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1 Introduction :

This document covers R.C. design of Standard Pile-caps for 1 pile, 2 piles, 3 piles,4 piles, 5 Piles & 6 Piles
The R.C. design conforms to IS456-2000. Some Clauses from BS8110 are referred and used wherever
IS clauses are not too clear.
2 Reference Documents :
1) IS 456-2000 : Plain and Reinforced Concrete Code of Practice ( Limit State Method)
2) SP 16 : Design Aids for Reinforced Concrete to IS 456
3) IS 1786-1985 : Specification for High Strength Deformed Steel Bars and Wires for Concrete
Reinforcement
4) BS8110 : Structural Use of Concrete, Part 1: Code of Practice for design and construction.
Part 1: 1997
3 Design Philosophy :
Refer sketches furnished at the end of respective calculations for dimensional details of standard pile-caps.
For description of symbols refer "Design Parameters" furnished at the start of each calculation.
The Standard pile-caps are designed for the full Compression,Tension and Shear capacities of pile.
Following three checks are carried out in design of pile-caps.
A. Check for Punching Shear: ( For Factored Load)
This check is carried out for pile caps having more than 2 piles where 2 way action of pilecap exists.
The critical section for punching shear shall be at a distance of Dt
eff
/2 from the face of
pedestal (while considering punching of pedestal into pilecap)
Actual Shear stress = Tv =Shear force at that section / (Dteff*Shear perimeter)
Actual Shear stress shall not exceed Permissible shear stress ( ks x Tc )
Where Tc = 0.25 x Sqrt( fck)
ks = (0.5 + bc) but not greater than 1
bc = ratio of short side to long side of the pedestal.
If Tv < ks x Tc. No shear reinforcement is required for punching shear..
The pilecap depth is to be adjusted such that Tv is always less than ksTc.
B. Check for Bending: ( For Factored Load)
The critical section for bending shall be at the face of Pedestal. Bending moment
(Mxx and Mzz) is calculated at the face of pedestal. For calculating the bottom
reinforcement, bending moment due to the full Compression (for Conservative results)
capacity of piles is calculated about the pedestal face in each direction and Bending moment
due to the selfweight of pilecap is deducted from it. (Soil Wt. & Surcharge pressure ignored
while calculating the bending moment for Conservative results.)
Clause 31.6
.IS456
Clause34.2.
3.2 ..IS456
Clause 31.6.3
.IS456
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 . AVD .
28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
B. Check for Bending:continued
The calculated bottom reinforcement is compared with Ast min and the greater of them is
provided. The horizontal distance between main bars shall not be more than 180mm.
For calculating the top reinforcement, bending moment due to the full tension capacity of
piles, the selfweight of pilecap, soil weight and Surcharge weight is calculated about the
pedestal face in each direction .
The calculated top reinforcement is compared with 50% of Ast min and the greater of them
is provided. (The minimum steel at Top is meant only for temperature and shrinkage crack
control. For temperature and shrinkage control Astmin is the total minimum reinforcement
for that section and hence only 50% Astmin is considered for top steel.)
C. Check for One way shear: ( For Facotred Load)
The critical section for one-way shear shall be at a distance of Dt
eff
from the face of
the pedestal for maximum Compression load condition.
The critical section for shear is at face of pedestal for maximum tension load condition.
Design Shear strength of concrete 'Tc' shall be calculated based on %tension steel. Table 19IS456
Actual Shear stress =Tv=Shear force at that section / (Dteff*Pilecap Width)
The enhancement of shear strength shall be taken into account in the design of sections
near support by increasing design shear strength of concrete to 2Dteff x Tc / av
av is the distance from the face of pedestal to the critical section = Dteff / 2
(The Clause for "Enhanced shear strength of sections close to support" is a new addition
to IS456..2000. It has been based on and is in conformance to BS8110. The clause in
British code( cl no 3.11.4.3 to 3.11.4.5) is referred here as it clearly defines "av" to be
considered for Pile-caps.)
Minimum shear reinforcement is not required in pile caps where Tv < Tc
(enhanced if appropriate)
D. Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks assumed = 500 mm
Ast min =0.5 x 0.2% B x Dteff (Minimum Beam reinforcement ...for pilecaps with 2 pile and 3
piles as these pilecaps predominintaly behave as beams.)
Ast min = 0.2% B x Dteff (Minimum Beam reinforcement ...for pilecaps with 2 pile and 3 piles
as these pilecaps predominintaly behave as beams.)
Ast min = 0.12% B x Dt (Minimum slab reinforcement.for pilecaps with 4 pile and above as
these pilecaps predominantly behave like flat slab)
Clause 26.3.3
Table 15
..IS456
Clause26.5.1.1
....IS456
Clause26.5.2.1
....IS456
Ast min = 0.5 x 0.12% B x Dt (Minimum slab reinforcement.for pilecaps with 4 pile and
above as these pilecaps predominantly behave like flat slab)
Clause 3.11.4.4
BS8110
Clause 3.12.5.4
BS8110
Clause 3.11.4.4
BS8110
Clause 40.5
.IS456
Clause 34.2.4.1
.IS456
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 . AVD . 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
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26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
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39
40
41
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43
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45
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48
49
50
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 500 mm
Capacity of Pile : 500 mm
1040 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18 kN/m
3
68 kN 35 N/mm
2
800 mm 415 N/mm
2
5.7143 x ' d' 10 kN/m
2
2 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
1.0 m 50 mm
1.0 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
This check is not applicable for Pilecap with 1 pile as the pedestal and pile are concentric and co-axial.
