You are on page 1of 5

~H EAAnVIKrl IJETaAAoTExvia

'Arto Tn YCWl-ltlp1Kn tnoxn, Ii tAAT)VLKr; I-ICTOAAon::xvio EXC1 c5WOCI EPYO t~OIpcnKfle; KOAAIT~XVIKfJ~ nvonc. Touc XOAKIVOUe; At.~llTCe; TOO Bou Kof TOO 70u ot. rt.X. I-It TOUe; aouuoorouc vpurrec, TOUe; XOAKIVOU<:; rpmocsc TOO 80u Kof TOO 70u ot. rt.x., TOUe; OTT)PI~OI-lEVOUe; at OCPUpnA010 eveyi\u¢o O,OOI-lOla OTOA10l-ltva 1-1£ I-IU80r..OYIKte; rrupccroocic. 'rev acuucoto XOr..KIVO 8WPOKO lfle; 'Oxuurtloc TOO 70u 01. n.X. 1-1£ TnV tYX6.POKT'l T1apOmOOT) rtourtftc 8EWV KOI ovrcmev ~WWV. Tfe; I-IEyOr..Ee; XOAKlVEe; aonfc5Ee; TWV apxo'(KwV Xpovwv 1-1£ TO OCPUpr;r..OTa 6.voyr..ucpa tr..00I-l0TO - luovTEe; rrou iOTOPOOV 'I-IU80r..OYlKte; OKllvte;. Td apxoTKO r..OKWVlKO XOr..KLVO xdronrpo I-It Tie; r..UYEpte; vuuvec AO.KOIVee;, nou KPOTOOV 010 KEcpOr..l TOUe; TOV OIOKO TOO Ko8ptctHll. '"H OKOI-IO TO noouro KAaOlKo XOAKlVO «crorrrpc TOO KOPlV8LOKOO, OIKUWVElOU Kat OPYE(nKOU tPYOOT11P(OU, TO OTT)PI~6I-1EVa at rprceuvcvc oyaAI-iOna rtenxocopcov YUVOIKWV. LUXVO 6 Ileyor..o~ c5{OKOe; TOO Koapt<PTT) nxmotoverc. one ovo tpWTlOEiC;. TLC; apXQlKte; xaAKlvee; «oprvaroupvetc nooyouc I-It nporoI-Ite; YUVOlKWV. Tone EVTunwmOKOUe;, usvoxouc, 6PxaTKOUe; XOAKlVOUe; xpurnoec TOO Vix KO( TOO Trebenischte, TOUe; OTOAlOl-ltVOUC; I-It 6.V6.yAU<PE~ En[8ET~C; I-IOpcpte; OTO AOlI-iO. 'Ana T6. e:pyo OUTO QAAO £xouv ~p€:8ET at. iepc KQi QAAO at TOcpOUC;.

LTO OPXO'iKO XP6vLQ T6. OT)j.lOVTlKOTEPO EPY00T11PlO l'jTOV TO AOKWVlKO Koi T6 KOPlV9LOKO, 016 nocruo KAOOlKO TO KOPLV8LOKO, TO OpyeLTiKO ISOI TO OIKUWV~lO «ul one TO 1-1£00 TOO Sou KO( TOV 40 at. rt.X. T6 OTTIKO Koi rmvrors T6 KOPLV810KO. LU!1$WVa I-It TO. EUpnl-lQTO Tfle; TEAEUTO(Oe; dKOOOEttoc, TOV 40 at. rt.X. OT)!1l0UpYOOvTOI GTWOVTlKO epvccrnprc IlETaAAoTExv(ae; Kof orn B. 'EAAoc5a.

'H IlETaAAm:EXVta TOO 40u at. n.X. ouVEXi~El rnv noooooon. To OXrillOTO Kat <')laKOOll"lTlKO 8tllOTQ TWV ayveuov Kat TWV «crorrrpccv t~eAiooovLUI ouueevc Ilt L~V alo8'lLIKri aVL{Anllln nl~ tnoxii~ Ka( T'l TexvlKI'j, nop6AAT]Aa Ilt tri IlEy6An rtoocec me xaAKonAaoTIKii~. rrcooucrccer ueveAn t~tA(~T].

