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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 1 Which of the following substances is made up of atoms? Antara berikut, bahan yang manakah terdiri daripada atom?

A

Iron

Ferum

B

Oxygen gas

Gas oksigen

C

Naphthalene

Naftalena

D

Sodium chloride

Natrium klorida

  • 2 The equation below shows the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid,

Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan tindakbalas antara magnesium dan asid hidroklorik

Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq)

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 1 Which of the following substances is made up of

MgCl 2 (aq)

+

H 2 (g)

Which of the following statements is true?

Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?

[Relative atomic mass of H = 1. Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5] [Jisim atom relatif H = 1, Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]

A

  • 1 g magnesium react with 2 g hydrochloric acid to produce 1 g magnesium chloride and

  • 1 g hydrogen gas

  • 1 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 g magnesium klorida dan 1 g gas hidrogen

B

  • 24 g magnesium react with 36.5 g hydrochloric acid to produce 95 g magnesium chloride

and 2 g hydrogen gas

  • 24 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 36.5 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 95 g

magnesium klorida dan 2 g gas hidrogen

C

  • 1 mol magnesium react with 2 mol hydrochloric acid to produce 1 mol magnesium chloride and 1 mol hydrogen gas

  • 1 mol magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 mol asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 mol magnesium klorida dan 1 mol gas hidrogen

D

  • 1 magnesium atom reacts with 2 hydrochloric acid molecule to produce 1 magnesium chloride molecule and 1 hydrogen gas molecule

  • 1 atom magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 molekul asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 molekul magnesium klorida dan 1 molekul gas hidrogen

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 3 Which of the following chemists arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic mass in The Periodic Table ? Antara ahli kimia berikut, yang manakah menyusun unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala berdasarkan pertambahan jisim atom?

A

Dmitri Mendeleev

B

Johann Dobereiner

C

John Newlands

D

Henry Moseley

  • 4 Element J has 11 electrons Unsur J mempunyai 11 elektron. Which of the following electron arrangements represent ion J? Antara susunan elektron berikut, yang manakah mewakili ion J?

A

B

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 3 Which of the following chemists arranged the elements in
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 3 Which of the following chemists arranged the elements in
C
C

D

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 3 Which of the following chemists arranged the elements in
  • 5 The ions that are present in copper(II) sulphate solution are Ion-ion yang wujud dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat ialah A B

Cu 2+ , SO 4

2-

Cu 2+ , SO 4 2- , H +

  • C Cu 2+ , SO 4 2- , OH -

  • D Cu 2+ , SO 4 2- , H + , OH -

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 6 Which of the following is a strong acid? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah asid kuat?

A

Alkyl sulphonic acid

Asid Alkil sulfonik

B

Ethanoic acid

Asid etanoik

C

Palmitic acid

Asid palmitik

D

Nitric acid

Asid nitrik

  • 7 Which of the following is a salt ? Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan garam?

A

Lead (II) oxide

Plumbum(II) oksida

B

Barium hydroxide

Barium hidroksida

C

Aluminium nitrate

Aluminium nitrat

D

Hydrogen sulphate

Hidrogen sulfat

  • 8 Which of the following is true about manufactured substance in industry and its uses? Antara yang berikut,,yang manakah benar tentang bahan buatan dalam industri dengan kegunaannya?

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

 

Manufactured substance in industry

Uses

Bahan Buatan Industri

Kegunaan

A

Polythene

Lenses

Politena

Kanta

B

Lead glass

Mirror

Kaca Plumbum

Cermin

C

Photochromic glass

Optical lenses

Kaca fotokromik

Kanta cermin mata

D

Plastic reinforced with glass

Test tube

Plastik yang diperkukuhkan dengan kaca

Tabung uji

  • 9 Which of the following statements best explain the decrease in rate of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide with time? Antara pernyataan berikut,yang manakah menerangkan pengurangan kadar penguraian hidrogen peroksida dengan masa ?

A

Product of reaction decreases

Hasil tindak balas berkurang

B

Temperature of hydrogen peroxide decreases Suhu hidrogen peroksida berkurang

C

Volume of hydrogen peroxide decreases

Isipadu hidrogen peroksida berkurang

D

Concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreases

Kepekatan hidrogen peroksida berkurang

  • 10 Which of the following chemicals is used to keep latex in its liquid state? Antara bahan kimia berikut, yang manakah digunakan untuk mengekalkan lateks dalam keadaan cecair?

A

Aqueous ammonia

Ammonia akueous

B

Ethanoic acid

Asid ethanoik

C

Methanol

Metanol

D

Water

Air

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 11 Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for a chemical reaction. Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu tindak balas kimia.

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 11 Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 11 Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for

Iron strip

Magnesium strip

Kepingan ferum

Kepingan magnesium

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 11 Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for

Agar solution

Larutan agar-agar

DIAGRAM 1

RAJAH 1

Which of the following statements is true for the reaction?

Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas itu?

