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VI, OIOntOTW8IlK£ OTl 01,6tpOI avi'jKov 606£OTO~18IKt~ nM:K£~ nee OPI~OV «ctor roc 1981 tnIOT]~, apxlO£ f) aceu-

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tMIlVIKO XWpO (Y16 nhriPIl «crcxovc TWV TUl16wv nie; 'EMoooe; I1t Mil Tl'J OXETIKr'j 616'\IOypoq>io 6h. MIX. tOKE'\xcotoc Les Protogrecs, ·EKOOT. 'ABIlvtiiv 19800.91-99). "'Exouv 6pC6ci ot no,\Me; nEplOxtC; Koi XpovohOYOGvTOI crev UOTCPIl npwToehhaiSIKr'j. rnv MEooEhhaolKl'J Kat -mv "vcreoocxxcOIK!') tnoxn (OT!')V 'EMooa ot rtcxnoTEpOI TUI1601 non yvWPt~OUI1E elver ol 33 TUl1601 TOG xrevoo AeuK615oe;, TOO TthouC; n.E - 6pxwv M.E tnoxr;e;, 6h. W. D6rpfeld. All Ithaka, 1927 0, 206). Neerecouc 6Kol10 nou xoovoxovocvTOl ana TOV 100 IJtXPI Kat TOV 40 n.X. ct.. 6ptOKOUIJE ere ruo esrerouevc VEKPOTOq>Eio TU1J6wv. aUTO Tr;C; BepyivOC;fi.

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57

IX. 2. OpO<:; TO nop~v tptUVI)Il~Kt ].IOVO TO T].Iii-

!f::;~i!:;;~O~n~:~:!~~U;~SVeT~~Cfl~~~:t:

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Ana T6v 6auAfjTo rcco 10 nooeoxovTOl apKETo aVnKElIJEVO Of]'\, nr,i\wf] KUAlviSpIKr, nu~ioo T6 neue rnc 00010e; mo'\i~ETOl Ilt avaY'\UQlIl yuVOIKE[O rtooroun TtOOEPO OKtpOiO IJUPOiSOXEio Kat X6AKlvo V61l101J0 MoAooawv TOU 40u ot n.X. Ilt rtcoccrc- 0Tj 6aniiSae; ue «eccuvo em Ilia 04J1l Kat «epcuvo IlEOO at creccvc rrrnv Q,\'\11.14

• It·

58

Al;IOOlllJEiwTO e1VOl on 01 TOqlOI 11. 13, 15, 25 Koi 27 moue; cnotooc aptSIlKOV noMa KOalJr,IJOTO, 01171.. oaXTu'\1010, flEyaAol KpiKOI - OQlIlKwTf)pEe; 1J0'\Alwv, OKOUAOpiKIO KO( 8POXlO'\lO (ElK. 8) XpOVOAOYOOVTOl crov 70-100 01. IJ, X. nOp61J0io EXOUV eoeaet at ruueouc Tf)e; 'A'\80vioe;

o TlI1,\6e; Tlilv octposciv nou noocoXETOl cno Tr,V tnixwoll IlETO~U ncv TOQlWV ElVOl oKaBopToe; Ilt IlIKpa xc'\[KIO, at onoxpwaele; 6n6 «comvoKOKKlVO IltXPl KOmOVOIJOUPO Kat 1J00po. U '\{YEe; rtecurrece«; n ertupovcrc rev 60Tp6.KWV ElVOI xetc. 6vr,KOUV 011'\. mn KQTIlYOP[O III rnc «eocIJEIKfie; Tile; 'Hrtelpou, KOT6 LltlKOPIl15 KOI nooeovovrcr uno OQlOlPlKO «nne'\0 Kat «ucaouc. 8ptBf]KOV entonc ccrccsc 6n6 KOKKlvwn6 Ko8op6TEPO rmxo. xerrroreoc at naxoe;, rtou 6vr'jKOUV at «cvecoocmuc 6YYEIO IJt erttnezn 80011 «ct TOIVlwTte; Ao8te; . Exouv 8pe8EI 6PKET6. corposo IlE nAomlKr, oloK6oIJIlOTJ KOTIlYOP[O II (EiK. 9) KOTCt T6v Llo.KOPIl16, Koi 6PKET6 KO(..lIJCtnO ecvcxeucv cno nuptT6'\teo KO! 606Emo'\180 (Eeo-rpo. '\entoEe; K,o.),