T6 K(HonTpa: :flO. ,t'\'turoio rerccrc TOU SouoLnXl5rll-llOupytilO,6TunoC;TOUnllJKTOU scrcrrrcco. '0 l5iOKoC; TOU KoSpt<lnn KaMmtTOI",C ~VOliElrT£PO li(OKO OTO'\'IO~CVO ~co¢lupn,I,.mn avdy,l,.uCI>n TlOPOOTOon. l:uxvd 0"16 COWTt· PIKOtOuKoSptCl>Tl1lJn6PxnKoicyxapcucrnTlO' pOOTOOn.·O TUTlO~ oUT6e; ouvnS(~£,QI 0,1,.0 lCw 40 ct. Tl.X. Koi onj" tMT]~IOlIKT') tnoxT'i. To KOrorrrpu OTOA(~OVTOI covnecc ~t St~OTO Tlap~tvoaTl6tpyo~wypOCl>IKfic;,f.vw(j,l,.,I,.oT&mlAII.lVn· ~ovcuou" tpyo TfiC; n,l,.oolLKfit; ouYXpovo n TlO' ,I,.16T£pO. "EvO KOtompOTOu aecoxtcou ",CIJlO

• StiKTi YUVOIKEio KtCl>o,l,.n Cl>O(V&TOlliTi (..Ivn~OVEU El rnv KVlli(a 'A4Ipo~HTn tau npo/;lTt,l,.n. "Eva KOraTlTpO Tijt; NtoC; 'Y6PK'1t; ~l TnV TlpOTO",n (..IIOC;YUVOIKaOC:~OPCI>'ic;,TlOu(..ItT6uljlw(..levolie ~16 XEP! KpaTOtl eve !30OTPUXO aTl6 ,0 (..IoAAI6 1Tf~. 8uj..Ill;tL TnV m:pIVP04ln tije; 'Avo<iuollCVn<:; "A¢lpoc'ilTnC;TOU·ATlt,l,.Aij .• wC;Xtplauj..I(..Iopljlaaa ~ildi3poxov ij<iOtl X011ov. (tiK. 1). U ~vo KO' TOTlTPO TOU /lovliivou £iKovl~£Tal T') Aov6n v6 bCXtTOITnXPUOJ\!3poXT')TouAio. 'a ncccocccn outT'i4laIVtTCIlbTlClTlTlXtifvaouYXPoVO"Tlo, ~16T£pO ~wypoCl>IK6 tpyo. 'An6 lit; tyxopaKTee; TlopaOTdo£l<:;ava¢lcpoU~tTT'i"Tlop6oTaOnEVO<; K0"16mpouToulloviSivou.Mc,l,.&rmjcYXapo/;'l6 KoA},!TtxvnC;TOUK0T6mpoUOXEiSioot~laNu",Cl>n TlOU ,I,.ou~ttOI OT6 6VOLY(..lO tv6c; onnxotou.

EUYEvia rlOUPIl 'APXOloMyo<:;

27

'Ano tva ... pOIJVO . AtOVTO ... t<llOlo.ft IptX~1 10 VE· Bcpylva<; (EI .... J) nee acccetrcr mecvov, on ti·

p6 Til<; mwii<;. nlO mivlII anO 10V ... pouvO npo· Val 6. 16<110<; TOU OlIu\"lnnou B'. MIO ~IKpft 0OTlJ.lt·

I3nMEI Ii ~t<\>aJ..n Tau navo<;, 'Ano l1\v 6po¢>ft VtO olvoX6!10nO 10<\>0 IOU lItP!3EVIOU (SEOOaJ..O·

rcc cnnxc.cu ... ptJ.lOVTOIO"lt<\>OVIOKOlotJ.lIO vl"'l))tXtI0",upl\AoTT)Ov6yAu"'l)nOpOOTOOTl

~OtAOTI)TOIOUl3p6xoudvOI00ll!1~tvoTOOIIIAIII' <IluMlllv nKOv80u. OOI)J.ltv!lIIvKoltnIXPlJolllvt·

J.ltvo IJ.lOno lii<; Nuu<\>!]c;. Mt 60T')J.lI, ncu 61011]' volo.AO~ .... 01 tnlXPuolllv Ov6tJ.lllllv otoA!] n'tvt

cetrcr .... oJ.UTl1EIOl 6.1.1) T') ncoecrccn. tvw TO nl<!>OvtlO Tl'1<;"'01lo.16<;TOU 6yydou.

13060<;. TO OVOlYJ.l0 TOU onnxotcu KOC OPlOJ.ltvE<; Of orrcvxcc OTOAi~OVlOl J.lt OvOyAu<!IE<; o<!luP!i·

Ont<; 0"l6 I3pOxo ervcr 010 XPcilJ.lo TOU X0,\, ... 00. Io.OTE<; Kol anovIOTtpO O},0Y},U<!IEC; J.lOP<!lt<; ... 01111

'H ncceorccn IOU ... OIOTl1POU OUIOU 'flO/VUOI (i. OnO TIC; Aol3t<;, K. aMolt ndAll1t ~vo OnM Ovet·

II J.lVl1J.lovtUCI tvo ~IIIYPO'flIKO tpyo.·H Ovnno· J.lIO 6vOyAu",O., tYXOpono

p66WTJ Til<; <!IlIIltlVii<; £1 ... ovoc ti'j<; NuJ.l'fl!]<; (:n6 nplv OnO T1'IV EVP£Ol) TOU KPOniPO IOU lI.Epj3e

