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# Sir Arthur Lewis Community College

## Division of Technical Education and Management Studies

Department of Engineering
Final Examination Fall 2011

PROGRAMME TITLE(S) : Computer Maintenance and System Engineering
Electronic Service and Communication Engineering
Automotive Engineering, Mechanical Technicians

COURSE TITLE : Applied Engineering Science 1
COURSE CODE : ESC 103
DURATION : 3 HOURS
TIME AND DATE : 9:00 p.m. 7
th
December 2011
ROOM : TRB L1
COURSE TUTOR : Mr. Narpaul Heeralall Mr. Florian Combie
INVIGILATOR(S) : D Combie L Phillips
Students ID Number :

INSTRUCTIONS
1. This paper has TWELVE questions and two sections. All questions carry equal marks
2. You are to answer EIGHT QUESTIONS no more than FOUR from each section.
4. You will be rewarded for neat clear explanations and presentation.
5. Ray diagrams MUST be neat and clear.
6. Do all work in blue or black ink pen.
7. Ensure that you complete the table at the bottom of this cover sheet and attached to your answer
booklet.

Note: Accurate ray constructions are not necessary but your ray diagrams
must convey a clear sense of how the final images are formed.

Write the numbers of the questions you attempted (in the same order
you attempted them) in this table and attach it to your answer booklet

DO NOT TURN THIS COVER SHEET UNTIL
YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Questions #
Marks
SECTION A
Question ONE
a) An Engineering student developed the
apparatus in Figure 1 to determine the
change in length of a specimen rod
when subjected to different
temperature changes. The specimen is
made identical in length to a standard
reference and oriented parallel to the
reference. A laser beam passing
exactly halfway between the rods and
parallel to them strikes a plain mirror
and is reflected back on a graduated
scale as shown. Initially when the
position.
i. When the specimen is subjected to some temperature change,
explain what would be the effect on the laser spot on the graduated scale.

ii. If the rods are exactly 800mm in length and are 200mm apart, calculate the
difference in length in the rods if the spot appeared 5.5 mm to the right of ZERO.

b) A plain mirror 25 cm long rest against a vertical wall at an angle of 60
floor. How close to the wall should a man 170 cm tall (eye level) approach the wall in order
to see the image of a coin resting on the floor as shown in the figure above?

SECTION A (Answer any FOUR questions)
An Engineering student developed the
apparatus in Figure 1 to determine the
specimen rod
when subjected to different
temperature changes. The specimen is
identical in length to a standard
reference and oriented parallel to the
reference. A laser beam passing
exactly halfway between the rods and
parallel to them strikes a plain mirror
and is reflected back on a graduated
scale as shown. Initially when the apparatus is set up the reflected beam strikes the ZERO
When the specimen is subjected to some temperature change, describe and
what would be the effect on the laser spot on the graduated scale.

tly 800mm in length and are 200mm apart, calculate the
difference in length in the rods if the spot appeared 5.5 mm to the right of ZERO.

A plain mirror 25 cm long rest against a vertical wall at an angle of 60
o
to the horizontal
floor. How close to the wall should a man 170 cm tall (eye level) approach the wall in order
to see the image of a coin resting on the floor as shown in the figure above?

apparatus is set up the reflected beam strikes the ZERO
describe and
what would be the effect on the laser spot on the graduated scale.
(2 Mark)
tly 800mm in length and are 200mm apart, calculate the
difference in length in the rods if the spot appeared 5.5 mm to the right of ZERO.
(5 Mark)

to the horizontal
floor. How close to the wall should a man 170 cm tall (eye level) approach the wall in order
to see the image of a coin resting on the floor as shown in the figure above?
(5 Mark)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

Question TWO
a) The figure shows an inverted glass prism on which
one side has oil and the other water.
i. Determine the path a ray of light would
take if it was incident at an angle of 60
the oil.
ii. Calculate what incident angle would cause
the ray to be totally internally refracted at
the glass/water face?

b) A penny resting head up on a glass block 2.5cm
thick when viewed from above produces an image
3.25 cm below the top surface of the glass block. Which side of the penny will be visible in th
image and what is the refractive index of the glass?

Question THREE
A spherical mirror of radius of curvature 80 mm is used to form an image of an object. If the image is
to be upright and 4 times as tall as the
i. What type of mirror should be used?
ii. Draw the ray diagram to show where should the object be placed relative to the mirror?

iii. Calculate the distance between the object and the mirror.
Calculate the object distance if instead an inverted image was required.

