79 views

Uploaded by palison

This is an in-class problem assigned by Prof. Steven R. White recently regarding the power of the variational methods with guessing wavefunctions.

save

- Physics 30 Course Outline
- W1-9
- Operators Manual - 80447097
- Slb Tool Name
- Riecke - Lehrbuch Der Experimental Physik
- IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineering research
- M. Benomier et al- Near infrared spectroscopy of NiF
- Solution Reif Cap6 7
- ElecRoom AC
- Hndi Plant3rdterm Sum Result
- Crackprop Hole Xfem Cpe4
- Hopkins 1977
- paper on non-linear restoring forces of an offshore platform - ahmed islam
- Tank Footing
- 05Jun-M1
- Tester Digital, Manual
- Rectangular Hollow Sections - Coled Formed
- Lesson Plan Machines 8th Grade
- SMLS Linepipe Datasheet.pdf
- Statistical Mechanics Homework 6 Prof. Yu
- Curvature and the Einstein Equation
- Mathematica Final - What I could do
- Mathematica Final
- Griffith's Quantum Mechanics Problem 2.51
- Griffith's Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Problem 3.30
- P113A Homework 5 Griffith's Quantum Mechanics, Prof. Dennin
- QMSdic14.pdf
- Elementos Representativos123Al
- Empty Lattice Approximation - Wikipedia
- Atomos de Carbono
- ESTRUTURA ELETRÔNICA DO ÁTOMO
- Ensayo de Fisica Cuantica
- Introduccion a los semiconductores
- 10435642
- Base Experimental de La Teoria Cuantica 1
- DEGENERACION
- HISTORIA DEL ÁTOMO
- Energyband and Effective Mass
- Quantum Vagueness
- CLASE 9 QUIMICA TECNICA.pdf
- Teoria Atomica Moderna
- Binder
- ZPE Extraction References - SPEEVF
- Franck Condor Factor
- Gravitón
- Zeh-2002-Decoherence- Basic Concepts and Their Interpretation.9506020v3
- E_versus_k
- Mapa Mental - Dialogo Sobre La Mecánica Cuántica.docx
- Atomic Model
- Modelos atomicos
- Parcial QUMICA
- Philipp Hans-Jürgen Hauke- Classical and Quantum Simulations of Frustrated Spin Models
- ARTICULO CUANTICA ok
- Molecular Orbitals - Molecular Orbitals for Homonuclear Diatomics
- Números Cuánticos
- Nobel Laureate Murray Gell-Mann’s scientific, objective, plain disproof of quantum entanglement hype and its censorship by deceivers who cater to popular superstitious pseudoscience

You are on page 1of 4

**1. Use the wavefunction of the form
**

Πx -a a

A CosA a

E, if 2

< x < 2

Ψ HxL =

0, otherwise

**to obtain a bound on the ground state of the one-dimensional harmonic oscillator.
**

Determine the best value of a and compare with the exact result.

Let us first determine the normalization constant A.

Πx 2 -a a

In[30]:= SolveBA2 IntegrateBCosB F , :x, , >, Assumptions ® a > 0F 1, AF

a 2 2

2 2

Out[30]= ::A ® - >, :A ® >>

a a

2

In[31]:= A = ;

a

**To find the expectation value for the energy we find the the expectation values of
**

the kinetic and potential energies and sum them.

The Kinetic Energy

Ñ2 ∆2

<T> = <Ψ T Ψ> = <Ψ - Ψ>

2 m ∆ x2

< T >

Ñ2 Π 2 Πx 2 -a a

In[35]:= Texp = A IntegrateBCosB F , :x, , >, Assumptions ® a > 0F

2m a a 2 2

Π2 Ñ2

Out[35]=

2 a2 m

**This is our expectation value of kinetic energy. Notice how it is the same as the
**

ground state energy of the infinite square well.

The Potential Energy

1

< V > = < Ψ | V | Ψ > = < Ψ | 2

m Ω2 Ψ >

< V >

1 Πx 2 -a a

In[36]:= Vexp = m Ω2 A2 IntegrateBx2 CosB F , :x, , >, Assumptions ® a > 0F

2 a 2 2

a2 m I- 6 + Π2 M Ω2

Out[36]=

24 Π2

**Printed by Mathematica for Students
**

2 In Class Exercises 7.nb

In[49]:= Eexp = Texp + Vexp

a2 m I- 6 + Π2 M Ω2 Π2 Ñ2

Out[49]= +

24 Π2 2 a2 m

**Here is our energy for our wavefunction in the one - dimensional harmonic oscialla-
**

tor. We now need to minimize this energy to find the ground state energy with this

particular guessed wavefunction.