Tu~6o~ B:

'0 TU1J60e; B (elK, 10, OX. 2) 8pioKETOI nevnvrc IJtTPO VOTIO TOO TUIJ60u A KO! elVOI XWIJo.Tlvoe; IJt OlOIJ~TPO rtsplrrou 8,00 (1. lW~ETOI at U4JOe; (..l6Ale; 0,50 IJ. enElotl T6. XWj..lOTO nou K6Aurrrcv TOUe; TCtqlOUC: ~ixov KU,\JiOEI rtpoc Ttl nepupepem. 'AVO!-lEOO mo. otvopa rtou nocv QlUTPW(1tVO neve crov TUIJ80 OIOKpivOVTOV ernecvercKO ot opBlee; cceecroxraicec nr\ciKEe; nou ijPI~OV TO. TOlXWIJOTO nevra TOUr\ciXlmov KlBwTlOOX1WWV To.QlWV of: o.KTIVWTJi OlCtTOl;'l.

Ta(j)Ol (Jtoc OTOV rreptecxo:

'H TOcpn A (6'\, OX. 2) i'JTOV anA6e; AOKKOe; ceo XWlJo. OtnAO o-rov neoraoxo, IJE TOV OK~'\ET6 cuverrruvuevo. Fluvco ere ornaoc 8pt81lKOV euo OqlIlKWTfjpee 6n6 X6'\KIVO OUPIlO Tpln,\fje; nepleAt~eWe; Kat K(iTW 6.n6 OLlTOUC: 0XTW Xo.'\KIV~e; O(.lqJlKWVIKte; x6VTpEe; KOUqllEe; tOWT£PIKo. (EiK. 11),

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'0 rceoc 3 (ElK. 12) TlTOV Kl6wTlOOXIl- 1J0e;, EiXE OKE'\ET6 KOr\ci OIOTIlP'llJtvo, «reprouevo (.lE XElponolllTo cucootOKO (elK. 13) KOt auo ocretvec rtepoVEe: (ElK. 14).

Oi TO(j)Ol nou Bpt9'1KQV £~w ana TOV n£pi60AO:

Talpoe; 4: '0 KI8wTI6OXflJ-l0e; To.qlOe; 4

11. TU1'60<; B X<:i~~tVO ~OOI'~I'OTO TO\'''l~ A. OJ O'l'n~T~pt~ tlvo, VYWOTOI <:in<:i nol.l.&<; nEpIOX&~ I<pnKwr~p£<; <:ino ~OAK<:i 8pt(lnKOV OT~ Btpy;vo. 6~. a.n.c. 85S. OT~ nCpOT~. 6~. In. ·!oKw8;05n. n£pOT~ B'. o. 300. XPIIOO; 6pt6~KOV one MIIKij· vt<;.Kunpo.P<:i050.Kw.KpijTnKoi6Hou.6~. nt· por~ o. 300 0~1'. 1-13, onOIl KO; Tij OXtTlKij 61- 6AloyPo<p;0. To KOOl'nl'O auro Eival llaAu aIlY~_ e'Ol'tvoo'oAnT~vEupwnn<:in<:iT~vllpWll'ntnoxij TOU XO~KOU, VI' aUTO Koi IlEWPEiTOI 66pEEO~ npoHEUOn<;. 01 XOVTP£<; £ivo' KOTOOKtuOOl't· YE<; <:ino 6pKer6 no~u fAoolJo ~oi KOHnI'EVE<; 010 05(,0 OKPO (YII; rOY Tp6no KOTOOKeu~<; MO; aIlYKo~~nOn<; 61.. H. Higgins, Greek and Roman Jewellery. London 1961, 0.13 Koi21)MOI txouv 05100T60£1<; 6n6 0,011 ·0.0061'. 'AI'''''KWYIKE<;X6- TPE<; eivol YVWOTE~ o· oAn Tijy Eupwn!1 6n6 mv npWll'ntnoxijTou XOAKOUl'txPITli rtWl'tTplKij tnoxij. n6 Tijv 'EAA6050 61.. M_ ·Avlip6vIKou. Btpyiva, on. o. 257. onl'_ 2, seeo Mol ij OXEnK~ 616Aloypo",10.

