for impact both the maximum static wheel load, and also the
simultaneous remote wheel load, need to be increased by a percentage. (The
actual figure will depend on the class of crane.)
In accordance with usual practice an increase of 25% is defaulted for an electric
crane, 10% otherwise.
To allow for transverse surge, when the crab starts or stops moving across the
crane, a horizontal surge force is generated. This force is taken as a percentage of
the crab weight and capacity.
Again in accordance with usual practice a value of 10% is defaulted for an electric
crane, 5% otherwise.
You can choose to take this load on one crane beam or to share it between two of
them. For the latter option you must use double flanged wheels or justify the
transmission of the force into the crane beam using friction alone.
Span Minimum hook approach
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 152
To allow for longitudinal surge, when the crane starts or stops moving along the
building, a longitudinal surge force is generated. This force is taken as a
percentage of the static wheel loads.
Again in accordance with usual practice a value of 5% is defaulted for both
electric and hand operated cranes.
Bearing The Beam Clearance is the distance from the end of the beam to the centre-line
of the support bracket not the distance from the end of one crane beam to the
next.
Design
During the design Crane Beam Design assumes that:
there is one crane per beam (irrespective of the number of spans).
Note You can model two or more cranes acting in tandem by
defining the appropriate wheel centres and loads, provided
that the maximum number of wheel loads does not exceed
10.
Crane Beam Design will check for the maximum bending and shear effects. This
includes the condition where only one wheel of the end carriage has reached the
beam under consideration.
Crane Beam Design investigates three design conditions to determine the
maximum bending effects. The different partial safety factors (PSF) for the
various conditions are tabulated below:
no horizontal load; but
vertical wheel loads with impact (PSF 1.6); plus
beam/rail self weight (PSF 1.4)
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 153
In addition for class Q3 and class Q4 cranes Crane Beam investigates the following
condition.
Note Crabbing investigated in both clockwise and anticlockwise
senses.
Crane Beam Design gives the results for each of these combinations for each span
of a multi-span beam in turn.
For class Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 cranes the high shear condition is normally not
relevant. Crane Beam Design does not therefore include this check. If the shear
local to the point of maximum moment exceeds 60% of the permissible, then
Crane Beam Design will generate a warning and not perform the check. You might
need to provide supplementary calculations at this point.
Classification In order to reduce the possibility of local buckling for a crane beam a series of
constraints are placed on the geometry.
Flange classification The flange classification checks are detailed below:
full horizontal load (PSF 1.6); plus
vertical wheel loads without impact (PSF 1.6); plus
beam/rail self weight (PSF 1.4)
full horizontal load (PSF 1.4); plus
vertical wheel loads with impact (PSF 1.4); plus
beam/rail self weight (PSF 1.4)
vertical wheel loads with impact (PSF 1.4); plus
crabbing effects (PSF 1.4); plus
beam/rail self weight (PSF 1.4)
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 154
All crane beams (whether plain or compound) -
This prevents the use of semi-compact sections.
Where
B
b
= the width of the UB flange,
T
b
= the thickness of the UB flange,
I-section plus flange plate crane beam -
B
b
2 T
b

------------- 10
B
p
2 T
b

------------- 10
B
pi
T
p
------- 32
B
po
T
p
-------- 9
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 155
Where
B
b
= the width of the UB flange,
T
b
= the thickness of the UB flange,
B
p
= the width of the top plate,
B
pi
= the internal width of the top plate
= B
b
for top plates wider than the UB flange,
= B
p
for top plates narrower than the UB flange,
B
po
= the outstand of the top plate,
= for a top plate wider than the UB flange,
= 0.0 for a top plate narrower than the UB flange,
T
p
= the thickness of the top plate,
I-section plus Channel crane beam -
B
b
= the width of the UB flange,
T
b
= the thickness of the UB flange,
B
ci
= the internal width of the channel section,
= B
b

