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R:). CE O-MA T J ~
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1. At the InvItatIon of the ItalIan Government. the ForeIgn
and Defence MInIsters of the seven "~Tuer states of Western
European'unlon ~t In extraordInary Jesslon In Rome on
26-27 October 1984 to ~rk the 30th annIversary of the modIfIed
Brussels Treaty.
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The.~lnlsters str~ssed the Importance of the Treaty 2.
and theIr attachment to Its goals:
- to.st~engthen peace end security,
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.- to pr~te the unIty and to encourage the progressIve
Integra t:1 on of Europe,
- to cooperate n-Dre closely both BTDng II-eiDer states
and with other European organlsatlons.
Conscious of the continuing necessity to strengthen 3.
western securIty and of the specIfIcally western European
geographIcal, polItical. psychological and mIlItary dlnenslons.
the Ministers underlined their determination to ~ke better
use of the W.E.U. framework In order to Increase cooperatIon
between the ~er states In the fIeld of securIty polIcy and
to encourage consensus. In thIs context, they called for
contInued efforts to preserve peace, strengthen deterrence
and defence and thus consolIdate stabIlIty through dIalogue
and cooperation.
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of Europe.
wIth the-n.
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and cooperation.
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reme!ns the foundation of western securIty, had preserved peace
-- .h. rnn.'npnt for 35 Years. ThIs permItted the constructIon
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The MInIsters therefore decIded to hold comprehensIve
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defence questIons.
- arms control and dlsarman:ent.
the effects of developments In East-West relatIons
on the security of Europe.
- Europe's contribution to the strengthening of the
Atlantic Alliance. bearing In mind the I"portance of
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transatlantic relations.
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the.development of European cooperation In the field
of aro~T~nts In respect of which W.E.U. can provide 8
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political Impetus.
They n'sY also .eonslder the IrTpllcatlons for Europe of crIses
In oth~r regions of the world.
9. The .~Inlsters recalled the l"portance of the W.E.U.
Ass~ly which, as the only European parliamentary body
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ffendated by Treaty to dIscuss defence ~tters, Is called upon
to playa growing role.
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They stressed the n.Jor contribution which the Assembly
has already nade to the revltallsatJon of W.E.U. and called upon
It to pursue Its efforts to strengthen the solidarity among the
."alter States, and to strIve to consolidate the consensus &mOng
public opinIon on .thelr securIty and defence needs.
In pursuance of these goals, the MJnlstershave decl.ded on
a number of specIfic neasures with regard to the better
functioning .of the W.E.U. structure and organisation, which are
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set out In 8 separ8te document
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I NS T I TUT I QII,IAL REFCR'I1 a: W. E . U.
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At the! r ~et Ing In Rome on 26 and 27 ~tober 1984 to n8rk
the 30th annIversary of the ~dlfled Brussels Treaty of 1954,
the Foreign and Defence MInIsters 0' the sIgnatory States decIded
to ~ke fuller use of the Institutions of W.E.U. and, accordingly,
to bring the existing Institutions Ino.llne wIth the changed
ta~ks of the OrganIsatIon.
Activation of the Councl
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The MInIsters regard act vatlon of the Council 85 8 centrai
element In the efforts to ffSke gr~ater use of Western European
U'llon. In confonnlty wIth ArtIcle VIII of the mOdIfied Brussels
Treaty, which al lows "the Councl I to decide on the organisation
of ts work and to consult or set up subsIdIary bodIes,
the
MInIsters decIded the followIng:
1. The Council would I~.tuture nor~1
y ~et twIce a year at
ministerial level. One of these sessIons could take place In a
Sn'all group wIth no forrTB:1 agenda. These rTeetlngs wuuld brIng
together the Foreign MInIsters and Defence Ministers. Separate
~etlngs of the ForeIgn MinIsters and/or Defence MinIsters could
also take place" f the ~er States consIdered It necessary.
to discuss matters lying within their respective area or
responsibility.
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2. The presidency of the Council. ~ill b. held by .ach
...ber stat. tor a one rear t.ra. Me.tinss ot the Council
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will in principle take place in the country holding the
presidency.
3. The work of the Permanent Council will have to be
intensified in ~ine with the increased activities of the
Council ~f ~n18ter8. The Permanent Council, aandated ~o
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d18culs in gre..~er detail th.e views expreased by the
MlD1ater8 and ~o follow up the1r decia1ona, will, pur8uant
to the 8econd paragraph of the above.-mentioned Article VIII,
.ake the neceasary arrangementa for thi8 purpose, includins
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a. approprIate the' aetting-up of working sroupa.
4. The SecretarIat-General ehould be adapted to take
account of the enhanced activitiea of the Council of Mln18ter8
and the Permanent Council.
