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DESIGN OF REACTANGULAR UNDER GROUND WATER TANK

Name of work :- pkn


1
2
3

Tank size
Tank capacity
Angle of repose

Conrete

0.26

10.00

M
scbc

5
6
7

Steel
fy
Nominal Cover
Thickness
Walls
Top roof
Bottom slab
Reinforcement Wall
Long out side vertical
Out side vertical
in side vertical
in side vertical
Distribution
Short out side vertical
Out side vertical
in side vertical
in side vertical
Out side Horizontal
Out side Horizontal
In side Horizontal
In side Horizontal
Roof
Main
Distribution
Base
Main
Main
Distribution

30
20
7
415
35
200

4.00 x
120000 ltr

x
Degree

3.00

Saturated soil unit wt


unit weight

N/mm

mm

m
Tensile stress
Water unit wt
260
mm
20
cm

17.00
25000
13
150
9.81

0.16 m
kN/m3
N/m3

10 mm f bars
170 mm c/c

N/mm2
kN/m3

m
m
m

0.85

m height

16 mm f bars
90 mm c/c

mm
mm

16
16
16
16
8
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F

100
200
130
260
150
170
340
170
340
90
170
100
170

mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c

12
10
16
16
8

mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F
mm F

110
170
90
170
140

mm c/c
1.00 m
mm c/c
mm c/c at the Bottom face
mm c/c at the top face
mm c/c
0.30

0.60

mm
short span
top roof

0.16

300

upto top

12 mm f bars
220
12 mm f bars
110
mm

4.00 m
16 mm f bars
170
8 mm f bars
140
16 mm f bars
90

mm
mm
mm

0.60

0.30
m height

upto top
on each face
0.85 m height
0.26
upto top
1.00 m height
upto top
2.00 m
0.85 m height
upto top
0.85
m height
upto top

Bottom slab steel detail


12 mm f bars
170
8 mm f bars
150
mm c/c
16 mm f bars
200
mm c/c
12 mm f bars
170
12 mm f bars
340
16 mm f bars
260
mm c/c
12 mm f bars
340
12 mm f Bars
170
12 mm f bars
100
16 mm f bars
130
mm c/c
mm f bars
12
90
mm
f
bars
16
100
mm c/c
12 mm f bars
170

long wall steel deail


pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

0.26

0.26
0.20
0.30

0.85

10.00 m

mm c/c

0.26

mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c

Short wall steel detail


Drawing not to the scale

DESIGN OF REACTANGULAR UNDER GROUND WATER TANK


Name of work :Tank size
Tank capacity
Angle of repose
Conrete
Steel

pkn

M
fy
scbc

Nominal cover

10.00 x
4.00 x
3.00
m
120 ##
120000 mm
30 Degree
Saturated soil unit wt
20
unit weight
2
415 N/mm
Tensile stess
2
7 N/mm
m
35 mm
unit wt. of water

kN/m3
= 17.00
N/m3
= ####
2
= 150 N/mm
=
13
3
= 9.81 N/mm

17000

9810

1 Solution, general:- There are four components of design.


(I) Design of long wall
(II) Design of short wall
(III) Design of roof slab
(IV) Design of base slab
The design of walls will be done under two condition.
(a) Tank full with water, with no earth fill out side.
(b) Tank empty, with full earth pressure due to saturated earth fill.
The base slab will be designed for uplift pressure and the hole tank is to be tasted against
floatation. As the L/B ratio is greater than 2 the long wall will be designed as cantilever. The bottom one metre
( >H /4) of short walls will be designed as cantilever while the top portion will designed as slab supported by
long walls .
2 Design Constants:- For HYSD Bars
2
sst = 150 N/mm

scbc =
k=

7
m*c

m*c+sst
j=1-k/3 =
1
R=1/2xc x j x k = 0.5

Cocrete M =
wt. of concrete

N/mm2

m =
13
13 x

x
7

0.378

0.874

7
+

20
25000
13

0.378

0.874

x 0.378 =

1.155

150

N/mm2

3 Design of Long wall :(a) Tank empty with pressure satureted soil from outside.
Pa =
KaY'H +YwH
1
0.5
0.5
1
1 - sin 30
Here,
Ka =
=
=
=
=
0.333
1
+
0.5
1.5
3
1 + sin 30
3
3
N/m
Y'
=
17.00 9.81 =
7.19 kN/m
= 7190
3
3
Yw =
9810 N/m
9.81
kN/m =
2
\
Pa = 0.333
x
7190 x
3.00 +
9810 x
3.00 = 36620 N/m
3.00
3.00
Maximum B.M. at the base of wall = 36620 x
x
= 54930
N-m or 54930000 N-mm
2
3
54930000
=
Required depth
=
218
mm
1.155 x
1000
Provide total depth = 218
+
35 =
so that available d =
260 mm
225 mm
54930000
Ast =
=
1862
mm2
150
x
0.874 x 225
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 16 x 16
using 16 mm bars
A
=
=
= 201 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
201 / 1862 =
108
say
= 100 mm
Hence Provided
16 mm F bar, @
100 mm c/c on out side face, at bottom of long wall
Cutailment of reinfocrement.
Since B.M. is proportional to h3, we have:
Asth
Asth 1/3
h3
=
=
From which
h =
H
x
3
Ast
Ast
H
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

