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International Journal of Computer Science

and Engineering (IJCSE)


ISSN(P): 2278-9960; ISSN(E): 2278-9979
Vol. 3, Issue 3, May 2014, 125-140
© IASET

INTERVAL-VALUED INTUITIONISTIC HESITANT FUZZY EINSTEIN GEOMETRIC


AGGREGATION OPERATORS

A. UMA MAHES WARI1 & P. KUMARI2


1
Associate Professor, Depart ment of Mathematics, Quaid-E-Millath Govern ment, Co llege for Wo men, Chennai,
Tamil Nadu, India
2
Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, D.G. Vaishnav College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

ABSTRACT

Aggregation of fuzzy informat ion in hesitant fuzzy environ ment is a new branch of hesitant fuzzy set (HFS)
theory. HFS theory introduced by Torra and Narukowa has attracted significant interest fro m researchers in recent years.
In this paper, we investigate the interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy (IVIHF) aggregation operators with the help of
Einstein operations. First some new operations such as Einstein sum, Einstein product, and Einstein scalar mu ltiplication
on the interval valued intuition istic hesitant fuzzy elements (IVIHFEs) are introduced. Then, some IVIHF aggregation
operators such as interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy Einstein weighted geometric (IVIHFW G∊) operators and the
interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy Einstein ordered weighted geometric (IVIHFOW G∊) operator are developed.
Some of the properties of IVIHFEs are discussed in detail.

KEYWORDS: Einstein Operations, Hesitant Fuzzy Set, Interval Valued Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Elements, Interval
Valued Intuition istic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Weighted Geo metric (IVIHFW G∊) Operators

I. INTRODUCTION

Fuzzy Set Theory by Zadeh [1] has been extended to several theories such as Atanassov's intuitionistic fuzzy set
(AIFS) theory [2]. AIFSs is further generalized by Atanassov and Gargov [3] to accommodate the membership and
non-membership functions to assume interval values, thereby introducing the con cept of interval-valued intuitionistic fu zzy
sets (IVIFSs). This extension mixes imprecision and hesitation. Recently, Torra and Narukawa [4] and Torra [5] proposed
the hesitant fuzzy set (HFS), which is another generalizat ion form of fuzzy set. The characteristic of HFS is that it allows
membership degree to have a set of possible values. Therefore, HFS is a very useful tool in the situations where there are
some difficulties in determining the membership of an element to a set. Lately, research on aggregation methods and
mu ltip le attribute decision making theories under hesitant fuzzy environ ment is very active. Xia et al [6] developed hesitant
fuzzy aggregation operators. Combin ing the heronian mean and hesitant fuzzy sets, some new hesitant fuzzy Heronia n
mean (HFHM ) operators are exp lored in [7].

Aggregation operators are essential mathematical tool for fuzzy decision-making. This tool is extended to the
interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy environ ment. All aggregation operators introduced previously are based on the
algebraic product and algebraic su m of intuit ionistic fu zzy values (IFVs ) or hesitant fuzzy elements (HFEs) to carry out the
combination process. The algebraic operations algebraic product and algebraic sum are not the unique operations that can
be used to perform the intersection and union. Einstein product and Einstein sum are good alternatives for they typically
give the same smooth approximat ion as algebraic product and algebraic sum. For intuitionistic fu zzy information,

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126 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari

Wang and Liu [8] developed some new intuit ionistic fuzzy aggregation operators with the help of Einstein operations.
There is little investigation on aggregation techniques using the Einstein operations to aggregate interval valued
intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy information. Therefore, it is necessary to develop some interval valued intuitionistic hesitant
fuzzy informat ion aggregation operators based on Einstein operations.

In this paper we provide a novel extension to the IVIHFS setting which preserves the main properties of the usual
aggregation operator. The focus of this paper is to investigate some properties of IVIHFEs based on Einstein operational
laws and develop interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy Einstein aggregation operators. This paper is structured as
follows. In Section 1, we g ive an introduction of the research background. In Section 2, we briefly review some basic
concepts related to the IVIHFEs. In Section 3, we introduce some Einstein operations of IVIHFEs and analy ze some
desirable properties of the proposed operations. In Section 4, we develop some novel aggregating operators, such as the
interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy Einstein weighted geometric (IVIHFW Gε ) operator, the interval valued
intuitionistic fu zzy Einstein ordered weighted geometric (IVIHFOW Gε ) operator.

