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# Innova Junior College/H2 Mathematics/Mid Year Examinations/Paper 2/Solutions JC2 2011

1(i)
Let ( ) ( )
2
g x x x a =
( ) ( ) ( ) g g g x x a b x a

( ) ( )( )
2
f 2 x b x a x a =

Coordinates of axial intercepts are ( ) ,0 a , ( ) 2 ,0 a , and
( )
3
0,4a b

1(ii)
( )
2
0
g d
a
S x x = (

( )
2
2
g d
a
a
T b x a x = (

Evidence of knowledge that the volume of solid is not affected by translation or using
substitution method
2
T b S =

2
( )
3
4 4 3 i 0 z + =
( )
2
i
3
3
4 1 3i 8e z

= + =
1 2
2 i
3 3
2e
k
z

| |
+
|
\ .
= or
2 6
i
9
2e
k
z

+ | |
|
\ .
= where k =0, 1
2
i
9
2e z

= ,
8
i
9
2e z

= ,
4
i
9
2e z

=
2
i
9
1
2e z

= ,
8
i
9
2
2e z

=

1 2
1 2 8 2 1 8 2
arg( ) or
2 9 9 9 2 9 9
z z
( | | | |
+ = + +
( | |
\ . \ .

5
9
=
OPRQ forms a rhombus.

3
4a b
x
y
a
2a O
Re
Im
O
P z
1

Q z
2

R z
1
+z
2

3(i)
( )
2
d
1 2
d
y
y x y
x
+ = +

Diff wrt ,
( )
2
2
2
2
d d d
1 2 1 2
d d
d
y y y
y y
x x
x
| |
+ + = +
|
\ .
( )
3
3 2 2 2
2
3 2 2 2
d d d d d d d
1 2 2 4 2
d d d
d d d d
y y y y y y y
y y y
x x x
x x x x
| |
+ + + + =
|
\ .
( )
3
3 2 2
2
3 2 2
d d d d d
1 6 2 2
d d
d d d
y y y y y
y y
x x
x x x
| |
+ + + =
|
\ .

Given that when x =0, y =1.
From ,
d
1
d
y
x
= ;
From,
2
2
d 1
2
d
y
x
= ;
From,
3
3
d
2
d
y
x
= ;
( )
2 3
2 3
1 1 1
1 2 1
2 2! 3! 4 3
x x
y x x x x
| |
= + + + + + +
|
\ .

3(ii)
2 3
1 1
f ( ) 1
4 3
x x x x = + +
4
3
4 1
2
3 3
3 4 3 3
1 1
2 3 2 2! 2
x x x

| | | || | | |
+ = + + +
| | | |
\ . \ .\ . \ .

2
1
1 2
2
x x = + + +
4
3
2 3 2
3 1 1 1
f ( ) 1 1 1 2
2 4 3 2
x x x x x x x
| | | || |
+ = + + + + +
| | |
\ . \ .\ .

Coefficient of is
1 1 11 3
2 or 2
2 4 4 4
+ + =

4(a) 3 z x y =

d d
3
d d
y z
x x
=

( )
2
d
2 3 2
d
y
x y
x
=

2
d
3 2 2
d
z
z
x
=

2
d
5 2
d
z
z
x
= +
2
1
d 1 d
5 2
z x
z
=
+

3

1
1 2
tan
5 2 5
z
x c

| |
= +
|
|
\ .

1
2
tan 10
5
z
x c

| |
= +
|
|
\ .

When x =0,
5
2
y = ,
5
2
z =
4
c

=
5 10
tan 10 tan 10
4 2 4
2
z x or z x
| | | |
= + = +
| |
\ . \ .

5 10
3 tan 10 3 tan 10
4 2 4
2
y x x or y x x
| | | |
= + = +
| |
\ . \ .

4(b) Let x be the size of population at time t years.
d
d
x
kx
t
=
1
d d x k t
x
=

ln or ln since 0 x kt c x kt c x = + = + >

When t =0, x =A ln c A =
When t =6, x =2A ( ) ln 2 6 ln A k A = +

1
ln2
6
k =

ALT
2 6
0
1
d d
A
A
x k t
x
=

( ) ln 2 ln 6 A A k =
(-0.7, 8.91)
(0.2, -9.66)
(-0.483, 0)
(0,
5
2
)
1
ln2
6
k =

Thus
1
ln ln2 ln
6
x t A
| |
= +
|
\ .

When x =3A,
1
ln3 ln2 ln
6
A t A
| |
= +
|
\ .

6ln3
9.5 (1 d.p.)
ln2
t =

5(i) The sample obtained is not a random sample because each student of the four countries
does not stand an equal chance of being selected to be in the sample.

(ii) Number of Singaporean students to be selected
350
40 28
500
= =
Number of Malaysian students to be selected
105
40 8.4 8
500
= =

Number of Thai students to be selected
10
40 0.8 1
500
= =
Number of Vietnamese students to be selected
35
30 2.8 3
500
= =

From each nationality, draw a random sample of the required size as shown above. The
four random samples drawn will together form a stratified sample of 40 students.

6

(ii) 0.889 r =

(iii)
(a)
Regression line of y on x is:
23.7 0.537 y x = +

(iii)
(b)
Regression line of x on y is x =-20.956 +1.468y

7(i) Let X and Y be the random variables denoting the number of internal and external calls
received by the switchboard in any twenty minute period respectively.
( ) ~ 6 X Po and
10
~
3
Y Po
| |
|
\ .