12. TUI'6o<; B.oT6<po<; 3

14. TUI'60<;B.olnEp6vt<;TOUT6",ou3.0incp6· yc<;6pt6nKOV liIIlAoOT6v611'1'OpioKO. Eivo, 6nAE<; KuAlv05pIKt<;. ~wpi<; KE<p6AI Moi AtnToi. VOUV np6<; TO ivo aKPO oxnl'oTi~oVTO<; I'UTn !;Ev'I'0ivovTOIKaT6Al.nAt<;YI6vooUYKPOlOUV U'l'OOI'O, hro<;i'oW<;YI6noAu"po,ou<paal'ho. l'iiAAovXP!101110nOEOUVTOVVI6TO lIoAAl0.6noTt 60Ktl.nO<;npCntlv<:iiinoli06EiotyuvaiKa -Exol}v05laaToatl<;ila)l'ijKo<;0.141'.Koll'ty lilaI', 0.0045 II. Koi ~ 6) 0.125 II. lIijKO<; Koil'cy 05101'.0.00451'. ntp6vt<; IOU i'610u runou 6pi;e~KOV Olij N6l1o 'EAAiilio KO;xp~0I1'0nOlij6nKav a iiAn Tij 05I1JpKEIO Tij<; MUKnvo"iKij<; tnoxij<; I'&XP' Mol rijv YE III r tnoxij 61.. N. Sandars B.S.A. 53. 54 1958·59. o. 235, rio 01'010 ccretvn ntp6v~ ono TO M<:i~61 Mwonvio<; 61.. N. Valmin. The Swedish reessenta Expedition. Lund1938.0. 362 niv.XXIX.ol

13. TU1'60<; B, 6 O~<POpiOKO<; TaU TO'l'OI} 3. '0 61'<popioKo~ ElvOl <PTEaYI'£o<;ono KOKKlvwno nl"!' AOlJtlJopl'opuVio. -EXtl &nilltlin 600~ Kaiowl'0 O'l'0IPIKO I't liuo tAa<ppo Aa~t<; OPI~OVTle:<; I.e· 6t<;.ITO U~O<; 10UWI'OU OXnl'(lTi~e:T1110Kllij, tvw 61.011'0<; Elval q,'lA6~ Kaf OI£VCUtl npo TO ClTO' ~Ia. "'EXtl ulllo<; 0.13& 1'. 05101'. ClTol'iou 0.091'. KO; 5101'. 66"n~ 0.05 1'. 6~. 01'01 0) ono T~V Alov~ Ko~ov'l<;, K. PW~lonouAou O.n. o. 357. lliv.&1 op 266) "nO UnO~IIK'lVa;-K6 TO'l'O TOU KCPOjJEIKOU 61.. B.S.A 49. 1954 e. 260. niv. 31. <:ip. 2167.'0 Tuno<;aur6<;ToU0I''I'0pioKOllonoTou<;l'tAtrn· rec tXtl imolioij&io& 66pel0 ",uAo. 6A. M Av- 05POVIKOU, Btpyiva 0.n.o.206.

