...

c::::-'I
Da te:
To:
lABORERS:!
lNTERNJ!TlONAL
UNION
of North Amerj(t:1
2556 Seneca Avenue
Niagara Falls. Nr?\",York 11lJ05
PHONE: (716) 297-6441
FACSfMILE COVER SHEET
1'AX# (11€1291-3414
PRONE # (71"6) 297-6441
c:J . 2;. O;L
Name: --
Firm: __
. Fax: /)-1 ? . ' (07 7 V



ToUiI if of pages, including cover _____,_--
GOVERNMENT
EXHIBIT
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SENECA-CAYUGA TRIBE
F OKLAHOMA
R2JO, E. OWens
Sax 128,J
e4iQI?II. Oldal)Q'mJI 741355
(918)
FA).(; ' (!ns) S'12..JlIilM
Geveraor GeorgeB.
TheE'.ltllCUrNe: Chs..".ilbl:.('
Capitol.
AlbMY. NY I:lJ24-
At. <:aicf r:ttthe liibc or 1- ve tJeM. c.'llthorn.cm by thE)
BlUJnifC' t6 (ofm_l'llly n:quC:St r.Ml ' (;WJlJ iIi Cofilpnd.
l1egCltiatiel1t wil1l f-he 'Tnbe pnnt!f?Ii! (Q Indiw. h r,guJlf{QI')' Act.
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Allar the D;litlg aNQt1l'tJ"f ,md ef nm:»tW::r M ornmjurtl
o( (MO'U) t'.Qr! 1M. aB..l!ixWg hi Yl?ik. ILhe
Th'beis awcCsble Ie. aD inbow rAe MOV 9.ad
{ha 'TIu: iJ prepare:d to Il1c sm,te of·i5%
of the do,t Ceor;fated at ila ill fnciIit;Y 'l:l'MA611t Up'"
inclpd'ed la, ...natMr MOU. t.lic T6flJ: to enrnr
tli.c blJil<lliJJ: w4 the Tribe i!'i te tlgie1J io !!be.
pro'lisian oftbo . .
Tbe. Tribe m.!k.es in an etlOn. to ¢mulme: the ne:ggtillr.in.!u
(be mite awl eo Il. CO!?JPBf;t in. lYiort .ordci. W'=. cia tmut!fu1 th&t
ytJU UI:,' aro3l tnie::.rested hi -$.e d.evdopmcrd p13lt:\!ti rll a in
PUts.. We U'O_e.ellllmiuQd lC -do aU h lu!:lUI power f,6 he4' quic;;,\;Jy
yOW' ecooomIc. acrID ;\1. t:'Plli wh.lle 'U18 create IJ pig.uific.llnt
e:t:Q 0atrtic .e.n.sW for .the oS t;,Q ge.Tribe,
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Silleuely,

S.!loecg-Cn!r'Utla Tribe:of
PCllt-)r" jJolg 7G11
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, royAl.. P, a2
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- - FEET, 11. 213132 10: 3<1AJ'!
LABORERS UNION LOCRL91
OF OKUAHOMA
by Pennia February e, 2002
1'/0. 7<1 4
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'Iha Trll;.e of Oklaharla c;bi1Bi,StB of of the· BUJ:Vivors of, the
"SanecaP and Cayuga Tr,I..bsg, of. t:ba or.igina!:.ine' tshat is·
!cnmm 5S NeoN York. tr.ho \l:&"e unitEd .in QJtla.h::m!i "Indian t&rr:l.taLyU', the
ninet oenth century war between the StatsB.