4) Check For Bending :
Pile cap for single pile does not undergo bending as the pedestal and pile is concentric.
The pilecap needs to be checked for axial compression and axial tension. The magnitude of compression
and tension equal to the Pile capacities.
a) Check for Axial compresssion :
Maximum Compressive force = 1560 kN
Area of cross-section of pilecap = A = L x B = 1000 x 1000 = 1E+06 mm
2
Area of concrete Ac = A - Asc = 997587 mm
2
Axial load carrying capacity of concrete (ignore reinforcement) Pu = 0.4 fck Ac = 13966 kN
> 1560 kN Safe
Astmin required = 1500
mm
2
Provide T 16 @ 6 Nos. top & bottom both ways
Ast provided = 2412.7
mm
2
b) Check for Axial tension :
Maximum Tensile force = 525 kN
Tension carrying capacity of reinforcement alone = 0.87 fy Ast = 871 kN
> 525 kN
5) Check for One Way Shear :
This check is not applicable for Pilecap with 1 pile as the pedestal and pile is concentric.
Top Cover d'
t
=
Spacing of Piles in Group = nd =
c/c distance between piles =
Bottom Cover d'
b
= Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap = E =
Length of Pile Cap = L =
Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
Assumed Pedestal Length = ' l
2
' =
Assumed Pedestal Width = ' b
2
' =
Shear = S =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt =
Depth of pilecap top = h=(FGL- TOC ) =
Density of Soil = gd

=
Grade of Concrete = fck =
Grade of Steel = fy =
Provided reinforcement Sufficient
As the Concrete strength without any longitudinal reinforcement is more than the maximum compressive force
provide nominal longitudinal reinforcement not less than 0.15 of cross-sectional area..... Clause 26.5.3.1 h ...IS456.
1
Diameter/size of Pile = d =
Axial Compression = C =
Axial Tension = T =
R.C. Design of Pile Cap IPC1
Side Cover d'
s
= Breadth of Pile Cap = B =
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD 28/08/06
-
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
a. Parallel to X axis Ast on E/F = 350.5 mm2 Provide 4 Nos - T 12 226.5 c/c
b. Parallel to Z axis Ast on E/F = 350.5 mm2 Provide 4 Nos - T 12 226.5 c/c
Astprovi. on E/F= 452.39 mm2 <300 SAFE
Provide Horizontal Ties to prevent Bursting due to high principal Tension
Provide 4 Nos - T 10 227 c/c
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 .
AVD
. 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 1000 mm
Capacity of Pile : 750 mm
1040 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18
kN/m
3
68 kN 35
N/mm
2
1000 mm 415
N/mm
2
5.71428 x ' d' 10
kN/m
2
2 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
2.85 m 50 mm
1.0 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
This check is not applicable for Pilecap with 2 piles as the pilecap spans only in one direction.
4) Check For Bending :
a) Bottom Steel :
Bending Moment at face of Pedestal :
Mxxmax=1.5{C(0.5nd-l
2
/2)-B*Dt*25((L-l
2
)/2)
2
*.5 } = 763.96 kN-m
Dt
eff(req)
= Sqrt(Mxxmax/(0.138*fck*B)) = 397.70 mm
Dt
eff(prov)
= Dt - d'
b
-0.5*bar dia. = 915.00 mm Safe
Ast
(req)
(for Mxx) =
(0.5*fck*B*Dteff /fy)*{1-Sqrt(1-4.6Mxx/(fck*B*Dteff
2
)} = mm
2
Ast
(min)
(for Mxx) = (0.2/100)*B*Dteff =
mm
2
a. Parallel to Z axis Required 20 T @ 132 c/c OR 7.604 Nos
Provided 8 Nos - T 20 2512
mm
2
b) Top Steel :
Mxxmax = 1.5*(T (0.5nd-0.5l
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*B*((L-l
2
)/2)
2
/2 ) = 298.82 kN-m
Ast (req) (for Mxx) =
(0.5*fck*B*Dteff /fy)*{1-Sqrt(1-4.6Mxx/(fck*B*Dteff
2
)} =
915.85
mm
2
Ast (min) (for Mxx) = 50% of (0.2/100)*B*Dteff = 915.00
mm
2
16 T @ 219 c/c 4.557 Nos
Provided 8 Nos - T 16 1608
mm
2
5) Check for One Way Shear :
a) For Maximum Compressive load
Shear plane location 0.958 m from pedestal centre , Shear Force= 969.4 kN
av = 0.4575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.275 Tc = 0.388
N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.552
N/mm
2
Tv = 1.059
N/mm
2
Tcmax= 3.70
N/mm
2
Tc enhanced > Tv ... Hence Provide nominal shear reinforcement
Density of Soil = gd

=
Grade of Concrete = fck =
2 R.C. Design of Pile Cap IPC2
Diameter/size of Pile = d = Assumed Pedestal Length = ' l
2
' =
Axial Tension = T =
Shear = S =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt =
Spacing of Piles in Group = nd =
Breadth of Pile Cap = B =
Shear Section Parallel to X axis
Bottom Cover d'
b
= Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap = E =
Length of Pile Cap = L =
2387.51
Ast(prov) =
1830.00
a. Parallel to Z axis Required
Assumed Pedestal Width = ' b
2
' =
c/c distance between piles =
Grade of Steel = fy =
(Soil Wt. & Surchrage pressure
ignored for Conservative results)
Top Cover d'
t
=
Side Cover d'
s
=
Axial Compression = C = Depth of pilecap top = h=(FGL- TOC ) =
Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
Ast(prov) =
Tcmax > Tv Safe
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06
.
