You are on page 1of 3

Cell Reselection General Comments:Presentation title in footer 3 17 June

2011 1. Cell Reselection General Comments In the UMTS Network, parameters


are communicated to the UE over the air interface via System Information
Blocks ( SIBs ) and dedicated messages . SIBs 3 , 5 , and 11 in Idle Mode
SIBs 4 , 6 and 12 in Connected Mode The cell reselection parameters
included in this presentation are structured in groups covering
intra-frequency , inter-frequency and inter-RAT scenarios.

1. Cell Reselection General Comments:Presentation title in footer 4 17
June 2011 1. Cell Reselection General Comments Two sets of System
Information Blocks (SIBs) control the cell reselection process: I. SIB3
for idle mode or connected mode (when SIB4 is not broadcast) and SIB4 for
connected mode - SIB3 contain the parameters required to calculate the
reselection criteria: - S criteria ( this determines whether the cell is
suitable ) - R criteria ( this determines the ranking of a cell ) - SIB4
contains the same IEs ( Information Elements ), with possibly different
values, for connected mode cell reselection. The SIB4 Indicator in SIB3
indicates whether SIB4 is broadcast in the cell. II. SIB11 ( for idle mode
) and SIB12 ( for connected mode ) control which neighbor cells the UE
takes measurements of and which type of measurements are collected. The
SIB12 Indicator in SIB11 indicates whether SIB12 is broadcast in the cell.

2. Ranking Criteria:Presentation title in footer 5 17 June 2011 2. Ranking
Criteria Choice of measurement to use as Quality Measure Q for ranking
candidate FDD ( Frequency Division Duplex ) cells for cell reselection is
CPICH Ec/No or CPICH RSCP . Recommended: CPICH Ec/No The UE shall measure
CPICH RSCP anyway since the candidate cells to be ranked for cell
reselection have to fulfill the FDD SELECTION CRITERION S first: Srxlev >
0 and SELECTION CRITERION S Squal > 0 Where: Squal = Qqualmeas Qqualmin
Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas Qrxlevmin Pcompensation

2. Ranking Criteria:Presentation title in footer 6 17 June 2011 2. Ranking
Criteria Parameters Explanation Squal Cell Selection quality value (dB)
Srxlev Cell Selection RX level value (dBm) Q qualmeas Measured cell quality
value. The quality of the received signal expressed in CPICH Ec/N0 (dB) for
current cell Q rxlevmeas Measured cell RX level value. This is received
signal, CPICH RSCP for current cells (dBm) Qqualmin Minimum required
quality level in the cell (dB) Qrxlevmin Minimum required RX level in the
cell (dBm) Pcompensation Max UE_TXPWR_MAX_RACH P_MAX 0 in dB
UE_TXPWR_MAX_RACH Maximum TX power level an UE may use when accessing the
cell on RACH (read in system information) (dBm) P_MAX Maximum RF output
power of the UE (dBm)

2. Ranking Criteria:Presentation title in footer 7 17 June 2011 2. Ranking
Criteria For the reselection of a cell, the UE evaluates the two equations
below: Ranking Criteria for serving cell: Rs = Qmeas,s + Qhyst,s and
Ranking Criteria for neighbor cells: Rn = Qmeas,n Qoffset s,n At point A
the Cell 2 begins to rank as the best cell according to the reselection
criteria. T reselection timer is started. At point B , Cell 3 ranks the
highest while the reselection timer for Cell 2 has not expired yet. A new
timer for Cell 3 is started. At point C , the reselection timer for Cell 3
has expired while Cell 3 continued to rank highest. Cell Reselection
Example (for simplicity, the offset for cell 2 is not shown) Qmeas can be
RSCP or EcNo . By default it is EcNo

3. Intra-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter settings:Presentation title
in footer 8 17 June 2011 3. Intra-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter
settings Parameter Definition Value Range Engineering Units Recommended
Qqualmin Minimum quality level in the cell expressed in terms of CPICH
Ec/No Integer (-240) -24 0 dB -18 dB (-18 dB VF-RO) Qrxlevmin Minimum
quality level in the cell expressed in terms of CPICH RSCP Integer
(-58-13) -115-25 dBm, in steps of 2 dB -113dBm (-115 dBm VF-RO)
Sintrasearch Threshold (relative to Qqualmin) to enable intra-frequency
measurements [-16 +10] -32 +20 dB, in steps of 2 dB 10 dB (10 dB VF-RO)
Measurement trigger condition is : Squal Sintrasearch Qqualmeas
Qqualmin Sintrasearch Qqualmeas Sintrasearch + Qqualmin Qqualmeas -8
dB for Qqualmin = -18dB and Sintrasearch =10dB This means that for Ec/No
worst than - 8dB the UE will start to measure another 3G cell in the same
frequency

3. Intra-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter settings:Presentation title
in footer 9 17 June 2011 3. Intra-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter
settings Parameter Definition Value Range Engineering Units Recommended
Qhyst1s Hysteresis value in the cell ranking criteria for cell reselection
when CPICH RSCP is used Integer (020) 0 40 dB, in steps of 2 dB 2 dB ( 2
dB VF-RO ) Qhyst2s Hysteresis value in the cell ranking criteria for cell
reselection when CPICH Ec/N0 is used Integer (020) 0 40 dB, in steps of
2 dB 2 dB ( 2 dB VF-RO ) Qoffset1s,n Offset between two cells in the cell
ranking criteria for cell reselection when CPICH RSCP is used (Qoffset1s)
Integer (-5050) -50 50 dB 2 dB ( 0 dB VF-RO )