If Asth =1/2. Ast


(i.e.half the bars being curtailed). H=
= 2.38 m
H(1/2)'1/3 = 3.00 x( 0.5 )1/3
3.00 2.38 =
0.62 m However as per code requirement,
\
Height from the base =
the bars are to be continued further for distance of 12 F =
12 x
16 =
192 mm or d = 225 mm,
whichever is more, beyond this point. Hence curtail half the bars at
0.62 +
0.23 = 0.85 m from base.
Similarly, depth where only 0.25% reinforcement is requiredd is h=H(0.25)1/3= 3.00 x( 0.25 )1/3=
1.89
3.00 1.89 =
1.11 m However as per code requirement,
\
Height from the base =
the bars are to be continued further for distance of 12 F =
12 x
16 =
192 mm or d = 225 mm,
whichever is more, beyond this point. Hence curtail half the bars at
1.11 +
0.23 = 1.35 m from base.
260 - 100
Minimum, % Reinforcement =
0.3
0.1
x
= 0.25 %
450 - 100
260 x 1000
Min
= 0.254 x
= 661 mm2
100
Than 0.25 % of Ast at bottom .
This is
Hence above curtalment is not permissible
>
Hence the reinforcement will be provid as under,
mm f bars @
(I) At base : 16
100 mm c/c
(II) At 0.85 m above base , up to top :
16 mm f bars @ 200 mm c/c
Distribution steel :260 - 100
% of distribution steel
=
0.3
0.1 x
= 0.254 %
450 - 100
260
x 1000
Astd
= 0.254
x
= 661
mm2, Area of each face = 331 mm2
100
3.14xdia2
3.14 x
8
x 8
using 8 mm bars
A
=
=
= 50.2 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 50.2 / 331 =
152
say
= 150 mm
Hence Provided
8 mm F bar, @
150 mm c/c on Each face,
1000 x 50.2
having, Ast =
2x
=
670
mm2
150
Direct compression in long walls:The earth pressure acting on short walls will cause compression
in long walls, because top portion of shorts walls act as slab supported on long walls
At h = 3.00 /
4
= 0.75 or 1.00 m above the base of walls .
Pa=KaY' (H-h) + Yw (H-h)
= 0.333 x 7190 x(
3.00 1.00 )+ 9810 x 2.00 =
24413
This direct compression devloped on long walls and wall section.
N/m2
4.00
PLC =Pa.x B/2
24413 x
= 48827
N
2
This will be well taken by distribution steel and wall section
(b) Tank full with water and no earth fill out side.
29430 N/m2
9810 x 3.00 =
P = Y x wh =
HxH
3.00 x 3.00
M=p x
= 29430 x
= 44145 N-m or
44145000
N-mm
2x3
2
x
3
44145000
Ast =
=
1496
mm2
150
x
0.874 x 225
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 16 x 16
using 16 mm bars
A
=
=
= 201 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
201 / 1496 =
134
say
= 130 mm
Hence Provided
16 mm F bar, @
130 mm c/c at the in side face.
Curtailement of reinforcement:Asth
Asth 1/3
h3
=
=
From
which
h
=
H
x
Ast
Ast
H3
1/3
If Asth =1/2. Ast
(i.e.half the bars being curtailed). H=
= 3.00 x( 0.5 )1/3
= 2.38 m
H(1/2)'
3.00 2.38 =
0.62 m However as per code requirement,
\
Height from the base =
the bars are to be continued further for distance of 12 F =
12 x
16 =
192 mm or d = 225 mm,
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