In[51]:= Solve@D@Eexp, aD 0, aD

3 14

2 ΠJ N Ñ 2 314 Π Ñ

-6+Π2

Out[51]= ::a ® >, :a ® - >,

2 14

m Ω m I- 6 + Π M Ω

ä 2 314 Π Ñ ä 2 314 Π Ñ

:a ® - >, :a ® >>

2 14 2 14

m I- 6 + Π M Ω m I- 6 + Π M Ω

We shall take the postive real solution.

3 14

2 ΠJ N Ñ

-6+Π 2

In[52]:= Eexp . a ® FullSimplify

m Ω

1 1

Out[52]= I- 6 + Π2 M Ω Ñ

2 3

1 1

In[54]:= I- 6 + Π2 M Ω Ñ N

2 3

Out[54]= 0.567862 Ω Ñ

**Here is the ground state energy of the cosine wavefunction in the one -
**

1

dimensional harmonic oscillator. Notice that it is pretty close to Ñ Ω.

2

Let us calculate the error percentage.

In[55]:= H0.567862 - 0.5L 0.5 * 100

Out[55]= 13.5724

2 . Use Ψ HxL =

Πx

B sin on the interval H- a, aL to obtain a bound on the first excited state of the one -

a

dimensional simple harmonic oscillator. Compare with the exact answer.

We carry out the same process as before. The key is that we know that sine as a guess

wavefunction is an odd function. Odd functions in this case are the excited states

and such. We then find our energy same way as before and minimize with respect to a.

Then it like we have found the ground excited energy, otherwise known as the first

excited state.

We start by solving for B using the normalization condition.

**Printed by Mathematica for Students
**

In Class Exercises 7.nb 3

Πx 2

In[56]:= SolveBB2 IntegrateBSinB F , 8x, - a, a<, Assumptions ® a > 0F 1, BF

a

1 1

Out[56]= ::B ® - >, :B ® >>

a a

1

In[57]:= B = ;

a

The Kinetic Energy < T >

Ñ2 Π 2 Πx 2

In[58]:= Texp2 = B IntegrateBSinB F , 8x, - a, a<, Assumptions ® a > 0F

2m a a

Π2 Ñ2

Out[58]=

2 a2 m

Once again this is the same as the ground state energy of the infinite square well.

The Potential Energy < V >

1 Πx 2

In[60]:= Vexp2 = m Ω2 IntegrateBx2 SinB F , 8x, - a, a<, Assumptions ® a > 0F

2 a

3 2 2

a m I- 3 + 2 Π M Ω

Out[60]=

12 Π2

In[77]:= Eexp2 = Texp2 + Vexp2

a3 m I- 3 + 2 Π2 M Ω2 Π2 Ñ2

Out[77]= +

12 Π2 2 a2 m

Now let us minimize with respect to a and solve for a

In[78]:= D@Eexp2, aD FullSimplify

a2 m I- 3 + 2 Π2 M Ω2 Π2 Ñ2

Out[78]= -

4 Π2 a3 m

a m I- 3 + 2 Π2 M Ω2 Π2 Ñ2

In[66]:= SolveB - 0, aF

6 Π2 a3 m

6 14 6 14

ΠJ N Ñ äΠJ N Ñ

-3+2 Π2 -3+2 Π2

Out[66]= ::a ® - >, :a ® - >,

m Ω m Ω

6 14 6 14

äΠJ N Ñ ΠJ N Ñ

-3+2 Π2 -3+2 Π2

:a ® >, :a ® >>

m Ω m Ω

We shall take the postive real solution to a.

**Printed by Mathematica for Students
**

4 In Class Exercises 7.nb

Ñ2 Π2 m Ω2 a2 I2 Π2 - 3M 6 14

Ñ

In[74]:= Eexp2 = + . a ® Π

2 m a2 12 Π2 2 Π2 - 3 mΩ

1

Out[74]= I- 3 + 2 Π2 M Ω Ñ

6

In[75]:= N@Eexp2D

Out[75]= 1.67029 Ω Ñ

**Notice how the energy is fairly close to the energy of the first excited state of the
**

one - dimensional simple harmonic oscillator. We should calculate the percentage

error.

