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ada oe oxtlilo TWV J. Stuart Moi N. Revell

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IT!') BtOT] Tlie; nOArle; nee cuvoudcanK£ ana TOV kccccveoo TO 316 n.X. urn;px£ na'\IOT£pO Ii 8tp~ll, rtoo I.lvIlI.lOV£U£TOl YlO rtocm !popa ana TOV 'EKOTOio TO MLAr'JOlO (50 n.X. 01.) Kat at cnccrtccpc nou Oltowo£ 6 ITt!pOVO<; Bu~Ctvnoe;. To OVo~a TIle; TO O!p£iA£1 KOTO TOV KoBTl'fTlTTi r. MnoKo,\oKIl, ot ~IC novoPXOLO B&p~!') AOTp£tO TOU 610VUOOU rtou Bomi~£l Koi TOV «oxno TIle; esoucto.

To nOTE lOpuBIlK£ Ii 8tp~Il 1.l0e; dVOI ayvWOTO. ITie; mwte; CtVOlptPHOL 6n6 TOV 50 n.X. ct. KO{ 6.VtiK£1 O"TTililKOIOOooio TOU BaOLAlO n;e; MOKEOovtcc. ana T6v crtctc rnv cnecncce TO 432 n.X. 6 'ABIlVoioe; OTpOTIly6e; Ko'\xtcc.

TO. 1-16vo ow~o~evo aPXOlO'\OYIKC AEtipovc Tr;e; 8tp~Ile; BptBIlKOV TO 1930 O"Tli, OUI-IBO'\r'J rev 66ti1v KpuOToMIl Koi 'AVTlYOVllitilv KOt avtiKouv ce 1l0PIlOPlVO OPXlTEKTOVlKCt I-It'\Tl evoc uevcxou iWVlKOO voce. rtou xpovo'\oy£iTOI OT6 rexoc 60u - apxtc; Sou n.X. 01. (elK. 1).

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rupw OT6 316 rt.x.. CITOV 6 Kcoccveooc llipu&l, 0Tr'J 8tOT] n;e; 8tpIlllC;, TTl 8£000AoviKIl K08OLp£I TO. YUPW cnc ccmv noxtcacrc (26 KOTo. TOV ITPo.Bwvo) xct tYKoBlOTO 6voyKOaTlK6. tK£i TOUC; KOTOiKOUC; TOUe;. "H veo nOAIl nctcver TO OVOl-l6 TIle; crto TtiV Qi5£Alpn TOO 'AME,avoSpou SEOOOAOViKT), rtcu TlTOV ou~uyoe; TOO Kccccvzpou.

KOTo. mv anollJT) TtilV Struck KO! Vickers. T'j tMT)VlOTIK!,) nOAT") «cretxe T6 V6TlO TIlTillo TTie; OUYXPOVlle; eeocc'\oviKIlC; KO[ nTOV KnOlJtVT) Ilt tmtoMIl£IO OUOTT)I-lO (OUlllpWVO (ST)'\ooSr; I-It eva noxeozcuuco uxtlim nou. KOT6. mv ncoccocn. ernvcnce 6 MIAl'JOloe; 'trrrtcocuoc KOr nee cuvtcroTal OT!') lilOipeOT] TOO xwpOU ce T£-

Tp6.YWVQ, I-lt K08ETO reuvcuevooc lipol-louc;). IUl-llpWVWVTOe; en Ii atOll nie; (SUTlK!')e; tMIlVtOTIKf)e; 6xuPWOllC; litv lilOlptP£1 ana n'l PWllOtKti KOr naAOlOXPlOTIOVIKn, 01 eceuvnrec renoBETODoov TTi BtOT] TOU 6vOTOAIKOU £:.).AIlVtOTtKOD n::ixouc; O"TTiv n£ploxl'1 Tiic; ·AX£lponolnTOU. 'H 1l0PTUpio OllWC; TOO OUVOfJtAlpOU M. MntOlOU. rtou 6pf)K& at 6vOOKOlpl'1 oiKonti50u TTiC; 6000 ¢liAinnou 91 A£hjJovo tMIlVlOTIKOU KEPOI-lEIKOO IpOUPVOU, iowe; elver tV05£IKTIKTi Tflc; BtOT)C; TOO eveTOAlKOD retrouc, 6.VOToAIK6"repo, zeoopevou on at K£P0I-l£IKO( IpOOPVOI ouvneccc KOTaOK£u6~oVTOV no'\u KOVT6. aTC T&lXT).