whichever is more, beyond this point. Hence curtail half the bars at
0.62 +
0.23 = 0.85 m from base.
Similarly, depth where only 0.25% reinforcement is requiredd is h=H(0.25)1/3= 3.00 x( 0.25 )1/3=
1.89
3.00 1.89 =
1.11 m However as per code requirement,
\
Height from the base =
the bars are to be continued further for distance of 12 F =
12 x
16 =
192 mm or d = 225 mm,
whichever is more, beyond this point. Hence curtail half the bars at
1.11 +
0.23 = 1.35 m from base.
260 - 100
Minimum, % Reinforcement =
0.3
0.1
x
= 0.25 %
450 - 100
260 x 1000
Min
= 0.254 x
= 661 mm2
100
This is
>
Than 0.25 % of Ast at bottom .
Hence above curtalment is not permissible
Hence the reinforcement will be provid as under,
mm f bars @
(I) At base : 16
130 mm c/c
(II) At 0.85 m above base , up to top :
16 mm f bars @ 260 mm c/c
Direct tensio on long wall:- Since the top portion of short wall act as slab supported on long walls,
the water pressure acting on short walls will cause in long walls.
B
4.00
PL= P x
Where p= 9810 x
= 19620 N/m2 at 1.00 m height
2
2
4.00
= 19620 x
=
39240 N, As required = 39240 / 150 = 262 mm2
\
PL
2
Area of distribution steel provided in horizontal direction =
670
mm2
Hece distribution steel will take direct tension.
4 Design of short walls :(a) Tank empty, with pressure of satureted soil from outside.
(I) Top Portion . The bottom 1.00 m act as cantilever, while the remaining
2.00 m
act as slab supported on long walls.
Pa = KaY' (H-h) + Yw (H-h)
19620
=
0.33 x 7190 x 2.00 + 9810 x 2.00 = 4793 +
24413
=
N/m2
2
2
24413 x 4.00
PaL
Mf (at supports ) =
=
=
32551
N-m (causing tension out side )
12
12
24413 x 4.00 2
PaL2
N-m (causing
PaL2
- Mf =
M ( at centre ) =
=
= 16275
tension in side )
24
8
24

d =

260

- (
35
+
32551000
x
0.874 x

16

) = 209 mm

=
1188
mm2
209
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars
A
=
=
= 113 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
113 / 1188 =
95
say
= 90 mm
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
90 mm c/c at the out side face at
2.00 m below the top
2
At mid span, A st =
minimum
Ast
=
661 mm2
1188 x
0.5
= 594 mm
2
3.14xdia
3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars
A
=
=
= 113 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
113 / 661 =
171
say
= 170 mm
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at inner side face
(III) Bottom portion
The bottom
1.00 m will bend as cantilever.
2
Intensity of earth pressure at bottom =
36620 N/m
1
1
=
x 36620 x
1
x
=
6103
N-m (with tension at out side
\
M
2
3
face)

At Supports, A st =

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

150

1000
x
=
207
mm2
0.874 x 225
0.254
%
"=
661 mm2
2
3.14xdia
3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars
A
=
=
= 113 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
113 / 661 =
171
say
= 170 mm
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at out side face, in vertical direction for
bottom 1.00 m height. The spacing can be doubled for upper portion.
(III) Direct compression in short walls:Though the long walls bend as cantilever, it is observed that end
1.00 metre
width of long wall contributes to push in short walla, due to earth pressure, and its magnitude is given by
PBC
24413 x
= Pa x
1
=
1 = 24413
N
This is quite small, and hence its effect has not been considered.
(b) Tank full with water , and no earth fill out side.
(I) Top Portion . The bottom 1.00 m act as cantilever, while the remaining
2.00 m
act as slab supported on long walls.
2
p = w (H-h) =
9810 x( 3.00 1.00 )= 19620 N/m
\

6103
150 x
Minimum steel @
Ast

PB2
12
PB2
Mc (At centre) =
24
Direct tension in short wall:pB =
Mf (at supports ) =

19620 x 4.00 2
=
12
19620 x 4.00 2
=
=
24
Due to water pressure on the end
=

w (H-h) x1
=
9810 x(
Effective d, for horizontal steel =
(x - d ) x T / 2
= 209 \
Distance =
Mf - PB.x
Hence net B.M. = M - PB. x
\
Ast1 =

sst,j.d

3.00 209 mm
260 /

causing tension at
the inside
causing tension at
13080 N-m
the outside
1.00 metre width of long wall is
2
1.00 )x 1.0 = 19620 N/m

26160

2
Ast2

=
=

N-m

79
ss

At inside face (end of short walls)


Mf - PB.x
26160 x 1000 - 19620 x
79
Ast1 =
=
150 x 0.874 x
209
sst,j.d
PB
19620
Ast2 =
=
= 131
898
mm2 \ total Ast =
150
ss
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 12
using 12 mm bars
A
=
=
4 x100
4
x
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
113 / 1029 =
110
say
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
100 mm c/c at the inner face,
At the out side face (middle of short walls)
Mc - PB.x
13080 x 1000 - 19620 x
79
Ast1 =
=
150 x 0.874 x
209
sst , j . d
PB
19620
Ast2 =
=
= 131
421
mm2 \ total Ast =
150
ss
661
Minimum reinforcement required
=
mm2
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 12
=
4 x100
4
x
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
113 / 661 =
171
say
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at the outside face,
using 12

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

mm bars

mm

PB

898

mm2

+ 131 = 1029 mm2


x 12
= 113
100
= 100 mm

421

mm2

mm2

+ 131 = 552

mm2

x 12
= 113
100
= 170 mm

mm2

(III) Bottom portion

1.00 m will bend as cantilever.