Question FOUR
A luminous object is placed 120 cm away from a
screen as shown in the diagram to the right. A
converging lens of focal length 25 cm is placed
between the object and the screen and moved left
and right until a sharp image is formed on the
screen.
a) Draw a ray diagram showing clearly how
the lens forms an image is formed on the
screen
b) What distance(s) from the object should the lens be located to produce the sharp image?

c) What is the magnification in each case?

The figure shows an inverted glass prism on which
one side has oil and the other water.
Determine the path a ray of light would
take if it was incident at an angle of 60
o
to
(6 Mark)
Calculate what incident angle would cause
ally internally refracted at
the glass/water face? (4 Mark)
A penny resting head up on a glass block 2.5cm
thick when viewed from above produces an image
3.25 cm below the top surface of the glass block. Which side of the penny will be visible in th
image and what is the refractive index of the glass?
A spherical mirror of radius of curvature 80 mm is used to form an image of an object. If the image is
to be upright and 4 times as tall as the object then determine the following.
What type of mirror should be used?
Draw the ray diagram to show where should the object be placed relative to the mirror?

Calculate the distance between the object and the mirror.
Calculate the object distance if instead an inverted image was required.
A luminous object is placed 120 cm away from a
screen as shown in the diagram to the right. A
lens of focal length 25 cm is placed
between the object and the screen and moved left
and right until a sharp image is formed on the
Draw a ray diagram showing clearly how
the lens forms an image is formed on the
(4 Mark)
istance(s) from the object should the lens be located to produce the sharp image?

What is the magnification in each case?
3.25 cm below the top surface of the glass block. Which side of the penny will be visible in the
(2 Mark)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]
A spherical mirror of radius of curvature 80 mm is used to form an image of an object. If the image is
(1 Mark)
Draw the ray diagram to show where should the object be placed relative to the mirror?
(3 Mark)
(4 Mark)
Calculate the object distance if instead an inverted image was required. (4 Mark)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]
istance(s) from the object should the lens be located to produce the sharp image?
(4 Mark)
(4 Mark)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]
Question FIVE
Two radar transmission towers located 6.4 km apart emit identical signals of wavelength 420 meters. A
ship located at a point 30 km equidistant from the towers
experiences a strong signal from the towers. However, as it
sails parallel to the line of the towers it experiences an
alternating diminishing and re-strengthen of the signal strength.
a) Calculate the distance between the points of maximum
signal strength.
b) What would be the effect on the distance between
strong signals if:
i. The distance between the towers was decreased
ii. The ship was a greater distance away from the
towers
iii. The signals had a longer wavelength
c) Given that the wavelength of the signal emitted by the towers is 450m , then
i. What is its frequency?
ii. Name the frequency band this signal would classified as.

Question SIX

a) State briefly Maxwells equations (in worded form).
b) Identify the frequency bands indicated in the Electromagnetic spectrum above and state one
application of each.
c) Helen FM transmits its broadcast at 101.1MHz FM.
(i) What is the wavelength of this signal?
(ii) What are the limitations of this type of transmission?

d) Making reference to the wave nature of light, explain why people residing in mountainous
regions are unable to receive FM signals yet they are able to pick up AM radio signals quite
easily.

Two radar transmission towers located 6.4 km apart emit identical signals of wavelength 420 meters. A
ship located at a point 30 km equidistant from the towers
experiences a strong signal from the towers. However, as it
wers it experiences an
strengthen of the signal strength.
Calculate the distance between the points of maximum
(6 Mark)
What would be the effect on the distance between
between the towers was decreased
The ship was a greater distance away from the
The signals had a longer wavelength (1+1+1 Mark)
Given that the wavelength of the signal emitted by the towers is 450m , then
What is its frequency?
equency band this signal would classified as. (2+1 Mark)
State briefly Maxwells equations (in worded form).
Identify the frequency bands indicated in the Electromagnetic spectrum above and state one

Helen FM transmits its broadcast at 101.1MHz FM.
What is the wavelength of this signal?
What are the limitations of this type of transmission?
Making reference to the wave nature of light, explain why people residing in mountainous
regions are unable to receive FM signals yet they are able to pick up AM radio signals quite

Two radar transmission towers located 6.4 km apart emit identical signals of wavelength 420 meters. A