5. The Ministers have asked the Secretariat-Genera1 ~o
8ubmit, a8 8oon as possible, . ~eport on the work done by the
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Secretariat and ~o consider what measures a1ght be necessary
to .trengtben its activitiea. In this connection, the
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MInisters stated that any reorganisation in the staffing of the
Secret&riat-General should take account ot the adjustments
..de e18ewhere in' the other W. E. U. ln8ti tutions. They stressed
~hat any proposed adjustments should not result in an overall
increase ~ the Organisation's establishment.
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II.
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~e Mlniatera supported the idea of greater contact
between ~e Ccuncil and the Assembly.
Recalling tha~, under Ar~icle IX of ~e Trea~7, ~e
A8.eably 18 expre8.ly required ~o di8CU8. ~he repor~.
.ub.lt~ed to 1~ by ~he Council of M1n18~era on matter.
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coD~erD1Dg ~e 8ecur1 ty and defence of the member State.,
and conaiderlng tha~ the practice adopted has enabled the
A.a.ably to w~den the topics o~ ita 41scus.ions, the
MlD18ters wi8h ~o 8ee the Assembly playing an increa8ing
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rol., part1cul.~ly by contributing even more ~o 8.8ociat1Dg
pub11c op1nion in the member states with the po11cy statements
o~ the CoUDci1. ~ch expresse8 the po1i~1ca1 v111 o~ the
indiv1dua1 lovernments8 Accordlng1y, the MIniatera aub81~
the fo~oYing propo8a18 ~o the A88emb1y: .
1. . In order ~o 1mprove ~e con~ac~. be~ween ~e Council
and the A8sembly, the M1nJ8~er. believe ~here are a number
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of options, no~eworthy among which are:
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- A .u~stantlal improvement in the existing procedures
for 81vlng wrl~ten replies to Assembly RecommendatloD8 and
queat,lons. On ~h1a poln~, the Min18tera consIder tba~ .
leading role ahould be given ~o the Presidency, aak1ng the
best use of ~he aervicea o~ the Secretariat-General.
1- The development ...
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- . The develoPMnt of 'Intorrml contacts between goverrl'rent ;
representatives and the representatIves of the Assembly.
-. If approprIate, a colloqulun InvolvIng the Presidency.
of the CouncIl and the C~lttees of the Assembly.
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-' The Improvement of the contacts that tradItIonally take
place after the mInIsterIal ~etIngs of the CouncIl, and more.
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general Iy;' th.~ In-provement. of the procedures under whIch the
AsseTbly Is kept Infor~d .by the PresIdency, whose representatIves
could. between the Assembly sessIons - keep the various
c~Ittees up to:date wIth the work of the CouncIl and even
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take part In theIr dIscussIons.
.' The possIbIlIty that the AsseTbly mIght rmke use of
contrIbutIons fran the technIcal InstItutIons of W.E.U..
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2. ConvInced that greater cooperatIon betwe~n the CouncIl .
and the Assembly Is a key facto~. In the enhanced utIlIsatIon
of W.E.U., the,Mlnlsters underscored the {~ortance they
attach to the Rec~ndatlons:aod the work of the Assembly.
3. WIthout wIshIng to preeTpt the decIsIon of the ~er$
of the Assembly, the MInIsters also stress the value, In theIr
eyes, of developIng a dIalogue between the Assembly and other
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p~rll&Tent$ or parll~ntary InstItutIons.
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.. The MInisters also' stated that the ifc-.yer States were al.ways
ready to' Jnfo~ thel"r natIonal delegatIons of theIr povernmentst
attlt~de to"queltlons d.alt with In Asl8mbly reports and ~r. p~.par.d
to ~'fer In~om8tlon to their rapporteurs. ""
J II. ~!n~y for the Control 2!_~!~~t~_~~~_~he_St8n~l~g~m8Tents CaTmI t tee - - . .
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The ~nlsters also conslder~d the actIvity of the Agency for
the ~ntroJ of Ar~nts (ACA) and th~ StandIng Ann.ments Camml ttee
(~).
In connection with the Agency, which was set up In 1954 to ~nltor
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Imitations agreed by the contract. compliance wIth the voluntary 'ar~
Ing p."r.tl.es'; the MInIsters underlined the ex8Tplary nature of these
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cannI~nts. WhIch had Instilled confIdence emong the sIgnatory
st.tes and for thIs reason they acclaimed the work that the AQency had
done.
tlbt J ng the va'! ue of the .expe r J ence thus 9a J ned; the MInIsters
emphaslsed the Interest that they attached to the development by the
WSU"~er 5tft.tes of reflection on 8mM control and dJs8~nt
questions.
2. As repards the 5AC, the MInIsters recalled the J~ort8nce of the
tasks defined In the decision of the COuncil of 7 ~y 1955 which
established this body.