AVD
. 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
Vus= 0.00 kN
Asvreq= 0.00
mm
2
Asvmin required= 221.58
mm
2
12 2 200 c/c
226.1
mm
2
O.K
b) For Maximum Tensile load
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to X axis) is at the face of pedestal
Shear Force= 603.5 kN % Steel = 0.18
Tc = 0.318
N/mm
2
Tv = 0.660
N/mm
2
Vus= 312.90 kN
Asvreq= 189.43
mm
2
Asvmin provided = 221.58
mm
2
Provide T 12 2 200 c/c
226.1
mm
2
OK
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
a. Parallel to X axis Ast on E/F = 457.5 mm2 Provide 5 Nos - T 12 215.5 c/c
b. Parallel to Z axis Ast on E/F = 457.5 mm2 Provide 5 Nos - T 12 215.5 c/c
Astprovi. on E/F= 565.49 mm2 <300 SAFE
Provide Horizontal Ties to prevent Bursting due to high principal Tension
Provide 5 Nos - T 12 216 c/c
Shear reinforcement Provided T
Ast(prov) =
legged stirrups @
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Provided Shear Reinforcement OK
legged stirrups @
Ast(prov) =
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 . AVD . 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
General: This Pilecap is assumed to be comprised of 2 beams. The first beam spans between two piles and
the second beam spans between the third pile and mid-span of first beam. Width of both beams = (d + 2xE).
The top and bottom reinforcement (both directions) is calculated and provided within the beam width. Nominal
steel (50% of Astmin in both directions) is provided in the balance portion of pile cap.
(Refer sketches at end of calc.)
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 1000 mm
Capacity of Pile : 750 mm
1040 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18
kN/m
3
68 kN 35
N/mm
2
1000 mm 415
N/mm
2
5.7143 x ' d' 10
kN/m
2
2 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
2.582 m 50 mm
2.850 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
perimeter = (l
2
+Dt
eff
+b
2
+Dt
eff
)*2 = 7150.00 mm
Tv=1.5(3C)/(Dt
eff
*perimeter)= 0.717
N/mm
2
ks calculated = 1.250 > 1 ks = 1
Tc = 1.479
N/mm
2
4) Check For Bending :
a) Bottom Steel :
Bending Moment :
X
1
= 0.577nd-l
2
/2 = 0.654 m (Dist of pile from Pedestal face in -ve Z dir)
X
2
= 0.288nd-l
2
/2 = 0.078 m (Dist of pile from Pedestal face in +ve Z dir)
Mzzmax=1.5{C(.5nd-b
2
/2)-Dt*25(d+.4)*((B-b
2
)/2)
2
*.5 }= 959.5 kN-m beff= 850 mm
Mxxmax=1.5{C*X
1
-Dt*(d+0.4)*25*(X
1
+d/2+0.2)^2/2 } = 1005.3 kN-m beff= 850 mm
or 1.5{2*C*X
2
-Dt*B*25*(X
2
+d/2+0.2)^2/2 }
Dt
eff(req)
(for Mzz) = Sqrt(Mzz/(0.138*fck*beff)) = 483.44 mm
Dt
eff(req)
(for Mxx) = Sqrt(Mxx/(0.138*fck*beff)) = 494.85 mm
Dteff(prov) = Dt - d'b -0.5*bar dia. = 912.50 mm Safe
Ast (req) (for Mzz) = 3056.6
mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
Ast (req) (for Mxx) = 3210.6
mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
Ast (min) (for Mzz) = 1551.3
mm
2
Ast (min) (for Mxx) = 1551.3
mm
2
i) Parallel to X axis in strip of width (d+2E)/2 on either side of the 2 lower piles (Beam in X direction).
Required 6.23 Nos - T 25
7 Nos - T 25 Ast(prov) = 3434.4
mm
2
ii) Parallel to Z axis in strip of width (d+2E)/2 on either side of the 3rd top pile (beam in Z direction)
Required 6.544 Nos - T 25
7 Nos - T 25 Ast(prov) = 3434.4
mm
2
Assumed Pedestal Length = ' l
2
' =
Assumed Pedestal Width = ' b
2
' =
Tc > Tv Safe
Provide
Provide
a. For pile group :
Length of Pile Cap = L =
Breadth of Pile Cap = B =
Diameter/size of Pile = d =
Axial Compression = C =
Axial Tension = T =
Shear = S =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt =
Spacing of Piles in Group = nd =
c/c distance between piles =
Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap = E =
Depth of pilecap top = (FGL- TOC) = h =
Density of Soil = gd

=
3 R.C. Design of Pile Cap IPC3
Top Cover d'
t
=
Side Cover d'
s
=
Grade of Concrete = fck =
Grade of Steel = fy =
Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
Bottom Cover d'
b
=
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 .
