Green City Action Plan: Green City Action Plan: Green City Action Plan: Green City Action

Plan:
Melaka, Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia
Amit Prothi Amit Prothi Amit Prothi Amit Prothi
Consultant, Asian Development Bank Consultant, Asian Development Bank Consultant, Asian Development Bank Consultant, Asian Development Bank
Melaka
• World heritage city (UNESCO)
• Popular tourist destination (14+ million in 2013, and increasing)
• Strong manufacturing base (40% of state GDP)
• Rich in natural areas (nearly 2/3
rd
of the state categorized as “environmentally
sensitive areas”)
• Population projected to grow from 830,900 to 952,500 between 2011 and 2020
• Familiar with green concepts (Award-winning Melaka River Transformation, Green
City based on Low Carbon Cities Framework, Solar Farm)
Key Drivers
Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth
Triangle (IMT-GT)
– Population of 72 million, many of
whom live in small and large cities
– Green Cities Initiative
(Promote sustainable urban (Promote sustainable urban
development in IMT-GT)
– Support and replicate GCAP
process being undertaken in
Melaka (Malaysia), Songkla
(Thailand) and Medan (Indonesia)
in other cities in the region
Vision to become Sustainable
Chief Minister inaugurating a new Solar Farm in Melaka
“I would like to announce here in
Copenhagen that Malaysia is
• UN Urban Environmental Accord
• Vision to become a sustainable state by 2020
• Green Technology Blueprint and Green Tech.
Corporation
Copenhagen that Malaysia is
adopting an indicator of a
voluntary reduction of up to 40
percent in emissions intensity of
GDP by the year 2020 compared to
2005 levels” Prime Minister Datuk
Seri Najib Tun Abd Razak
Potential Challenges
• Increasing population and greater affluence leads to an increase in resource
consumption and GHG emissions
• Some of the existing challenges such as traffic congestion or water quality
worsen and affects Melaka’s competitiveness as a tourist destination
• Climate change increases risk of flooding along coastal and low lying area; hotter
environment (heat island effect) results in loss of tourism opportunities
• Without a strong constituency for sustainable urban development or an overall
framework, green activities continue in an ad-hoc manner
Increasing affluence will shift motorcycle riders towards cars
Strategic Focus
1. Think holistically about water (and other natural
resources)
2. Pursue low carbon growth
3. Enhance tourism opportunities and experiences
4. Build a constituency that supports greener activities
• Business as usual:
Land reclamation
continues along the
coastal area
• GrEEEn Alternative:
Vulnerability
Assessment informs
risks related to sea
level rise that can be
4. Build a constituency that supports greener activities
level rise that can be
factored into
investment decision
Thematic Framework to Apply 3E Approach
Green
Transport
Green
Transport
Energy Energy
Zero Zero
Environment
Operationalized
through a multi-
sectoral / multi-
criteria approach
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Water
Management
Water
Management
Transport Transport
Urban
Agriculture/Fore
stry
Urban
Agriculture/Fore
stry
Zero
Waste
Zero
Waste
Cultural
Heritage
Cultural
Heritage
Economy Equity
URBAN AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY
Improve agricultural practices to
reduce use of pesticides
ENERGY
EFFICIENCY/RENEWA
BLES
Increase production
of renewable energy
Spatial Dimension
ZERO WASTE
Establish a waste
reduction/
recycling program
in government
offices
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GREEN TRANSPORTATION
Address traffic congestion
CULTURAL HERITAGE
Improve maintenance of
historic properties
WATER MANAGEMENT/
CLIMATE ADAPTATION
Prepare a framework plan for
development along the coast
GREEN
CONSTITUENCY
Establish a Center
for Excellence to
provide research
and training
Water Management
Goal: Protect and enhance the quality of surface and groundwater bodies in Melaka and
protect vulnerable populations and infrastructure from flooding
Key Challenges
• Geography related (Coastal
city, downstream location)
Key Actions
• Watershed plan – long-term water management
• Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan (and
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city, downstream location)
• Water quality/flooding
threaten economic
competitiveness, urban
ecology
• Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan (and
framework for coastal development)
• Demonstration projects (graywater recycling)
• Expand centralized sewerage system
• Upgrade existing sewage treatment plants
Energy Efficiency &
Renewables
Goal: Reduce GHG emissions through efficiency and
increase in use of renewables in the generation and consumption of electricity
Key Challenges
• In Malaysia >90% of
electricity is generated from
Key Actions
• Prepare a GHG Inventory
• Prepare a Comprehensive Energy Plan
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electricity is generated from
non-renewable sources
• In Melaka, demand for
electricity is expected to
increase by 3-4% annually
• Prepare a Comprehensive Energy Plan
• Prepare a feasibility study to set up a Smart City
demonstration project
• Continue/ scale-up demonstration projects to improve
EE of street lights, official and heritage buildings
Green Transportation
Goal: Increase opportunities for alternative modes
of transportation & reduce GHG emissions from vehicular use
Key Challenges
• Increasing vehicular traffic
(10% between 2010-2011)
Key Actions
• Prepare a tourism related transportation plan
• Develop a program to start converting public fleet to
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(10% between 2010-2011)
• Increasing congestion during
peak tourist days
• Lack of efficient and
coordinated public transit
• Develop a program to start converting public fleet to
fuel-efficient vehicles
• Historic center – Install traffic calming measures;
establish a network of pedestrian and bicycle paths
• Prepare subarea plans to promote urban density that
supports a walkable environment
Solid Waste
Goal: Put Melaka on the path to become a “zero-waste”
city and reduce waste-related GHG emissions
Key Challenges
• Garbage is increasing
• Nearly 2/3
rd
of the waste is
Key Actions
• Prepare a waste management plan
• Undertake a demonstration project to reduce organic
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• Nearly 2/3
rd
of the waste is
estimated to be organic
• No waste sorting facility;
recycling just introduced
• Roughly 60% is domestic
waste
• Undertake a demonstration project to reduce organic
waste from a produce market (ONGOING)
• Establish a waste reduction and recycling program in
government offices
• Prepare a feasibility study to develop an Eco-Park
• Engage commercial and industrial facilities in waste
reduction programs
Cultural Heritage
Goal: Promote sustainable tourism to balance needs
of visitors with those of residents, while ensuring
preservation of cultural heritage
Key Challenges
• Maintenance of historic
(private) properties
Key Actions
• Prepare a tourism plan with particular focus on
managing tourist activities in the heritage area
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(private) properties
• Conflicting visions for
heritage area – Functioning
neighborhood or tourist
destination
managing tourist activities in the heritage area
• Prepare a feasibility study to set up a tax increment
financing district
• Prepare a program to upgrade infrastructure and
utilities in the heritage area
• Set up a comprehensive program to offer incentives to
encourage conservation of private properties in the
heritage area
Urban Forestry &
Agriculture
Goal: Protect forests and areas with rich biodiversity,
and improve agricultural practices
Key Challenges
• Habitat loss due to greenfield
and coastal development
Key Actions
• Prepare a detailed GIS-based spatial database of ESAs
• Demonstration project to install a green roof in a
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and coastal development
• Public health concerns
(Pesticides use / Heat island
effect)
• Demonstration project to install a green roof in a
select government building and an apartment building
• Set up a knowledge center / training program to
reduce pesticides and enhance organic farming
• Prepare an open space plan
• Prepare ‘smart growth’ policies as part of the next
Structure Plan for Melaka
Implementation
1. Governance
(Green City Action Plan
Committee)
2. Database
(Green Index)
3. Capacity Building
