The'l'ribe desr'J"5'ldq l::ha nt'1.r1err>wm5s ("'People of the tJ:ngliou.ae":) I or S!x NatiO!l-'3
T.rcquo:ie O:;,,-u:ed!mlcy or an ltOUtical. arrl sxial.crgmUzatial
of i;s:Fl.e9 hiatod,Gill.y iIi .is of YQlk eiId tt:a
of! and Ccltaxio and alcng the St. RiWJ:'. llam.sd in
the ceo.t:i.D;y, Cl'.:'lIPrleed of eva nillt::ic:.ns,.t:ha'
th6 I:hs t:ro A nat:l.oo, nUca>terl
E:ccrn its Iilixigirial teJ::I:it::oi:y in !p ricM tlla end joined. t::m in 172.2.
fICm!:l in botb its ,character OlPCJr O::nferle:cacy bas
to eXist to the
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- tb.e Cl:I:"88t ,9;>mrip"'), or U9:t"'a ana Pi t:ha aueJ.ler
of tha -at tha c:e:nb.n:y a tbtal wsrr:L::n:-
at::renQtli ' l:Q;!PtOlrlli!at:ely 220. ,I ts tiIttitai:Y 'tl'l:lS loe&!:E:d baq :ean that of the to
tha cmd to- in wat rrH tre of ikr YOt'k
'nle ("-People af"t:OO C3re.at H:iJ,l") t ¢ Ssoar:as , .in COi1.t:rast. re:re the
• . . 1 . •
in the ton.feda:ra.i¥ With ea,q at:rlsPgth of 1,000. ;rt. was the of
all of the naticns with el:rtsnd!n&r 'WBBt of th9 ,
to , '
AS 1:1. of the C6Jb.try and cb1cnial and lJ:'reaI:iS!:l
'drl-m t.lte StateS, nSlla-me oj! va:d,a.w Yazk to the' Ohio '
region. fu1)r trJ i'IDd as the
of and tha B3:o:d o£ Sa:i:u:cas 'l'he of 'the ev!ds'lce
of l?Ot maraly of the Trlba.
In that a. of had thair t:d..OO settied on
Innds cla.:imerl by tha along t:ha San'!iU,e.ky River !n ohio. PeEJPit:e
it' was latb:t" t:bc1t t09 b1JJe ot .thta mignt.!.Dg f:o ahio at th.1f,t_time
CEyuga.6 rathttt thm1 Beue-cas. In IB29 eaonu.s. lroh-lZgI!'Illt I:.bat
in his 5Ub-agen.c:y th8nl '!I;lar6 11 total of.1S7 61 senecas, 48 Oneidag, and
7 On=:dagasj in alL 322 J:J:oq!Die, all SO the of of A d=p.J.taticn
See Hal1denosaunee Homepage, <'http://sixna!ion$.<?rg>.
See Elizabeth Tooker, The LeagiJe ofthe!l'oquoi!l': Its HIstory, Politics. and
Ritual, in 15HandlJook OfNorth Americcmindians..
3 . See 'WJ1eeler- Voege/in, The 19th and 20fh-CentlffY Ethnohislory oj Var';ous
Grduj;Js oj Cayuga Indians.
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FEB. 11 . 2002 1E1 : 35Rf'1
LABORERS U!'iION LOU4L:,ll
NU.'r44
sent to B.lffalo C::€ek, };f8r;1 York, t:lm3.Ja11Y' to :r:ecei""e tee wnuities g:r:enbrl Ch.eB8
by Tr e aty the United
j::ha in Ohio were fa:r fran ths'na{n
eettlemsnta in the Finger '!his nabrz::iill.y led to a of p:::>l.Ltiqal au\::t:lnclV.l.
but: in 1750, tha Conf&le:racy O:uncU de!nied of the Ohio Ircquoia frtm t:h2
Ccn.fe;:;'le:racy. CblaniaJ. officials, notwithata:nd:ing this of 1Wl,
of tao. cb:!1t 'm. til.. t:Jan co. an bBsi9 t With th8 ClllSat. of the
it clear that the Cbnfe.dsracy rat-:rlnerl-vexy Uttle o:n.trol CNe.:J: the Ohi,o even
they a part of it.