AVD . 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
iii) Parallel to X and Z axis in balance portion (portion other than beams)
50% of Ast
(min)
= 912.50
mm
2
(Calculated per meter width)
Required T 16 @ 220.34 mm c/c
T 16 @ 200 mm c/c
Ast(prov) = 1005.3
mm
2
b) Top Steel :
Mzzmax=1.5{T(.5nd-b
2
/2)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*(d+.4)*((B-b
2
)/2)
2
/2)} = 367.91 kN-m
Mxxmax=1.5{T*X
1
+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*(d+.4)*(X
1
+d/2+0.2)
2
/2 ) = 381.55 kN-m
or 1.5{2*T*X
2
+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*(d+.4)*(X
2
+d/2+0.2)^2/2 }
Ast
(req)
(for Mzz) = 1100.19
mm
2
Ast
(req)
(for Mxx) = 1141.72
mm
2
Ast
(min)
(for Mzz) = 50% of (0.2/100)*B*Dteff = 775.63
mm
2
Ast
(min)
(for Mxx) = 50% of (0.2/100)*B*Dteff = 775.63
mm
2
i) Parallel to X axis in strip of width (d+2E)/2 on either side of the 2 lower piles (Beam in X direction).
Required 5.475 Nos - T 16
7 Nos - T 16 Ast(prov) = 1406.7
mm
2
ii) Parallel to Z axis in strip of width (d+2E)/2 on either side of the 3rd top pile (beam in Z direction)
Required 5.681 Nos - T 16
7 Nos- T 16 Ast(prov) = 1406.7
mm
2
iii) Parallel to X and Z axis in balance portion (portion other than beams)
50% of Ast
(min)
= 912.50
mm
2
(Calculated per meter width)
Required T 16 @ 220.34 mm c/c
T 16 @ 200 mm c/c
Ast(prov) = 1005.3
mm
2
5) Check for One Way Shear :
a) For Maximum Compressive load
i). Shear Section Parallel to Z axis
shear plane location 0.831 m from centre , Shear Force = 1532.1 kN
av = 0.3313 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.443 Tc = 0.478
N/mm
2
Tcmax = 3.70
N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 2.631
N/mm
2
Tv = 1.975
N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus = 0.0 kN
Asvreq = 0.00
mm
2
Asvmin = 144.02
mm
2
Provide T 10 2 200 c/c
ii) Shear Section Parallel to X axis
shear plane location 0.956 m from centre , Shear Force(1)= 1560.0 kN
av = 0.4563 m from pedestal face Shear Force(2)= 0.00 kN
% Steel = 0.443 Tc = 0.478
N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.910
N/mm
2
Tv = 2.011
N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced < Tv , Vus= 78.19 kN
Asvreq= 47.47
mm
2
Asvreq= 144.02
mm
2
Provide T 10 2 200 c/c
Provide
Provide
Provide
Provide
Shear reinforcement is not required
Shear reinforcement
legged stirrups @
legged stirrups @
Tcmax > Tv Safe
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
b) For Maximum Tensile load 850 mm
i). Shear Section Parallel to Z axis Dteff. = 942 mm
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to Z axis) is at the face of pedestal ( dt'=50)
Shear Force= 525.0 kN
% Steel = 0.18 Tc = 0.318
N/mm
2
Tv = 0.656
N/mm
2
Vus= 270.7 kN
Asvreq= 164.32
mm
2
Asvmin = 144.02
mm
2
Reqiured T 12 2 200 c/c
Provided T 12 2 200 c/c
ii). Shear Section Parallel to X axis
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to X axis) is at the face of pedestal
Shear Force 1 = 525.0 kN Shear Force 2 = 1050.0 kN
Note-Refer in attached Figure Pedestal resting Partialy on along X direction Beam therefore
ignore Shear Force 2
% Steel = 0.18 Tc = 0.322
N/mm
2
Tv = 1.354
N/mm
2
Vus= 278.6 kN
Asvreq= 169.15
mm
2
Asvmin = 144.02
mm
2
`
Required T 12 2 200 c/c
Provided T 12 2 200 c/c
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
Ast on E/F =0.1% of ( beff x Overall depth)= 500
mm
2
Required T 12 226.2 c / c
Provide 5 T 12 ( 218.75 c/c)
Ast provided on E/F= 565
mm
2
<300 SAFE
legged stirrups @
legged stirrups @
Shear reinforcement
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Shear reinforcement
legged stirrups @
Tcmax > Tv Safe
legged stirrups @
Beff. Rev.=
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 1000 mm
Capacity of Pile : 750 mm
1040 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18
kN/m
3
68 kN 35
N/mm
2
1000 mm 415
N/mm
2
5.714 x ' d' 10
kN/m
2
2 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
2.85 m 50 mm
2.85 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
a. For individual pile :
perimetre = (E+d+Min of (Dteff/2,nd/2-d/2) )*2 = 2115.0 mm
Tv = C*1.5/(Dt
eff
*Perimeter) = 0.806
N/mm
2
Tc = 1.479
N/mm
2
7160.00 mm
0.952
N/mm
2
1.25 > 1 ks = 1
1.479
N/mm
2
4) Check For Bending:
a) Bottom Steel :
Bending Moment :
Mzzmax=1.5{2C(.5nd-b
2
/2)-L*Dt*25((B-b
2
)/2)
2
*.5}= 1891.08 kN-m
Mxxmax=1.5{2C(.5nd-l
2
/2)-B*Dt*25((L-l
2
)/2)
2
*.5 }= 1514.27 kN-m
Dt
eff(req)
(for Mzz) = Sqrt(Mzz/(0.138*fck*L)) = 370.65 mm
Dt
eff(req)
(for Mxx) = Sqrt(Mxx/(0.138*fck*B)) = 331.67 mm