N/m2
P (at bottom)
= 29430
(stap 3)
1
1
with tension at in side
=
x 29430 x
1
x
=
4905
N-m
\
M
2
3
face
4905
1000
x
\
Ast
=
=
166
mm2
150 x
0.874 x 225
0.254
Minimum steel @
%
661 mm2
=
2
3.14xdia
3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars
A
=
=
= 113 mm2
4 x100
4
x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
113 / 661 =
171
say
= 170 mm
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at out side face, in vertical direction for
bottom 1.00 m height. The spacing can be doubled for upper portion.
( C) Summary of reinforcement in short walls.
(I) Horizontal reifocement at inner face:
For lateral earth pressure, horizontal reinfocement require is
12 mm f @ 170 mm c/c in the mid span
For water pressure, horizontal reinforcement required is
12 mm f @
100 mm c/c at the ends.
Hence provided greater one of two reinforcement.
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
100 mm c/c at inner face at, 2.00 m from top.
At top
1 m height, the pressure will be reduced to half the value ;
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at for the top
1.00 m height.
(II) Horizontal reinfocement for outer face;
For lateral earth pressure, horizontal reinfocement require is
12 mm f @
90 mm c/c in the mid span
For water pressure, horizontal reinforcement required is
12 mm f @
170 mm c/c at the ends.
Hence provided greater one of two reinforcement.
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
90 mm c/c at inner face at, 0.00 m from top.
At top
1 m height, the pressure will be reduced to half the value ;
Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at for the top
1.00 m height.
(III) Vertical reinforcement at inner face;
provide 12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at the inner face, for bottom
1.00 m height
the spacing can be double for upper portion.
(IV)Vertical reinforcement at outer face;
provide 12 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c at the Outer face, for bottom 1.00 m height
the spacing can be double for upper portion.
5 Design of top slab:L/B
= 10.00 / 4.00 = 2.5 Hence top slab will be design as one way slab.
Let the live load of slab =
2000 N/m2
Assuming a thickness of
20 cm including finishing etc.
5000
self weight = 0.20
x
1
x
1
x #### =
N/m2
2000
7000
Total weight
=
+ 5000 =
N/m2
2
2
7000 x( 4.00 + 0.26 ) = 15879 N-m or 15879000 N-mm
w.B
M =
=
8
8
15879000
=
Required depth
=
117
mm
1.155 x
1000
Provide total depth = 117
+
35 =
160 mm so that available d= 125 mm
15879000
Ast =
=
969
mm2
150
x
0.874 x 125
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 12 x 12
using
12 mm bars
A
=
=
= 113 mm2
4 x100
4
x
100
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

The bottom

Spacing of Bars = 1000 x


Hence Provided
12 mm F bar, @
Distribution steel :% of distribution steel

Astd

= 0.283

160

113 / 969 =
110 mm c/c

0.3

x 1000
100

117

160
450

0.1

453 mm2,

say

100
100

3.14xdia2
3.14 x 10
=
4 x100
4
x
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 78.5 / 453 =
173
say
Hence Provided
10 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c the other direction.
using 10

mm bars

6 Design of bottom slab:-

110 mm

0.283 %

x 10
= 78.5
100
= 170 mm

mm2

If ther is no sub-soil water nominal reinforcement would required .

However, because of saturated sub-soil, there will uplift pressure on the bottom slab, of the magnitude given by.
2
x
3.30 =
pu = wH1 = 9810
32373 N/m (assuming base slab thickness = 300 mm)

Chech against flotation.;


The hole tank must be check against flotation when the tank is empty.
Total upward flotation force. = Pu = pu x B x L
1294920
4.00 x 10.00 =
N
Pu = 32373 x
Base slab thickness
Total down ward force consists of weight of tank.
= 300
0.26 x
2.00 x(
4.00 + 10.00 )x
3.00 x #### =
Weight of walls
=
546000
0.2 x
4.00 x 10.00 x #### =
Weight of roof slab and finishing =
200000
Weight of base slab =
0.3 x
4.00 x
10
x #### =
300000
W
Total weight
=
1046000
1046000 upward force is more than dpown ward force
1294920 >

mm
N
N
N
N

hence provide projection in slab, beyond the face of vertical walls, by an amount x m alround, so that weight of
soil column supported by projection will provide additional down war force. It is assumed that if the tank is
floted, the earth would rupture on vrtical planes shown by dotted lines. (fig ) .Most soil would tend torupture on
an inclined planes, thus tendind to increase the effective down ward load from the earth but this might be small
in waterlogged non-cohesive ground.
Weigt of soil supported by projection:
x = 2(L+B)x H.Ysat =
2
x(
Weight of roof slab and finishing =
0.26 x
2.00 x(
Weight of walls
=