MelakaState
Government
(ChiefMinister)
MelakaGreen
TechnologyCouncil
MelakaGCAP
Committee
IMT-GTGreen
CitiesInitiative
Economic
PlanningUnit
(EPU)
Nationalandstate
agenciesthatshare
responsibilityfor
implementing
GCAP

(SWM,PPSPPA,DOE,
DID,Jab.Partanian,
JPBD,JPJ,MBMB,
UPEN,TNB)
3. Capacity Building
(Urban Management
Partnerships, CIMT Green City
Knowledge Center)
4. Raising Public Awareness
(Long term engagement strategy,
public surveys)
5. Engaging Private Sector
(Knowledge sharing – making a
business case for green, Green
Fund)

















Committee CitiesInitiative
MelakaGreen
Technology
Corporation
Awareness/
TrainingUnit
GreenProject
Implementation/
MonitoringUnit
UPEN,TNB)

Sustainability/
GreenTechnology
ConsultingTeam(s)
Implementation (Urban Management
Partnership)
Integrated Urban Water Management –
Melaka River Upgrading Phase 2
Explore multi-sectoral initiatives that
collectively could result in:
• A cleaner river (lower treatment costs)
and more optimal use of wastewaters;
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and more optimal use of wastewaters;
• Greener urban environment;
• Reduction of flooding incidences/severity;
• An alternative clean public transportation;
• A platform for all stakeholders to learn,
engage and collaborate in further
enhancements of their river.
Outcome: Environmental Quality Enhanced
Outcome: Economic Competitiveness Strengthened
Outcome: Larger Constituency Supports Green
Activities
Private developers Small business owners Private developers Small business owners
School aged children
Labor force
Tourists & Tour Operators
For More Information: For More Information: For More Information: For More Information:
Amit Amit Amit Amit Prothi Prothi Prothi Prothi
Consultant Consultant Consultant Consultant, Asian Development , Asian Development , Asian Development , Asian Development Bank Bank Bank Bank
Amit.Prothi@gmail.com Amit.Prothi@gmail.com Amit.Prothi@gmail.com Amit.Prothi@gmail.com
Balamurugan Balamurugan Balamurugan Balamurugan Ratha Ratha Ratha Ratha Krishnan Krishnan Krishnan Krishnan
Deputy Director, Center for IMT Deputy Director, Center for IMT Deputy Director, Center for IMT Deputy Director, Center for IMT- -- -GT GT GT GT
balamurugan@imtgt.org balamurugan@imtgt.org balamurugan@imtgt.org balamurugan@imtgt.org