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Canadian Federation of Students &

Canadian federation of students–Ontario
NATIONAL SUCCESSES Canadian Federation of Students

Petition to the Government of Canada: Grants NOT Loans
w w w. c f s - f c e e . c a

National Student Grants
WHEREAS average tuition fees, as a share of a typical family’s income, are higher today than at any
point in the last sixty years;
WHEREAS more than 345,000 students are forced to borrow from the Canada Student Loans

In 2007, the Canadian Federation of Students
WHEREAS average student debt for an undergraduate degree ranges from $21,000 to $28,000
depending on the province;
launched a nation-wide campaign for “Grants WHEREAS Canada Student Loan debt is increasing by more than $1.5 million each day and has
ballooned to more than $12 billion dollars (more than the debt of some provincial governments);
Not Loans” with a Day of Action on February 7, WHEREAS the Millennium Scholarship Foundation has largely just replaced pre-existing provincial
grants, leaving students no farther ahead;
2007. Throughout the year, tens of thousands of WHEREAS the Millennium Scholarship Foundation has failed at improving access to post-secondary
education; and
petition signatures were collected and Federation WHEREAS among developed nations only Canada and Japan do not have a national system of need-
based grants;

representatives met with over 200 Members We the undersigned residents of Canada call upon the House of Commons to replace the Millennium
Scholarship Foundation with a national system of need-based grants through the Canada Student

of Parliament and Senators to lobby for the Loans Program for students at public universities and colleges.

replacement of the Millennium Scholarship SIGNATURE
(Sign your own name. Do not print.)
(Province and postal code.)
(Contact me about this campaign.)

Program with a national system of student grants.
In response to this campaign, the federal budget
released in February 2008 introduced an historic
new national system of means-tested grants.
Valued at $350-million in the first year and
climbing to $430 million in 2012, the new grants
program will provide grants to 245,000 students.
Middle-income students will receive up to $100 in
non-repayable funding per month.
Return address: Canadian Federation of Students, 500-170 Metcalfe Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P3, fax: (613) 232-0276

Stopping Tuition Fee Hikes February 2008, Federation’s “Grants Not Loans”
In many provinces, Federation campaigns led to campaign resulted in the Federal Budget
limits on tuition fee increases, brought about fee announcement of the creation of Canada’s first
national system of student grants
freezes and, in certain cases, secured tuition fee
reductions. Students in Alberta, Saskatchewan,
Manitoba, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, No GST on Tuition Fees
Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador are The Canadian Federation of Students successfully
protected regulation that prescribes either tuition campaigned to stop the GST from being applied
fee freezes or reductions. to tuition fees and campus residence fees. The
Federation continues to work to have the GST
More Scholarships for Graduate removed from textbooks. This has saved the
Students average university student over $280 this year
The Canadian Federation of Students worked with alone.
the Canadian Association of University Teachers
(CAUT) to press the federal government to add 500 Tax Relief
Canada Graduate Scholarships in 2008. The Canadian Federation of Students exposed
Each scholarship recipient receives between the diversion of federal scholarship funds to pay
$17,500 and $35,000 per year. for pre-existing provincial programs. This led the
federal government to increase the tax exemption
Restoring Funding for SSHRC on scholarships from $500 to $3000 in 2001, and
eventually all scholarships were exempted from
As a result of lobbying by the Canadian Federation income tax in 2007.
of Students, the federal government restored
SSHRC scholarships for masters students in arts
and humanities in creating the Canada Graduate