In this connection. theY:~haslsed that the existence of an
effective and caTpetltlve Europ.ean a~nt~ Industry was a fund.rental
In thIs aspect of Europe's ~~ntrlbutlon to the Atlantic Alliance.
context, It seemed very I"portant to then that the seven
~~er Stat~s of W8U should be able
Ito h8mDnise .
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to haraoD1.. their po.i tioDa in th1. .pher8 aDd coord1Date
their .~~ort. with. viev to 1ncreaaiDg ~e 8f~ectivene88
of cooperative activity in the variou8 .ulti1ateral fora.
3. With the aim of better adapting the 1D8ti~utiona of
V.I".V. ~o present and fUture requir.men~a, the Mln1atera
reached the rollov1ng dec18iona.
a) ~O~1D&,.thA~ ~e control funct10~ or1.~~ly a..1sn.4
~o the,"ACA have now beco..', 1'or 'the .o.~ part, eupertluous, 'the
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M1D1.tera decided, ~ accordance w1 th Art1cle V o~ Protocol
Ho. III, ~Ch ~llow. the Council to aake change. ~o the
ACA'a control '.c~1v1~y, ~ aboli.h gradually the re..1niQs
quan~1 ta~1 ve controls on conveDt10nal veapona. The MlD1ater.
agreed tha~ the.e controls ahould be .ubatan~i~y reduced
by 1 January 1985 and en~1r.11 lifted by 1 January 1986. !he
co881 tmenta and controls concerning ABC weapon. would be 8a1D-
ta1ned at the ex1et1D& level and in accordance with the
procedure. agreed up ~o the present ~18e.
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b) The ~ater. have iDatructed the Permanent Council to
define, in coDaul~ation with' the directora of the ACA and the
SAC, the preclae .~dal1 tie. bt an overall reoraan1..t10D
attecUq both 'the ACA, the International Secretariat of the
SAC and' the SAC Wich could 'be atructured in 8uch a way &8 'to
~lf1l . "threetold 'taak:
- 'to .tudy queat1ona relat1Dg.to. arms cODtrol...aD4--
d1sarmament whilst carry1Dg out the rema1ning control f\mct10D8'
1- UDdertak. ...
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- undertake the' function of atudyinc aecur1 ty and d.f.~O.
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- ~o contribute actively ~o the development of European
~.en~8 cooperation.
c) Aa resarda the fir8t two functions 1ndicated above, the
1ntentlon would be to have available a common baai8 of analyal.
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wh1cb coul.d .form a uae1'ul point of reference for the "work of
both the Council and ~. A88embly and a180 for intor81D public
opln1on.
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Thi8 reorgani8at1on will have ~o be carr1ed out ~ak1Qs
into acCouDt, on the one hand, change. ~ dutle8 r..ultiD&
~lr.t ~ro. the reductlon and ~en ~ro. the .boll tl0D 0% ~.
CODtro~ ~aaka and, on the other hand, ~he need ~o have the
appropriate experta available.
d) As regards armaments cooperat1on, Y.E.U. ahould be in
. position to play an active role in providing political
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impetus: .
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by support1nc all cooperat1ve efforts including tho..
o-r 'the IEPG and 'the CHAD;
by encourasins 1D particular the activ1~y o~ ~e IEPG
a. a ~oru. whoae main ob~eot1ve 1. ~o promote EuropeaD
cooperation'aJ\d".'18b- ~o contribute 'to the develop..n't of
balanced cooperation within the Atlantic Alliance;
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- by developIng contInuIng concerlatlon wIth the varIous
existing bodies.
e) In this general context, the Pennanent Council wlJJ
also take Into account the existence of the FJ~ framework.
f) In carryIng out this overalJ reorganIsation the Per~nenl
Coun~IJ wIll have to:
- propose a precIse organIsatIon table whIch wlJJ ~ke
It possIble to defIne and gIve a breakdown of the posts
carryIng out the three functIons referred
to above ;":
- ensure that the varIous arrangements proposed remaIn
wIthIn the present lImIts In terms of staff and the
OrganIsation's budget, wIthout weakenIng W.E.U.'s .
ablJIty to play Its role.
The MInIsters asked the Per~nent Council to campJete
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Its work before theIr next' sessIon. They expressed the wIsh,
however, that In the n-eant;Irre a start shouJd be made on alJ
or part of the new tasks as soon as possIble.
.IV. Contacts wIth non-tlcluer States
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1. The MinIsters also attached great I"portance to lIaIson
States In the AllIance whIch are not ffcluers of
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2. Invoking the relevant prov181on8 of the 8odit1ed
Brussel. Treaty, and in particular Article IV, the Mini.ter.
pointed out that it vas the responsibility of the Pre8idency
of W.E.V. ~o inform ~hose countries on either a bilateral or
8ultl1ateral basi..