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I1nder 'fJ:eaty proIt:i.s:!..cneIl><:I.th the llii..t:k1.:St:al:.ea in 18,17 end lB18, of S:srrl.1sky
ceded all their Oh:l.o larlda for ioct:y tif'louam?d aass en east; l'Iida of the SandJJaky
Ri-.,=...i:'. Fo1..la.:lirg !:h:l poliey of tha remoqul of to wet! t of th::J PJ.Vl3I",
and by a TrSBey in 1831, the 9:W&U;LS1l!;: the 'J.'rlba, cnnaiat::Wg of abou.t fow:
to l'3ell t.heir Ohlo Ilmds !:md ta a &£::':i:I3
rt3ge rve adjuoent. to the b:undary of i:hs N'aticn in the :r:nd.J.aO t;:eI;rlt::ozy.
They on July 4, iS32. with 6 rematning of only 251.'
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By a 'lXeaty wit::h the UnJ:ted Sta\:el2l 1817, t:h5 ,E.'sTId of ;md
all, thai±' Ohio a aqun:re tnila rsge.s..-ya near Q.1llo.
thIsr the of a in 1818, 1m Btgbt ninB IDnt:lred and /3i."d:y
ad1o.!ning t:ha lina of t:.1"l0 1917 'itl.llB to then. 7.j:Olicy
of t:lw of. tr}di.atl.s to laode wSs-t of t:ne Miesisal);-pi Ri'll'er. and by a Treaty In 183.1,
tre i.nd.1ca:l tha 'l'dba, of fplxut: hn:D:Ed to l33ll
Ohio lzmi1d aW. ratlO'UEld t:hsn to l\ in. t:hs zndia:..,' t!zrrltOry, J.ialt:a:i
to the l.anda,s]rant:ed ro py the t::h.e!:n in
They D8cembar with a remaining population of
. By a Treaty lI)ith the United. stat:e8 :f-n ;I1Q2. tlw Sea6CM of S:rodL!sky and tie Jirl..:i:sd I
&:fld of !:!Ild, ware un! ted as 'l"rlJ:B or to c:W.lErl tba WJ.t:1m.
of T>SSt1ecaa
n
ClI)d By t1w t.eDna of' t;h9 ,1832 Il'rea.t::y. the Nation 'of
8I'd to the L1J.itad Stat:e1 all tl19J..and to trero en tb9 e$9t. e.id2 of
or River. by 'l'ie;:.ties t'tit:h th9 SsQ.ec;sS o:e rod tb9
of and S1wt;nses !ri .lB3i. In of tba l!:.md,lBnda ceded, t::hs Um.ted StataS
groml:ed to the United N!ition of '"'Senocoo" i:!Ii4 a tr:e!Ict of land lying en thg east
of N'e-o-abo or Grdlld River E!D fEU: hen th.e north li.nfl of; the S!!neca9 of
4
See Tooke.r, supra note 2,
See William C. Sftlrtevant, Oklqhoma Seneca-CayUga, gen. ed I 1978.
6
See Wheeler-Voegelin, $1Ipranote 3.
7 See Laurence il/!, Hauptman, Jhe IroqUois In The Civil War; From Battlefield To
Reservation 88 (1993).
LHl:lU:-:l:..!<:::> U I 'i H JI'i LULHL'::ll
I"V. (""141 r.
as to ocnta.in ei:;;.t:y t l'P.I.5aI1d acrea, elO:!1uaiva of land woed by the 5eaeca9 of Saru:lusky
on c.as t sida of: «a-a-abo or Grm1d 'Tbe Smtes granted said tract of land.
