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Primary Sources

Churchill Center and School for Learning Disabilities. n.d. Churchill Center and School for Learning
Disabilities. Accessed September 14, 2013. http://www.churchillstl.org/.
This is a primary source because it is the original school website created by Churchill. From this
website, I learned what specialized education schools hope to accomplish with the kids through the
Churchill mission statement.

Education, U.S. Department of. 2007. Twenty-Five Years of Progress in Educating Children With
Disabilities Through IDEA. July 19. Accessed February 28, 2014.
http://www2.ed.gov/policy/speced/leg/idea/history.html.
This is a primary source because it is written as a summary of the history of IDEA by the people who
had a hand in writing the IDEA law in the first place. This source helped me understand more of the
details involving the events that shaped the development of IDEA.

Tate, Jeff. 1993. "Voice of Inclusion: I'm Just a "Regular Parent"." In The Safety Net, 2-3.
This is a primary source because it is an original story by a parent of a child with a disability. I learned
a lot about what parents and children without disabilities feel about inclusive education.

Thirty-five Years of Progress in Educating Children With Disabilities Through IDEA. Rep. Washington D,C,:
U.S. Department of Education, 2010. Print.
This is a primary source because it is written as a summary of the rights of children before and after
IDEA was enacted by the people who had a hand in writing the IDEA law in the first place. This source
helped me greater see the difference IDEA made in protecting the rights of children with disabilities in
education.

National Association of Private Special Education Centers. n.d. National Association of Private Special
Education Centers. Accessed September 14, 2013. http://www.napsec.org/.
This is a primary source because it is an organization that gives explicit information about private
specialized education and the services it provides. From this website I learned much about specialized
education of children with disabilities in public schools.

U.S. Department of Education. 2011. IDEA National Assessment Implementation Study. National Center
for Education and Regional Assistance .
This is a primary source because it is written as a summary of the disability protection laws by the
same organization which had a hand in writing the law in the first place. They are summarizing their
own words, making this source primary. From this article I learned much about providing services to
children with disabilities.
U.S. Department of Education. 2007. No Child Left Behind. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of
Education.
This is a primary source because it was written by the U.S. Department of Education as an
informational report about IDEA and other disability laws. They are simple giving more information
about the law they wrote, elaborating upon it, therefore making this source primary. From this report
I learned much about the consultation process and private and public special education.

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services. 2010. "Thrity-five
Years of Progress in Education Children With Disabilities Through IDEA." Washington D.C.
This is a primary source because it is a summary of the hopes and goals of IDEA in the upcoming years.
It is primary because the U.S. Department of Education is further elaborating on the goals they wish to
accomplish through IDEA, a law which they had a hand in writing. From this source, I learned about
the potential of IDEA in the future and how it can further equality in schools for students with
disabilities.

U.S. Department of Justice . 2009. A Guide to Disability Rights Laws. U.S. Department of Justice.
This is a primary source because it was written by the government as a guide to the laws of IDEA, laws
which they wrote themselves. They are simplifying their words so the general public can understand
IDEA. From this resource I learned about what IDEA requires for each child with a disability.

Vargo, Rosalind and Joe. 1995. "Voice of Inclusion: My Friend Ro Vargo." In Creating An Inclusive School,
by Richard A. Villa and Jacqueline S. Thousand, 45 - 50. Alexandria .
This is a primary source because it is a firsthand account of parents and their daughter who had
disabilities and their experience with inclusive education. From this article, I learned much about how
children with disabilities and their families feel about inclusive education.

Secondary Sources
Access STEM. 2002. Access STEM. Accessed September 14, 2013.
https://www.washington.edu/doit/Stem/rr.html.
This is a secondary source because it is not a firsthand account of people who experienced the STEM
Program, but is information about the rights of disabled people through IDEA, which I learned much
about on this site.




Dillon, Naomi. 2007. "American School Board Journal." American School Board Journal 14-19.
This is a secondary source because it is an informational article written about Hudson v. Rowley, with
information about the life Amy led and contains quotes from Amy and her family. From this article, I
learned about the first IDEA lawsuit to reach the Supreme Court, and gained insight into Amy
Rowley's life.

Disabilities, National Dissemination Center for Children with. 2012. IDEA - the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act. November. Accessed September 14, 2013.
http://nichcy.org/laws/idea.
This is a secondary source because its an article of collaborative information about IDEA and was not
written as a firsthand account. From this website l learned much about the basic laws and regulations
of IDEA.