3. Intra-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter settings:Presentation title
in footer 10 17 June 2011 3. Intra-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter
settings Parameter Definition Value Range Engineering Units Recommended
Qoffset2s,n Offset between two cells in the cell ranking criteria for cell
reselection when CPICH EC/N0 is used (Qoffset2s) Integer (-5050) -50 50
dB 2 dB ( 0 dB VF-RO ) Treselections Cell reselection timer value Integer
(031) 0 31 s 1 s ( 1s VF-RO )

4. Inter-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter settings:Presentation title
in footer 11 17 June 2011 4. Inter-frequency Cell Reselection Parameter
settings Parameter Definition Value Range Engineering Units Recommended
Sintersearch Threshold (in dB) for inter frequency measurements [-16 +10]
-32...20 dB, in steps of 2 dB 8 dB (8 dB VF-RO) Measurement trigger
condition is : Squal Sintersearch Qqualmeas Qqualmin Sintersearch
Qqualmeas Sintersearch + Qqualmin Qqualmeas -10 dB for Qqualmin = -18dB
and Sintersearch =8dB This means that for Ec/No worst than - 10dB the UE
will start to measure 3G cell on other frequency

5. Inter- RAT Cell Reselection Parameter settings:Presentation title in
footer 12 17 June 2011 5. Inter- RAT Cell Reselection Parameter settings
Parameter Definition Value Range Engineering Units Recommended Ssearch,RAT
Threshold for inter-RAT cell measurement [-16 +10] -32...20 dB, in steps
of 2 dB 4 dB (4 dB VF-RO) Measurement trigger condition is : Squal
SsearchRAT Qqualmeas Qqualmin SsearchRAT Qqualmeas SsearchRAT +
Qqualmin Qqualmeas -14 dB for Qqualmin = -18dB and SsearchRAT =4dB This
means that for Ec/No worst than - 14dB the UE will start measure cells on
other RATs

Slide 13:Presentation title in footer 13 17 June 2011 6. Inter- RAT Cell
Reselection TEMS log file example According to the network parameter
settings, the UE reselect GSM network at Threshold value of Ec/No = -14dB
Ec/No Value

6. Inter- RAT Cell Reselection TEMS log file example:Presentation title
in footer 14 17 June 2011 6. Inter- RAT Cell Reselection TEMS log file
example UE have reselected the GSM network

Slide 15:Presentation title in footer 15 17 June 2011 7. Cell Reselection
Summary When the UE detects that the quality of the service cell ( CPICH
Ec/No measured by the UE) is lower than the sum of the minimum quality
criterion of the service cell ( Qqualmin ) plus this threshold , it starts
the intra-frequency / inter-frequency / inter-RAT cell reselection process.
Intra-frequency cell reselection is prior to inter-frequency / inter-RAT
cell reselection. When setting these three parameters, make sure that the
intra-frequency cell reselection start threshold is greater than the
inter-frequency / Inter-RAT cell reselection start threshold. If these
parameters are too high , cell reselection probably starts frequently ,
resulting in UE battery waste. If they are too low , cell reselection
probably starts difficultly , and the UE fails to reside timely in a cell
with good quality, and this influences the communication quality between
the UTRAN and the UE.

Slide 16:Presentation title in footer 16 17 June 2011 7. Cell Reselection
Summary Example for measurement start of cell reselection ( - 18 ) ( - 14 )
( - 10 ) ( - 8 ) Ex. ->

8. GSM to WCDMA Cell Reselection Procedure:Presentation title in footer 17
17 June 2011 8. GSM to WCDMA Cell Reselection Procedure If 3G cell
reselection list in GSM cell system information includes UTRAN frequency ,
the UE needs to update RLA ( R adio signal L evel A veraged ) in the
serving cell at least six strongest non-serving GSM cells at every 5s .

9. GSM to WCDMA Cell Reselection Parameter settings:Presentation title in
footer 18 17 June 2011 9. GSM to WCDMA Cell Reselection Parameter
settings Parameter Definition Value Range Engineering Units Recommended
Qsearch_I Indicates whether inter-RAT measurements shall be performed when
signal level of the serving cell is below or above the threshold Integer
(015) Search for 3G cells if signal level is below (0-7) threshold: 0=-
98dBm, 1=- 94dBm, , 6=-74dBm, 7 = always or above (8-15) threshold: 8=-78
dBm, 9=-74 dBm, , 14=-54dBm, 15 = never Always (Always VF-RO) FDD_Qmin
Minimum Ec/No threshold for UTRAN FDD cell reselection Integer (07)
0=-20dB, 1=-6dB, 2=-18dB, 3=-8 dB, 4=-16 dB, 5=-10dB, 6= -14 dB, 7= -12 dB.
-14dB (-14dB VF-RO) FDD_RSCPmin Minimum RSCP threshold for UTRAN FDD cell
reselection (Optional Parameter) Integer (015) -114 dBm to -84 dBm in
steps of 2 dB -104 dBm ( N/A VF-RO ) FDD_Qoffset Applies an offset to
signal level for UTRAN FDD cell reselection Integer (015) 0=always select
a cell if acceptable, 1...15=-28dB28 dB. In steps of 4dB Always select a
cell if acceptable (Always VF-RO)

Slide 19:Presentation title in footer 19 17 June 2011 10. GSM to WCDMA Cell
Reselection TEMS log file example The UMTS cells measured for reselection
can be find in System Information Type 2 quarter

Slide 20:Presentation title in footer 20 17 June 2011 10. GSM to WCDMA Cell
Reselection TEMS log file example After UMTS cells measurements, the UE
reselect UMTS network