0 Up votes0 Down votes

16 views4 pagesCOMPUTER GRAPHICS

May 17, 2014

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

© All Rights Reserved

16 views

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

© All Rights Reserved

- Finding Significant Points for Parametric Curve Generation Techni
- Power Circle Diagram
- std_iso 27956 load restraint system.pdf
- Design of Isolated Footing
- 4.1-4.3 Review in Class
- MRSM Maths P1 2007
- c1quadratics
- Eqmod Alignment Models
- Fraser
- PIE CHART (26.3)
- Matrix Transformation
- Cylinder
- Rutman_2000
- MUTUAL INDUCTANCE OF ANY TWO CIRCLES By Chester Snow
- CBSE Class 12 Engineering Graphics Sample Paper-02 (for 2012)
- wsms q2 20142015 nine week planning form
- bezier1
- DM-Intro 16.0 L04 Geometry Modeling
- ghfgbsf
- Ch02a Mechanic

You are on page 1of 4

We will construct what is called the quadratic Bezier curve by means of a geometric algorithm.

First, draw segments AB and BC and relabel as A1, A2, A3. (Discover the RELABEL command in Display if you have

not done so; it will save you time.) Construct the point B1 as a point on segment A1A2.

Measure the ratio A1B1/A1A2. We will think of this ratio as t, so you may want to repeat the measurement and relabel it

as t as in the figure.

Select the ratio t and choose Mark Scale Factor in the Transform menu. Then Mark A2 as center and dilate point A3 to

get A3', which we relabel as B2.

Next construct segment B1B2 and construct point C1 on the segment by dilating B2 with center B1 and ratio t.

Now if you drag B1 all the points B2 and C1 should move "in tandem" with the same barycentric coordinates on their

respective segments. You can create an animation button for B1 on segment A1A2 if you like.

Now construct the locus of C1 by selecting C1 and B1 and choosing Locus on the Construct menu.

Finally, hide the points B1,B2,C1 and segment B1B2 and the ratio. Select the figure, including the locus and Make a

Script. Check in a new Sketch that this figure constructs the locus. In a new figure draw points A, B, C, D, E and

construct two Bezier curves given by A, B, C and also C, D, E. Notice that they do not fit together very smoothly unless

B, C and D are collinear.

Write down the formula in terms of the barycentric coordinates (1-t) and t of points B1, B2 with respect to the triangle

A1A2A3. What are the barycentric coordinates of C1? Do they add up to 1?

Cubic Bezier Curves by the De Casteljau Algorithm

We will construct what is called the cubic Bezier curve by taking the previous construction a step further.

Draw points A1, A2, A3, A4 in a new sketch and construct point B1 as a point on segment A1A2.

Measure the ratio A1B1/A1A2 as before and call it t. Mark Scale Factor as t.

With this notation, B1 = (1-t)A1+tA2. Construct the points B2 = (1-t)A2 + t A3 by dilating A3 with center A2 and ratio t.

Construct B3 on segment A3A4 in the same way.

Now you have points B1, B2, B3 that all move according to ratio t. But B1, B2, B3 forms a figure like the A1, A2, A3 of

the quadratic case. So complete the construction of new points as you did in that case, to get C1, C2 and also D1, all

with dilations using the same ratio t but different centers.

Finally, select point D1 and point B1 and choose Locus from the Construct menu. If you hide the construction and the

ratio, you can select the locus and the points A1, A2, A3, A4 and make a script that will draw the locus. Reorder the

Givens if necessary to have the order A1, A2, A3, A4. (Do this by dragging in the Script window while you hold down

the Shift Key.

Now apply the script to see how cubics are used in computer graphics. In a new sketch, draw points P1, P2, Q1, Q2, R1,

R2. Construct Q2' by rotating Q2 by 180 degrees with center Q1. Now apply the script first to P1, P2, Q2', Q1 and then

Q1, Q2, R1, R2. See how the cubics fit together.