ITOUC; tMIlVlOTIKOUe; xccvovc 6v6- YOVTOI, ana TOUe; EiOIKOUe;, runuorc nilv U:IXWV Tfle; 6Kpono'\T)e;, «nouevc ce rtepwcuc Ml-louC;.

o lIloliwpoe; I<Ke}"<"'ITIe; .. oe; nAl1Poql{lpellill r') eecccxcvtoi. ani. )(p(lv<o lOU neccec. TeJ..&Uloiou 800lJ..IQ Tiie; MOKe60v{oe;. dXE OVOKTOPO KO! vElilp!O. 'Ana eva 61Oypoj.lj.lO TOU <Dt,\,!nnou E yui TO rcccne.c. nee XpovOJ..oy&ilOI 01"0 187 nx .. 6&60tWVCTol r') iinopl:illOu noponovw voou O"Tl'tv nQ}'Tl onOTOUe; tAAI]VIO"TIIIOUe;XPOVOue;.

8£6Q1WI-lEVO A£illJoVO tMTlVlOTLKWV «nckcv liEV unapxouv 0"TTi 8£000,\0- ViKT], KlVT]T6 £UPl'JlJOTO n;e; tnoxf)e; oun;e; 6ptBT)KOV oe 6VOOKOqltC; ctsoneeov Tfle; nEpLoxTie; Tfle; -Ayopile; KO[ ueoc OTO xwpo TIle;, y£yov6e; nou unoZ)IlAWV£1 iowe; TTlv unopQ1 1 . .lLOe; t.MIlVLOTIKfje; 'Avcpcc O"TTiv iZ)IO atOll ue TTi PWIJO·iKf]. 'EMIlVIOTLKQ ClOTpOKO Bpt8T)KOV Kat omv nEploxl'J TOO Fcxeprcvoc OUYKPOTTlI-lOTOe;, 6M6 O)(ETi~oVTCl I-lt T6 V£KPOTOql£io. TOO1")j.JOIfTIIIOn:po ~IVI]TdEUP!\j.JOlonie;tMI]Vl" cnxnc n&pl06ou. noo (lpiO~OVIOI OTO MouoeTo eecccxovrsnc npo!tPXOIfTOI ana TO vceccrc</Itio. IT!\v ntplOXr') Tiie; KOj.lopoc;-fX&l OVOOKO<pEitvoe; KtpollooK!tnOO"tO<;TO</lOe; ue Kltp!CIlOTO ~MI]VlO"lI~d ayyeio ~o{ m')},.IVO £16WJ..IO Tunwv Tiie; KWj.Jw6ioe;. -A/VI.01 OTIouooiol tMI]VlOlI~O( TO</lOI oVOO~O<PTlKOV un')v neplOXr') rwv OU~O<~I" OIlWV Nccnoxecc ~ol zrcocconoxcec. E{vcl Kl(lWTIOOXTUJQt KO! nEpl!:Ixov 610ql{lpD. xpuoO ~o{ n!\AlVO KOO\.liiIlOTO_·O IlOVOl';ilKO<> IlOIIEOOVIKO<>

2. '0 YOOC; nI.Iy Aiyumiwv 8EWV ono 10 t~IlOVEio TOU Mouotiou €IEooo"ovi~I]<;.

fO<pO<; nee 6p!t61]KE 0"Tl't eecccxcvren. OVOOIIO<PTlKE TO 1917 ono TO OPXOIOJ..OYl~O TlliiiJO Tiie; roMllli(e; Ilpo.nOe; nie; 'AVOToM(e; KoiYlOI';i&UTEPTl <popel ono TO X. MOKOp6VO TO 1940. crnv 060. A. ncncvccrccrco, 6ntvavTl ano 10 nnAlO MOlEuT!\PIO.-EXEloo,plIIT'(rtp6O"lIl<JTlKOLIlQhoj.Io IJtrpEie;d!v&e;"