2. PRELIMINARIES

The concept of FS was extended to IFS [ 2] which is characterized by a membership function and a
non-membership function.

Definiti on 2.1 IFS [2]

Let X be a fixed set. An IFS A in X is defined as A  x,  A  x , A  x 


x  X  where  A and  A are

mappings fro m X to the closed interval [0, 1] such that 0  A  x   1, 0   A  x   1 and for all x  X ,

0  A  x    A  x   1 and they denote respectively the degree of membership and degree of non-membership of
element x X to the set A.

Somet imes, instead of exact values a range of values may be a more appropriate measurement to represent the
vagueness. Atanassov and Gargov [3] introduced the Interval Valued Intuit ionistic Fuzzy Sets (IVIFS)

Definiti on 2.2 [3]

Let D [0, 1] be the set of all closed sub-intervals of [0, 1], an Interval Valued Intuitionistic Fu zzy Set A in X is

defined as A  x,  A  x , A  x 
x  X where  A  x  and  A  x  are mappings fro m X to D[0,1] such that

0  sup  A  x   sup  A  x   1  X .

A  x    AL  x  , UA  x  and  A  x  denoted by  A  x  ,  A  x  are the degree


L U
The interval denoted by
 

 A  x ,  A  x , A  x  A  x  represent the
L U L U
of membership and non-membership of x to A , respectively where and

lower and upper bounds of A  x  and  A  x . For any given x, the pair  A
 x  ,  A  x  is called an interval

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 127

intuitionistic fuzzy number (IVIFN) [9]. For convenience an IVIFN is denoted by 


   L , U  ,  L ,  U   where

 L , U  and  L ,  U   D[0,1] and U   U  1

Definiti on 2.3 [9]

Let 
 1   L , U  ,  L ,  U 
1 1 1 1
 and 
 2   L , U  ,  L ,  U 
2 2 2 2
 be any two IVIFNs, then some

Einstein operations of IVIFNs  1 and  2 are defined as

1.
c

 1   L ,  U  ,  L , U 
1 1 1 1

   L   L U  U    L1  L2    U1  U2 

1   2   1 2
,
1 2
, , 
     
2.
 1  L1 L2 1  U1 U2  1  1   L 1   L  1  1   U1 1   U2  
  1 2 

 L1 L2   U1 U2    L  L U U 


 1  2    ,      1 L L2 , 1 U U2 
     
3.
 1  1  L 1  L  1  1  U1 1  U2    1   1   2 1   1   2 
 
 1 2 


  1  L
  1    , 1     1         2   
     
L U U
2  L1 U

 1        ;  0
4. 1 1 1 1 1
,
      2   L    L  
   1    1     1         2      
      
1  L1 L U U U U
 2 1 2    1 1 1 1 


  2     1    , 1     1    
     
2 L1 U   1  L L U U
5. 
   ,
1
, 1 1 1 1
 ;  0
   
    2       
  1  L
  1    1     1    
      
2   L
 L1 U U L U U
  1 1 1   1 1 1 1 

3. INTERVAL-VALUED INTUITIONISTIC HESITANT FUZZY SET AND INTERVAL VALUED


INTUITIONISTIC HESITANT FUZZY ELEMENTS

The interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy sets (IVIHFS) allo ws the membership of an element to be a set of
several possible interval-valued intuitionistic fu zzy nu mbers [10]

Definiti on 3.1 [10]

Let X be a fixed set, E  x, h E


 x x X  where, hE  x  is a set of some IVIFNs in  denoting the

possible membership and non-membership degree intervals of the element x X to the set E . h  hE  x  is called an

interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy element (IVIHFE) and H denotes the set of all IVIHFEs. If  h then  is

an IVIFN denoted by 
    ,      L , U  ,  L ,  U  .
Now we extend the Einstein operation on IVIFNs to IVIHFEs

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128 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari

Definiti on 3.2

Given three IVIHFEs h   


L
, U  ,  L ,  U  /   h , h1      1
L
, U1  ,  L1 ,  U1  / 1  h1 and  
h2   
2
L
 
, U2  ,  L2 ,  U2  /  2  h2 let us define the Einstein operation on them as below