"Disciplining Children With Special Needs." Children's Law Center of Massachusetts. Children's Law
Center of Massachusetts. Web. 17 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is a summary of the rights school districts have through IDEA in
the punishment of students with disabilities and is written as a secondhand point of view. From this
article, I learned much about the rights of school districts.

Dwight, Valle. 1998-2014. Special Needs Programs and School: A Primer. Accessed September 14, 2013.
http://www.greatschools.org/school-choice/special-education/6997-special-education-special-
needs-learning-disabilities.gs?page=all.
This is a secondary source because it gives information from a secondhand point of view. From this
site, I learned much about specialized education and programs in public schools and specialized
schools for children with disabilities.

Education, Oregon Office of. n.d. "School District Responsibilities for Providing Appropriate Services for
Students with Disabilities Ages 18-21."
This is a secondary source because it is a summary of the responsibilities a public school district has
when educating children with disabilities. This source helped me better understand the
responsibilities a school district has when educating children with disabilities.

Education, The Law and Special. 2006. Disciplining Students with Disabilities. Accessed February 28,
2014. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/jalvarado/sped651/notes/Chapter14_Discipline.
This is a secondary source because it is a summary of the Honig versus Doe case written by a
secondhand acount. This source helped me better understand the intent of Congress decision of the
case, despite the case being moot.

"How Parents Can Be Advocates for Their Children." National Center for Learning Disabilities. National
Center for Learning Disabilities. Web. 19 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is a summary of the ways a parent can be the best advocate for
their child with a disability, but is written as a secondhand account by someone not a parent of a child
with disabilities themselves. From this source, I learned much about parent advocacy.

"IDEA Budget Cuts 2013: State-by-State." National Center for Learning Disabilities. National Center for
Learning Disabilities, 2013. Web. 17 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of the government funding cuts on IDEA
and its affects by a non-government organization, and therefore, is written as a secondhand account
compiling the information on the recent budget cuts. I also found a graph showing the numbers of
budget cuts state by state in America. From this source, I saw very clearly the effects of budget cuts
everywhere and how many peoples lives would be changed because of them.

"IDEA Then and Now: A Game Changer." Learning Ally. Learning Ally, 03 Dec. 2010. Web. 19 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of the history of IDEA and how it has
affected todays education from a secondhand point of view. This source helped me find historical
information on IDEA.

"Inclusion, IEP & Special Needs Laws." Educator's Resource Guide (2010): 1-29. Web. 19 May 2014.
<https://www.learningseed.com/_guides/1339_Inclusion_IEP_and_Special_Needs_Laws.pdf>.
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of IDEA from a secondhand point of view
explaining different aspects of IDEA in more detail, such as IEPs. This source helped me get a basic
understanding of IDEA and much of what goes into the law.

"Individuals With Disabilities Education Act - Cost Impact on Local School Districts." Federal Education
Budget Project. New America Foundation, 25 Apr. 2014. Web. 17 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of the government funding cuts on IDEA
and its affects by a non-government organization, and therefore, is written as a secondhand account
compiling the information on the recent budget cuts From this source, I saw very clearly the effects of
budget cuts everywhere and how many peoples lives would be changed because of them.

. 2010. The Inclusion Paradox. January. Accessed September 14, 2013.
http://www.greatschools.org/special-education/legal-rights/1595-inclusive-education-
benefits.gs?page=all.
This is a secondary source because it is a secondhand account of a father and sons experience in an
inclusive education. From this article I learned much about inclusive education.

Live, Autism. 2013. "What is an IEP?" August 20.
This is a secondary source because it is an informational video on what an IEP is. This video gave me a
better understanding of an IEP and what it entails.

Office of the Education Ombudsman. 2012. Protecting the Educational Rights of Students with
Disabilities in Public Schools. Office of the Education Ombudsman.
This is a secondary source because it was written as a how to, as to spread information on how to
protect the rights of the disabled. From this article, I learned much about the rights of parents of
children with disabilities.

Management, Rehabilitation Research & Training Center on Independent Living. 2002. Disability History
Timeline. Accessed February 28, 2014.
http://isc.temple.edu/neighbor/ds/disabilityrightstimeline.htm.
This is a secondary source because it is summary and overall timeline of many events that have
influenced the development of IDEA. This source helped me gain perspective on the history of IDEA
and all the events that helped develop the law.

Melonie Steele, Emma Sinclair, Max Weinberg, Jeremy Blaylock. n.d. Case Law: Rowley v. Hendrick
Hudson School District, (1984). Accessed February 28, 2014.
This is a secondary source because it was written as a summary of the Hudson versus Rowley case by
four persons who were not involved with the original case. From this article, I learned how the
Hudson versus Rowley case influenced and affected the development of IDEA.