PwtJa'iKoi xpavol

METa rnv iina TOO nsocec O"TTiv n U~VQ, TO 168 nx.. I'J eecocxcvtsn yiV£TOL nccrsuoucc 1-l10e; cno Tie; reccecrc I-lEpiliEe; (fJIOlKIlTIKte; lilQlptO£Ie;) n;e; MOK£liovioe;" To 130 n.X. Ilt mv xcrccseun TfIe; "EYVOTioe; 6lioO 6n6 TOV aV8UnOTO rvcto 'avvcTlO, Ii nOAIl aUVM&TOI 601KWc; IJt OAOV TO YVWOTO KOOIlO.

"once j.lOe;ro.l]pmpop&i0 Kllltpwv. TO 55n.X. r') KOKi( I';iLOKUStpVTlCll110U PWlloiou 610!Kf"lTii KoJ..· noupvtcu ruccvc, npOIIQ},.EOI; dot\OJ..!\ rwv l\.op" 6clvwv 81]0oWV «cr l\..eVeTl"l]lWV uni MOK£OOV!O KO! OVOYKooe 10Ue; 6EOOo),OVIKEie; va 6xupWcouv T!\v ollponoM] TOUe;.

To 49-48 n.X. r') nO},.1] yivHOl f6po TiLe; ~~Pl 0TI]e; 6Tlj.lOK!lOllKiie; Ku6tpVT]0T]e; Kol 6 XWPO<:; OUYKtlfTpwone; TWV OlPOUUj.JOtwV lOU nOiJ" m;IOU.

To 42 n.X. iJ/:TO T!\ j.Jom TWv <Dv..innwv. r') eeeOO}"OVlKI] OVOKT]PUOOETOI ~J..&u8&pT] nOJ..T\. iJ~ 61]IJOKpO.TIK!,\ 610[KI]01"). 61KOUe; TTJe; OPXOVT&e; (noJ..ITOPXEe;), OUyKhTlIO Ka[lollio.

T!')v tn0X1'l0uT!\ OPX~llll6vtoru:pi000c;6Kj.liie; YloT!\vnoJ..I].OieOO<J{l},.ovIIIEi<;ll(JOU~ TOV ~},.&Ue&pwT!\ TOUe; AOyouOTo Koi lOU O<pI.tpWvcuv vcc.

'H 6VEUPEOll evcc 6YMI-LOTOC; TaU AUYOUOTOU ctnv Mo ITPOTllyoD couuruern. TO 1939 Kl tvoe; GMou OUTOKpoTopa Tfje; 'touxtcc YEVEOe;, crnv ilito nEplOXn TO 1957, lowe; elver eVli&IKTlKl'J Yla T6v tVTOnt0).l6 TOU vcoc TOO AUYOUUTOU 0TTi BtOll cum. nopcMIl,\a Ii 6VOKMUllJIl ono T6v nE'\&K(Z)T) noMwv 6.vOBTlIJOTlKWV 6wI-lwv TOU eeoc couxecu, rtou TauTi~ETOl mecvcv I-lt TOV OUToKpoTOpa 'Avrevrvo TOV EUOEB!'), OTTiv 606 Kooocvcoou, 6vOIl£00 cue Moue; ·Ay. IOqlioe; Koi "Ay. NlKO'\cOU, 6T)AWV£1 nwe; ti BtOT] TOU noerte. v' cvcznrnaet exst KOVTO.

3. 'OOla6poll0C; Koiit IIpoimT\ ToUvooli TWV Ai· yumiwv 8wv ana TO tKjoloyt:io TOU MOUOEiou eEoooAOY!KIle;·

12

4. rEVI"<1 illlo'li'l Tii<; 6opeloo;;: IlAOT£;O<; Tiio;;: 'Ayopil~ Tii<; ewooAovill'l<; 0110 liUTlKO.ll.fO"piv£T0ITO·O/)£io,iiovOTOJ.1KiiKoiij VOTIO(!'ToOKa; Tocryp'opor IIcus (CDwTOypo'llio X. MlloKlpr(ij).