1.
c
 c
 
h     h   L ,  U  ,  L , U  /   h  
   L   L  U   U    L1  L2    U1  U2  
 
h1  h 2    1 L L2 , 1 U U2  ,    1  h1 ,  2  h 2 
   
2. ,
 1  1  2 1  1  2  1  1   L1 1   L2
       
 1  1   U1 1   U2   
 

  L1 L2 U1 U2    L L  U U  


  
3. h1  h 2    ,  ,  1 L  2 L , 1 U 2 U  1  h1 ,  2  h 2 
 
 1  1  L1 1  L2 1  1  U1 1  U2
 
      1   1   2 1   1   2   

For  0  
   1    , 1     1      2    
     
 
 1  1 2  L1 1  h1 
L L U U U
4.
 h1    , 
1 1 1 1
, 

   1    1     1         2        
   
  1  1
L L U U   2 L    L 
U

U

 0 
 2 1 2   1 1 1 1  

  
  2     1    , 1     1    
     
  1  L
For  0 2 L1 U L U U
     h


  
5. 1
  1 1 1 1
h ,  , 

    2          1    1     1   
       
  2  1  1   1  L  
L L U U L U U
 1 1   1 1 1 1  

Theorem 3.1



Let h, h1 and h2 be three IVIFHEs and   0. Then h1  h2 , h1  h 2 ,  h and h are also IVIHFEs.

Proof

Let h     ,  
L U
 
 ,  L ,  U  /   h , h1     L
1 
, U1  ,  L1 ,  U1  / 1  h1 
h2    2
L

, U2  ,  L2 ,  U2  /  2  h 2 be three IVIHFEs. 
Hence by definition, 0  L , U ,  L ,  U , L1 , U1 ,  L1 ,  U1 , L2 , U2 ,  L2 ,  U2  1 and

L   U  1, L   U  1, L   U  1 .


1 1 2 2

  
0  1  L1 1  L2  1  L1  L2  L1 L2 and L1  L2  1  L1 L2 .

L  L L  L L  L U  U


Thus 1
 1 . 2
Obviously  0 . Hence, 0  
1
1 . Similarly 0  2
 1. 1 2 1 2

1  L L 1 2
1  L L 1  L L 1
1  U U
2 1 2 1 2

Since 0   L1  1 and 0   L2  1

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 129

 L   L  2  0  2   L   L   L  L  2   L   L   L  L
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

 L  L
  1 2  1  1   1 1   2  
L L L L 1 2
1

1  1   1 1   L2 L
 
 L  L  U  U
0 1 2
 1 . Similarly, 0  1 2
1
     
Thus
1  1   1 1    2 L L
1  1   1 1   U2
U

U   U  U  U U  U 1   1   


U U
1
 2
  1 2 1 2 1 2
U   U  1
1  U U 1  1   U 1   U  1  U U
since and
1 2
1  U U 1 2 1 2
1 1

1 2

U   U  1
2 2

U   U  U  U U  U  1  U  U  U U


1
 2
 1
1 2

1  U U 1  1   U 1   U 


1 2 1 2 1 2
Thus
1 2
1  U U 1 2 1 2

Hence h1  h 2 is an IVIHFE.

 To Prove h1  h 2 is an IVIHFE

Since 0  L1 , U1  1 , we have L1  L2  2

Thus 0  2  L1  L2  L1 L2  1  1  L1  L2  L1 L2 =1  1  L1 1  L2   
L L
 1 2
 1 . Similarly, it is true for U1 , U2

1  1  1 1   2 L
 L

 L   L  U   U
Also, 0 1
, 12 1 2

1   L  L 1   U  U
1 2 1 2

U U  U   U 1    1      U   U


U U

 1
 2
 1 2 1 2 1 2
U   U  1
1  1  U 1  U  1     
since and
U U
1   U  U 1   U  U 1 2 1 2 1 2
1 1

1 2

1   U1   U2   U1  U2   U1   U2


= 1
1   U1  U2

Thus, h1  h 2 is an IVIHFE.

 To Prove  h1 is an IVIHFE

1     1     1     1   
   
L L L L
1 1 1 1

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130 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari

1     1   
 
L L
1 1
Thus  1 . Similar results hold for U1 also.
1     1   
 
L L
1 1

    2      
  
As 0   L1  1,   0, we have 2  L1 L
1
L
1

 

2  L1
 1
    
 
2   L1 L
1

Similar results is true for  U


1
also.