epeamce xwpie; KOAUI-l)lO. nepleixe TO cere nEVTe oK£Aenj.lV ue TO tplo «pcvto GTO OUTlKO OKPO Kai TO OAAa OUO oro 6VOTOAIKO. 'Ano TO coorsouco GUYKeVTpw8JlKOV xtvc ccrpcsc XelpOnOiJlTWV 6.VyeiWV.

o TOqJOe; 1 rjTOv OUAr1)lEVOe;_ apeanKOV UnOAel)lI-lOTO crto TO OKeAeTO I-lO~[)lE xtvc ccrpcxc cnc XOVTPQ xcroonornrc cvvstc. '0 rccoc 2 OEV eoeuvr'j9JlKe YlOTi cno TO 80WTeplK6 TOU npenet VQ ccoroeeet runuc KOP)lOO TEpOOTlae; 60AOVlOIOe;

'0 rccoc 5: "Eow~e KOAU)l!-lO cno rpetc cscvovrcrec Ct06emoA181Kec; nA6Kec;. '0 cxexercc TOU OW~OTOV OE KOAi1 KOTCtmOOJl OE urrno c-roon novw ere XWI--l0 !-IE TO «ccvto rtpoc TO BA. LTi1v tnixwor'j TOU 6PE8JlKOV uoVO AlVO OcnPOKO ana XOVTpo xcrocnOiJlTO cvvetc

'E~w cno TOUe; rccooc 6pt8'lKOV noxxc OcnPOKO xelponoLJlTWV avYelWV 6na xovTp6KKOKO «ccrovoucupo cui ucnoo nJlAO I-iE !-IlKPO XOAlKIO H uepucc 6n6 core Ti t~wTepIKi1 eruecverc elvut xercouevn !-It ~UAIVO il OOTE!VO ecvcxcto. nooeovovror 6n6 OVOIXTll «uotcx cvvetc OIlA. «uceouc. 608£lEe; qll6.A£e;, ru96.PIO, xcvacpouc K.O.

at Ao8ee; rtou 8PE81lKOV elVOI TOlVIWn~e; il r'jI--lIKUKAIKee;. Auo elver OIXOAWTEe; TOO 'rurtou wish-bone, f] uto !-It OlnAli 6.n6A'lt;1l KOt Ti Seurepq ue rpwcovlKi16.noAIlt;n (elK 15). XOPOKH1PtcnlKO elver KO!-l).lQTl 6n6 utKp6 Kuo80 17 !-It unepu!.\JW)lev'l tOlVIWTr'j Ao8t') 6p80ywVIKile: rounc. To 6yveto Mv eTxe 66.011 «ct OX'l!-lOTi~el 6.K).11'1 ere ut)Joe; Tile: pi~oe: Tile: Ao6ile; Bpt81lKOV erttonc ocrpcso ue nAOOTlKi1 0loK60).lll01l nou uuretrm OXOIVi. LUYKplvovtoe; T6. eupnucro TOO T0).1- 60u A ue aAAo vvcocro UAIK6, )lae: 6011YOOV vo rortoeerncouue rqv KOrcoxeun TaU OTi1V ).IeTo6OTlKi1 neoto- 00 6.n6 -mv tnoxti TOO XOAKOO cmv tnoxti TOO OlOtipOU. H xlvo noll. Ion> on XPoVOA6YllOll (OIlA_ I-lEOn OTDV 110 n.X. ai.) I-lae: 6511YOOV Hi ).IEXPI TWPO euonucrc TOO TU!-l60U B ).1£ l-leptKQ OKO\JO noovevecreoc OeiYI-lOTO 6.v6.ueoc OTO OcnpOKQ Tfje: tnixwoJle: I-lSm~u TWV rcoov.