5. -Ano'li'l TaU cryp'oporllcuSTii<; 'Ayapd<; onO/)UTI"O (<l'wTOYPO'll;O X. Mno· Mlpl/;ii)·

'0 VOO<; TOO aeoc couxeou. TOO crtotcu oi teoetc riTOV E<pf]60l, rtcerter vc ouoxenoeet )1t TO rUj1\10mO, ee- 60lW)1t\lO ana tmYPo<pf) TOO 95 n.X. nou Bpt8f]Ke B.6 TOO 'Ay. L'lTl)1TlTpiou It owpeci TOO 'Avrcvrvou Euceeooc o<peiAeTOl £\li5eXOj1E\lWe; Ti KOTOOKEUr; uevcxou OUYKPOn'U..lOTOC; aecI..lWV «ct oroetou MOl ore ruuvccro Kat hOI tpWlveUETOI xuf r'J ncoouotc \1000 TOU ere ri5lo OUYKpOTlll..lO, "AAA€c: AOTP€il:c: nee 6VOrnUXe'lKOV au')v noA~ Koi ~apTUpOUVTO( (1116 tmypoq>tc: e[vm tIlTOC: .6.n6 TOU Il.lovuaou. rev 'HPOK~fJ, 'Aq>poliiTT]<; Il.rll·H")Tpo<:; 110; K6P'1C:. KOTw B£wv.Il.IOO)(oupwv 'APTt~llio<;. l:opaffil «or "'IOli'iac: "Opvtcc ltaL TO'; OllTO~pOTOpa M, AUpTjAiou.

T6 Iepan£lo. 'A\lOOKo<pf]Ke TO 1920 crtc TOV neAeKtOn «ere rn i510\lOll;n nic; 61500 .610lKf]TTJpiou xui cnorexetTat 6.n6 E\lO )11Kp6 np6OTu1I.o vee KOt pro moo. 'H unap~r; TOU crto rc t}..AnVlmlKO XPO\lIQ )1opTUpeiTOI cno tmypo<pn TOO ¢llAinnou E'.

:hiC; 6pxtc; TOO 1939 ere BElltAIO me otxoeounc I. auotxovxou 6ptBTlKOV cnc Tel X. MOKOPOVO Koi tiMa KTi-

a)1OTO TOO 'ii510U teoou. To cnouzcrcTepa ana OlJTO r'JTOV evcc I..lIKp6C; vcoc )1£ KOYX'l Koi vccanxc. KTlO)1tvee )1£ oPyaAlBoOo)1f) Kat rtxtvaouc at ~wvee;, onwe; cctvercr Koi ere tKpovero ToD Mcuoelcu 8eoao}..OVtKf]e; (elK. 2-3). ITi)\I K6yX:Jl, KTlmO ne~ouAI XPf]OiI..lEUE we; 'Avrc tpcnezc. MlKpf) eupc nco OVOlYOTOV crov 6VOTOAIKO TOTXO Tile; KOYXne;, 6i5f]yoDoe I..lt mevo ouii5pollo at KO~opooKtnOOTTJ KPUfTTTJ, t)1<pOVWC; ncxrorecn. onou um;pxe )11Kpr; e:p)1o"LKr; mi)Arl nwywvoeocou 9EOO. Km6 mv cvccxccn. 6pe9nKOV nOAMe; e:mypoqJtc; cererxouevec crov "Ocipr Kat tnv "101130 I..lo~i )1E 6.yoAIlQTa ctvorrrtev 9EW\I.

H ·Ayopc. rupw ere )1EOO TOO 20u ct., Tf)\I tnoxf) TWV 'AVTW\lIVWV Ti TWV Ie6r;pwv, TOno8eTeiTOL cno TOUe; tpeuVf]TtC; Ti onuroupvtc rnc 'Ayocue. Tf)v '(1310 e:noxr; rtpertei vu KOTOcseuocanxe KOt Ti t~EOpO, rrou crtoKOAU<p8TlKe nA61 UT6 AOUTp6 rtcococrcoc.

