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T6 noxen Kl 6 voce. TO orroto tE;unllPETOOVTOl uno urrnoerec Kat i5ouAOUe;, eve r'J unopE;ll TexvlTwv (uercxAOUPYWV, 6yye:lonAOOTwv) elver Ii 6nai5eL~I"] TOO KOT0l1epl0l100 Tf]e; tE;eLOlKeUj..ltvlle; nt6 ecvcctcc. "Exouue crccer AOlnOV omv tj..llpOVlOr") I1l6.e: nprirrrtc j..lop!.pile; ToE;lKWV KOlVWVlWV, K68eTo Ieocomuevcv. j..l£ BoOT] T6 OXilj.lo: 'ApXIly6e; - noorreuoucc - Ke!poAOlo - KOTOoKeuoOTte; - cvoonKO! nopoywyol. BploK6110me i5'1AOi5Ti OT6 OT]l1elO, ortou r'J KOlVWVIO 6.pxt~eL vo XPr")CJlj.lonOleI tva j..ltpoe; TOO nM8uo1100, Ta 6noio i5ouAeueL,

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Bt6"toypatpio

LEROI·GOURHAN. Andre .

The Birth of Writing

The appearance of writing in eastern Meoiterranean [Mesopotamia and Egypt) was the result of a social-economic evorution. The "invention" of agriculture around 8000 B.C. brought along a socar-econonc revolution on which the society is based even today. 1\ caused me creation of the first settlements and. later. of cues. the appearance of the craftsman (potter and silversmith) and of ee first forms of class society.

The tact thai man. for the first time. was accumulating "capital" - that is food • which was administered by a pclitical-reliqlous center. the palace and the priesthood, contributed to this evolution. In order this aoministration to operate. an accounllng system was required from which the writing derived.

Consequently, writing was not a natural but also a cultural phenomenon. 1\ appeared in Mesopotamia and Egypt it the 4th millenium B.C. in Ihe form of ideograms and phonograms. The phonetic alphabet 01 choerscans originated from phonoq-ams and was solely based on consonants. Greeks completed this alphabet by adding vowels and created. thus. the first "modern" alphabet from which the latin and the slavic alphabet derived.

Parole. 2 16IJO' Albin Michel Paris 1964 Natssance de I" Ecrlture. Korci.~oyo<; rn<; aVTiOTOIXIl<; ~KetCJT1<; 'lOU evrve OTa nocic. TO ~a~oKoipl '82

TLAIANT. rKOpVl0V. '0 avfJpwno~ nAd8El TOV COUTO lOU. tKi56oEI<:; Panna 'AfJijva 1971.

HIGOUNET. Charles. L' Ecrilwe. P U F. Oue-sais-;a.Pans 1982(1955) CHARBONNIER. G .. Entretlens avec LEVI· STRAUSS, Paris 1961.

XpOYOAOylKrl t~tAI~ (NAISSANCE DE lO ECRITUAE c. 42)

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