t
c
= the thickness of the web of the channel section
Web classification The web classification checks are detailed below:
B
p
B
b
( ) 2
B
ci
t
c
------- 32
Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 156
For single span crane beams with compound flanges and
for single or multi-span crane beams comprising of UB only,
the web is not Class 3 semi-compact providing -
For multi-span crane beams with compound flanges
the web is not Class 3 semi-compact providing -
Where
d
b
= the length of web between root fillets of the UB section,
d
NA
= the length of web below the plastic neutral axis of the
compound section
=
Where
x
eq
- the distance of the plastic neutral axis measured from the
underside of the bottom flange of the crane beam
T
b
= the thickness of the flange of the UB section,
r
b
= the radius of the root fillet of the UB section,
t
b
= the thickness of the web of the UB section.
Bearing/buckling You can determine the width of the seating bracket by selecting the bracket
section size. If you choose a wide section you may need to provide local stiffening
to prevent the remote portions bending away under load.
d
b
t
b
------ 100
d
NA
t
b
--------- 40
x
eq
T
b
r
b

Chapter 1 : Crane Beam Handbook : 157


Crane Beam Design calculates the stiff bearing length using the gap details you
have provided and the properties you have specified for the bracket.
Alternatively, you may want to calculate the stiff bearing length and enter its
value directly.
Tip The use of a bearing pack would increase the stiff bearing
length.
Crane Beam Design does not check the crane bracket for adequacy.
Compression Crane Beam Design checks the web immediately beneath the top flange in
accordance with the first approach given in BS 5950: Clause 4.11.5. This assumes
a 45 spread to either side of the wheel. It is important that the rail joints justify
this assumption. If not the actual stress will be double that calculated.
Modelling two
cranes that
work in tandem
It is not possible to define multiple cranes in Crane Beam, however in many cases
the following approach should prove adequate.
1. First define the larger of the two cranes and consider it working on its own.
You will be able to see the wheel loads and such like for this crane as part of
the input procedure. Take a note of these.
2. Now define the smaller of the two cranes and note its details as above.
3. Create a single crane which represents the two cranes working in tandem.
Factor the loads for both cranes as necessary. You can now design your crane
beam for the two cranes acting together.
T
Index
Crane Beam Design
Release 2.0
Index
Index
Multi-Storey Manual Index
A
about icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
add new crane beam using project workspace . . . . . . 136
analysis results window familiarisation. . . . . . . . . . . . 21
B
basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
beam
new . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
beam definition display - control
display options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
beam details view toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
southwest view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
beam loading, design toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
beam view toolbar
view from north-east icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view from north-west icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view from south-east icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view from south-west icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on back icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on bottom icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on front icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
view on left icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on right icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on top icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
zoom area icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
zoom extents icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
beam, loading, design toolbar
bearing details icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
crane beam details icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
crane beam size icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
crane beam spans icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
design data icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
perform design icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
rail icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
wheel loads icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
bearing details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
beam clearance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
bearing details icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
buckling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
C
changing
reference details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
checking your package. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
compact disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
choosing
crane beam to work on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
classification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
close
Index : 160
project. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
closing
Crane Beam Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
compact disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
condition
transverse surge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
context sensitive help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
control display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
beam definition display options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
dock project workspace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
reinstate status bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
reinstate toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
reinstate workbook tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
remove project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
remove status bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
remove toolbar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
remove workbook tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
show project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
status bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
workbook tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
controlling
project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
copying a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
crane
class . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
manufacturer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Crane Beam
control display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
zoom display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
crane beam
bearing details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
copying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
crane details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
design requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
modifying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
rail details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
spans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
wheel loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Crane Beam Design window
familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
crane beam details icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
crane beam size icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
crane beam spans icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
crane data
capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
crab weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
crane weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
minimum hook approach. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
side clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
span . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Index : 161
wheel centres. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
wheel loads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
crane details
engineers handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
input. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
crane rail
profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
size. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
crane rail details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
cranes in tandem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
creating
new crane beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
customize
add new icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
create new toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
delete custom toolbar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
menu and toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
menu and toolbars options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
move icons between toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
remove toolbar icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
reset standard toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
toolbars displayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
customizing the menu and toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
D
defining
crane beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
new project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
definition window
familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
deleting a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
bearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
buckling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
compression. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
design - performing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
design data icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
design requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
design summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
overall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
using effectively . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
docking the project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
documentation
introducing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
On-line Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
double page icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
E
end bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
beam clearance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
exiting Crane Beam Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
export to TEDDS icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Index : 162
export to Word icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
F
familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
analysis results window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
definition window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
design summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
main window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
project workspace window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
report window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
results viewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
status bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
first icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
first icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
full width view icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
G
getting started. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
H
help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
context sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
hiding
project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