4.52 + 10.52 )x 3.00 x #### =


1534080
0.2 x
4.00 x 10.00 x #### =
200000
4.00 + 10.00 )x
3.00 x #### =
546000
Total "=
746000
Weight of base slab=(
2
x)
4.00 + 2 x 0.26 +
2
x 0.26 +
2 x)
0.3 x ####
( 10.00 +
7500
4.52 +
2
x)( 10.52 +
2 x)
=(
=
1.10
is
needed
because
Assuming that S.F. =
####
(I) concrete may weight less than
N/m3
####
(II) Earth may weight les than
N/m3
(III) Ground water may turn saline weight more than
9810
N/m3
29430 x(
4.52 +
2 x)( 10.52 +
2 x)
Total up lift force =
1.10 x
Equating total upward force to the total down ward force, we get
2
x) (
10.52 +
2
x)= 1534080 x + 746000 )/ 24873
4.52 +
2
29.99
61.7
x +
4 x + 30.08 x + 47.55 )=
2
31.6 x + 17.56 =
0
4 x
hence x = 0.60
1 x2
7.90 x +
4.39 =
0
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

xN
N
N
N

Chech : width B 1 =
\

5.72 m
4.52 +(
2
x 0.60 )
=
11.72
10.52
+(
2
x
0.60
)
=
m
Length =
Weight of soil suppoted on projection: x = 2 x( L1 +B1)x Hysat
2
x( 11.72 + 5.72 )x 0.60 x
x =
3
x #### =

1067328

The Bottom slab will be design as one way slab. Cosidered one metre length
Upward water pressure Pu = 32373 N/m2
7500 N/m2
1
x
1
x
0.3
x ####
=
Self weight of slab :
24873 N/m2
32373 - 7500
=
\ Net upward pressure, p =
Weight of wall per m. run
19500 N/m
=
0.26 x 3.00 x
1
x 25000
=
weight of roof slab, transferred to each wall, per m run
11300
=
0.20 x(
2
+
1
x ####
=
N
0.26 )x
Weight of earth projection
= 17000 x
3
x
1
x 0.60
51000
30600 N/m
=
x
1
x 0.60
=
1
)2
x( #### +
\ Net unbalanced force/m run = 32373 ( 5.72 x
62374
30600 + 11300
=
N
31187
= 62374 /
2
=
N
\ Reaction on each wall
2
54930
Pa '= Ka yH +wH = 36620
=
####
x
3
=
N/m
\
pa
/
2
N/m
1.3
m above the bottom of base slab
Acting at
=
3
/
3
+ 0.3 =
0.60 2+
51000 x 0.60 2
B.M. at the edge of 24873 x
54930 x 1.3 cantilever portion '=
2.00
2
66706 N-m or 66706000 N-mm
=
Causing tension at bottom face
B.M. At center of span =
24873 x 5.72 2+ #### x 1.3 -( #### + 30600
2
x
2
5.72
4.26
+ 11300 )x
- 51000 x 0.60 x(
- 0.30
)'=
2
2
101726
130782
+ 71409 "- ####
=
-35983 N-m or
Causing tension at top face
=
-35983000 N-mm
66706000
=
Required depth
=
240
mm
1.155 x
1000
Provide total depth = 240
+
50 =
290 mm so that available d= 240 mm
66706000
Ast =
=
2120
mm2
150
x
0.874 x 240
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 16 x 16
using
16 mm bars
A
=
=
= 201 mm2
4 x100
4
x
100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
201 / 2120 =
95
say
= 90 mm
Hence Provided
16 mm F bar, @
90 mm c/c at bottom Face
For top face,
35983000
Ast =
=
1143
mm2
150
x
0.874 x 240
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 16 x 16
using
16 mm bars
A
=
=
= 201 mm2
4 x100
4
x
100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x
201 / 1143 =
176
say
= 170 mm
Hence Provided
16 mm F bar, @
170 mm c/c
Disrtibution reinforcement in longitudinal direction
290
- 100
= 0.30
0.1
x
= 0.25 %
450
- 100
x
1000 x 290
0.25
= 357 mm2
Area of steel
=
=
713
On each face
mm2
100
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

3.14xdia2
3.14 x
8
=
4 x100
4
x
Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x 50.2 / 357 =
141
say
Hence Provided
8 mm F bar, @140 mm c/c. on each face
using 8

mm bars

7 Detail of reinforcement:Shown in drawing

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

x 8
= 50.2
100
= 140 mm

mm2

DESIGN OF REACTANGULAR UNDER GROUND WATER TANK

Name of work :- pkn

16 mm f @

100
8 mm f @

mm c/c
150

mm c/c
0.26

0.26
16 mm f @
mm f @
mm f @
12 mm f @
mm f @
mm f @
12 mm f @

90

130

0.26

0.26

8 mm f @
150 mm c/c

mm c/c

mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c

4.00

2.00

16 mm f @
16 mm f @

200
260

1.00
0.60

16 mm f @
16 mm f @

100
130

0.30

0.26
mm f @

4.00

mm c/c

10.00 m
12 mm f @
220
mm c/c
10 mm f @
170
12 mm f @
110
mm c/c

0.26
mm c/c

0.16

3.00

0.60

12 mm f @
12 mm f @
mm f @
mm f @
12 mm f @
12 mm f @
12 mm f @
12 mm f @

340
340

100
170
90
170

mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c
mm c/c

2.00 m

1.00 m
0.60
0.3

Reinforcement detail for short wall

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

0.16

3.00

0.60

wana@yahoo.co.in

VALUES OF DESIGN CONSTANTS


Grade of concrete
Modular Ratio

M-15
18.67

M-20
13.33

M-25
10.98

M-30
9.33

M-35
8.11

M-40
7.18

scbc N/mm2
m scbc

8.5

10

11.5

13

(a) sst =
140
N/mm2
(Fe 250)