Required probability
y
72
45
39 90 x (Math)
O
y (Social Studies)
5

( ) ( ) 1 2 P X P Y = = | |
P( 1) 1 P( 1) X Y = =
0.0126

(ii) Let W be the random variable denoting the total number of calls in a randomly chosen
two hour period.
( ) ~ 3 6 5 2 W Po +

( ) ~ 28 W Po
Since 28 = >10,
( ) ~ 28,28 W N approximately.
( ) 30 P W ( ) 29.5 with continuity corrections done P W >
0.388407... =
0.388

8(a) Case 1: Two of the letters are the
same
3!
5 15
2!
=

Case 2: All three letters are different
6
3
3! 120 C =

Total number of code words that can
be formed
15 120 135 = + =

Alt:
Case 1: Consists of 2 Os. --- 15 ways
Case 2: Consists of 1 O ---
5
2
3! 60 C =
ways
Case 3: Consists of No Os. ---
5
3
3! 60 C =

ways
8(b)
(i)
11! 39916800 =
(iii)
( )
4
3! 4! 2! 2304 =

9(i) P(Mary will win the 2
nd
game)
( )( ) ( )( ) 0.65 0.14 0.35 0.72 = +

0.343 =

(ii) P(J ohn will win 3
rd
game)
( )( ) ( )( ) 0.343 0.28 0.657 0.86 = +

0.66106 or 0.661 =

ALT:
P(JJJ)+P(JMJ)+P(MJJ)+P(MMJ)
=(0.65)(0.86)
2
+(0.65)(0.14)(0.28) +(0.35)(0.28)(0.86) +(0.35)(0.72)(0.28)
=0.66106 or 0.661

(iii) P(J ohn wins 1
st
game | J ohn loses 3
rd
game)
P(J J M) +P(J MM)
1 P(J ohn wins 3rd game)
=

( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) 0.65 0.86 0.14 0.14 0.72
1 0.66106
+ (

=

0.42420... 0.424 =

10(i) Let X r.v. the number of passengers, out of 35, who order breakfast.
( ) ~B 35,0.08 X
Since n =35 is large and np =(35)(0.08) =2.8 <5,
( ) ~Po 2.8 X approx..
P(X >5) =1 P(X 5) =0.0651103 =0.0651 (3 s.f.)

(ii) Let Y r.v. the number of passengers, out of 130, who order breakfast.
Y ~B(130, 0.08)
Since n =130 is large, np =(130)(0.08) =10.4 >5,
nq =(130)(0.92) =119.6 >5,
( ) ~N 10.4, 9.568 Y approx..
( ) P 10 40 Y < =P(10.5 <Y <40.5) (by c.c.)
=0.487

Let W be the number of passengers who order breakfast out of 150 passengers.
W ~B(150, 0.08)
Let the number of breakfasts that should be carried be r.
P(W r) 0.98
From GC, P(W 18) =0.96874 <0.98
P(W 19) =0.98316 >0.98
The minimum number of breakfasts required is 19.

11(i) An unbiased estimate of the population mean is

( ) 50
5.4
50 50 50.45
12 12
x
x

= + = + =

.
An unbiased estimate of the population variance is
( )
( )
2
2
2
50
1
50
11 12
x
s x
(
(

(
=
(

=
2
1 5.4
30.58
11 12
(

(

7

=2.55909
=2.56 (3 s.f.)

(ii)
0
: 49.7 H =
1
: 49.7 H >
Sig. level: 10%
Under
0 11
49.7
, ~
X
H T t
S
n

=

2
50.45, 2.55909, 12 x s n = = =
From GC, p-value =0.0663 <0.10
reject
0
H and conclude that there is significant evidence, at 10% significance level,
that the nutritionists claim is true.

(iii) To reject
0
H , p - value significance level
0.0663 significance level
Least significance level is 6.63%.

(iv) At the 10% significance level means that there is a probability of 0.1 that the test
indicates that the nutritionists claim is true when in fact the mean head circumference of
3 year-old boys who have been fed on the diet remains at 49.7 cm.

(v) Central Limit Theorem does not apply because sample size of 12 is small.

12(i)

2
180
~N 275, X
n
| |
|
\ .

( )
P 280 0.4617 X > =
280 275
P 0.4617
180
Z
n
| |
|

> = |
|
|
\ .

P 0.4617
36
n
Z
| |
> =
|
|
\ .

P 0.5383
36
n
Z
| |
=
|
|
\ .

From GC, 0.0961518
36
n
=
n =12 (n is an integer)

(ii) Let X g r.v. the mass of a randomly chosen potato and
Y g r.v. the mass of a randomly chosen tomato.

( ) ( )
2 2
~N 275,180 , ~N 87,20.5 X Y
E(X
1
+X
2
5 Y) =2(275) 5(87) =11
Var (X
1
+X
2
5 Y) =2 Var (X) +25 Var (Y) =75306.25
( )
1 2
5 ~N 115,75306.25 X X Y +
( )
1 2
P 5 100 X X Y + > =0.522

(iii)
Let ( ) ( )
1 2 10 1 2 20
0.0015 0.002 T X X X Y Y Y = + + + + + + +
E(T) =(0.0015 10 275) +(0.002 20 87) =7.605
Vart (T) = (0.0015
2
10 180
2
) +(0.002
2
20 20.5
2
)
=0.76262
( ) ~N 7.605,0.76262 T
( ) P 8 0.674 T < =

(iv) P(Y <80) =0.366377
Let W be the number of tomatoes with a mass of less than 85g, out of 12 tomatoes.
( ) ~B 12,0.366377 W
P(4 W 8) =P(W 8) P(W 3)
=0.688