Right to Work for International As a result of a media and email campaign that
Students was sustained for six weeks, the Library agreed to
reverse its decision, restore public ownership and
In 2005, the Canadian Federation of Students control over the Thesis Distribution Service and
successfully lobbied the federal government to create an Advisory Committee with guaranteed
allow international students to work off-campus. representation from the Federation.
This has allowed thousands of international
students in Ontario’s colleges and universities to Shifting Federal Conservative Party
be able to work part-time to support their studies.
The Federation was the only student organisation Policy
in Canada that had been lobbying on behalf of the During the 2008 federal election campaign, the
rignts of international students and continues to Conservative Party of Canada included in its
hold the only seat on the Advisory Committee on platform a commitment to implement a regressive
International Students and Immigration. student loan model called Income-Contingent
Loan Repayment Plans (ICLRP). ICLRPs, when
Unbiased Federal Infrastructure implemented in other jurisdictions, were used
Funding to justify by tuition fee increases between 300
and 400 percent and resulted in students from
In the 2009 federal budget, the government marginalised communities paying more for their
announced new infrastructure funding that was education through compound interest.
tied to privatisation and which sought to give
government political influence over institutional The Federation’s negative evaluation of this aspect
and academic priorities. of the Conservative platform caused the party to
contact the Federation and pledged to change its
The Federation held a lobby week at Parliament platform mid-campaign in order to improve its
the week of the announcement and engaged in standing with students.
a media relations campaign. Within two days,
the government announced that it would relax United with University Faculty
the stipulations on the new funding and ensure
academic freedom and institutional autonomy. The Federation is the only student organisation
in Canada that is a coalition partner with the
Student representation at CAGS Canadian Association of University Teachers
(CAUT). Together, the Federation and CAUT lobby
The Federation’s National Graduate Caucus for improvements to post-secondary education
secured student representation on the Canadian policies, including the creation of a Post-
Association of Graduate Studies (CAGS). The Secondary Education Act.
Federation shares this seat on a rotational
basis with its Québec counterpart, la Fédération
étudiante universitaire du Québec (FÉUQ).
Through such representation on the body
“It is my experience that the CFS
representing graduate deans throughout Canada, has been the most effective and
the Federation has provided strong and consistent articulate voice of students in Canada
for many years.

graduate student representation.
Jim Turk, Executive Director,
Public Access to Graduate Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT)
In 2001, the Federation’s National Graduate
Caucus learned that the National Library of Canada
had sold the ownership and distribution rights of
Canadian theses and dissertations to an American
company, UMI/Bell & Howell.

Ontario Successes
Stopping Tuition Fee Hikes
In response to the Federation’s Vote Education
campaign held during the 2003 Ontario election,
the Liberal Party of Ontario promised the
Federation that, if elected, it would immediately
freeze tuition fees. In April 2004, the new Liberal
government followed through on that promise
in a joint announcement of the freeze with the
Canadian Federation of Students.
April 2004 - Training, Colleges and Universities
As a result of this victory, between 2004 to 2006, Minister Marianne Chambers announces tuition fee
Ontario students benefited from a tuition fee freeze freeze with CFS-Ontario Chairperson, Joel Duff
that saved every university student approximately
$250. As a result of the overwhelming call for more
public funding, the government announced a
Record Investments in Post- record investment of $6.2 billion to increase post-
Secondary Education secondary education funding over six years.
Due to the Federation’s successful election Funding Cuts Stopped
campaign, Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty
attempted to brand himself as an “Education Just before the 2009 Ontario Budget, the
Premier” in order to boost his standing in the polls. Federation learned of government plans to cut
funding for education and social programmes as
McGuinty commissioned a province-wide review part of its response to the recession. Premptively,
of post-secondary education and the Federation the Federation released a comprehensive proposal
was the only organisation to coordinate an for a student stimulant package and generated
informational campaign that targetted each of the media concern about student debt.
17 public consultations held across Ontario.
The package, called “Hope and Change” argued
that post-secondary education funding should be
seen as crucial stimulus money that will help buoy
Ontario’s economy. One week later, the Ontario
government announced that they would not be
cutting money that had been earmarked for post-
secondary education, making it one of the few
sectors to be protected from spending cuts.