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

kc

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

jc

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

Rc

0.867

1.214

1.474

1.734

1.994

2.254

Pc (%)

0.714

1.214

1.429

1.643

1.857

kc

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

Rc

0.89
0.732

0.89
1.025

1.244

1.464

1.684

1.903

Pc (%)

0.433

0.606

0.736

0.866

0.997

1.127

kc

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

jc

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

(b) sst =
190
N/mm2
(c ) sst =
230
N/mm2
(Fe 415)
(d) sst =
275
N/mm2
(Fe 500)

jc

Rc

0.653

0.914

1.11

1.306

1.502

1.698

Pc (%)

0.314

0.44

0.534

0.628

0.722

0.816

kc

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

jc

0.916

0.916

0.916

0.914

0.916

0.916

Rc

0.579

0.811

0.985

1.159

1.332

1.506

Pc (%)

0.23

0.322

0.391

0.46

0.53

0.599

Permissible shear stress Table tv in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


100As
bd
< 0.15
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00 and above

Permissible shear stress in concrete


M-15
M-20
M-25
M-30
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.42
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.44
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.44
0.49
0.51
0.53
0.44
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.44
0.51
0.55
0.57
0.44
0.51
0.56
0.58
0.44
0.51
0.57
0.6

tv N/mm2
M-35
M-40
0.2
0.2
0.23
0.23
0.31
0.32
0.37
0.38
0.42
0.42
0.45
0.46
0.49
0.49
0.52
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.60
0.62
0.62
0.63

Maximum shear stress tc.max in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete

tc.max

Shear stress tc
100As
M-20
bd

M-15
1.6

M-20
1.8

Reiforcement %
100As
M-20
bd

M-25
1.9

M-30
2.2

M-35
2.3

M-40
2.5

Grade of concrete

0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.6
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.7

0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.34

0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.51

0.15
0.18
0.21
0.24
0.27
0.3
0.32
0.35
0.38
0.41
0.44
0.47
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.82
0.88
0.94
1.00
1.08
1.16
1.25
1.33
1.41
1.50
1.63
1.64
1.75
1.88
2.00
2.13
2.25

0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.8
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.9
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26

0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42

1.27
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.41
1.42
1.43
1.44
1.45
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.49
1.50
1.51
1.52
1.53
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57
1.58
1.59
1.60
1.61
1.62
1.63
1.64
1.65
1.66
1.67
1.68
1.69
1.70
1.71
1.72
1.73
1.74
1.75
1.76
1.77
1.78
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.82

0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47

1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89
1.90
1.91
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.95
1.96
1.97
1.98
1.99
2.00
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.05
2.06
2.07
2.08
2.09
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38

0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

2.39
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47
2.48
2.49
2.50
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59
2.60
2.61
2.62
2.63
2.64
2.65
2.66
2.67
2.68
2.69
2.70
2.71
2.72
2.73
2.74
2.75
2.76
2.77
2.78
2.79
2.80
2.81
2.82
2.83
2.84
2.85
2.86
2.87
2.88
2.89
2.90
2.91
2.92
2.93
2.94

0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

2.95
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.99
3.00
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.06
3.07
3.08
3.09
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15

0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

Permissible Bond stress Table tbd in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete
2
tbd (N / mm )

M-10
--

M-15
0.6

M-20
0.8

M-25
0.9

M-30
1

M-35
1.1

M-40
1.2

M-45
1.3

Development Length in tension


Grade of
concrete

Plain M.S. Bars


tbd (N / mm2)
kd = Ld F

H.Y.S.D. Bars
tbd (N / mm2)
kd = Ld F

M 15

0.6

58

0.96

60

M 20

0.8

44

1.28

45

M 25

0.9

39

1.44

40

M 30

35

1.6

36

M 35

1.1

32

1.76

33

M 40

1.2

29

1.92

30

M 45

1.3

27

2.08

28

M 50

1.4

25

2.24

26

Permissible stress in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of
concrete
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M

10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

Permission stress in compression (N/mm2) Permissible stress in bond (Average) for