Dteff(prov) = Dt - d'b -0.5*bar dia. = 915.00 mm Safe
Ast (req) (for Mzz) = 5884.61
mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
Ast (req) (for Mxx) = 4685.83
mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
Ast (min) (for Mzz) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 3420.00
mm
2
Ast (min) (for Mxx) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 3420.00
mm
2
i) Parallel to X axis Required 20 T @ 152 c/c OR 18.741 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - T 20
6280
mm
2
ii) Parallel toZ axis Required 20 T @ 191 c/c OR 14.923 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - T 20
6280
mm
2
Ast(prov) =
Bottom Cover d'
b
=
Top Cover d'
t
=
Side Cover d'
s
=
Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap = E =
Length of Pile Cap = L =
Breadth of Pile Cap = B =
Tc > Tv Safe
Depth of pilecap top = (FGL- TOC) =h=
c/c distance between piles =
Axial Tension = T =
Shear = S =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt =
Spacing of Piles in Group = nd =
Density of Soil = gd

=
Grade of Concrete = fck =
Grade of Steel = fy =
Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
Tv=1.5(4C)/(Dt
eff
*perimeter)=
Tc =
ks calculated =
perimetre = (l
2
+Dt
eff
+b
2
+Dt
eff
)*2 =
4 R.C. Design of Pile Cap IPC4
Diameter/size of Pile = d =
Axial Compression = C =
Assumed Pedestal Length = ' l
2
' =
Assumed Pedestal Width = ' b
2
' =
Tc > Tv Safe
b. For pile group :
Ast(prov) =
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
b) Top Steel :
552.74 kN-m
439.96 kN-m
1686.92
mm
2
1340.59
mm
2
50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 1710.00
mm
2
50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 1710.00
mm
2
i) Parallel to X axis Required 16 T @ 335 c/c 8.509 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - T 16
4019.2
mm
2
ii) Parallel to Z axis Required 16 T @ 335 c/c 8.509 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - T 16
4019.2
mm
2
5) Check for One Way Shear :
a) For Maximum Compressive load
shear plane location 0.833 m from centre , Shear Force = 3053.1 kN
av = 0.458 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.241 Tc = 0.366
N/mm
2
Tcmax = 3.70
N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.464
N/mm
2
Tv = 1.171
N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus = 0.0 kN
Asvreq = 0.00
mm
2
Asvmin = 0.00
mm
2
Provide T 0 c/c
shear plane location 0.958 m from centre , Shear Force= 1938.8 kN
av = 0.458 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.241 Tc = 0.366
N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.464
N/mm
2
Tv = 0.743
N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus= 0.0 kN
Asvreq= 0.00
mm
2
Asvreq= 0.00
mm
2
Provide T 0 c/c
b. Shear Section Parallel to X axis
Ast
(req)
(for Mzz) =
Ast
(min)
(for Mzz) =
Shear reinforcement is not required
Ast
(min)
(for Mxx) =
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Ast
(req)
(for Mxx) =
Ast(prov) =
Ast(prov) =
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
Mzzmax = 1.5*(2T(0.5nd-0.5b
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*L*((B-b
2
)/2)
2
/2) =
Mxxmax = 1.5*(2T (0.5nd-0.5l
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*B*((L-l
2
)/2)
2
/2 ) =
legged stirrups @
a. Shear Section Parallel to Z axis
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD
28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
b) For Maximum Tensile load
i). Shear Section Parallel to X or Z axis
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to X or Z axis) is at the face of pedestal
This pile cap is designed for 70% of pile tension capacity as net tensile force of 600kn is not anticipated.
Dteff = Dt - d'
t
-0.5*bar dia. = 942 mm (considered only for shear check for Tension Face)
Shear Force= 735.0 kN (160x1.5x2x0.8)
% Steel = 0.15 Tc = 0.308
N/mm
2
Tv = 0.274
N/mm
2
Vus= 0.0 kN
Asvreq= 0.00
mm
2
Asvmin = 0.00
mm
2
Provide T 0 0 0 c/c
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
Ast on E/F = 0.1% of ( beff x Overall depth) = 500
mm
2
Required T 12 226.2 c / c
Provide 5 T 12 ( 218.75 c/c)
Ast provided on E/F= 565
mm
2
<300 SAFE
(Clause 26.5.1.3...IS456)
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
RIL
KG-D6
Design Calculation for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
2090/1419
SPKN
CIC-8002-00
28/08/06 AVD 28/08/06
.
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
JOB NO
REV
3
2
1
0
PREPD. BY
CALCULATION NUMBER
DATE CHKD BY DATE
EQPT. NO.