!l08uXpwJ.l0 !l0~ OtlXVtl, 611 6. KO/o.AntxVT)<; vrce 6. XOAKIVIX; KPOH'}PO<; Hilv MOIvaOIllV TOV

IOvnpoTuIIOUJ.lcAnoUOE IO!oITEpQIQ 6tJ.lOIOU BEPOAivOU Tcilv OPXiiiv IOU 40u ct. II.X. ';TOV TO

<1>11110<; KOC 'fi<; 011.10.<;, zvc 8tJ.la nou OUJ.l'flIllVO ~t UOVa61K6 Oyycio J.lt OvOylo.u<\>t<; napooIOm:I<;,

H1VIIOpOOOOTJ 6,,00xolo.ouOt 16v ~IIIVPO ... O Nr- nee 1J6<; ow8!]Kt Ono Tliv KAoOI[qj tIlOX!i

«tc. '0 KpOTr;pOc; TOU .6£pj3£V(OU, !lpt8!]KE

01 ulipitc;T0040uoi.n.X .. XOAKIVEC;KOrOO!]' 10 1962 OtO lItpl3tvI (9tOOOhoVfKI1), ueoo ce e-

uev.ec, OTOA(~ovlQl IJt O"'Upftlo.OTC<; OvOvAuOlle<; vc oxtn ... O iJlKPO Kll3WHOOXTjlJO 16.OlIo J.lo~i J.lt

nccccrccerc ecre cne mv MOBtll] Aol3n. M166· no/o.AO 6Mo XOAKIVO 11.01 ccnuevrc nYVEio Koiilt

O!1J.ltVIO uOpie TOO Mouoelou 0eoooAovlKr'1<; to onAO TOO V£lI.poO. no 10 ~pvo OllTl~ 80 J.llAI'J·

010AI~&tot iJt J.110 NIK!1. 'OPIOJ.ltvO J.ltP!1 TaU nv· oouJ.le OICf;OOIKQTepO VIOTi clvot lJovoOI~6 016

VtroU t)lov£:IllXPUOWl1tvo. MIO XMKIV!] u6plo erzcc tcu ... or 11 ilEMI!]Tii<;IExvIKf)<;Tou J.lO<;t·

cno TO OlIOpoOAO OTa 'EBvIMO 'APxoIOAOV"'O 6wot ncxcnuc crcnerc vlliTrivE~tAI~n Tii<;TE'

Mouotlo Tii<; 'A6r\v(;I<; OTOAl~E101 J.lt evo 6vO· XVIKi';C; Ti';" ~ETO},AOTtXv!oc; 010 ~EUTEPO J.lIOO

yAu<!>OnounapIO"lOVtlT!jvllpnaYl'llij<;'(lpt!· 10040uoLn.X.

BIJIll<; 6110 to accec (ElK. 2j. '0 IJEVOAo<; XOAKIVO" Mpon\po<; roOllepll£vloO

01 oivoxo£c;, (';11111<; Mol oi uopie<;. OTOA(~OV' (uljlOu<; 0.905 IJ.), J.lC Ti<; ttOAUOTOAIOIE<; tAI"'IIITt<;

IO! JJt OVUV},u"''l O<\>up!jAOT!1nOpOOloOT)KOTW AolJ.t<;,tvTunllloIO~ClToeEeTJiJ.ltTJivwpoioKOI

Ono r!j Aol3ri.·(lpofoe/volr\1I0pOOTOO!]lij<;Mt· nAauolo OIOKOOJ.lT)O!j IOU. Mia OvOVAUOlII) IIOpO·

<!>OAii<; lOU ItA!]vou Tii<; UOl)l'tvIO<; ojvoxol)<; OTOOl) noo to roper TO n06!] lOU 1I10VlKIOU 010A(·

ncu IlpotpxeTOI On6 TOV 13001.1.1"'0 tu<I>O rfi<; ~tl TO ~UPIO 01<1110 TOV ayyeiou. '0 1I10vIJoo<; "t·