2
Bending acbc
plain bars in tention (N/mm )
Direct (acc)
(N/mm2)
3.0
5.0
7.0
8.5
10.0
11.5
13.0
14.5
16.0

Kg/m2
300
500
700
850
1000
1150
1300
1450
1600

(N/mm2)
2.5
4.0
5.0
6.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0

Kg/m2
250
400
500
600
800
900
1000
1100
1200

in kg/m2
-60
80
90
100
110
120
130
140

(N/mm2)
-0.6
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Permissible direct tensile stress in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete

sct.max

Degree

M-10
1.2

Value of angle
sin
Degree

M-15
2.0

M-20
2.8

M-25
3.2

cos

tan

cot

M-30
3.6

M-35
4.0

M-40
4.4

1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5
18
18.5
19
19.5
20
20.5
21
21.5
22
22.5
23
23.5
24
24.5
25
25.5
26
26.5
27
27.5
28
28.5

0.017
0.026
0.035
0.044
0.052
0.061
0.070
0.078
0.087
0.096
0.104
0.113
0.122
0.131
0.139
0.148
0.156
0.165
0.174
0.182
0.191
0.199
0.208
0.819
0.225
0.233
0.242
0.250
0.259
0.259
0.276
0.284
0.292
0.301
0.309
0.317
0.326
0.334
0.342
0.350
0.358
0.367
0.375
0.383
0.391
0.399
0.407
0.415
0.422
0.431
0.438
0.446
0.454
0.462
0.469
0.477

1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5
18
18.5
19
19.5
20
20.5
21
21.5
22
22.5
23
23.5
24
24.5
25
25.5
26
26.5
27
27.5
28
28.5

1.000
1.000
0.999
0.999
0.999
0.998
0.998
0.997
0.996
0.995
0.995
0.994
0.993
0.991
0.990
0.989
0.988
0.986
0.985
0.983
0.981
0.980
0.978
0.976
0.974
0.972
0.970
0.968
0.966
0.964
0.961
0.959
0.956
0.954
0.951
0.948
0.946
0.943
0.940
0.937
0.934
0.930
0.927
0.924
0.921
0.917
0.924
0.910
0.906
0.905
0.898
0.895
0.891
0.887
0.883
0.879

0.017
0.262
0.035
0.044
0.052
0.061
0.070
0.079
0.087
0.096
0.105
0.114
0.123
0.132
0.140
0.149
0.158
0.168
0.176
0.185
0.194
0.203
0.213
0.839
0.231
0.240
0.249
0.259
0.268
0.269
0.287
0.296
0.306
0.315
0.325
0.335
0.344
0.354
0.364
0.374
0.384
0.394
0.404
0.414
0.424
0.435
0.440
0.456
0.466
0.476
0.488
0.499
0.510
0.521
0.532
0.543

57.295
56.300
28.644
22.913
19.083
16.362
14.311
12.707
11.437
10.385
9.563
8.777
8.149
7.597
7.119
6.691
6.315
5.963
5.673
5.396
5.142
4.915
4.704
1.192
4.332
4.166
4.011
3.867
3.732
3.723
3.488
3.376
3.272
3.172
3.078
2.989
2.905
2.824
2.747
2.674
2.605
2.539
2.475
2.414
2.356
2.300
2.271
2.194
2.148
2.103
2.049
2.006
1.963
1.921
1.881
1.842

29
29.5
30
30.5
31
31.5
32
32.5
33
33.5
34
34.5
35
35.5
36
36.5
37
37.5
38
38.5
39
39.5
40
40.5
41
41.5
42
42.5
43
43.5
44
44.5
45
45.5
46
46.5
47
47.5
48
48.5
49
49.5
50
50.5
51
51.5
52
52.5
53
53.5
54
54.5
55
55.5
56
56.5

0.485
0.492
0.500
0.508
0.515
0.522
0.530
0.537
0.545
0.552
0.559
0.566
0.573
0.581
0.588
0.595
0.602
0.609
0.616
0.623
0.629
0.636
0.643
0.649
0.656
0.663
0.669
0.676
0.682
0.688
0.695
0.701
0.707
0.713
0.719
0.725
0.731
0.737
0.742
0.749
0.755
0.760
0.766
0.772
0.777
0.786
0.788
0.793
0.799
0.804
0.809
0.814
0.819
0.824
0.829
0.834

29
29.5
30
30.5
31
31.5
32
32.5
33
33.5
34
34.5
35
35.5
36
36.5
37
37.5
38
38.5
39
39.5
40
40.5
41
41.5
42
42.5
43
43.5
44
44.5
45
45.5
46
46.5
47
47.5
48
48.5
49
49.5
50
50.5
51
51.5
52
52.5
53
53.5
54
54.5
55
55.5
56
56.5

0.875
0.870
0.866
0.862
0.857
0.853
0.848
0.843
0.839
0.834
0.829
0.834
0.819
0.814
0.809
0.804
0.799
0.793
0.788
0.783
0.777
0.772
0.766
0.760
0.755
0.749
0.743
0.737
0.731
0.725
0.719
0.713
0.707
0.701
0.695
0.688
0.682
0.676
0.669
0.663
0.656
0.649
0.643
0.636
0.629
0.623
0.616
0.609
0.602
0.595
0.588
0.581
0.574
0.566
0.559
0.552