horizontal deflection limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
I
impact load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
bearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
crane details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
crane rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
internal bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
introducing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
K
key features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
L
last icon (graphical window). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
last icon (report window). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
load
impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
longitudinal surge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
transverse surge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
loading and analysis toolbar
loading condition icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
loading condition icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
loading toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Index : 163
loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
longitudinal surge load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
M
main window familiarisation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
manipulating
project workspace view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
merging projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
modify
project reference details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
modifying
crane beam details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Multi-Storey
online documentation overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
N
new crane beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
new project icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
next icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
next icon (report window). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
O
open project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
open project icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
other features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
output results
report content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
overview of Users Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
P
page layout (reports)
fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
footer details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
header details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
hypertext colour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
margins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
paragraph spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
partial safety factor
vert. (stat. or imp.) + horiz. loads acting separately. . . . . . . 95
vert. imp. + horiz. loads acting together . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
vert. stat. + horiz. loads acting together . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
perform design icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
performing design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
positioning project workspace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
understanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
previous icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
previous icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
print icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Index : 164
print reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
page layout see page layout (reports)
report content see report content
report viewer see report viewer
start print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
project - defining new . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
project details - modifying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
project workspace
adding new crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
changing reference details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
choosing crane beam to work on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
controlling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
deleting a crane beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
dock to window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
docking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
float over window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
hiding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
manipulating projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
manipulating view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
remove from display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
resizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
show on display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
showing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
project workspace window familiarisation . . . . . . . . . 19
projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
add new beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
close . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
modify reference details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
open. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
save. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
properties icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
properties icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
R
rail details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
rail icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
reference
modifying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
report content
copy settings across design cases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
copying settings between connections . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
overall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
report content icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
report toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
double page icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
export to TEDDS icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
export to Word icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
full width icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
single page icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
report view icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
report viewer
control view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
export report to TEDDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
export report to Word . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
moving through report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
print report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Index : 165
report window familiarisation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
resizing project workspace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
results viewer familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
S
save project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
save project icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
send mail icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
sending mail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
setting preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
showing
project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
single page view icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
size
bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
channel section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
crane beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
crane rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
plate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
spans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
standard toolbar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
about icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
new project icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
open project icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
print icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
report content icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
report view icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
save project icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
send mail icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
starting to use Crane Beam Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
status bar
familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
reinstate to display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
remove from display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
T
tandem lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
toolbar
reinstate to display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
remove from display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
beam details view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
beam, loading, design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
changing shape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
familiarisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
loading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
transverse surge condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
transverse surge load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
U
understanding Crane Beam Design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
understanding preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Index : 166
Users Guide overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
using project workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
V
vertical deflection limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
view from north-east icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view from north-west icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view from south-east icon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view from south-west icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on back icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on bottom icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on front icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
view on left icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on right icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
view on top icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
view toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
first icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
first icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
last icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
last icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
next icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
next icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
previous icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
previous icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
properties icon (graphical window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
properties icon (report window) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
viewing results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
W
welds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
wheel loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
wheel loads icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
workbook tabs
reinstate to display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
remove from display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Z
zoom area icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
zoom display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
zoom in to area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
zoom in to centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
zoom extents icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30