'0 tU1-l60e: A onwe: tKTE8T]KS ncooncVW, XPIl0l!-lOnOli18t"]Ks y!a cpscrouc ctovec OTi1V apxala tnoxn set uaprKOUe: chovec moue; l-leOOlWVlKOUe; xoovovc

'H xPi10TJ TOO TUjJ60u A ana TOV 110 jJtXPl TOV 40 at. n.x. Kat n unapt;1l ornv "iOIO nsplOxn rtxneouc ruueev Koi aeuexnov «noucrcw ucoruoet 6VaAOYll crcoserc ~wtie: !-ltae: usvcxnc

59

15. TUIJ6o~ B. flo6t~ Kof "OTPOKO ;,yy&lwv ene TI'Iv tnixwol') ;,v;,IJtOO OlOU~ T6~ou~. flo6t~ 11,· nouwfsh"bone(yu'Tr1VovolJooioTWvAoewvou_ TWV eA. Heur1ley, B.S.A XXVIII. 1926·27 a. 179 'ApXi~ouv imo Tr1V IIPWTO&AAoi5'Kr1 Koi ~90vouv w~ Tr1V uonpocAAoi5lKrt tllOXr1. txouv 6pt6ti OTr1 MOK&i5ovio, XoAK'i5'K~, 0&000Aio, fI&UK0i50 Koi lI.wi5WVI1. 61.. lI., EuoyytAilil1,'Hntl". Xpov. 19350.198·200. 0twpouvro, lit onoTOv EuoV' yeAfi5l1 £Yo ono TO olJIJEio tno~~~ T~~ lIwliwv.,~ IJt Tii MoKtliovio Koi T~ occccxrc, eA. c.n.e. 208) Kol Ao6t~ iJt i5mAt~ onoAii~&'~. (nopOiJ"'&~ i5'XOAWTt~ Aoet~ [.It i5mAii onoAIl~1l tXOUiJt ono ToU~ "E"iJwvc<; KCpKUpO~. 61.. All 20. 1965. B2 XpoV(!o;O o. 380 n(v. 438o,illlorov MoAueonup· yo. 61.. R. Heur1ley.6.n, c. 210, &IK. 769 Koi ono TOU~ lUlJ6ou<; r,,<; 'AA6ovio<; 61.. Frano Prendl. "La Civilisation prehistorique de Maliq·'. SI. AI" banica 1. TIrana 1960,0. 266,niv. XVI,27,26)

yeWPYOKT'lVOTpO(jlIKne; KOIVOTllTOe;

'H 6~6i50 TWV ruuetcv rnc Meponnc nptnel VO evroveet OT6 euoureco OUVOAO TWV TUiJ6wv rnc ,,'IMUptoe;", OAAWOTE YEWYPO(jlIKO l'j m:pIoxn CmOTEAEi 1-.1\0 E:VDTllTO ue TnV «orxooc TOO Aptvou OTnV orroiu txouv eoeuvnaer TUl1601 Tne; l<'iloe; tnoxne; KOt nOA r orsPOI (Kakavi, vcchlne. Bodrishte, vatzej". nou ncooucrctouv eniO'le; TO (jlOlv6I1EVO Tne; xpnO'le; at uercvevcOTEPll tnoxn, OTOUe; I1EOOlWVlKOUe; enx. xp6voue;

r'evuccrepc TO VEKPOT0<pETo TWV TUiJ- 6wv Tne; lI.UTlKne; BOAKOVlKIle; 8EWpOOVTo! 66pEIOe; npoEA8UOI1e;, eruopao'l OllA. KOt rponoc TO<PIlC; TWV <pUAWV TOO nOAlTlOiJOO Kurgan noli KOTt6'lKOV crto TO sooero KOt 60PEIOOVOTOAlKO npoc Tr,V nEplOXr, TWV acxxcvuov. LUIJ<PWVO IJt T6v N. Hammend" ncocenenxcv iJEXPI Tn O11)JEPIVr, 'Axacvtc cnc ~'lpa KOt ana 80- AOOOO KOt OT!') ouVtXElO jJEOW TWV 'IAAUPlKWV OKTWV KOt Tile; !\WKOOOC; OT!')V urtoxcmn 'EMooo

60

4.El. non[]MnouAou. <Epyov A.E. 1976,0,86-88 Ei~. 75 "Epvov 1977. 0.70. "Epyov 1978 o. 35-36 &iK. 40. '"Epyov 19790,16,£iK.38.