0.554
0.566
0.577
0.589
0.601
0.613
0.625
0.637
0.649
0.662
0.675
0.679
0.700
0.713
0.726
0.740
0.754
0.767
0.781
0.795
0.810
0.824
0.839
0.854
0.869
0.885
0.900
0.916
0.933
0.949
0.966
0.983
1.000
1.018
1.036
1.054
1.072
1.091
1.109
1.130
1.150
1.171
1.192
1.213
1.235
1.262
1.280
1.303
1.327
1.351
1.376
1.402
1.428
1.455
1.483
1.511

1.804
1.767
1.732
1.698
1.664
1.632
1.600
1.570
1.540
1.511
1.483
1.473
1.429
1.402
1.377
1.351
1.327
1.303
1.280
1.257
1.235
1.213
1.191
1.171
1.150
1.130
1.111
1.091
1.072
1.054
1.036
1.018
1.000
0.983
0.966
0.949
0.933
0.916
0.902
0.885
0.869
0.854
0.839
0.824
0.810
0.792
0.781
0.767
0.754
0.740
0.727
0.713
0.700
0.687
0.675
0.662

57
57.5
58
58.5
59
59.5
60
60.5
61
61.5
62
62.5
63
63.5
64
64.5
65
65.5
66
66.5
67
67.5
68
68.5
69
69.5
70
70.5
71
71.5
72
72.5
73
73.5
74
74.5
75
75.5
76
76.5
77
77.5
78
78.5
79
79.5
80
80.5
81
81.5
82
82.5
83
83.5
84
84.5

0.839
0.843
0.848
0.853
0.857
0.862
0.866
0.870
0.875
0.879
0.883
0.887
0.891
0.895
0.899
0.903
0.906
0.910
0.914
0.917
0.921
0.924
0.927
0.930
0.934
0.937
0.940
0.943
0.946
0.948
0.951
0.954
0.956
0.959
0.961
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.982
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982
0.983
0.985
0.986
0.988
0.989
0.999
0.991
0.993
0.994
0.995
0.995

57
57.5
58
58.5
59
59.5
60
60.5
61
61.5
62
62.5
63
63.5
64
64.5
65
65.5
66
66.5
67
67.5
68
68.5
69
69.5
70
70.5
71
71.5
72
72.5
73
73.5
74
74.5
75
75.5
76
76.5
77
77.5
78
78.5
79
79.5
80
80.5
81
81.5
82
82.5
83
83.5
84
84.5

0.545
0.537
0.530
0.522
0.515
0.508
0.500
0.492
0.485
0.477
0.470
0.462
0.454
0.446
0.438
0.431
0.423
0.415
0.407
0.399
0.391
0.383
0.375
0.819
0.358
0.350
0.342
0.556
0.326
0.317
0.309
0.301
0.292
0.284
0.276
0.267
0.259
0.250
0.242
0.233
0.225
0.216
0.208
0.199
0.191
0.182
0.174
0.165
0.156
0.148
0.139
0.131
0.122
0.113
0.105
0.096

1.540
1.570
1.600
1.632
1.664
1.698
1.732
1.767
1.804
1.842
1.880
1.921
1.963
2.006
2.051
2.097
2.145
2.195
2.246
2.300
2.356
2.414
2.475
1.136
2.605
2.674
2.747
1.696
2.904
2.989
3.078
3.172
3.271
3.376
3.488
3.606
3.732
3.868
4.011
4.209
4.332
4.511
4.705
4.915
5.145
5.396
5.673
5.977
6.315
6.691
7.178
7.597
8.145
8.777
9.517
10.389

0.649
0.637
0.625
0.613
0.601
0.589
0.577
0.566
0.554
0.543
0.532
0.521
0.510
0.498
0.488
0.477
0.466
0.456
0.445
0.435
0.424
0.414
0.404
0.880
0.384
0.374
0.364
0.590
0.344
0.335
0.325
0.315
0.306
0.296
0.287
0.277
0.268
0.259
0.249
0.238
0.231
0.222
0.213
0.203
0.194
0.185
0.176
0.167
0.158
0.149
0.139
0.132
0.123
0.114
0.105
0.096

85
85.5
86
86.5
87
87.5
88
88.5
89
89.5
90

0.996
0.997
0.998
0.998
0.999
0.999
0.999
1.000
0.9998
0.9999
1.000

85
85.5
86
86.5
87
87.5
88
88.5
89
89.5
90

0.087
0.078
0.070
0.061
0.052
0.044
0.035
0.026
0.017
0.009
0.000

11.431
12.716
14.302
16.362
19.083
22.913
28.637
38.299
57.295
114.931
1.000

0.087
0.079
0.070
0.061
0.052
0.044
0.035
0.026
0.017
0.009
0.000

6-2000)
M-50
1.4