Zuuqxovn )1£ TOV rtprirto uexemm

6. roversere iiya/l.lJo (!'TOV rene TI'i~ jJIMPI'i~ 'HpOKA£IWTlOOC:, nau 6pte~~£ TO 1944 aTl)V 'Ayop6 (<l>wTOYPo'llia X. MIlOMlpT~).

rrtc. X. MnoKlpT~il, Ti 'Ayap6 nie; eecccxovtenc KOTOOKeU608f]Ke 6v6- uecc one 6i5oue; 'Evvcrtc KO[ 'Ohu)1- nau OE ei5o<poe; KOTW<pEPlKO «ct ottoTeAEITOI orto cue nxcrrstec

Tr; orcortccn ToD xwpou at zoo nxcretec erteeoxxe f) <pUOlKr; KAlan TOO ti56l\>Oue;. 'H VOTIO cnc Tie; nxcretec OUTte;. rtou 6VOI..lO~OTOV ere 6U~OVTlvc XPOVIO -Mevcxoccooc- Kat oev tXEl aKOlln a\lOOKO<pEi, 6p[~eTOL crto TOUe; onueorvocc Op61l0ue; 'Evvunc KOt ItllAinnou. 'H rtooonexccn npoe; Tf) Mevoxocooo YLv6TOV )1t )116 AOllnpi) «iovoorcntc. mOAlOl1tVTl Ilt ovay}..u<po TOU L'llOvUOOU, nie; MOlVOSec, TfjC; Arii5oe; KOt nie; 'Aploi5VfJe; OTri V6TlO OI./Jf] KOt ToD L'lIOOKOUPOU, Tau rOVUI1f)i5Tl, nic; NIKf]C; Kat Tf)C; Aupee crtt aocero (6A. csx. 11). npOKelTOI vro Tf) vvocrn croc 11& T6 t6pa'iK6 OVOIlO -rncantaoas .. nou OT)pctver -Mcveuevec- ii 11£ TO VJI,f]VlK6 «Eii5WAO", rtoc 6pioKeTOl cturecc ere Ao06po.

'H i5euu:PTl rtxcreto. rtcu 6vOOKQ<pf]- 13

«e TO Ol(jmll~a 1962~1971, rtcprxou- 6aVeTQl' cvoueco cttc 660LI(; <DIAln[lOU Kat 'Oxounou (elK. 4-5)

Ero xwpo TTi<: rtxcretoc oClTTi<; 6pe6r)KE TO 1944 at. avoaKOtjll') TWV r eopovcv. r'j cecnorvc Tii<; 6EOOaAOvtsnc. VUVOIKEIO 6.voAllo crov Tuna Tf1<; IlIKPii<; 'HpOKAelti.lTlOo<; (EiK. 6). Eow, £.KTO<; ana TJlV aVOTOAlKI') «ct TI') vonc croo Tii<; 60PEIO<; nxcrcrcc. rtou eopc~eTOL at. eve i5lf1AO eryploporticus «ct XpT']0l~OnoI1')6nKE w<; avoAllll1l0nKo<; ToTxo<; VIC TI') aT']l1tOUpyio TaU 6vol')pou Tii<; 'Ayopa<;, onOKOAUtjlBllKE cui T6 'Oi5EIO Tii<; nOAT']<; Mtoa oro xwpo TOU 'Oi5Eiou 6ptST']KOV tote OKetjlaAa aYCAIlOTa, ncu 6noMBf\KOV at 11000E<;. '0 X. MnoKIPT~f1<; ere all')VllllC TaU ',,'H eeortorvo Tli<; 6EaOaAOVIKll<;», tcrooevrcc rtc neornererec TaU ncocrtcvci aVo.AIlOTOC;, unomnpi~EI on TO 6.KttjlOAa aUTO ayo.AIlO"!a «oouocccv rteocouc KOTa TOV "(5lo IlEA£TllTtl TO cryptoportrcus Tiie; avw rtxcretoc Il£TOTPCITT]KE at. i5e~ollevl') T6v 60 Il.X. ai