Area, shears and affine mappings

We will investigate the areas of parallelograms in (x,y) space.

In a new sketch, show the axes and then construct a parallelogram as in the figure, with one vertex at O, the origin, one at A and

one at B as shown. The fourth vertex S has position vector A+B. But sure to have the whole line BS, not just the segment.

Construct a point C on this line.

Now relabel Point C as B1.

Mark vector OA and translate B1 by this

vector to get new point S1. Construct the

sides and interior of this new parallelogram

OAS1B1.

Explain why the new parallelogram has the

same area as the old parallelogram OASB.

Now suppose A = (a,b) and B = (c,d). If we

drag B1 so that B1 is on the y-axis, what are

the coordinates of B1.

In this case, what are the coordinates of S1?

If we take OB1 as the base of this

parallelogram, what is the base and what is

the height?

What is the area of OAS1B1? This should

be a formula in terms of a, b, c, d. This is

also the area of OASB, or the parallelogram,

with sides OA, and OB. Do you see the

determinant?

A shear is an affine transformation that leaves one line m fixed and moves some point B to another pont B1 so that BB1 is

parallel to m. This means all lines parallel to m along themselves. The example above was a shear. If we think in terms of affine

coordinates, a point with affine coordinates (x,y) in terms of the axes OA and OB is mapped to a point P' with the same

coordinates in terms of OA and OB1.

Add to the figure a point P and figure out how to construct P'

Explain how the parallelogram OAS1B1 (when B1 is on the y-axis) can be sheared in a vertical direction into a rectangle with

sides parallel to the axes. This means that any affine transformation is a product of two shears and a scaling parallel to the x and

y axes (a strain).

- Finding Significant Points for Parametric Curve Generation TechniUploaded byappasami
- Power Circle DiagramUploaded bygodfrzero
- std_iso 27956 load restraint system.pdfUploaded byOscar Marino Campo Bonell
- Design of Isolated FootingUploaded byIlmtalab
- 4.1-4.3 Review in ClassUploaded bylizzy513
- MRSM Maths P1 2007Uploaded bymurulikrishan
- c1quadraticsUploaded byjfarrell_ie5767
- Eqmod Alignment ModelsUploaded byastroman2011
- FraserUploaded byS G Cortes
- PIE CHART (26.3)Uploaded byShawtiez Emma
- Matrix TransformationUploaded bynicolas874139
- CylinderUploaded byYashwanth Raj
- Rutman_2000Uploaded byabo029
- MUTUAL INDUCTANCE OF ANY TWO CIRCLES By Chester SnowUploaded bymarkrichardmurad
- CBSE Class 12 Engineering Graphics Sample Paper-02 (for 2012)Uploaded bycbsesamplepaper
- wsms q2 20142015 nine week planning formUploaded byapi-267837463
- bezier1Uploaded byIvek Rupa
- DM-Intro 16.0 L04 Geometry ModelingUploaded bySaeed Saleem
- ghfgbsfUploaded byKatraj Nawaz
- Ch02a MechanicUploaded bynabilah
- jordanvargas pacingguides2016-2017 math8Uploaded byapi-333674872
- Scoop FinalUploaded byOndra Labík
- Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics Volume 8 issue 1 1965 [doi 10.1007_bf00833672] G. I. Bodyakov -- Unsteady flow of a viscous incompressible liquid between two cylinders.pdfUploaded bySrinivas Jangili
- 17Uploaded byCharmilla Freire m
- Test2Uploaded byRajat Kalia
- GeometryUploaded byjeffconnors
- Window2Viewport_12_Sep_18 (4)Uploaded byYash Gupta
- 6th Sem Cg ManualUploaded byfathima parveen
- Cheatsheet Data VisualizationUploaded bySiddhartha Gupta
- OE1100 AssignmentUploaded bymadridista gamer