Provincial Grants Restored
In 2005, the Canadian Federation of Students
was successful in pressuring the Government of
Ontario to introduce $3,000 student grants, the
first of their kind since 1994. The Federation’s
petitions, calling for a restoration of the grants
program were read into the legislature 14 times,
by Members of Parliament from all three parties.
November 2008 - Progressive Conservative
Educatiuon Critic JIm Wilson signs Federation The Federation was successful again in 2006,
petition calling for lower tuition fees at a rally of when its lobby efforts resulted in a doubling of the
6,500 students at Queen’s Park number of grants available.

Increased Ontario Graduate
Scholarships (OGS)
In 1998, the Federation’s Ontario Graduate Caucus
successfully lobbied for an increase in the value
of Ontario Graduate Scholarships (OGS), from
$12,000 to $15,000 per student, per year.
In 2005, this victory was magnified with the
expansion of the OGS programme to offer $4,000
more scholarships to graduate students.

Reformed Ancillary Fees Policy
In 2007, the Federation supported the launch
of a class-action lawsuit against Ontario’s 24
community colleges for collecting prohibited fees.
The negative attention caused the government
to bring in tighter regulation of university and
college ancillary fees protocol, including the end of
prohibited ancillary fees collection.

Creation of an Ontario Credit Transfer
This year, the Federation secured a commitment
from the Ontario government to create a credit
The Federation is the only Canadian student
organisation that uses high-profile campaigns to transfer system. Two committees have been
generate media attention and public support for its established to consult and oversee the creation
lobbying objectives. Last year’s rally on November 5, and implementation of a credit transfer protocol.
2008 saw more than 10,000 students protest fees.
The Federation has two representatives on the
Steering Committee and one representative on the
Freedom of Information and Working Group and remains an active participant
Transparency in Universities and advocate for credit transfer for all students,
In 2004, the Canadian Federation of Students and including post-graduate students.
the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty
Associations (OCUFA) launched a joint campaign
to call for Access to Information legislation to be
extended to universities. With a united position
from students and faculty, the campaign gained
support from various media editorial boards,
who took up the Federation’s call for greater
Despite intense opposition from the Council of
Ontario Universities, the government passed
legislation extending the Freedom of Information
and Protection of Privacy Act (FIPPA) to Ontario’s The Federation coordinates regular meetings with
universities. This has led to increased transparency provincial government, including this June 2009
in the way universities are administered and has meeting between four graduate and undergraduate
member locals in Ottawa and Training, Colleges and
allowed students to access information vital to Universities Minister John Milloy and two Ottawa-
keeping universities accountable. area Members of Provincial Parliament.

Victories Across After announcing the elimination of interest on
student loans, following the creation of a new grants
Canada program and a pledge to continue a tuition freeze
until 2012, the Newfoundland & Labrador Minister
Here are some of the important victories students of Education Darin King said the following of the
have achieved over the years by working together Canadian Federation of Students:
as members of the Canadian Federation of
Students: “They have been our partners
2009: Newfoundland and Labrador eliminated through the past several years in
interest rate charges on provincial student determining the best ways to reduce
loans and expanded the existing up front
need-based grant program
student debt and we will continue
to work with them. We are making
2008: Tuition fees frozen in Nova Scotia unprecedented investments and
2008: Federal Government established a national implementing initiatives that are
system of need-based grants (available in being noted by student groups
fall of 2009), as a result of the Federation’s
“Grants Not Loans” campaign in other jurisdictions across the
country. This is clearly money well-
2007: Tuition fees eliminated in British Columbia
for adult basic education
spent and an investment not just
in our students, but in the future of
2007: Prince Edward Island reduced tuition fees
Newfoundland and Labrador.
2007: Newfoundland and Labrador reinstated
provincial up-front, need–based grants