0.1 b= lel;.t.cr:a p3tentJ oorth hal.f, :fn ths ltI:barl B9nd of SeoPC"J6' and
of Ohio, a:nd thB sr:uth h.9.1f to SEnBc:aB oj: The \.mole to ba o=upie::1 in o::mn::::u'\,
long as the said Tribes or Banda desire the
thdsr a Trffity -4th tba uu.t::ed Stata9 23, 1867, h!wing b3:!n dri\JEn f:ro:n
the.i.r l:eseruaUc:p In t::.t,a Ind:l.2ln t:.eluito:r:y az,d thmi dsstroyed during t:hB war 1:et:ween
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t:he Stat:.ea, the tl'Ult had cenf'ederll.ted ",,1ili the tha!.r
\l11th tre and UlU!:e.d w:t.th th!3 Tta united "Ssne:::a" h!lrrla ba::2;;J:re
kncrll?!l as the ''SQ. -wca 'J,'r::lJ:e" and t.lle lCDCliml as t.h;l E9.a\:e:z:n .
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B.f th9 tecrJitl of ilia !l::s prce:!nt dsiY
fonnar reB&Vation, b::lnis:red on tha no1"th-by an tha' east by the
t;ri SD.c.uri State' line. en the south by ths Rsservaticn,- and en thg l¥ Gt1:md
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the d'1eralasag. ID;tra tp wit: at the nort.hea.st
oe rat: 4, Sdc. 33. 'X' • .?"M., R,. 2sR•• state .line, Ch.!nty.
OJd!1h:::IDaJ thence south along I:hB St'.ll.ta l.ine to a po.li1t. in t:ha
oom.er of Sec. 21, 'r. :a.sN., R. r cOt'tritY, tbsnca far n.5 miles
to th6 sciuthBaal:. qf 6e=: :n., 23E,: Cbmtjr, aklaboIra.,' t:hance :in a
northei:ly direct.ian along t:1:Ia of Grand to a powt l::eing the /3Olltrn",3,gt
a:zr:r<..s:r of the. !Il lot p Tr.zm.', R.· 23E., lo::2!.ted 4PcCilCi.vlatsly
2 miles aeuth 6;t:m. t:J:e ,lisosb::l a;nd .Spring. rl"fSrB CO!ll9 b:gsl::her, th:s1c9 eam:
8.5 miles to th£il -point beginning,', 79 milS's.
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ORGANIZATION
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Jh ard.ar ta1¢ of tM of ea:narrl c and
offaisd by t:te W9lEara .'hct Of .J\Jn.e 26, .1336, (cJ:W?0
i::he '1:rlOO" an t:h:l T:dl:a at ok:1ah=mB, and. i1:Ll P=%Wtit:!.Itia:t
and arlot?l:.ing it;a dq foo1l. of; . . The was tha
f:l.rot :rndiaJ. ml:ic:n b:l unds!;' tfu inJa Cb:l-crtlt:u1:ial so:i Eo/'-Is18 of t::qs
'1'rih9 of W.8 }:ly t±e of t:h:(l :rnterlor on 1oP,rll 26, 19371 emd. ratifie::l.
by the Tribal members on Nay lS, 19:3'7.
,
TnIaAL
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'roo Council - 7tle P:x3Y at tha o::msiBt.'!.n!J of
of Tribe:eightesn (18) years of age
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2.
. See Elizabeth Tooke}'") nQte Z.
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FEB. l 1 . 20B2
LABORERS UNI ON
744
and {lil 'O:uocllnen \"m shall 00 electerl by secret
ballot. to tr8P..sact DLIllineS9 and ot:hF.:rwise en: set; en hiliolf
of the 5e!)eoa-C'ayuga in all 00 the Tri.OO is to
a cc , '.
J. 'Ire O:mpi.tl:.ee ' Elected.by tha Genez:al d::oncU sba1J. r.ot include
any!ll$'.banl of the fueliness a::ff!Plai.nta of
en: other. F.lJ;±s of ths of the. EUBinsss Chunittee \JfOo'1 q
aball call a spacial )re."i9tjng' o;l? the Q::nsral to liCe I.lp!Jn
su.ch GsueI:'al O:amcil 8!all have p:Jl>lEl:'. by IJ'd,jcxrlD.("VOte, a.Etsr .
thEl accused a hearing> to rewve him f'rtta office <5.nd prc:x::eed to elsct
a succoSoor.