28

0<;, Eu60ilJWV S£Oe:;, K66£'IO\ VWXEII.IK('i 0' tva apoxaKI TOU aouvoG, OT6 MtVlPO tile:; A l'l</lI1e:;, KoioHI O£~IO rev KaSUO\ f) 'AplO/)VI1, nlowanu n;vnll.aTI1 TouSEouKolmlvworoapoxoonAIi>VETOlrallJallarovlE1M,4), 'AKOUlJnWVroe:;ra/)£ ~(a Xtp( 1'1l1vw Olf)V KE¢lo"f} unAwvt:l rol'lct;(o TOUOKtll.Oe:;KOiT6anoSCrElnOVWmaVOPI0lF;' o6lJl1pOl1'Ie:; 'Apnll'lvl1e:;, TO aplO'1EpO Xtpl,AU'{l' 0IJfvOota~doywvio,orl'Jpi(t:rOllJt16vOYM!iIvc ora ap6xo, 'H'ApnlOVI'I,vrvllfvl'IlJtX£IPI/)w. TOXlTWVo Kol KoiI.Unrpo, orpt¢lovroe:; rf}v «eecII.nnpae:;laeCa,.aVoKoiI.UnTETOlo . .rroll.oIIJO¢lO' pOt:l ncplOtpOlotnISuo.oAOyll.u¢loonooonlll. Koiora nOOlooov/)OAIO, TO'!£poZcuYOC;;OlMJ<'it:UEl 0 nav6I1P0<;. "OU oltKt:rol "low t'mo TO 1I.10VUOOKOI!JtaVOOT)KWlJtVOrO<'iEl;IOnO<'i\OVO' aMnEl ncoc TO 6EO. 'H nopOo'lOOT) TOU 'ItpO" rOIJOUIou111ovuoouKoirije:;'Aplo<'ivl1e:;tono6t· u;.irolo'tvoi<'iEoTOOPClvOTonlo,ITOrli(ownio tiKOvi~ovrol, Ota unoll.omoowilo ToOOyy£lou. OKl1vte:;aMtaeEI0l1p61J0.l1E~laanaI0·IEp6 Z&uyoe:;EIKovi~&lOL 1.110 MOlva(!O.VTUlJtVl1lltll.£

m6ntnll.0. nee XOP£UCI fvov tMOTOlllIO xop6, OplOT£pa tva tAa¢l1 «cr evcc ncvenocc, KalW

Il·tvo nOIOe PIYlltvo OIOV WIlO 1Tl<;· 'H evnme- aJl!~ tC<; Aoat<; 6t/;la tvoo::; liPId<: III nplOUpO t,

oloKii!JoP¢ln wO.llovoKpf}mlio<;"YEvElo¢lapou vo<;ypuno<;.

Kuvl1you,nou'lOurl(&TOlnI60vOlOTollttOv.f)· TO XEiAO<; TOU KP01J1PO oroll.i(ttOIj.l'ttlI8Clo

l'lUl-lovij' ncv6to. maVEI OAo TO xwpo KOTu> Ono X61.KIVO o.val1 Kl tva (mM IWV(Ko KUI-l('11I0. Ira

n'l II.01lf} 6C/;10. KOltpoivEl 11\v 1111.0VLa TOU aou 00'1'0. TOO iWVllIOU KUIJOTiou etvcr ypoll\ltvl)1.1' a·

voe xopeUavroe:; tvov tllOTOHKO xop6. <1IopOC( Ol1l.1tVlO ypalJj.lOTO f) tmvp0¢ll\ AITIOYNEIOI

MOVIo XmilVo, ncu a¢ll\v£! o.KOAumo TO anavll) ANAO:ArOPAIOI EI I\APIIA!. 'H tmypo¢ll\ eo-

ceuc. XAol.luflo Kol 4II)AO Ul1ai'il1(.lO 010 aPIO,C' X(~tl ana rl\ B O<liTlllo( ouv£X!(£!O! OTf(V A. T6

p6 nM!. novw OTa X(!wvIOllo npopaMCTOl AO' Vol1(.la 11'1<;; Ei~OL .c11-lOI 0 KPOlf}poe:; TaU 'Aoriw'

