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# Math Internal Assessment

G-force Tolerance
Byeolah Henson
The G-Force is the result of the acceleration and the gravity. It is the force that is
caused by the gravity when one goes through certain acceleration. G-force es!ecially the
hori"ontal g-force can be a!!lied to everyday life. But the most common way to e#!erience
both hori"ontal and vertical g-force is the rollercoaster. \$hen a rollercoaster is going in a fast
and hori"ontal acceleration one%s body tends to get !ushed bac&wards due to g-force. This is
often &nown as 'eye balls-in(. )n the other hand 'eye balls- out( is when the rollercoaster
moves bac&ward one%s body tend get !ushed forward. The o!!osite movement of the body
and acceleration also a!!lies to vertical g-force. For e#am!le when the rollercoaster shoots
u! one e#!erience 'blood towards feet(.
G-force is label with g. For e#am!le * re!resent the five times the force of the
gravity.
This data shows the a forward acceleration G# +g, where one e#!eriences the 'eye
balls- in( and the time that a human being can e#!erience
Time +min, -G# +g,
../ 0*
...0 12
../ 1.
..0 /*
/ //
0 3
/. 4
0. 5.*
In this data hori"ontal G-force the human beings toleration time is de!endent on the
!ositive acceleration that one is e#!eriencing in. By means the time will vary from the
change for the acceleration. Hence the forward acceleration in the hori"ontal direction is the
inde!endent variable or the 6 and the Time +min, is the de!endent variable the 7. The
!arameter of this data that any !ositive variables. However the limitation or constraints of
this data is that time cannot be negative which means that the de!endent variables cannot be
negative. Hence the hori"ontal asym!totes can be !redicted on .. Also since this only
e#!lains the !ositive acceleration there cannot be any negative numbers for 6 the
inde!endent variable.
6 +inde!endent, 7 +de!endent,
0* .../
12 ...0
1. ../
/* ..0
// /
3 0
4 /.
5.* 0.
According to the gra!h shown above the time of one can e#!erience reduces as the
acceleration increases. This decrease is ra!id in the beginning but as it a!!roaches near . it
slows down with a curve. All of the variables of the data are only !resent on the first
8uadrant. Also as e#!ected the hori"ontal asym!tote at . is very visible in this gra!h.
Thus the e#!onential function model
x
ab y = seems to be a!!ro!riate for this gra!h.
A lot li&e this gra!h the e#!onential functions have ra!id decrease in the beginning and a
curve near the a#is. Also in the e#!onential function y cannot be . or negative. 9esulting the
e#!onential model to have a hori"ontal asym!tote at . li&e the gra!h.
To create an e8uation using the e#!onential function model !ic& two !oints of the
data.
, / // + , 0. * . 5 +
These two !oints seems to be most reasonable use in order to fit the starting !oint of
the ra!id decrease or the highest !oint and the other one reveals the end of the curve.
In order to solve for a and b, !lug these coordinates into the formula
x
ab x y = , + .
//
/ ab =
* . 5
0. ab =
By using the second e8uation
* . 5
0. ab =
solve for a.
* . 5
0. ab =
:ivide both sides with b
5.*
a
b
=
* . 5
0.

In order to solve for b substitute
a
b
=
* . 5
0.
to
//
/ ab =
//
* . 5
0.
/ b
b
=

;im!lify.
* . 4
0. / b =
:ivide both sides with 0.
* . 4
0.
/
b =
b =
* . 4
0.
/
*30 . . = b
To solve for
a
substitute
*30 . . = b to a
b
=
* . 5
0.
.
* . 5
*30 . .
0.
= a
0/* = a
<lug the a and b to the function.
( )
x
x y *30 . . 0/* , + =
The red line re!resents the model function
( )
x
y *30 . . 0/* =

## and the green dots re!resent the

original data.
The e#!onential function seems to fit fairly right with the original data. Most of the
!oints of the original gra!h are included in the model. ;o there is going to be no revision of
the function.
The model of the e#!onential function shows the decrease of time with the increase of
!ositive acceleration. It shows that the less acceleration results higher toleration time.
The e#!onential regression line is in !ur!le e#!onential function is shown in red and the
green dots re!resents the original data.
=#!onential regression line is used to show the best fitting model using technology.
Although regression line shows the similar trend with the original data with the e8uation of
x
x y , >>3 . . + 5 . 0. , + = it does not su!!ort the original data as much as the e#!onential
function. First of all fewer !oints are included in the regression line than the e#!onential
function. But more im!ortantly the regression line e#ceeds through . for # unli&e the
e#!onential function.
This table show the u!ward or !ositive vertical acceleration -G"+g, and the time a
human being can tolerate revealing the vertical g-force and 'blood towars feet(.
Time +min, -G"+g,
.../ /2
...0 /5
../ //
..0 3
/ >
0 4
/. 5.*
0. 0.*
?i&e it was done !reviously rearrange the table showing the inde!endent +#, and de!endent
+y, variables.
6 +inde!endent, 7 +de!endent,
/2 .../
/5 ...0
// ../
3 ..0
> /
4 0
5.* /.
0.* 0.
The red line re!resents the e#!onential function and the brown dots re!resent the new data.
The first model which is the e#!onential function does not fit well on this new data
as it did on the original data. This new data is shifted more to the left than the original one.
A vertical stretch a hori"ontal stretch and shifts are needed.
@ , *30 +. 0/* A 1 , +
, / 1 +
=
x
x y
The revised e#!onential function is shown in green the original function model is
shown in red and the red dots re!resent the new data.
\$hether it is a vertical acceleration or hori"ontal acceleration there cannot be a
negative in time. Also in both vertical and hori"ontal g-force there the time toleration
decreases as the acceleration increases. This means that for human beings the faster the
movement or the acceleration is the less time one will e#!erience. Although there is a limit or
an asym!tote on . on time to some !oint with too much of acceleration one can come to the
!oint where the g-force endangers one%s life.