As L   L  1 and   0
1 1

1     1     2   1     1     2 1   
     
U U U U U U
1 1 1 1 1 1
 =1
1     1     2       1     1    1     1   
       
U U U U U U U U
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Thus  h1 is an IVIHFE

Similarly we can prove that h1 is an IVIHFE.

Theorem 3.2: Let h, h1 and h2 be three IVIHFEs and  , 1 , 2  0 Then

 h1  h 2  h 2  h1

 h1  h 2  h 2  h1

  (h1  h 2 )   (h 2  h1 )

 
 (h1  h2 )  h2  h1

  1  2  h  1 h  2 h


1 2 1  2
 h h  h

Proof

  L   L U   U    L1  L2  U1  U2  


 1 2 1 2 
 h1  h 2    ,  ,  1  h1 ,  2  h 2 

 
 1  L1 L2 1  U1 U2  1  1   L 1   L 1  1   U 1   U
 1 2 1 2
       

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 131

  L   L U  U    L2  L1  U2  U1  


 2 1 2 1 
=  , U U 
,  ,   2  h 2 , 1  h 2 
L L L L U

 1   2 1 1  2 1  1  1    2 1   1 1  1   2 1   1
U
      

= h 2  h1

 h1  h 2  h 2  h1 is obvious as addition and multip licat ion are co mmutative.

   L   L  U   U    L1  L2  U1  U2  


 
h1  h 2    2 L L2 , 2 U U2  ,    1  h1 ,  2  h 2 
   
 ,
 1  1  2 1  1  2  1  1   L1 1   L2 1  1   U1 1   U2
          
 

   

 

 

  

  1  1   2 L1  L2 U1  U2 U1  U2
L L

   1 
 1  L L  1    1 
 1  U U  

   1  1  2 1  U1 U2  ,
L L


 h1  h2     

 1 2 

,  

 1 2
 
   L1  L2   L  L   U1  U2   U  U  
   1    1  1 L L2   1    1  1 U U2  
 1     1   
   1  1  2  1  1  2
L L U U
  1 2    1 2  

  

 

 
  L L

1  2  U1 U2  
2  2 

  
 1  1   L 1   L 
1 2 
  
 1  1   U 1   U 
 1 2 
   



1  h1 ,  2  h2 
 
   
  1 2
L L    L1 L2    1 2
U U    U1 U2 
 2     2     
  1
 2  
  1  1   L 1   L   1  1   L 1   L
1 2
     1

2   
  1  1   U 1   U   1  1   U 1   U
1 2
      
  


 1   L
 1     1    1    , 1    1     1    1   
       
L L L U U L L 

=  ,
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2


 1  1  1     1    1    1    1     1    1    
       
L L L L U U U U
 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 

    
 
2 L1  L2 2 U1  U2
 ,    h1 ,   h2 
  (1)
  2    2    2   
   
 2  L L 
  L1  L2

U U
  U1  U2
 
 1 2

 1 2 1 2  

  
   1    , 1     1      2   
     
 
 1  1 2  L1
L L U U U

 h1   
1 1 1
, ,
1
  /   h1 
  

  1  1   1    1     1    
  2  L    L
    2        1
     

L L U U U U
 1 1 1   1 1 1 1  

  
   1    , 1     1      , 2   
     
 
  1  2 2  L2
L L U U U

 h2  
2 2 2
, 2
  /   h2 
  

  1  2   1    1     1    
  2 L    L
    2        2
     

L L U U U U
 2 2 2   2 2 2 2  

  A1L  B1L A1U  B1U   2 E1L 2 E1U   


 h1    , U  
, ,   
  A1  B1 A1  B1   G1  E1 G1  E1
L L U L L U U
  

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132 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari

  AL  B L AU  BU   2 E L 2EU   
 h 2    2L 2
, 2L 2
, L 2 L , U 2 U   
L  
  2
A  B2
L
A2  B2   G2  E2 G2  E2   

       
   
where A1L  1  L1 , B1L  1  L1 , A1U  1  U1 , B1U  1  U1

       
   
A2L  1  L2 , B2L  1  L2 , A2U  1  U2 , B2U  1  U2

       
   
