# Jaypee University of Information Technology

PRP(Probability and Random Processes)
IV B.Tech (ECE/CSE/IT)
[Tutorial Sheet - I]
1. A bag contains 4 red, 5 white and 6 black balls. What is the probability that two balls drawn are
red and black? [Ans:
8
35
]
2. A bag contains 10 gold and 8 silver coins. Two successive drawings of 4 coins are made such that:
(i) coins are replaced before the second trail, (ii) the coins are not replaced before the second trail.
Find the probability that the ﬁrst drawing will give 4 gold and the second 4 silver coins. [Ans:
(i)
10
C4
18
C4
8
C4
18
C4
, (ii)
10
C4
18
C4
8
C4
14
C4
]
3. A box contains 6 red, 4 white and 5 black balls. A person draws 4 balls from the box at random.
Find the probability that among the balls drawn there is at least one ball of each colour. [0.5275 ]
4. Sit 3 men and 4 women at random in a row. What is the probability that either all the men or all
the women end up sitting next to each other? [Ans:
1
5
]
5. On her way to work, Sylvia drives through three sets of traﬃc lights. The probability of each set
of lights being green is 0.3. What is the probability that they are all green? [Ans: 0.027]
6. Two fair dice are rolled. Use a tree diagram to determine the probability of obtaining (i) 2 sixes
(ii) 1 six and (iii) no sixes [Ans: (i)
1
36
; (ii)
5
18
; (iii)
25
36
]
7. A problem in Statistics is given to the three students A, B and C whose chances of solving it are
1/2, 3/4, 1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved if all of them
try independently ? [Ans:
29
32
]
8. George prepared 4 diﬀerent letters to be sent to 4 diﬀerent addresses. For each letter, he prepared
an envelope with its correct address. If the letters are placed in the envelopes at random, ﬁnd
the probability that (i) none of the letters is in the correct envelope; (ii) at least 1 letter is in the
correct envelope. [Ans: (i)
3
8
; (ii)
5
8
]
9. There are 4 boys and 5 girls who are hoping to be selected for a quiz team. Two of them are
selected at random to be in the team. Determine the probability that (i) 2 boys are chosen; (ii)
atleast 1 girl is chosen and (iii) 1 girl and 1 boy are chosen [Ans: (i)
1
6
; (ii)
5
6
; (iii)
5
9
]
10. The probability that Ravi does his homework is
1
10
if he goes out with his friends and
3
5
if he does
not go out with his friends. The probability that Ravi goes out with his friends is
3
4
. What is the
probability that Ravi does his homework? [Ans:
9
40
]