In[76]:= H1.67029 - 1.5L 1.5 * 100

Out[76]= 11.3527

Printed by Mathematica for Students

- Physics 30 Course OutlineUploaded byAngela Joan Yedersberger
- W1-9Uploaded byJohn W Holland
- Operators Manual - 80447097Uploaded bySergiSerrano
- Slb Tool NameUploaded byGeo Mohamed Omar
- Riecke - Lehrbuch Der Experimental PhysikUploaded byMatt Handelman
- IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineering researchUploaded byInternational Journal of computational Engineering research (IJCER)
- M. Benomier et al- Near infrared spectroscopy of NiFUploaded byRemazzz
- Solution Reif Cap6 7Uploaded byMarcio Particheli
- ElecRoom ACUploaded byTanveer Alam Ansari
- Hndi Plant3rdterm Sum ResultUploaded bytaridan
- Crackprop Hole Xfem Cpe4Uploaded bytigani brigdar
- Hopkins 1977Uploaded byaila
- paper on non-linear restoring forces of an offshore platform - ahmed islamUploaded byapi-309687389
- Tank FootingUploaded byjorge1952
- 05Jun-M1Uploaded byAhmed Nurul
- Tester Digital, ManualUploaded byjhamsar
- Rectangular Hollow Sections - Coled FormedUploaded byAristotle Medina
- Lesson Plan Machines 8th GradeUploaded byJahoosawan
- SMLS Linepipe Datasheet.pdfUploaded byAdvis

- Statistical Mechanics Homework 6 Prof. YuUploaded bypalison
- Curvature and the Einstein EquationUploaded bypalison
- Mathematica Final - What I could doUploaded bypalison
- Mathematica FinalUploaded bypalison
- Griffith's Quantum Mechanics Problem 2.51Uploaded bypalison
- Griffith's Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Problem 3.30Uploaded bypalison
- P113A Homework 5 Griffith's Quantum Mechanics, Prof. DenninUploaded bypalison

- QMSdic14.pdfUploaded byChristian L'importanteèloslapsulbasso Dioguardi
- Elementos Representativos123AlUploaded byHizaki Yasuri
- Empty Lattice Approximation - WikipediaUploaded byAboubakr Atef
- Atomos de CarbonoUploaded byYurany Orozco
- ESTRUTURA ELETRÔNICA DO ÁTOMOUploaded bySinhoDourado
- Ensayo de Fisica CuanticaUploaded byCristhian Pinzon
- Introduccion a los semiconductoresUploaded byAndrés José Andrade B
- 10435642Uploaded byKhalid Garba
- Base Experimental de La Teoria Cuantica 1Uploaded byCristobal Cabrera Pedro
- DEGENERACIONUploaded byFelipe Sanabria
- HISTORIA DEL ÁTOMOUploaded byLourdes Garza
- Energyband and Effective MassUploaded byMohammad Gulam Ahamad
- Quantum VaguenessUploaded byjoaquingalindo
- CLASE 9 QUIMICA TECNICA.pdfUploaded byNatyPineda
- Teoria Atomica ModernaUploaded byLuisa Dora
- BinderUploaded bylev76
- ZPE Extraction References - SPEEVFUploaded byjzagorodny
- Franck Condor FactorUploaded byIrvin Martinez
- GravitónUploaded byDarkzen Dragon
- Zeh-2002-Decoherence- Basic Concepts and Their Interpretation.9506020v3Uploaded bysscript14
- E_versus_kUploaded bymichalnaffri
- Mapa Mental - Dialogo Sobre La Mecánica Cuántica.docxUploaded byKancoGonzalesC
- Atomic ModelUploaded byNicole Guillermo
- Modelos atomicosUploaded byAndrea Suarez
- Parcial QUMICAUploaded byEmilio CA
- Philipp Hans-Jürgen Hauke- Classical and Quantum Simulations of Frustrated Spin ModelsUploaded byThundder334gx
- ARTICULO CUANTICA okUploaded byStephany Murcia Correa
- Molecular Orbitals - Molecular Orbitals for Homonuclear DiatomicsUploaded byaxiomatizadorr
- Números CuánticosUploaded byMitanthar
- Nobel Laureate Murray Gell-Mann’s scientific, objective, plain disproof of quantum entanglement hype and its censorship by deceivers who cater to popular superstitious pseudoscienceUploaded byNige Cook