'!he 'I'dl::e is {bOI:1 a plaiPtiff-;int:B:i:'venc;rr in the pEOdipg mstt& of The cayuga Indian
N'a'c.iGn of NSloi YCl::t'k 2Ind .seo.eca-C8yl.lga Tribs of cklahana v. G::orga Pat:lUci., at al.,
and BO-CV-91l0. unit:.sd statea nietr:il;!t: a:urt the l-Pcthe:m District of NB\:1 York.
The 'I'r:iba' a::nt:inues I:D \:be pre:senc dal:j3 to :ceca!'1l!l an ai'P!al 58 . c:h.6ck: .fx:c!n W'aw
YOI'I, S!:nta of SOCial. Services tha tc;Ir t:ha We13t:em Bend of
C!ryuga .:rr..dians of annui ty paid in .:n.ma of aa::rirding .1:O the of 1789 and
1795 the of New and cayuga Nation.
,
tomamtam
held <l-t Ba:ssoc' GroGa Gr:e'Unds'. Whila tha m.'tEnt
to whi ch tho asBbni:tntiC\l enJ- J;cl.:I.e!.es atfcct t-ha has maint::ainad its hiDt:od.c
l."O:Its to th9 culb.l1:a aPd nlalLeUJ m!lk5.ti1e aImua1 jcxn:nay
and to in
ECONOMY' OF
,
. 'l'ha 'of of .eclivity is.l::ega:i en th9 ooimitJiall:
to provide far the beslth, 5rid 'Vlilf ara of t:ba T.c:ihe and. cur memb:srp within
the 1im:t t of ava.Habla and to thi3 fut:ui'a' cn:ur Ltml tie.a of our children.
To \:hit:! Em.d tl'.a'I'r;iOO'a etlnC6pt of e6:ncm!c ;ls bJilding bE an emtircnnent
that ittv'aStol:1J to invsst, that bUain='aas lal'lt, and that:: allCMi9 .invesbrent.a
to flcurlah end PiY 'Ihs Tribe l;0s ena.cl:8d c?:i !:hat tb$ gtnrBt.n:Ing
t:hB legal and the PJles and gove:rn.in.g
.
. a.) Eld.st.:lng ecx:n:rcv - snd di,x:ected by t.ha Buaineaa Cannittee are
frc:rn fedsoU arrl gi;m)t:s, : of Trihal
tzust fundg, leasing of T.t;:i.bal rmtuI;'aJ. re.GCUr'l:8B, ino::rre fran 'l':dJ::al buainaBsea and
taxes.
P'edeJ;-al :rescurc:es obbU.ned·by !:he Tr.iba through c:ont:r8cts and grzn-ita u.re
uti.11.z.ed by the T;cibe to fed:=nU. PLOJLq:M·and aervires di.:rect:ly to tril::e1.
rnsn1:er:s and can be utili;c:ed o:Qy far: the 'ad:n4'rls t:ra:t.i.cn of the federal prugram or s&vica.
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R81;1CUt:'CF--S Clen:l1a:i frcrn federal. of t:r:ibal b:ust funds are used
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FEB. 11. 10 : 36Rl '!
LABORERS UNION LOCAL91
NO. 744
I.ocol Sc:be:::lla -Fh1.ancl3l and &!Uipel1t aze made each to r,dilClll:icnal
I nst.i tutioTIs.
I:t.:cal Cbarltahla Organ:i.;l.at:f..ar>.s-FinElnclal end oontr5.bution.s are made each year to
local
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Lo=al WI B'l foJ:osl:snt ond and equ:Lpi'Slt:
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are II1!:Ide each year to l.oceJ. law ana. l:esp0n.ge
orga.nl"zat:ionl) .
'rha '1'ri.b9 of Dklaba na to negotiating siIuillll:'
o:nt:rac te, and \o9ith the ,9tata '!(o/}; ' :Local goven-tfQ£mtsl local cemm.mi t-:I
groupe and
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