All college and university students in the province
program, implemented a debt reduction of Newfoundland and Labrador are members of the
program for graduates and pledged to Canadian Federation of Students.
continue the fee freeze until 2011-12
2007: Manitoba introduced a 60 percent 2006: Manitoba introduced a 5 percent increase
tuition fee tax credit for graduates and to annual operating funding for colleges
scholarships for graduate students and universities over three years
2005: Ontario government restored a system of
need-based grants to replace one that was
cut in 1994
2005: Tuition fees capped at the rate of inflation
in British Columbia
2005: Tuition fees frozen in Alberta and
2005: Federal government allowed international
students to work off-campus
2005: Tuition Fees frozen in Newfoundland and
2005: Federal budget amendment allocated $1.5
The rallies held in 2002 and 2003 helped to make billion for tuition fee reductions
tuition fees a “hot button” issue in the 2003 Ontario
Election and led to the establishment of the first 2005: Manitoba reduced planned ancillary
tuition fee freeze in Ontario’s history. fee increase in response to Canadian
Federation of Students’ campaign

2004: Ontario announced a $6.2 billion increase
in funding for post-secondary education
over six years
2004: Ontario froze tuition fees for two years
2003: The federal government restored SSHRC
scholarships for master’s students in
the humanities and social sciences
and created the Canadian Graduate
2001: British Columbia reduced tuition fees by 5
2001: Newfoundland and Labrador reduced fees
by 25 percent over three years
2001: Prince Edward Island froze tuition fees Federation campaigns generate significant media
2000: After February 2 “Access 2000” Day of attention, which helps to win public support and
Action: sway decision-makers.

-- Tuition fees frozen in Manitoba
1996: Tuition fees frozen in British Columbia
-- Ontario capped tuition fee increases at
2 percent 1995: Proposed Income Contingent Loan
Repayment Schemes are defeated
-- Québec extended the tuition fee freeze following largest student demonstration in
-- Tuition fees reduced by 10 percent then Canadian history
frozen and provincial grants reinstated 1993: Tuition fee freeze re-established in Québec
in Manitoba (after being lifted in 1989)
1999: Tuition fees frozen in Newfoundland and 1992: Tuition fees frozen in British Columbia
1997: Manitoba Learning Tax Credit implemented
in response to Canadian Federation
of Students’ campaign for tuition fee

No Means No Anti-Date Rape
The Federation’s awareness campaign against
date rape is nearly 20 years old and has been
translated by the province of British Columbia
into Mandarin and Cantonese. However, in 2006
the American retailer, Blue Notes Inc., mocked
the campaign with the release of a t-shirt with
the slogan “NO MEANS have aNOther drink.” The October 2006 - American retailer Blue Notes Inc.
Federation launched a public relations campaign recalled a line of sexist t-shirts and replaced them
with Federation-designed “No Means No” shirts.
and within five days, the company began recalling
their t-shirts. Blue Notes eventually agreed to
sponsor and stock a series of Federation-designed The recommendations released by the Task Force
t-shirts to challenge date rape and promote have been implemented on several campuses and
women’s rights. Over $20,000 in profits from included such issues as the need for women-only
t-shirt sales was donated by Blue Notes to the gym time, more diverse food options in cafeterias
Federation to continue its campaign against date and policies that accommodate students’ religious
rape and sexual assault. observance in ways that do not interfere with
Addressing the Needs of Muslim
Students Representing Diversity
The Federation is the only organisation that has The Federation has developed a unique structure
ever conducted a comprehensive study on the to ensure diverse representation within it’s
needs and experiences of Muslim students. The national and provincial decision-making
Task Force on the Needs of Muslim Students processes.
was launched in 2006 to gather the expriences Representation is provided to the following
and insights of Muslim students on how to make constituency groups:
campuses more inclusive and investigated ways -- Aboriginal students;
to challenge Islamophobia on campus and in the
classroom. -- Francophone students;
-- International Students;
-- Mature and part-time students;
-- Queer and Trans students;
-- Racialised students;
-- Students with disabilities; and
-- Women students.

All decisions of the Federation are made
democratcially by the membership at bi-annual
national and provincial meetings.