S.The Prehistory of Eastern Europe, Cambridge Mass. 1956.1. 70. 155 «cr M. 'Avl'ip6vl.ou. "'£)."'WIKO 'Enm]~IO MVllet<:io", Af". 17 (1961-62) 0,152-210

6. Mav. 'Avl'ip6vIKau, B&pyivo I, ~T6 N<:KPOTO<pdo TWV TUIJ6wv», 'A6llvol 1969 ccrc, ntToo, ,,'AvaOKaljln ilpxoiou v~KpoTO<p&iou 8&pylvoC;", A.f". 17(1961-62) A' 0.218-288, ntv. 92-153, At;,. 18(1963). B20.217"232,niv, 257-262

7. E.5. Higgs. "Some Recenl Old Stone Age DiscoverieslnEpirus·'.A620.1965B2Xpo'{.tKQ,cr,361-

'" 8.AlI..1967.B2XpoVIKQo,350.A.61968B2,Xpo-

VL~O 0,296-298, E.S. Higgs, The Climate Environment and Industries of Stone Age Greece, Part III (1967)0.19-26.

9. All. 196e. 82XpOVLKd, 0.291

10. e. ncnceonooxou. f".wl'iwvn, Tal-l. Eo,no,271 «ct t~ii~. onou Koi Ji OX&TLKJi 616AlOYPOIjl[o II.L.60KOPT1,A,E 1956,0.11,0. 149,XOPIUTiipIOV etc 'coxcvecv. on. 0.402, v, Desborou9h, The LaSlMycenaeans,Odord 1964, 0,37-40, G. Styrenlus, 5ubmyceneean Studies, Lund 19670, 161-2 Koi N. G. L. Hammond. Epirus 0.11. 0.362. I. BOKOlonoullou,6.n.o.200. 8. na[]oo6noul<.ou.f".wl'iwvT1,II.n .. 0.278.

12.1. 80KOlono(iAou,A.E, 1969,0.203. tancpouorc ana mv ·All6avla. 81<., Dhimoslen Budina,lliretdheGjenezaeShigiplerereUniversiteustaererort TiranesInstitutiI Hlstorlse obetGjuheeise 0.131. niv.4 op. 6 ~a[ Hesperia vet 49.2 1980, Excavations at Nemee" 1979. 0.179 nfv 35.8.8R.o,91

14.P,R. Franke. Die Antikel1 Monzen von Epirus. wlesbaoen 1961.o.105.n[vl0.V39.R.46 15.n,A.E1951,0.178-179 16.'Hnl<.oUTtKJil'iloK6aWI0T1<:lvoo8aDlK6XopoKTI1P,Q"TIK6rl'lc; 61-101'i0<; IITwvnpoIUTopLKWV¢.Yy&iwv lfic; ·Hn&ipou. 811. n.A.E 1951.0,178-182 «cr 1952. c. 368-9. '0 Hammond. Epirus 6,n 0.296·309, O&wp&1 611 fX&' <:iooXB~i I'Il<:XVIKTl oUlTlI:m6TTl MaK<:l'iov{O yupw UT6 1700 n.X.·H K&POIJEIKJi 1-1& nAOUTIKJi 1iloK601-l~0T1 OUVaV1QTaI 0' 6A~ Tiiv K&VTPIKri Eupwnll UTiiv &noxri lOU XoAKou.oTI'lv'AA6ovtoKotrl'lv·AvOToIIIKI'I'lraAioKat<:lvalnal<.u1ilo1i&l:iOlJtvIlKO(UTO'ErrTlJVT1" 00,61..1. BOKoTOnouAou, e.n, 0.190. onl-l,4,5,6 Kat 7, cnou Kall'l OX~1lKJi 6L6ALoYPo'l'io