E1L   L1 , G1L  2   L1 , E1U   U1 , G1U  2   U1

       
   
E2L   L2 , G2L  2   L2 , E2U   U2 , G2U  2   U2

  A1L  B1L A2L  B2L A1U  B1U A2U  B2U  


  L L  L L    2E L 
  A1  B1 A2  B2 A1U  B1U A2U  B2U 
 ,  L 1 L  L2E2 L , U2E1 U  U2E2 U  
L U U
 h1   h2   ,
 1  A1  B1  A2  B2 1  A1  B1  A2  B2   G1  E1 G2  E2 G1  E1 G2  E2  
L L L L U U U U


  A1  B1 A2  B2
L L L L
A1  B1 A2  B2U
U U U  
 

  A1L A2L  B1L B2L A1U A2U  B1U B2U   2 E1L E2L 2 E1U E2U   
=   L L , U U U U  
, L L , U U   

  A1 A2  B1 B2 A1 A2  B1 B2   G1 G2  E1 E2 G1 G2  E1 E2
L L L L U U
  

 
  1     1    1    , 1    1     1    1   
       

  1  1
L L L L U U U U

=
2 1 2 1 2 1 2
,


  1  1  1     1    1    1    1     1    1    
       
L L L L U U U U
 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 


    2     
   
 2  L1 L U U
 ,
2 1 2
    h1 ,   h 2   (2)
   2          2     2        
        
 2 L L L L L U U U  1 2

 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2  
Fro m (1) and (2), 
 h1  h2   h1   h 2 
h  h 
  
 1 2  h1  h 2

 
  2 
 
2 L1 U 
 
 1
,
h1   ,


  2  1  1    2       
   
L L U U
 1 1 


   1    , 1     1    
   
 1  L L U U
 1 1 1 1
   h1 ,   0


   1    1     1   
    
 1  L L U U  1

 1 1 1 1  

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 133

 
  2 
 
2 L2 U 
   2
,
h2  ,


  2   2   2    2       
   
L L U U
 2 2 


   1    , 1     1    
   
 1  L L U U
 2 2 2 2
    h2 ,   0

   1    1     1   
    
 1  L L U U  2

 2 2 2 2  

   2 AL 2 AU   CiL  DiL CiU  DiU   


Let hi    L i L , U i U , L , U    where
  Bi  Ai Bi  Ai   Ci  Di Ci  Di
L U
  

  , A     , B  2    , B  2   
   
AiL  Li U
i
U
i i
L L
i
U
i
U
i

 1    , C  1    , D  1    , D  1   
   
CiL L
i
U
i
U
i i
L L
i
U
i
U
i for i  1, 2

  2 A1L 2 A2L 2 A1U 2 A2U 


    
 B1L  A1L B2L  A2L B1L  A1L B2L  A2L
  
 
h1  h 2 , 

 1  1  2 A1 1  2 A2  1  1  2 A1 1  2 A2 
L L U U

   B1L  A1L  L   U  
 B2  A2   B1  A1  B2  A2
L U U U
  

 C1L  D1L C2L  D2L C1U  D1U C2U  D2U  


  L   
 C1  D1 C2  D2 C1U  D1U C2U  D2U   
L L L
,
  C1L  D1L C2L  D2L   C1U  D1U C2U  D2U   
1   L  L  1   U  U    
  C1  D1 C2  D2  C1  D1 C2  D2
L L U U
    

  4 A1L A2L 
 
 
,
  B L
 A L
 B L
 A L
   B L
 A L
 B L
 A L
 
 C1LC2L  D1L D2L C1U C2U  D1U D2U   
   U U ,
1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2

  L L , U U  

  4 A1 A2  1 2
C C  D L
D2 C1 C2  D1 D2
L U U
  
 1
 
 

 B1U  A1U  B2U  A2U    B1U  A1U  B2U  A2U   


  2 A1 A2
L L
2 A1U A2U   C1LC2L  D1L D2L C1U C2U  D1U D2U 

=  L L , , L L , U U 
  B1 B2  A1 A2 B1 B2  A1 A2   C1 C2  D1 D2 C1 C2  D1 D2
L L U U U U L L U U
 


     

 2L1  L2 2U1  U2
=  , ,


  2  1   2           2     2          
       
L L L L U U U U
 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 

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134 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari


  1     1    1    , 1    1     1    1    
       
 1  L L L L U U U U
 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
    h1 ,   h2   (3)
  1     1    1    1    1     1    1   
        
 1  L L L L U U U U  1 2

 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2  

  L1 L2 U1 U2    L  L U U  



 h1  h2     ,   1 U U2 , 1 U U2   1  h1 ,  2  h 2 

 1  1  1 1   2 1  1  1 1   2
L L U U
      1   1   2 1   1   2   

  
   
 
  2 L1 L2 2 U1 U2 
   
 h1  h2    
   
1  1  L1 1  L2

   
1  1  U1 1  U2

  
 , 
,
   

        

   2    
L L
1  2   L L   1 2
U U
   
U U

      2   
1 2
 
1 2

 
    1  1  1 1  2         
    
  1  1  1 1   2   1  1   1     


L L
1 1 L 1 L U U U U
1 2
    1 2

  L   L 

  L   L 

  U1   U2 

  U   U  
 
 1  1 L L2   1  1 L L2  1    1  1 U U2    
  1   1   2 
 1  
  1   U1  U2  1  
  

 
1 2
 , 

 1 2
  1  h1 ,  2  h2 
   1    2         U1   U2        
L L L L U U

  1    1  1 L L2  1    1  1 U U2    
 1    1  
  1   1   2  1   1   2   
L L U U
  1 2    1 2 

  
  2 L1  L2  2U1 U2 ,
= ,

     
 
 

  2 1  1  L1 1  L2 2 1  1  U1 1  U2 
 

   1   
 
 1  L  L   L   L L L
   L   L
 1  2 1 2 1  2 1 2
,

 1       L
  1   
 


L L
1  2
L
1 2
L L
   L   L
1  2 1 2


1     1    
 
U
 U   U   U U
 U   U   U
1  2 1 2 1  2 1 2    h1 ,   h 2 


1     1   
  
U
 U   U   U U
 U   U   U  1 2

1  2 1 2 1  2 1 2  

     

 2L1 L2 2U1 U2
=   , ,


  2  1  2    2    2    
       
L L
 L1 L2 U U
 U1 U2 
 2 1 2


  1     1    1    , 1    1     1    1    
       
 1  L L L L U U U U
 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
    h1 ,   h 2   (4)
  1     1    1    1    1     1    1   
        
 1  L L L L U U U U  1 2

 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2  

Fro m (3) and (4)

 h1  h2 

 h1  h2

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 135

To Prove :  1  2  h  1h  2 h

Let 
h   L , U  ,  L ,  U    h 
  1   L 1 2  1   L 1 2 1   U 1 2  1   U 1 2
     ,     
 1  2  h    ,
  1     1  L  1  U   1  U 
         1  2
L 1 2 1 2 1 2

 

2   L  2   U  
1  2 1  2
 
 ,    h , 1 , 2  0   (5)
2   L  1  2
   L 
1  2
 2   U    U  
 1  2 1  2

 

  1   L 1  1   L 1 1   U 1  1   U 1 
       ,       ,
1 h  2 h   
  1     1    1     1    
L 1 L 1 U 1 U 1

 1 1  
 2 L 2 U   
,   h 
  2   L    L   2   U    U   
1 1  1 1

      

  1   L 2  1   L 2 1   U 2  1   U 2 
        ,       ,

  1     1    1     1    
L 2 L 2 U 2 U 2

 2 2  
 2 L 2 U   
,   h
  2   L    L   2   U    U   
2 2  2 2

      

  1   L 1  1   L 1 1   L 2  1  L 2
            
        ,
  1   L 1  1   L 1 1   L 2  1  L 2


=  
  1     1    1  L   1 L 
L 1 L 1 2 2

 1  
 
 
1    
L 1
 1   
L 1
1   
L 2
 1   
L 2

1     1     1     1   
1 1 2 2
U U U U 
   

1     1    1     1   
1 1 2 2
U U U U 
   
,
1     1     1     1   
1 1 2 2
U

U

U

U


1 
1     1    1     1   
1 1 2 2
U U U U 
    

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136 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari

 1 2

 2 L 2 L
1 

 2   L    L   2   L    L 
1 2 2

 ,
  1  2 
1   1  2 L 1  2 L 
 
 2   L     L    2   L    L 
1 1 2 2

   