Oi ouo cvooec erucorvovooccv lleTO~U TOUe; Ilt I1vllIlelwOll KAIlloKa :rr6 60peioavoTOAIK6 OKPO Tf)e; 'Ayopoe. OTf) aU1l60Af) TWV Mwv 'OAUIlnov KO! 'Avvcicrov xrocnerou. tvrorucaneov TO AEiLVova Tf)<; 616AIO- 8f)KI")<: TTiC; n6AI")e;. 'AnOTEAEITOl ana ilia ~eyOAI") I')I1IKUKAIKT') K6VX'1, nou rtecrecxxercn crto IlIKpOTepe<; ooaovccvrec. 'Ei5w BptS'1KE TO 6.KpOAI80 aYOAl1a Tf)e; 'ASf]va<; rvrtou Medici, uercrtxcouevo at nooroctro Tf)e; 'Iouxloc 6.0!-lVOe;, nee lleMTI")OE 6 r escrttvnc.

AouTpa. Ot PWl10iOl xcrccxeocccv ani 6EOOOAoviK'1, noMa OUYKPOni- 1l0TO BEPI-lWV, eve crto TO orrotc eveaKO,~f]K€ KClTW cno TO vee TaU 'Ayiou 6.'1Il11Tpiou. "Eva O€UTEPO I1Ey<iAo AOUTp6 6pt.8nKe KOTU) 6.n6 TI') BOalAl-

7. To unOKauOTa Tau AaUTpau, 8A Tau 'IEpau 'ii<:'AXt'pana'ii'ou

KI") rnc 'Axe1ponOlf)TOu (elK, 7) nou XPovoAoyelTOl. ue 600T) TI'jV KepOI1EIKI'j TOU, oro 20 11K ct. TplTO ouvxpoTT']110 8epI1wv evrorttoenxe KOTUJ crto Tf)V 'Avtc Lotpio. TIlTiIlO TOO AOUTPOO OUTOO 6.noKoAU~SnKE noccecro ere BEl-ltMo otxooounc lOIOKTll0ioe; Tf)<; Movnc Eevoqnirvroq. cmv 606 M KiYK 8.

"Eva rercoro IlEyaAO AOUTp6 eceenxe ere OiK000l11K6 TeTpayUJVO nou 6pi~eTOI cno ric MouC; crxtrmou. BeVl~tAOU. MnoAToi5wpou KO! aocvouI-lll· Ln; oUIlBoM rnc 6000 'AV. LOotcc IJt mv 'tcoccvroou Koi rnv 'OAU!-lnOU evroruoanscv AeiLVovo evoc D.AAOU xourpou. KoBwe; tn[OTI<; KOTW otto TO ccoctcrouo TTie; 6600 'Oxuunou. ani oUIl60Mi TTle; I1t TI'jV nAOTWVOC; (elK. 8)

To nxouotoreoo A0U1:p6, rtou evrorucarp;e OTTl eecccxovtsn 6VOOKOlPI")Ke ro 1969 em aUIJ60AI'j rtov 60wv 'Evvcrlcc «of 'AVTlYOVIOWV. ·AnOTEhciTOI ana j.lla j.jEyail'l THpo.MEUP'l 01- SOUOO TP!Khivou j.jE 9toEI<;YloaVo.KAlvTPO.OLO· KQQWIl,I!tll'l 1-'£ 1lJ'l<lHUmi. 60nEOO. To KCIITPlK6 eeuc ciKalll~ Tt9plnnQ Koi nepl6alV16TOII 6n6 Tpti~ I-JlKPOU~ niVOK€<; j.jt noorocec (tiK. 9) KOT6 Tii M. LlyoII{oou.6xwpo<;nou nCplypao.l!OI-'C QVI'[KC ot «vcncumorc ecxcvercu Koinptnci lIo)(povo),,°Y'l6cim6113oi-!.X,0i.

It runucrc aeoucv 6.VI'jKOUV emcnc AEiLVoVO KTlOI-lCTWV rtou BptBllKOV cmv 606 <DIAlnnou 89 KOt 91. rtoocnTOU 'HAlOU 11 Kat cmv 606 rOAIxctoo.

tpnucrc unoxcucncv PWI-lO"iKOU AOUTPOU 6.vOO"KOlP'1KOV ore 8elltAlo TTie; nOialoTplKTie; KAIVIKf)e; TOO NOOOKOuerou AXEnA T6 1972.