E;a TO otloSI uecc OlOV 1I0II.ta, ~p£(.lOO(.ltvO' Il' f· vu xaAKIVOOUpl.IO ana rav WIJO TOU. Ira i'i£l;la X~PI KPOTOUOE liuO OOPOIO, {ma ro enotc ow(c· 101 (.lOVaXO Tafvo,IOOdAAouoW(ClOlroOnO'TU' I1W(.lo . .rn'iv OVTioTOlXI1 etoJ) «o nc 0n6 r1'l II.oPn OPlOTCpa tlKO'vi~OVIOl /)ua Xl(.lOlpO'¢lOvee:; MOl' vczec. Kpo.lWVl0e:; )110 ~wv!OvJ10I16)111 XlllOlpa xopcUauv fvov tll0'10TLKa XOpO np(v ana to 0I10POYIlOTOU~liIou. 'HnpwTTlMow600o;>opa£L ntn},O'l-ltIlOKPUanOnTUYIl0Ilolf}<'iCU1CPnXnW VO'.'HOKI)VI\,O'D6pYlOOTIKOUXOpO'UTwvMowO, OwvonAwvuo! 0'011.1'1 TI\V B6lj1l'1. 6u-(i Mo(va<'ice:; IlPOlWVTO<:; fvo¢,iOI XOpt:UauvtVOVOPVlOOtlK6 XopO. ·El;oVlII.l'Il-ltVI10n6TOXOpaf)(.llaMOIvMiO },Uyl~CL T6 yaVOTtl (C(K, 51, TI\ oowccrct, 6y~0 Alo.(OvTa<;tl1Vo.nOlJ1lJton.lllarp(TI1MOIValio, KOS!O'(.ltVI)O'tvo PPOXOKIIOU acuvcc, 'H MOl' vo.OoouTI\¢IOPaClXlrWVOKOIIIlOnO',tvwl'(MOl' vMof) U;OvTAn(.ltVI1 01'16 r6 XOpaCiKOV(UOl YUllvf}, (.ltTollJo.noavCl-llo(.ltvonioWTn<;06vi Olio. 'HMolv6f1onououvexl(ElI0XOpO¢lopOCL nenxc IIO( XAov(/)(O, '0 IIAI)v6<:; nopoKoII.ou6!:' 01'10 (.lOKPla TO OpWIlCVO (£iK. 6) IIIT1vte:;wIJO¢loy(o<:;tIKovl(oYfOlOTaKatWOwIJO \"0" aYYEiou . .rt1'lv A 0\1'1'1 Ou6 ypun£<:; 01'100'0.· ~ouvfvotM¢lIKOloT1'lBO\l'l'Itvo<;II.tO'Vl0e:;1I0[ (.lLa .61\11.£10 nOvSI'IP' O"O'pa(ouv tvo 1J00Xap!. ITO nAaYlQIIOTWanarl\ (.lOp¢li(lO'Gf)OUj.lovou<; nevStw<:;£iKO'vi(ETOLtvo<;veppOe:; 'HnOpoOlO0J)Ole¢lovwvCToll-I'fvowpoiotnl, eUoaOl1lltvLolI},olilolintAOU,tviilfvoOll.},oo· 0l1lJtvlotnI8£10 K}'oOIKIOOoiiO'1o}'I~El 10 KCltW rlJillJQ lOU 11.011-100 rou ayyEiou . .rTO navw rlJiil.l0 £iKOvl~EfO'l IJla ~WO¢I"6POC:;OW(!EKO ancncv Koin' IlCpwv ~WWV. IUYKEKPllJtVO oTJiv A 6\111'1 ciMO'vi (CTOloT6Ktvrpofvoe:;AtovTOe:;Il'tvooKOlWlJt, vov£apo ern paX'l TOU, flcl;la ilia xecrvc KltVOe:; vc~p6<;, 6PU]tEpa fvoe:; lIanpoe:; III tvo<; nav8!), 0'0'<;, Ill\ a 0\1111 E1Kovl~£101 oro Ktvrpo 1-1'0. 8f}· '\'E!Onav8I1p,lic/;(atvotM¢llKlfvo<:;ypuno<;:

YO<; 100 YlOU rou 'Avo~oyopo 01'10 11\ 1\60"000. 'H !3a011lOuoVyt[out:ivQl 10Io(TcP\lX0(.lJ)II.I\Ko{ OX£Tllla OI1I1,J1. IToM(ETol)J'tvo At0j310 KU(Ja· TIO. 'Vncplloll.IKaOloll.IOlJtv£<:;eivo(oII-lEyMe<;t/ll' Kwrte:; Ao~t<;. TO KaTW ToE;wro llliillO liie:; II.oan<; £IVOlO!Ollop¢lWlJtvo at KOU'\'adllov6o<:;,Qi 1'16, vwtAlllt<;n£PlllaMoV101anoKouAouPlOOIlEVO ¢li<'ilO K( oia¢lSoll.(JoIIOUe:;OTO~{~OVTOL (Jt TtOOC' po npoowncio: IOU 'HpOKII.1'i KI tva<:; 'IOUpoKt· pw. 8coli o11\v A 01/<11, TaU "AOI'I ern B 6</111. nll.ouolo¢luTlllaKOOI.II\IJ01O.av6tllloIlOI¢luMo OMOV5ae:;, KoAunrouv 10 KEVO aVall£OO OTIe:; 11.0· j3t<:;Kolo-roll.Olj.lOTOUaYYEiO'u,

'H wpolo QvayAu4>1'J fl101IQOIll10n TOU ayytlou OU(.lnAI1PWVEfOllltltooEPotnIScmxulo.6yoll., (JOT!O nou o-ro~l~ouv TUV W(.lO 100 IIPOTTjpO, nll.oO(.ltvo£l<'illlay(OUtO to ollonO/)tvQUVnp' (.lOVIKa Il~ ro ceac tOUaVYc!ou. EIKovi~oUVIlOP' ¢lte:;KOSlOrt<;KlElvOlrOnOS£TI1IJCVooronAa, Y'o, KOVTO ori<:; xcaec. ITnV A 0</111 aPlOtCpa erKOV{~EfOI611'6vuoo<:; IciK. 7] 1(01 lic/;(d (.l(a KOllJl' OlJtVI'l Mo(vaOo. '0 1110VUOOC:: xccrccce accco (xolltVOTWPO)OT06cE;loXtPlKollltT'OplOT£pQ Orl1pl(EIOlorOVWI-lO TaU Kpot1'!pO, «caec crce-