17. ""EX&l oxton IJ~ t6v KuaEio one 16v KleWTl6- OXT1I-10l0tpO 1TO()'EAo~6TOnou ·Iwovvivwv. 81. I. 80KOlonouilou 0.11,,0.182, mv. as.e-v

18. Hammond, B.S,A 62 (1967) 82, Eplrua 0,201 0.346,349 Koi LuUim ytli. "Traces de civilisation illy· rienne dans le dislrict de Skrapar". Stuota Albanlka 1,1972.0,161·165

19. Hammond, "Tumulus Burial in Albania", Illria IV 0.131 Koi TOU il'ilOU Migralions and Invasions in Greece and Adjacent Areas, New Jersey 1976, 0.116-118

The Tumulus burial at Pogoni, Epirus

The discovery and study 01 sepulchrallumuli at Pogoni. Epirus. gives a new dimension 10 the archaeological research of the prehistoric age in Eplrus. since this part 01 Greece has been relatively unknown.

The future conclusions of Ihe sludy of the tombs will prove whether lhis cemetery and the settlement to which it belongs relate to the lirst settlement 01 Greek tribes in Eoiruaor to the descent of Molossoi Irom N,W. in the

years between the Bronze Age and the early hisloricperiod.

The tombs excavated so tar torm twosepulchralturnull. distinguished by the letters Aand B are located on the woody north slopes of Ihe Koutsokrano mountain. The systematic excavation of the tumutus A began in 1979 and was completed in 1981,Ihe same year that the research on the lumulus B. 50 m, south of turnuius A started

Other tumuli have also been located, scattered in an areaof2 kms. around A: their size varies. while some are covered with large irregular stones, others with earth

The exfstence ot such an expanded cemetery that remalneo in use Irom the 10th to Ihe4th centuries B.C. and after an interval was reused in the early chrislian age. as the tlnds from tumulus A resury, points necessarily to the existence of a thriving selllement of respective durationin fime.

The settlement was located in 198110 Ihe east of the large cluster of tumuli. Foundations 01 circular. temtcircurar anc rectangular buildings are stn visible there.

Cemeteries consisting ofa considerable number of turnuj - the tumuli originate from the North - are known in many couniries of NW Europe,lheBalkans and the Dalmaliccoasts. Similar semetenes have also been oscovereo in Greece from the prehistoric age to Ihe4IhcentryB.C.

The tumulus A in Pogoni has 12 m. diameter, almost 1 m. height and contains 30 boxshaped tombs. The question of the origin of the box-shaped tombs. which is Ihe common way of burial duringtheMH and LH period in South Greece, has not yet been answered Most of Ihe lambs, although rooted, gave finds iike shreds from prehistoric, hand-made pottery and paris of toots made of stone and knives made of iron. Objects and coins irom an unlooted lomb date in the 4th century B.C" while the jewellery from another date in the 7th-10th centuries A.D. and are quite close to similar finds from Albania.

The tumulus B has approximately 8 m. diameter and its height hardly reaches the 0,50 m. The tombs, thai can be dated as early as the tun-torn centuries B.C., have a spoked arrangement and are again box-shaped.

The finds of tumulus A compared with other relevant, published material, lead us 10 date the tumulus in the period between the Bronze-Age and thai of Iron. while thetumuIus B must date earlier, thai is in the ttrh century B.C

The continuous use of the tumulus A from Ihe 11th to the 4th century B.C. as well as lhe existence of a great number of other lumuf and of building foundations testify for a lasting and prosperous. contemporary community The group of the tumult in Pogoni must be related 10 the tumuli in lllyria, not only because the two sites beiong to the same geographic unity but also because their tulumi have been in use from the prehistoric period to the Middle-Ages.

The tumuli of the western Balkans have generally been considered 01 a northern origin,an intluence.That is, 01 the way of burial oflhe tribes of the Kurgan civilization, These tribes descended from the north 10 the Balkans and, according to N, Hammond, reached Albania and through rne coasts of Illyria and Lefkas island were torwaroec to the rest 01 Greece

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