Given that the wavelength of the signal emitted by the towers is 450m , then

(2+1 Mark)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]
(3 Marks)

Identify the frequency bands indicated in the Electromagnetic spectrum above and state one
(6 Mark)
(1 Mark)
(1 Mark)
Making reference to the wave nature of light, explain why people residing in mountainous
regions are unable to receive FM signals yet they are able to pick up AM radio signals quite
(1 Marks)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]
SECTION B (Answer any FOUR questions)

Question SEVEN
A vertical spring of unknown spring constant, fixed at the upper end, has a unknown mass of
m grams attached to the lower end. When the spring is given a small extension and released
it was observed to oscillate at a rate of 40 cycles per minute. When an additional 1.60 kg
mass was attached to the spring, it oscillated at a rate of 25 cycles per minute.

i. Calculate the spring constant. (4 Marks)
ii. With both masses attached, the spring is then given a deflection of 12cm, what will be
the Potential energy stored in the system? (1 Mark)
iii. If the spring is released, what is velocity of the mass as it passes the equilibrium point?
(2 Marks)
iv. What is the maximum acceleration of the mass? (1 Marks)
v. What is the velocity of the mass at a distance of 8cm from the equilibrium point?
(2 Marks)
vi. What would be the displacement at t = 7 milliseconds after it was released (2 Marks)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

Question EIGHT
a) List the factors that affect the speed of sound through a material
b) If the temperature of the atmosphere is 5
o
C, what would be the speed of sound?
(2 Marks)
c) A marine researcher monitoring an explosion 1.5 kilometers out at sea observes two
distinct sounds 1.25 seconds apart.

i. Explain the presence of two distinct sounds. (1 mark)
ii. Calculate the speed of sound in the sea water (3 Marks)
iii. If the researcher equipment detects a third sound exactly two seconds after the
first reflected off the sea bed, calculate the depth of the sea bed. (4 Marks)
Assume the velocity of sound in air at 0
o
C v = 330m/s

[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

Question NINE
a) A string of length 160 cm under tension of 2000N when set in vibration produced
frequencies of 861Hz and 984 Hz
(i) What are the first three resonant frequencies of this string? (2 Marks )
(ii) What is the mass of the string (3 Marks )

b) A cable of mass 5 kilograms and length 37 m is stretched between two sturdy supports
35 meters apart and tensioned. When the cable is struck sharply at one end it was
observed that the pulse travelled along the cable returning in 0.22 seconds. Calculate
the tension in the cable. (4 Marks )
c) By what percentage should the tension in a stretched string be increased to increase its
frequency by 10% (all other variables remaining unchanged)? (3 Marks )
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

Question TEN
a) Explain the difference between loudness and intensity of sound (2 Marks)
b) Explain what is significance of the threshold of hearing? (1 Mark)

c) A person in a rock concert standing a certain distance from a stack of five identical speakers
each delivering a power of 200Watts

i. What would be the loudness (in dB) at a location 150m away from the speakers?
...(3 Marks)
ii. What sound level intensity would this person experience if the sound technicians shut
down all but one speaker? ...(3 Marks)
iii. With just one speaker operating, how far should the person move so that the decibel
level at the new location is 75dB? ...(4 Marks)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

Question ELEVEN
a) Explain Doppler Effect as an observer approaches a sound source.
(1 Mark)
b) The predominant frequency of a police siren is known to be 5500Hz when at rest. What
frequency will you detect if you approach at a constant speed of 80 kilometers per hour?
(4 Marks)
c) A technician in the pits at the NASCAR tracks observes the sound from an approaching
racecar to be of frequency of 12560 Hz. After the racecar passes his location the frequency
was measured to be 11860Hz. Calculate how fast was the racecar moving?
(5 Marks)
d) How will be if the frequencies detected be affected if temperature of the atmosphere at the
racetrack was 33
o
C?
(2 Marks)
Assume the speed of sound in air at 0
o
C is 330 m/s
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

Question TWELVE

Explain the following terms:

i. The quality characteristic of sound (1 Mark)
ii. The audio frequency range (1 Mark)
iii. Echo location (1 Mark)
iv. Harmonics (1 Mark)
v. Transverse wave (1 Mark)
vi. Standing wave (1 Mark)
vii. Node and anti-node (1 Mark)
viii. Wavefront (1 Mark)
ix. Resonance (2 Mark)
x. Beat frequency (2 Mark)
[TOTAL 12 MARKS]

END of EXAM