¢lEfOl npa<:; TI\V KOlIJIOlltVT1 MowaOo. To KaTW OW(.lOTOUSEO'Un£PLP6M£TOlanOlOlllaTlorOU. H MOlVaOO, j3U8101ltVI1 OTI\ 01OVUOIOIIJ1lJtel1, Kaa£lollltyupTonp6<:;tQKatWIowpoioTI'I<;KC' ¢l0A,,¢lopQClXIlWVOKOlljJOtIOnouKoII.unlEI6- II.OTI'I<;IQ(l(iIIlO.I11\Boljll'laPIO'1Cpacillovi(Clot fvo<; IaTUPOe:; KOlll'OlJtVC<; Ko(licE;la (JLO Mo,vQ, OO.tvEKOTaocI" '0 Iatupo<;, KPOTWVTOe:;tVOV oOK6VCllaIOKpool,tX£ll3u810SEioTf}OIOVUOlO KI\1lf81),'H MOlVO/)O, KUPICUI!fVTJ an6 rl\Olovu O(OKn tKOTOOI'I, ytpvcI np6e:;Ta nrce ro ccotc TI1e:;KEq:.a'\'I,¢lopO£lntnAolltlloKpuOnonluy, pc. TO llano elver Op6aVOLXlo, tKOIOIlKa.

T6 XPUOa$l xpwlla TaU Kpan'lpa tv. TUnW0l6~el Kai ~a$vI6~el t6 Beall'), "Ornoc tbel~e i] eceuvc tau XfllllKOO K, F. accouccen, t6 Xpwl1a aUT6 6, ¢>£l.A.etCl 01"i] l1eyM'l neorexnxcrnrc TOU Kp6IlaTOe; TaU XaAKOU at scootreoo (14·15%). T6 iblO XPUaa$l Xpw, uc txouv Kl bAa cxezov rc x6AKlva cvvetc nee nooeoxovrcr 6n6 "laue; rocouc TOU fiepl3E:VlOO,

'H noonvuevn teXvlKr'j TOU «octnoo etvcr noxunun ucctuotc YI01(e; «ore«mcerc nie; TOp£UTlKf)e; ere belJtepo 11106 TOU 40u at. n.x. 'Ocicpevc Iltp'l

29

elver XUTO, OnWe; TO 6.YOAI10TLO, 01 t· '>"LKWTte; AO[3te; KL Ii [30or1, tvw TO. 11£' YOAUTCPO OWI10 TOO cvvetou onOTC' .>..£'iTOl cnc l:iu6 A£m6ToTo oq,uP'i'>"O, TO tM0I10TO. IUYK£KPLl1tVO, Onwe; t· O£I~£ Ii pOl:iLOYPO$T')011 TOO KpoT'ipa I1t OKTfv£e; X, TO. I1£YOhLlT£PO ueooc TOO cvvetou, 6.n6 TI'j [300T') We; TI'I I1tOT') neputou TOO '>"OLI100, 6.noT£'>"£ITOL 6.n6 eve l1£y6Ao tA00I10. "Evo OMo jnKp6T£PO O)(T]I1OTi~£L 16 n6vw Wfll10 TOO AOl1100 TOO KPOTI']pO. 'H oUYK6.>..· '>"T')OT') TWV l:iu6 tA00l10TWV cuuntrrm I1t TI') l:iIOXWPIOTIKi] YPOI1I1i] TWV zuo ~wvwv TOO '>"011100.

1-i oq,upT')MTT]OT') TOO OKA'lPOU tM· 0110TOe;, t~oIT(Oe; TIle; l1£y6AT')e; rteprsKTlK6TT')TOe; TaU ce «coctreoo. fytV£ at B£PI1" KOTOOTOOT'), erncc fl:icI~£ n OUYKPITIKi] I1£ToA'>"oypaq,IKi] eceuvc TOU K. F. BOPOU$OKT].