Ontario Member Locals
82-Algoma University Students’ Association
102-Brock University Graduate Students’
78-Carleton University Graduate Students’ Representing more than 85 students’ unions in
Association Canada and more than one half million members,
the Federation is Canada’s largest and oldest
01-Carleton University Students’ Association students’ Union
107-Association étudiante de la Cité collégiale*
99-Scarborough Campus Students’ Union
92-Student Association of George Brown College (University of Toronto)
93-Glendon College Student Union (York University) 19-University of Toronto Graduate Students’ Union
54-University of Guelph Central Student 97-Association of Part-Time Undergraduate
Association Students of the
62-University of Guelph Graduate Students’ University of Toronto
98-University of Toronto Students’ Administrative
32-Lakehead University Student Union Council
104-Laurentian Association of Mature and Part- 109-University of Toronto at Mississauga Students’
Time Students Union
110-Laurentian Graduate Students’ Association 71-Trent Central Student Association
30-Laurentian University Students’ General -Trent Graduate Student Association*
47-University of Western Ontario Society of
88-Association des étudiantes et étudiants Graduate Students
francophones de l’Université Laurentienne
56-Wilfrid Laurier University Graduate Students’
39-McMaster University Graduate Students’ Association
48-University of Windsor Graduate Student Society
20-Nipissing University Student Union
106-University of Windsor Organization of Part-
25-Ontario College of Art and Design Student Time Students
49-University of Windsor Students’ Alliance
94-University of Ottawa Graduate Students’
Association 68-York Federation of Students
27-Queen’s University Society of Graduate and 84-York University Graduate Students’ Association
105-Continuing Education Students’ Association of
* represents prospective member
students’ unions
24-Ryerson Students’ Union red represents member locals
85-Saint Paul University Students’ Association comprised in whole or in part by
graduate students

British Columbia Member Locals Québec Member Locals
03-University of British Columbia Students’ Union- 91-Concordia Student Union
Okanagan 83-Concordia University Graduate Students’
75-Camosun College Student Society Association
05-Capilano Students’ Union 108-Dawson Students’ Union
73-Downtown Campus Students’ Union 79-Post-Graduate Students’ Society of McGill
18-Douglas Students’ Union University
33-Emily Carr Students’ Union Atlantic Member Locals
76-Broadway Campus Students’ Union 67-University of New Brunswick Graduate
26-Kwantlen Student Association Students’ Association
61-Vancouver Island Students’ Union 63-Holland College Student Union
13-College of New Caledonia Students’ Association 70-University of Prince Edward Island Graduate
72-North Island Students’ Association Student Association
66-Northwest Community College Students’ 31-University of Prince Edward Island Student
Association Union
53-Okanagan College Students’ Union 95-Cape Breton University Students’ Union
86-College of the Rockies Students’ Union -Dalhousie Association of Graduate Students*
04-Selkirk Students’ Association 11-University of King’s College Students’ Union
23-Simon Fraser Student Society 34-Mount Saint Vincent University Students’ Union
15-Thompson Rivers University Students’ Union 07-Students’ Union of the Nova Scotia College of
Art & Design
44-University of Victoria Students’ Society
69-Association générale des étudiant-e-s de
Prairies Member Locals l’Université Sainte-Anne
42-Alberta College of Art and Design Students’ 36-Grenfell College Student Union
Association 45-Marine Institute Students’ Union
21-University of Calgary Graduate Students’ 100-Graduate Students’ Union of the Memorial
Association University of Newfoundland
09-University of Regina Students’ Union 35-Memorial University of Newfoundland
101-University of Saskatchewan Graduate Students’ Union
Students’ Association 46-College of the North Atlantic Students’
17-University of Saskatchewan Students’ Union Association
90-First Nations University of Canada Student
75,000+ graduate students are
members of the Federation’s National
37-Brandon University Students’ Union Graduate Caucus (NGC), providing
96-University of Manitoba Graduate Students’ autonomous national representation for
Association graduate students. Graduate student
103-University of Manitoba Students’ Union members of the Federation elect their
38-Association étudiante du Collège universitaire executive, manage a dedicated budget
de Saint Boniface for graduate issues, develop policy, and
08-University of Winnipeg Students’ Association run unique campaigns.