- College Khabar - Engineering Placement News, Student College Reviews, Company Reviews, College Events,Placement Papers, Student InterviewsUploaded by16rock9999
- 02b Blank TimetableUploaded by16rock9999
- 02b Blank TimetableUploaded by16rock9999
- 2ndsemcoeUploaded by16rock9999
- College Khabar - Engineering Placement News, Student College Reviews, Company Reviews, College Events,Placement Papers, Student Interviews 2Uploaded by16rock9999
- Reliance RIL Placement Paper Candidate Experiences 37241Uploaded by16rock9999
- 01Uploaded by16rock9999
- HCL Technologies Fresher Walk inUploaded by16rock9999
- YTL ITUploaded by16rock9999
- AFCAT 2015 NotificationUploaded byMota Chashma
- HCL Technologies Fresher Walk inUploaded by16rock9999
- Proverbs 261Uploaded by16rock9999
- 322 UV Vis InstrumentationUploaded by16rock9999
- Fluoroscopy AngiographyUploaded by16rock9999
- Master Opp GaveUploaded byFrancis Odhiambo
- Mutation Form (1)Uploaded by16rock9999
- 6thsemcoeUploaded by16rock9999
- 6th sem iceUploaded by16rock9999
- Our Reference _ Made EasyUploaded by16rock9999
- Reliance RIL Placement Paper Whole Testpaper 30621Uploaded by16rock9999
- Reliance RIL Placement Paper Aptitude General 29176Uploaded by16rock9999
- Reliance RIL Placement Paper Whole Testpaper 29179Uploaded by16rock9999
- Placement Paper Aptitude Numerical 32796Uploaded by16rock9999
- Points to Know While Purchasing UPS or InverterUploaded by16rock9999
- 7th sem iceUploaded by16rock9999
- YTL NetworksUploaded by16rock9999

- lab3_stereonetsUploaded bysantjitr679
- Conformal and Einstein gravity from twistor actionsUploaded bySethApepDjedkhonsuefankh
- Cobordism Category of Manifolds With Baas-Sullivan Singularities, Part 2Uploaded bycrocoali000
- shubam mathprojectwork10 a 120930012042 Phpapp01Uploaded bySumit yadav
- Three Dimensional Geometry (Questions)Uploaded byAdavan Bhavy
- Derivation of 3d Rotation MatrixUploaded byRob Morien
- nda-maths.pdfUploaded byShivansh Kaurav
- 04 - Local Coordinate SystemUploaded byerikoh
- Leep 208Uploaded byAarushi Singh
- astronomy olympiad practice test solutionsUploaded byDevYSheth
- ellipseUploaded byErnest Laña
- Principal StressesUploaded byavinashn1
- conic sections and circlesUploaded byapi-339611548
- Circle and Conic SectionUploaded byHimanshu Gupta
- JEE Mains Free Mock Test 2015Uploaded byprem19999
- Soln11(Complex]Uploaded byshashank
- Quiz 3 AlgebraUploaded byJUAN DAVID VALENCIA BRAVO
- 13.7 Surface IntegralsUploaded byDaniel Gaytan-Jenkins
- 75_1-3_271Uploaded bybdalcin5512
- Sap2000 Local AxessUploaded byÇetin Osmanlı
- ConeUploaded byMohammad Soleeh
- Complex Surfaces and Sums of Complex Projective PlanesUploaded bysabsamtarte
- An ElementaryTreatise on the Geometry of Conics Mukhopadhyay 1893Uploaded bybm.over2933
- Modern Introduction to Grid-GenerationUploaded bymbarkazohir
- 05_Using Tools_Wireframe & SurfaceUploaded bywshen1468
- Mathematics T Term 1 STPM2016 (NS)Uploaded byMichele Goh
- diferencijalnaUploaded byviduka0101
- Final Math Paper CHINA BATCHUploaded byAbhinav Singh
- EDCUploaded byDan Ted
- The Math Behind Escher's Picture GalleryUploaded byhahaonlysirius

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.