SH OF
C940001 R3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 750 mm
Capacity of Pile : 1000 mm
1080 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18 kN/m
3
68 kN 35 N/mm
2
1000 mm 415 N/mm
2
2.8 m 10 kN/m
2
2.8 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
3.650 m 50 mm
3.650 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
a. For individual pile :
perimetre = (E+d+Min of (Dteff/2,nd/2-d/2) )*2 = 2115.0 mm
Tv = C/(Dt
eff
*Perimeter) = 0.837 N/mm
2
Tc = 1.479 N/mm
2
b. For pile group :
perimetre = (l2+Dt
eff
+b2+Dt
eff
)*2 = 7160 mm
Tv=(4C-L*B*Dt*25)/(Dt
eff
*perimeter)= 0.913 N/mm
2
ks calculated = 1.25 > 1 ks = 1
Tc = 1.479 N/mm
2
4) Check For Bending:
a) Bottom Steel :
Bending Moment :
Muzz ={2C(0.5*s2-l2/2)-L*Dt*25((B-l2)/2)2*.5}= 1863.90 kN-m
Muxx={2C(.5*s1-b2/2)-B*Dt*25((L-b2)/2)2*.5 }= 2118.07 kN-m
Dteff(req) (for Muzz) = Sqrt(Mzz/(0.138*fck*L)) = 325.16 mm
Dteff(req) (for Muxx) = Sqrt(Mxx/(0.138*fck*B)) = 346.62 mm
Dteff(prov) = Dt - d'b -0.5*bar dia. = 915.00 mm Safe
Ast (req) (for Muzz) = 5762.74 mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
Ast (req) (for Muxx) = 6567.74 mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
Ast (min) (for Muzz) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 4380.00 mm
2
Ast (min) (for Muxx) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 4380.00 mm
2
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
0 AVD 28.08.06
Ped. Width = ' l
2
' =
Axial Compression, C = Depth of pilecap top = (FGL- TOC) = h=
Axial Tension, T = Density of Soil = gd

=
5 Design Of Pile Cap IPC5
Diameter/size of Pile = d = Ped. Length = ' b
2
' =
Spacing of Piles along z dir, s1 = Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
Spacing of Piles along x dir, s2 =
Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap 'E' = Bottom Cover d'
b
=
Grade of Concrete = fck =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt = Grade of Steel = fy =
Tc > Tv Safe
Tc > Tv Safe
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
Length of Pile Cap = L = Top Cover d'
t
=
Breadth of Pile Cap = B = Side Cover d'
s
=
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF
Shear = S =
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap SPKN
CIC-8002-00 2090-1419
1
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
i) Parallel to Z axis Required 20 Y @ 199 c/c OR 18.353 Nos
Provide 22 Nos - Y 20
Ast(prov) = 6908 mm
2
ii) Parallel to X axis Required 20 Y @ 175 c/c OR 20.916 Nos
Provide 22 Nos - Y 20
Ast(prov) = 6908 mm
2
b) Top Steel :
Muxx = (2T(0.5s2-0.5l2)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*L*((B-l2)/2)
2
/2) = 811.35 kN-m
Muzz = (2T (0.5s1-0.5b2)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*B*((L-b2)/2)
2
/2 ) = 934.68 kN-m
Ast
(req)
(for Muzz) = 2478.99 mm
2
Ast
(req)
(for Muxx) = 2859.71 mm
2
Ast
(min)
(for Muxx) = 50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 2003.85 mm
2
Ast
(min)
(for Muzz) = 50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 2003.85 mm
2
12 Y @ 166 c/c 21.930 Nos
Provide 24 Nos - Y 12
2713 mm
2
12 Y @ 144 c/c 25.298 Nos
Provide 24 Nos - Y 12
2713 mm
2
5) Check for One Way Shear :
a) For Maximum Compressive load
shear plane location 0.958 m from centre , Shear Force = 2160.0 kN
av = 0.4575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.207 Tc = 0.342 N/mm
2
Tcmax = 3.70 N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.368 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.647 N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus = 0.0 kN
Asvreq = 0.00 mm
2
Asvmin = 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0 c/c
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO. EQPT. NO.
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
0 AVD 28.08.06
i) Parallel to Z axis Required
Ast(prov) =
ii) Parallel to X axis Required
Ast(prov) =
a. Shear Section Parallel to Z axis
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
28.08.06 SH OF SPKN Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
shear plane location 0.833 m from centre , Shear Force= 2160.0 kN
av = 0.4575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.207 Tc = 0.342 N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.368 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.647 N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus= 0.0 kN
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0 c/c
b) For Maximum Tensile load
i). Shear Section Parallel to X or Z axis
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to X or Z axis) is at the face of pedestal
Dteff = Dt - d'
t
-0.5*bar dia. = 944 mm (considered only for shear check for Tension Face)
Shear Force= 700.0 kN (350x2)
% Steel = 0.08 Tc = 0.2192 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.2032 N/mm
2
Vus= 0.0 kN
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Asvmin = 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0.00 c/c
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
(Width assumed based on Clause 3.12.5.4 BS8110)
Ast on E/F = 0.1% of ( beff x Overall depth)= 500 mm
2
Required Y 12 226.2 c / c
Provide 5 Y 12 218.75 c/c <300 SAFE
Ast provided on E/F= 565 mm
2
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06 SPKN
b. Shear Section Parallel to X axis
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
Tcmax > Tv Safe
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
Mxx
x
z Mzz
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO. EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF SPKN
-
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 1000 mm