1 2  
2 U 2 U  
 

 2        2      
U 1 U 1 U 2 U 2
     
  h
 U 1  U 2  
2 2 
1  1   1  

  2   U 1    L 1   2   U 2    U 2    
       

  L 1
 
= 
A B L 1
A L 2
 B L 2
 A 
L 1
 B L 1
A L2
 B L2
   
     
 ,
L1 L1 2 2 1 1 2 2
  A  B AL  B L  AL  B L AL  B L
 

A U 1
 BU
1

 A U 2
 BU
2

A U 1
 BU
1

 A U 2
 BU
2

  ,
A U 1
 BU
1

 A U 2
 BU
2

A U 1
 BL
1

 A U 2
 BU
2

 

2 C L  2 C L 
1 2


    
,
  2  C    C   2  C L   C L    2  C L   C L   2  C L   C L 
L 1 L 1 2 2 1 1 2 2

 
2  CU  2  CU 
1 2
 
 
 2  C   C    2  C   C     2  C   C    2  C   C  
1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2
  
U U U U U U U U



where A = 1   , A = 1   , B = 1   , B = 1   , C =  L  U
L L U U L L U U L U
and C =

 
   A 
= 

L 1  2
  BL 
1  2
  A  U 1  2
  BU 
1  2
  ,
   A   
 ,
   A 
L 1  2
 B 
L 1  2 U 1  2
  BU 
1  2

 

  
2 C L  2  CU 
1  2 1  2
  
 
  
 ,
 
L 1  2
 
L 1  2
 2  CU  1 2   CU  1 2
   
 2  C  C   


Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 137

  1   L 1 2  1   L 1 2 1   U 1 2  1   U 1 2 


       ,      ,
=  
  1     1  L  1  U   1  U 
         1  2
L 1 2 1 2 1 2

 

 L12 U 12  
 2   2    /   h, 1 , 2  0

,  (6)
2   
L 1  2
     
 L 1  2
2   U 1  2
    
 U 1  2
  
 

Fro m equations (5) and (6)  1 2  h  1 h  2 h .

1 2  1  2 
Similarly we can prove that h h  h .

4. INTERVAL VALUED INTUITIONISTIC HESITANT FUZZY GEOMETRIC AGGREGATION


OPERATORS BASED ON EINSTEIN OPERATIONS

In this section we develop some geo metric aggregation operators based on IVIHFSs

Definiti on 4.1

Let hi   
i
L
 
, Ui  ,  Li ,  Ui  /  i  hi be a set of IVIHFSs in L , the lattice of non-empty intervals

 
L   a, b  /  a, b    0,1 with partial o rdering ≤ . If   1 ,2 ,...,n  is the weight vector of
2 T
L h i (i=1,2,…,n)
n
such that i 0,1 with  i  1 ,then an interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy Einstein weighted geometric
i 1

(IVIHFW G∊) operators of dimension n is a mapping IVIHFW G∊ : Ln → L defined as

 
n
IVIHFWG h1 , h2 ,..., hn   i hi .
i 1

T
1 1 1
If    n , n ,..., n  then IVIHFW G∊ reduces to interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy Einstein geometric

   
1
(IVIHFG∊ ) operator of d imension n. i.e., IVIHFG h1 , h2 ,..., hn  h1  h2  ...  hn n
.

Based on Einstein operations we state the following theorem.

Theorem 4.1: Let hi (i  1, 2,..., n) be a collection of IVIHFEs. Then their aggregated value by using IVIHFW G∊
operator is also an IVIHFE and

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138 A. Umamaheswari & P. Kumari

  
   
n i n i
  2 Li 2 Ui 


IVIHFWG  h1 , h2 ,..., hn    n i 1
, i 1
,
   2  L i   L
    2      
 n i n i n i
U
  Ui
  i 1

i
i 1
i
i 1
i
i 1


  
    1     1      1   
n i n i n i n i
  1   i
L L U U
i i i  

 ni 1 i 1
, i 1 i 1
  i  hi , (i  1, 2,..., n) 

     1     
n n n
 i i i i

 
1   Li   1   i L U
  1   Ui 
i   
i 1 i 1 i 1 i 1 

n
Where   1 ,2 ,...,n  is the weight vector of h i (i=1,2,…,n) such that i 0,1 with 
T

i 1.
i 1

If L = U  
i i i
and  L   U   
i i i
for all (i  1, 2,..., n) , then the IVIHFW G∊ reduces to Intuitionistic

Hesitant fuzzy Einstein weighted geometric IHFW G∊ operator and the IVIHFW G∊ operators satisfies some
desirable properties such as Idempotency, Boundedness and Monotonicity.