'H 8tOT] Koi 6 cpiauoc TWV AOUTPWV nou 6.noKoAlI4I9nKov OTI') 6EOOaAOV(K'1 ElVOl KOTO TI'j yvwl-l'l uou 6V6.AOvoc; Tf)e; KOTo. nEpIOXEe; rrxneucu.cKTie; nUKVoT'lTOe; TTiC; n6AI")e;.

InitiO. 'H KOTOIKtO ere PWllo'iKa Xpo-

8. T6 un6~ouOTo TOU AOUTPOU, nee onoKoAu<p· 9'lKt Oloy 6~ova Ti'j<: Mau 'OAul-'nau ("~"''l A. KOUVTOUpO)

via ot i5lbjJEpe 6.nO TI'jV tAAllVlmlKI') «cr TI'jV KAOOlKI'j. 'AnorEAEITOl one ilia ccorrecucn ouM, rtou nEpIBoAAETOl cnc zxoucnc nxouctc aIOKOOllnI-lEVO KOt l:xel cuvneec Suo opocove.

AneVOVTI crto TI') PWI-l0'(KI') t~ti5po, at 0lK6nEOO me 600U Evvcrtcc 94 anoKoAulP811KOV, TO 1969, rc AelI.jJOvo I-lIOe; PWI-lOTKf)e; otstcc IlE TpeTe; 0[KOi5oIlIKte; cccerc. nou XPr)0l110nOlI')Bf]KE IltXPI TO. XPIOTIOVlKa Xp6vlO. Luiv oPxlKIi \pom] Qlllio:louv TtOOCPI<; EUPOXWpee creoccec. CF1pwlltvc~ lit 1lJ'l'PIOWTO. rt 1110. OCUTCp'l'PaOf)tmoKEuWII, i:nollwcrr6i1Jl1<P,liwTo Mne/So KOToaKCUol;oIlTQl i-!'KpaTEpa liWI--'t'ITLO I--'t TOlxoypo'Pi£~ 'lOU uuroovrc. 6p9ol--'oPI--'OpulOIl Koi ronoaerouvrtn OUO opci6OwTOI KioVE~ (EiK.IO). Ti:Ao<; ot j.jLO TplT11<paOTl EUTC)"d<;TOi· XO! 'Ppa(oull nll-lETo~lo TWII KLOVWV oVOiYj.jOTO.

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14

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16

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G BAKALAKIS. Thetme - Thessaklnikl. Anloke Kunst, Be,he111 1963 0_ 30-4.

X MAKAPONAI, XpoV.KO ·APXOlOI.Oy.KO. ~MO~COOV'KO- A. 1940

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III nETIA1, XPOVIKO 'AP:(OlOI.OYIKO, 1968· 1970 .• MoKc60"'Ko-Il>. 19740_292-381

T TAFEL, De rnessaicoea euscue a9ra Scrim 1839

Thessaloniki in Antiquity

It IS considered certain that the city founded by Kassandros In 316 B.C. was located on the site of the mractan city Thenne, mentioned in written sources since the 5th century B.C.

The only archaeological finds from Thenne were discovered around 1930 durin9 an excavation at the junction of Krystalli and Antigonidon Streets and belonged 10 the temple 01 Thermaios Dionysos. These are the only remnants of the thracian predecessor of 'rnesseromc. while a macedonian tomb and parts 01 roruucauon embodied in the Acropolis' walls representlhe helienistiC city. Dunng the roman period the city was expanded through the erection of many public buildings. thermae and temples, while the Agora, consisting of two continuous squares was founded in the mid-2nd century A.D. The entrance to the lower square was decorated by sculpture rehets, preserved today In \he Louvre and known as -mcaotaoa-. During 1963-1971 the ooeon. the eastern stoa and a double cryptoporticus on which the south sroa IS based were excavated in the area of the upper north square

Around 303-311 A.D. Thessaloniki became the capuat of eeieroe. one of me tetrarchs. who embellished the city with line monumenial edifices: the hippodrome. the palace, an octaqonat pubtlc building, nymphaia. a tnumphal arch and last but not least. the Rotonda. the ctncar imperial church.