Capacity of Pile : 750 mm
1080 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18 kN/m
3
68 kN 35 N/mm
2
1200 mm 415 N/mm
2
5.7 x ' d' 10 kN/m
2
2 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
6.85 m 50 mm
2.85 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
a. For individual pile :
perimeter = (E+d+Min of (Dteff/2,nd/2-d/2) )*2 = 2315.0 mm
Tv = C/(Dt
eff
*Perimeter) = 0.628 N/mm
2
Tc = 1.479 N/mm
2
7960 mm
1.095 N/mm
2
1.25 > 1 ks = 1
1.479 N/mm
2
4) Check For Bending:
a) Bottom Steel :
Bending Moment :
Muxx={3C(0.5nd-b
2
/2)-L*Dt*25((B-b
2
)/2)
2
*.5}= 1911.72 kN-m
Muzz={2C(nd-l
2
/2)-B*Dt*25((L-l
2
)/2)
2
*.5 }= 2874.25 kN-m
Dt
eff(req)
(for Muxx) = Sqrt(Mzz/(0.138*fck*L)) = 240.38 mm
Dt
eff(req)
(for Muzz) = Sqrt(Mxx/(0.138*fck*B)) = 456.95 mm
Dteff(prov) = Dt - d'b -0.5*bar dia. = 1115.00 mm Safe
Ast (req) (for Muxx) = 4786.72 mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
Ast (req) (for Muzz) = 7344.6 mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
Ast (min) (for Muxx) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 9864.00 mm
2
Ast (min) (for Muzz) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 4104.00 mm
2
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06
Breadth of Pile Cap = B = Side Cover d'
s
=
Spacing of Piles in Group = nd = Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
c/c distance between piles =
Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap = E = Bottom Cover d'
b
=
Length of Pile Cap = L = Top Cover d'
t
=
Depth of pilecap top = (FGL- TOC) =h=
Axial Tension, T = Density of Soil = gd

=
Shear = S = Grade of Concrete = fck =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt = Grade of Steel = fy =
Tc > Tv Safe
b. For pile group :
perimeter = (l
2
+Dt
eff
+b
2
+Dt
eff
)*2 =
Tv=(6C)/(Dt
eff
*perimeter)=
6 R.C. Design of Pile Cap IPC6
Diameter/size of Pile = d = Ped. Length = ' l
2
' =
Ped. Width = ' b
2
' =
Axial Compression, C =
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06
-
ks calculated =
Tc = Tc > Tv Safe
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
SPKN
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
20 Y @ 218 c/c OR 31.414 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - Y 20
6280 mm
2
20 Y @ 122 c/c OR 23.390 Nos
Provide 22 Nos - Y 20
6908 mm
2
b) Top Steel :
888.86 kN-m
1801.01 kN-m
2160.11 mm
2
4434.05 mm
2
50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 4932.00 mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 2052.00 mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
12 Y @ 157 c/c 43.631 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - Y 12
2260.8 mm
2
16 Y @ 129 c/c 22.064 Nos
Provide 22 Nos - Y 16
4421.1 mm
2
5) Check for One Way Shear :
a) For Maximum Compressive load
shear plane location 0.9325 m from centre , Shear Force = 2244.9 kN
av = 0.5575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.082 Tc = 0.224 N/mm
2
Tcmax = 3.70 N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 0.895 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.294 N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus = 0.0 kN
Asvreq = 0.00 mm
2
Asvmin = 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0 c/c
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06
Muxx = (3T(0.5nd-0.5b
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*L*((B-b
2
)/2)
2
/2) =
Muzz = (2T (nd-0.5l
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*B*((L-l
2
)/2)
2
/2 ) =
Ast
(req)
(for Muxx) =
Ast
(req)
(for Muzz) =
i) Parallel to X axis Required
Ast(prov) =
ii) Parallel to Z axis Required
Ast(prov) =
ii) Parallel to Z axis Required
Ast(prov) =
a. Shear Section Parallel to X axis
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Ast
(min)
(for Muxx) =
Ast
(min)
(for Muzz) =
i) Parallel to X axis Required
Ast(prov) =
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
SPKN
-
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
shear plane location 1.058 m from centre , Shear Force= 2160.0 kN
av = 0.5575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.217 Tc = 0.350 N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.399 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.680 N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus= 0.0 kN
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0 c/c
b) For Maximum Tensile load
i). Shear Section Parallel to X or Z axis
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to X or Z axis) is at the face of pedestal
Dteff = Dt - d'
t
-0.5*bar dia. = 1144 mm (considered only for shear check for Tension Face)
Shear Force= 1050.0 kN (350x3)
% Steel = 0.14 Tc = 0.282 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.322 N/mm
2
Vus= 129.9 kN
Asvreq= 62.91 mm
2
Asvmin = 631.49 mm
2
Provide Y 12 6 200 c/c
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
Ast on E/F = 0.1% of ( beff x Overall depth) = 600 mm
2
(Clause 26.5.1.3...IS456)
Required Y 12 188.496 c / c
Provide 6 Y 12 ( 215 c/c)
Ast provided on E/F= 679 mm
2
<300 SAFE
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06
Shear reinforcement
legged stirrups @
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
b. Shear Section Parallel to Z axis
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
Tcmax > Tv Safe
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF SPKN
-
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
Mxx
x
Mzz
z
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF SPKN
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1) Pile and Pilecap Data: 2) Design Parameters:
350 mm 1000 mm
Capacity of Pile : 750 mm
1080 kN 1.2 m
350 kN 18 kN/m
3
68 kN 35 N/mm
2
1200 mm 415 N/mm
2
5.7 x ' d' 10 kN/m
2
2 m Clear Cover to Pilecap Reinforcement
250 mm 75 mm
4.85 m 50 mm
2.85 m 50 mm
3) Check for Punching Shear :
a. For individual pile :
perimeter = (E+d+Min of (Dteff/2,nd/2-d/2) )*2 = 2315.0 mm
Tv = C/(Dt
eff
*Perimeter) = 0.628 N/mm
2
Tc = 1.479 N/mm
2
7960 mm
1.095 N/mm
2
1.25 > 1 ks = 1
1.479 N/mm
2
4) Check For Bending:
a) Bottom Steel :
Bending Moment :
Muxx={3C(0.5nd-b
2
/2)-L*Dt*25((B-b
2
)/2)
2
*.5}= 1944.79 kN-m
Muzz={2C(nd-l
2
/2)-B*Dt*25((L-l
2
)/2)
2
*.5 }= 3081.58 kN-m
Dt
eff(req)
(for Muxx) = Sqrt(Mzz/(0.138*fck*L)) = 288.13 mm
Dt
eff(req)
(for Muzz) = Sqrt(Mxx/(0.138*fck*B)) = 473.14 mm
Dteff(prov) = Dt - d'b -0.5*bar dia. = 1115.00 mm Safe
Ast (req) (for Muxx) = 4885.69 mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
Ast (req) (for Muzz) = 7890.9 mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
Ast (min) (for Muxx) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 6984.00 mm
2
Ast (min) (for Muzz) = (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 4104.00 mm
2
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06 SPKN
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06
-
perimeter = (l
2
+Dt
eff
+b
2
+Dt
eff
)*2 =
Tv=(6C)/(Dt
eff
*perimeter)=
ks calculated =
Tc = Tc > Tv Safe
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
6 R.C. Design of Pile Cap IPC9
Diameter/size of Pile = d = Ped. Length = ' l
2
' =
Tc > Tv Safe
b. For pile group :
Shear = S = Grade of Concrete = fck =
Thickness of Pile cap = Dt = Grade of Steel = fy =
Ped. Width = ' b
2
' =
Axial Compression, C = Depth of pilecap top = (FGL- TOC) =h=
Axial Tension, T = Density of Soil = gd

=
Length of Pile Cap = L = Top Cover d'
t
=
Breadth of Pile Cap = B = Side Cover d'
s
=
Spacing of Piles in Group = nd = Surcharge intensity = s
r
=
c/c distance between piles =
Dist. bet edge of pile & pilecap = E = Bottom Cover d'
b
=
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
20 Y @ 218 c/c OR 22.242 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - Y 20
6280 mm
2
20 Y @ 113 c/c OR 25.130 Nos
Provide 22 Nos - Y 20
6908 mm
2
b) Top Steel :
820.94 kN-m
1375.28 kN-m
1997.07 mm
2
3372.68 mm
2
50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 3492.00 mm
2
( Parallel to Z axis )
50% of (0.12/100)*B*Dt = 2052.00 mm
2
( Parallel to X axis )
12 Y @ 157 c/c 30.892 Nos
Provide 20 Nos - Y 12
2260.8 mm
2
16 Y @ 170 c/c 16.783 Nos
Provide 22 Nos - Y 16
4421.1 mm
2
5) Check for One Way Shear :
a) For Maximum Compressive load
shear plane location 0.9325 m from centre , Shear Force = 2244.9 kN
av = 0.5575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.116 Tc = 0.263 N/mm
2
Tcmax = 3.70 N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.051 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.415 N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus = 0.0 kN
Asvreq = 0.00 mm
2
Asvmin = 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0 c/c
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06 SPKN
-
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF
Ast(prov) =
a. Shear Section Parallel to X axis
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
Ast
(req)
(for Muzz) =
Ast
(min)
(for Muxx) =
Ast
(min)
(for Muzz) =
i) Parallel to X axis Required
Ast(prov) =
ii) Parallel to Z axis Required
Ast(prov) =
ii) Parallel to Z axis Required
Ast(prov) =
Muxx = (3T(0.5nd-0.5b
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*L*((B-b
2
)/2)
2
/2) =
Muzz = (2T (nd-0.5l
2
)+(Dt*25+gd*h+sr)*B*((L-l
2
)/2)
2
/2 ) =
Ast
(req)
(for Muxx) =
i) Parallel to X axis Required
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
shear plane location 1.058 m from centre , Shear Force= 2160.0 kN
av = 0.5575 m from pedestal face
% Steel = 0.217 Tc = 0.350 N/mm
2
Enhanced Shear stress =2*Dteff * Tc /av = 1.399 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.680 N/mm
2
As Tc enhanced > Tv , Vus= 0.0 kN
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Asvreq= 0.00 mm
2
Provide Y 0 c/c
b) For Maximum Tensile load
i). Shear Section Parallel to X or Z axis
The critical section for Shear (Parallel to X or Z axis) is at the face of pedestal
Dteff = Dt - d'
t
-0.5*bar dia. = 1144 mm (considered only for shear check for Tension Face)
Shear Force= 1050.0 kN (350x3)
% Steel = 0.14 Tc = 0.282 N/mm
2
Tv = 0.322 N/mm
2
Vus= 129.9 kN
Asvreq= 62.91 mm
2
Asvmin = 631.49 mm
2
Provide Y 12 6 200 c/c
6) Side Face Reinforcement:
Side face reinforcement is provided to control temperature and shrinkage cracks.
Width of pilecap prone to shrinkage & temperature cracks = 500 mm from each face
Ast on E/F = 0.1% of ( beff x Overall depth) = 600 mm
2
(Clause 26.5.1.3...IS456)
Required Y 12 188.496 c / c
Provide 6 Y 12 ( 215 c/c)
Ast provided on E/F= 679 mm
2
<300 SAFE
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06 SPKN
-
EQPT. NO.
28.08.06 SH OF
Shear reinforcement is not required
legged stirrups @
Tcmax > Tv Safe
Shear reinforcement
legged stirrups @
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO.
b. Shear Section Parallel to Z axis
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss
1
Mxx
x
Mzz
z
2090-1419 CIC-8002-00
RIL
KG-D6
Design calculations for
Warehouse no 1 & 2 pilecap 0 AVD 28.08.06 28.08.06 SH OF SPKN
JOB NO: CALCULATION NO. EQPT. NO.
CLIENT:
PROJECT:
SUBJECT:
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
C940001 R3
Aker Kvaerner Powergas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
ssasassss