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Kati Clark

A5
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER
Disturbance of identity
Big Differences in things like speech,
mannerisms, attitudes, thoughts, gender
orientation and some physical differences.
Causes usually related to abuse
There are three major dissociative disorders defined in
the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders (DSM), published by the American
Psychiatric Association:
Dissociative amnesia
Dissociative identity disorder
Depersonalization-derealization disorder






STATISTICS/FACTS
9 times more women than men receive therapy for DID
97% of the individuals with DID have been physically and/or sexually abused
An individual with DID develops an average of 10 personalities or alters
Statistics show the rate of dissociative identity disorder is .01% to 1% of the general population.

SYMPTOMS
Auditory or visual hallucinations
Sense that one's body is being transformed or changed
Feeling like one is in a daze-going into a trance
Feelings of confusions and/or disorientation
Feeling one's thoughts are out of control
Vocalizing words one did not think or utter
Difficulty understanding others
Depression
Multiple suicide attempts
Severe anxiety attacks and/or numerous phobias
An inability to maintain stable relationships
Physically damaging acts, such as cutting oneself

PATIENTS
Diagnosis
4 main criteria to diagnosis
Two or more distinct identities or personality states
are present, each with its own relatively enduring
pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about
the environment and self.
At least two of these identities or personality states
recurrently take control of the person's behavior.
The person has an inability to recall important
personal information that is too extensive to be
explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
The disturbance is not due to the direct
physiological effects of a substance (such as
blackouts or chaotic behavior during alcohol
intoxication) or a general medical condition (such as
complex partial seizures).


Treatment
Psychotherapy

Possibilities of:
Antidepressants
anti-anxiety medications
antipsychotic medications

RESOURCES
http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/dissociative-identity-disorder-multiple-personality-
disorder?page=1
http://durham.cmha.ca/mental_health/dissociative-identity-disorder-did/#.U1w5o1dAfQI
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/borderline-personality-disorder/index.shtml#part3
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dissociative-disorders/basics/definition/con-20031012
DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Book by American Psychiatric Association