'H OptOTOUPYT]110nKI'] OIflUpT]MTT')OT') TWV 110P$WV unooer vo OUYKPIB£i 116· vo I1t TO cocrorepc «cronrpc. '0 nAoOTIK6e; OYKOe; TWV 110Pq,WV t~o(· P£TOI on6 Tr;V tm$ove:to TOO 6.yy£(OU KI at 110pq,te; npo[3o'>"AOUV OVOYAU$£e; KO( at ootouevc I1tpT] KOTO rete reTOpTO. To XtPIO TOO dIOVUOOU, rtou npo[36.MoVTOI o.My'>"uq,o, CIVOl ncoOB£TO, XUTO 6.no. rev «corte Kof K(hw. 01 KoMlypOq,LKte; muxte;, OAA£e; o.~u· xocucec Kl OM£e; I1t KOl1nU'>"T') POXT'). OA'>"£e; OVOYAUq,£e; KL MA£e; xertrec 116ALe; 1510KPIV611£V£e;, OM£e; n6J..L KOAnwvOV10l KI aVCl1f~OVTOI Kof npo[3oMouv o.MYAU$£e; ccv OvBT'). It ilIa necrrrncon, OTI'] 110Pq,I'] TOO nCV' eeccc, 6 KoMtTtxv'le; TOnoBtlT')O£ np60Se:TO 0$UpI']A010 tM0l10TO YIO va t~aP£1 TIe; avq.((~OUOce; muxte; TIle; XAOl1ul5oe; lOU. 'H 6.nMooT') 100 $WTOOKIOOl1tvou 0YKOU lfte; Ko.11T')e; f· YLV£ 11' eve nAiiSoe; 6.n6 oVlo6[3oB£e; «curtuxec KI oMT]'>"OT£I1V611£V£e; tv' «ortec KI tYXOpO~Cle;.

'H cvcrm lOU KoMLltXVT') YIO TI'] .>..£. nTOl1tP£tO elver XOPOKTT')PIOTlKI']. Mt dKPO emuexerc Xopa~e:1 TO q,TCpa TWV ypunwv TOU OUl1nAtWOToe; Tiie; A O~T')e; Kof 16 TPfXWI10 TOO '>"tOVTO· pIau TOU oUl1nMY110Toe; Tiie; OAAT')e; O· 4IT')e;. ITI']V etscvc TOO KOll110l1tvOU IOTUPOU OloKplVOUI1C we; «cr TIe; AC' ntec tcrxec Tfie; 1100xO}..T')e;. To KO}..O· vccupevc nMla TWV MOlvol5wv KO( Ii Ae:mOI1CP£IOKn 6.n6000T] TOU $UOI· KOO OX"I1OTOe; TOU VUXIOO dVOll110 6.. K611T') fvl:it(~T].

30

no VO nO\K(M£1 XPWl1aTIK6. TO. fpyo 6 KoMITtXVT')C; TOnOS£"££[ "p60StTO $uMo KOSOPOU XO}..KOU KI 001111100. "Evo $uMo 6.n6 KoSopo. xO..\Ko. cno- 15(l:iEa TnV tOWT£PIKn tm$ove:lo Tlic; 150paC; TaU IIAT')VOO. IT(C; P6X£C; TWV $lOIWV TOnoStTT')O£ Ou6 TOLV{CC; KOSO' poe XOAKOO KI cvcuecc TOUe; 1110V ccnuevrc. To KOOI-li]l1oTO TWV McrvcOwv, ncpIOtpOlO KO( [3poXI6}..la, etvc, emeetc, o.MY}..U$O cnc aol']1-I1. 'ErnSCTO elver KO! TO XO"\KIVO On..\o TOU ne:vBtwc;. 'H naoocrc 010K6011T')0T] TOO xccrnoc OUl-lnAr1PWV£TOt I-It Ou6 aOT]l1tvlo crueerc K'\OOIO, tva 6.n6 Klo06 OT6 }..0l116 KI tva on6 Ojln£..\o neve 6n6 T"V nopeOTOOT] TWV Flu-

Bwv TOO znovuocu.

Ol uevdxec t'\lKWTtC; '\o[3tc; errore}..OUV10l 6.n6 liu6 Tl1nI10TO: TO. KOTW TO~WT6 Koi T6 ncvto I1t Tfe; f'\IKe:e;. TO. KoBc Tjliil1a $aiV£TOl On tXCI xuBci XWPIOTO KO( KOT6mv tVWST')KOV ot jllav tVIOtO ocveecn. To ncoocmetc rtou oroxrzouv TOUC; I1cy6Aoue; c$SO'\110Ue; TWV tMKWV KOt TO $uMo Tiie; OKovBou nou Y£i.l(~OUV T6v «eve Xwpo cvdueco OTI'] '\0[3r'J KO( T6 '\01116 TOO cvvetou elver O$Upf),\OTO.

'H ~WO$6poC; TWV ~WWV, rtou OTO'\(~CI T6 novw I1tpoe; TOO "\OljlOO, crtorexetTOl crto '\cmo O$Upr;'\OTO tMOIlOTO. 'H [300T] Ilt TO KOOI1"IlOTO TT')C; elver XUTn. 'En(9tTO O$Upn'\OTO elver 1l6· vo TO $U}..}..O TOO aOT]IlIOO 016 Mo[3lo KU1l0110.