"NCLB Turns 10 Perspectives of the No Child Left Behind Act." Education Week. Education Week. Web.
19 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it helped me understand how No Child Left Behind Act fits into
IDEA, helping me to complete the timeline with more background information, all while being from a
secondhand point of view.

Nguyen, Tram. n.d. Board of Education of Hendrick Hudson School District vs. Rowley. Accessed February
28, 2014.
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/edu/fn125/Abstract%202%202009/nguyen_rowley.htm.
This is a secondary source because it is a summary of the Hudson versus Rowley case written in
second person by someone who was not involved first had with the case. From this article I learned a
lot of information about what the case consisted of and what the courts decision was built upon.

Robbins, Sam. n.d. Honig v Doe. Accessed February 28, 2014.
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/edu/fn125/Abstract%202%202009/robbins_doe.html.
This is a secondary source because it is a summary of the Honig versus Doe case written in second
person by someone who was not involved first had with the case. From this article I learned a lot of
information about what the case consisted of and what the courts decision was built upon.

Sack-Min, Joetta. 2007. "The Issues of IDEA." American School Board Journal.
This is a secondary source because it is an informational article written in second person. From this
article I learned information about a general timeline of key dates in special education.

"Sequester Hits Special Education Like 'Tone of Bricks'" National Center for Learning Disabilities. National
Center for Learning Disabilities, 10 Sept. 2013. Web. 17 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of the government funding cuts on IDEA
and its affects by a non-government organization, and therefore, is written as a secondhand account
compiling the information on the recent budget cuts From this source, I saw very clearly the effects of
budget cuts everywhere and how many peoples lives would be changed because of them.

"Sequestration and Budget: What You Need to Know." National Center for Learning Disabilities. National
Center for Learning Disabilities. Web. 17 May 2014.
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of the government funding cuts on IDEA
and its affects by a non-government organization, and therefore, is written as a secondhand account
compiling the information on the recent budget cuts From this source, I saw very clearly the effects of
budget cuts everywhere and how many peoples lives would be changed because of them.

Supports, Positive Behavioral Interventions &. 2014. Positive Behavioral Supports and the Law. Accessed
February 28, 2014. http://www.pbis.org/school/pbis_and_the_law/default.aspx
This is a secondary source because it is written as a summary of how Honig versus Doe affected the
development of IDEA. This source gave me information on what the intent of Congress was when
passing judgement on the case along with how the case affected the development of IDEA.

Picture Bibliography
Class, The Inclusive. 2013. The "I" in IEP.
This is a primary source as a parent of a child with a disabilitys testimony.

District, South Burlington School. n.d. Special Education. South Burlington School District.
This is a primary source because it is a picture of a child with a disability.

Education, U.S. Department of. n.d. Student's IEP Team. U.S. Department of Education.
This is a secondary source because it is a diagram of a students IEP team.

ehussey-educationalshift. 1982. "Amy Rowley." ehussey-educationalshift.
This is a primary source because it is an original photo of Amy Rowley.

2011. Girl_3. Council for Exceptional Children.
This is a primary source because it is a picture of a child with a disability.

2013. "IEP form." .docstoc. Accessed September 14, 2013.
http://www.docstoc.com/docs/130179613/IEP-form.
This is a primary source because it is an original IEP evaluation form.

Jersey, Autism New. n.d. A Parent's Role in the IEP Process. Autism New Jersey.
This is a primary source because it is a picture of an IEP meeting.

Living, LVCIL: Lehigh Valley Center for Independent. 2012. Americans with Disabilities Act. Accessed
February 28, 2014. http://www.lvcil.org/ada.
This is a primary source because it is an original photo of President George H.W. Bush signing ADA into
law in July 1990.

Morse, Paul. 2002. No Child Left Behind Act. White House.
This is a primary source because it is an original photo of President Bush signing the No Child Left
Behind Act.

Nelson, Ray. n.d. Speech Buddy.
This is a primary source because it is a picture of an IEP meeting

Parentella. n.d. IEP's to Meet the Needs of Special Education Kids. Parentella .
This is a primary source because it is a picture of a child with a disability.

n.d. "President Ford greets Anne T. Macdonald." IDEA Then and Now: A Game Changer.
This is a primary source because it was a photo taken at the actual meeting.

Turner, Linda. n.d. IEP Process . Standards-Based IEPs .
This is a secondary source because it is a diagram of the IEP process.

n.d. We Interrupt This Life for IEP Season. I Don't Think It's Funny ...But God Is Giggling .
This is a secondary source because it is a comment on parents role in a child with a disabilitys life.