Definiti on 4.3

n
An OWA operator of dimension n is a mapping f : R n  R such that f[a1,a2 …,an ] =  b
j 1
j j where b j is

n
the jth largest of the ai and  j is the weight of b j which satisfies  j 0,1 and  j  1.
j 1

Based on the definition of OWA operator we propose a type of interval valued intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy

Einstein ordered weighted geometric (IVIHFOW G∊) operator.

Definiti on 4.4

Let hi    L
i , Ui  ,  Li ,  Ui  /  i  hi   (i  1, 2,..., n) be a collection of IVIHFSs in L.
An IVIHFOW G∊ operator of dimension n is a mapping fro m Ln  L such that


IVIHFOWG h1 , h2 ,..., hn  h(1)
1

 h2(2)  ...  hn( n ) where  (1), (2),..., (n)  is a permutation of (1,2,…,n)

 
T
such that IVIHFE h1(i )  h2(i 1) for all i = 2,3,…,n.   1 ,2 ,...,n is the weight vector of h i (i=1,2,…,n) such that
n
i 0,1 with  i  1.
i 1

Based on the Einstein operations we state the following theorem.

Theorem 4.2

Let hi    L
i , Ui  ,  Li ,  Ui  /  i  hi   (i  1, 2,..., n) be a collection of IVIHFSs in L. Then their

aggregated value by using the IVIHFOW G∊ operator is also an IVIHFS an

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.1323 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


Interval-Value d Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy Einstein Geometric Aggregation Operators 139

  
2  L( i )  2  U(i ) 
n n
i i
  

IVIHFOWG  
h1 , h2 ,..., hn    n

i 1
, n i 1
,
    2  L(i )     L(i )    2  U(i )  i    U(i )  i 
n n
i i  
 
  i 1 
i 1 i 1 i 1

 n  
  (i )    (i )     (i )   1   U(i )  i
n n n
i i i 
1   L
  1   L
1   U
  

 i n1 i 1
, i n1 i 1
  i  hi , (i  1, 2,..., n) 

      1   U(i ) 
n n
    i
            
L i L i U i
1 1 1
 i 1  (i )
i 1
 (i )
i 1
 (i )
i 1
  

where  (1), (2),..., (n)  is a permutation of (1, 2, …, n) such that IVIHFE h1(i )  h2(i 1) for all
n
i = 2,3,…,n.   1 ,2 ,...,n  is the weight vector of h i (i=1,2,…,n) such that i 0,1 with 
T

i 1.
i 1

If L(i ) = U(i)   ( i) and  L(i )   U(i )    (i ) for all (i  1, 2,..., n) , then the IVIHFOW G∊ reduces to
Intuitionistic Hesitant fuzzy Einstein ordered weighted geometric IHFOW G∊ operator and the IVIHFW G∊ operators
satisfies some desirable propert ies such as Idem potency, Boundedness and Montonicity.

5. CONCLUSIONS

Although many techniques have been introduced to aggregate intuitionistic fu zzy in formation, very few interval
valued Intuitionistic hesitant fuzzy aggregation techniques exist in literature. We have defined several new operators of
IVIHFEs such as Einstein sum, Einstein product, Einstein scalar multip lication since Einstein t-norm typically gives the
same smooth appro ximations as product t-norm. In this paper some new aggregation operators, such as the IVIHFW G∊ and
IVIHFOW G∊ operators are developed based on these Einstein operations to accommodate the Interval valued intuitionistic
hesitant fuzzy situations. Various properties of these operators are also investigated.

In future, we will apply the proposed aggregation operators to some real life MADM applications.

REFERENCES

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3. K. T. Atanassov and G. Gargov, “Interval valued intuit ionistic fuzzy sets,” Fuzzy Sets Syst., vol. 31, no. 3,
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4. V. Torra and Y. Narukawa, “On hesitant fuzzy sets and decision,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International
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