Te cvcxucnc elver XU10, oUllnoYii, O· moe tlie:I~£ Ii poOLoypOq,T')On TOUe; I1t 6.KT(vte; X. 'H n,\oOTlKf) an6600T')lWV 110Pq,WV (.1t If)V rtxcuotc cccsc KOt T"V TPU$Epn KO( tUO(OBT')lT') emlie:p(.1(· ec, Ii an66ooT] TWV 1l0AAIWV KO{ TftC; U$ftc; lOU U$a0I1010C; elver tvl:i£i~£IC; lWV l1£y6Awv npo66wv lftC; XO"\KO' n"\OOTIKfte; OTI']v ccrecn K'\OOlKI'] enoxi]. 'H Oto116p$WOT] TOO 1l0TlOO OTO c. YaA!lono elver 011010 I1t TWV O$UPI'j· '\OlWV IlOP¢/WV. 'H lple; ~£XWpi~EI cno TO. [30..\136100 pence 11' eve 130Bu cuMKI KI Ii K6pT') OT]}"WvtTOI I1t ilIa 6m;. 'OPIOl1tvtC; evsonec KI tyxop6~tlC; crov OYKO lfte; K611T')e; Kof crtc 130Bu· OKIW1£C; rrruxec txouv Y(VCI I1E10 T6 XUOL!lO, Ilt KPUO eovccrc. To 6.yaAllo· TlO, Onwc; KI 6'\0 10 dMo entaerc 010' ACOIO 100 KPOl'iPO, tfXov KOAAT]Btlllt Kp0(.10 «cccrrspcu KO{ 1l0'\u~liou. rIa 10 ayo"\110TLO .00 znovcoou 6 KoMI' lEXVT')C; ncccaece !l10 !lIKP~ [300T') Yla

va rtcooccpooeet KO"\UTe:pO crov w· 110 TOO 6.YYEfou.

rl6 ni O$UPT')MTT]OT') TOU }..e:m6T010U tMoIlOTOC; TOO KpOTf)pO 6 TOP£UT~C; K6AU~£ Tf)V EOwltPIKI'j TOU emq.6v£10 Il' eve OlPWI10 KEPIOO, 6.n6 TO. cnoto OWBT')KOV 6.PKe:10 KO!l(.10TLO

'H 6T]1.lloupyfo 100 KPOTl'jpO tcnceerctrot OTf) li£KOCT{O 330·320 n.X.

'0 KOAAITtXVT]C; TaU KPOT~PO TOU t.£p[3£V{QO q,O[VETal OTI OXET(~£lOI O· Il£OO !-It rnv OTTlKf) ltXVT') TftC; tnoxftc; lOU. 'A..\,\6 ~ rpueepctnrc lOU 0Xt· liiou TOU t{VOI tva OlOIX£'iO iWVIK6. 'H un6BcoT') On elver fvoe; y'\umT')C; Kof TOptuTI')C;. 6nwc; 6 Benvenulto Cellini n.x., on6 (.116 iWVIKf) n:6AT') .ftc; XO..\Kt· 6IKil~, nee !-IOBI')T£~e: cmv 'Aenvc, ¢/O(V£TOl ruacvn.

BtllA.toypaq.la

J. CHARBONEAUX. tee bronzes seece,

Paris, 1958

CI. ROLLEY. Monumenta nraeca et Roma· na.v, I, tee bronzes, lelden, 1967.

W. ZOCHNER, Grlechlsche Klappsplegel. Beriln.1942.

W. ZOCHNER. Der aeeuner M3.nadenkra, ler.BWPr9B.1938.

N. BEPl1EflH, XohKf( TE4'p060X6o;' Mohmt; tM <DapoOAwv. AE 1950·51. 80 ME!';.

X. MAKAPONA. TO<l>o, napo TO l1epptvl etoooAovIMI\C.A1118. 1963. 193·196.

E. rrOYPH. '0 MPOTl\pOC; lOU eeoaev.co. -EMOOoI1 Tf\c ·ApXOI01.0YIMf(C; 'ETOlp,COc. 'A8r\vo.1978.

M. ANl1PONIKOY, 01130011.IMOI 104>01 TWV Aiywv(Bcpy1voc).¢llhmnot;, 'EM6otlMr\'A· 8I1VWV. 'A8T'1vo, 19BO.

Ell\coupol IT'iC; 'Apxo(oc MOKI!60vCIlt;, 0eoooAovIM!'(,1979(KoTo1.oVoC;fK8&o!'(c)·

Greek Metalwork of the 4th century B.C.

The nervent «rater, dated In me decade 330-320 B.C. Is a masterpiece 01 the metalwork of the 4th century B.C. The main body of the vase Is decorated with the Passion of Oionysos In relief. Four anached cast statuettes adorn the shoulder of the vase. The study of the technique employed for this krater suppnes us with some extremely Important Information a· bout the evolution of metalwork during Ihe second hall of tne 41h century B.C.