A

Iron is reduced

Ferum diturunkan

B

Iron is an oxidising agent

Ferum adalah agen pengoksidaan

C

Magnesium releases electron

Magnesium membebaskan elektron

D

The oxidation number of magnesium decreases

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 11 Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for

Nombor pengoksidaan magnesium berkurang

  • 12 What is the meaning of heat of reaction? Apakah maksud haba tindak balas?

A

The energy needed to break the chemical bond

Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memecahkan ikatan kimia

B

The energy needed to start a reaction

Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memulakan tindak balas

C

The energy involved when change of state of matter occurs

Tenaga yang dibebaskan apabila perubahan keadaan bahan berlaku

D

The change in the energy contained in the products and in the reactants

Perubahan kandungan tenaga dalam hasil tindak balas dan bahan tindak balas

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 13 The body of an aeroplane is made up of alloy X. Badan sebuah kapalterbang dibina dari sejenis aloi X. What is the alloy X? Apakah aloi X itu?

A

Pewter

Piuter

B

Brass

Loyang

C

Bronze

Gangsa

D

Duralumin

Duralumin

  • 14 Which of the following is true about the charges of an electron, a neutron and a proton? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang cas-cas bagi elektron, neutron dan proton? A B
    C
    D

Electron

Neutron

Proton

Elektron

Neutron

Proton

Negative

Positive

Neutral

Negatif

Positif

Neutral

Positive

Neutral

Negative

Positif

Neutral

Negatif

Positive

Negative

Neutral

Positif

Negatif

Neutral

Negative

Neutral

Positive

Negatif

Neutral

Positif

  • 15 Which of the following pair of compounds and formulae is correct? Antara berikut, yang manakah pasangan sebatian dan fomulanya betul?

 

Compound

Formula

Sebatian

Formula

A

Sodium sulphate

NaSO 4

Natrium sulfat

B

Copper(II) oxide Kuprum(II) oksida

Cu 2 O

C

Iron(III) chloride

FeCl 3

Ferum(III) klorida

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

D

Zinc nitrate

Zink nitrat

Zn(NO 2 ) 3

  • 16 Astatine is below iodine in Group 17 of Periodic Table. Astatine terletak di bawah iodin dalam Kumpulan17 Jadual Berkala. Which of the following statements is true for astatine? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang astatine?

A

Form basic oxide

Membentuk oksida alkali

B

Exists as monoatom

Wujud sebagai monoatom

C

Solid at room temperature

Pepejal pada suhu bilik

D

More electronegativity than iodine

Lebih elektronegatif daripada iodin

  • 17 The diagram 2 shows the electron arrangement of a molecule of water ,H 2 O Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi molekul air ,H 2 O

H O H DIAGRAM 2
H
O
H
DIAGRAM 2

RAJAH 2

Which of the following statements is true about the molecule?

Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang molekul itu ?

A

The compound has high melting point

Sebatian mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi

B

Oxygen atom ,O has four pairs of electrons to share

Atom oksigen, O mempunyai empat pasang elektron untuk di kongsi

C

The bonding between molecules of water, H 2 O is of Van der Waals forces Ikatan antara molekul air, H 2 O ialah daya Van der Waals

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • D Each oxygen atom , O receives two electrons to form an oxide ion Setiap atom oksigen, O menerima dua elektron untuk membentuk satu ion oksida.

  • 18 The diagram 3 shows the set up of the apparatus of a simple chemical cell. The reading on the voltmeter is 0.5 V. Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu radas bagi satu sel kimia yang ringkas. Bacaan pada voltmeter ialah 0.5 V.

0.5V Zinc plate Kepingan zink
0.5V
Zinc plate
Kepingan zink
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 D Each oxygen atom , O receives two electrons to

Iron plate

Kepingan

ferum

Iron(II) sulphate solution

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 D Each oxygen atom , O receives two electrons to

Larutan ferum(II) sulfat

DIAGRAM 3

RAJAH 3

Which of the following will give the biggest increment in the reading on the voltmeter?

Antara berikut, yang manakah akan meningkatkan bacaan paling tinggi pada voltmeter?

A

Increase the volume of iron(II) sulphate solution

Tambahkan isipadu ferum(II) sulfat

B

Substitute the iron plate with a silver plate

Gantikan kepingan ferum dengan kepingan argentum

C

Use a more dilute iron(II) sulphate solution

Gunakan larutan ferum(II) sulfat yang lebih cair

D

Substitute the zink plate with an aluminium plate

Gantikan kepingan zink dengan kepingan aluminium

  • 19 Which of the following is true about alloy and its major component? Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang aloi dan juzuk utamanya

 

Alloy

Major component

Aloi

Komponen utama

 

A

Duralumin

Magnesium

 

Duralumin

Magnesium

 

B

Steel

Tin

 

Keluli

Stanum

 

C

Bronze

Copper

 

Gangsa

Kuprum

 

D

Pewter

Zinc

 

Piuter

Zink

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 20 Which of the following solutions contain the same number of hydrogen ion, H + ? Antara larutan berikut, yang manakah mengandungi bilangan ion hidrogen, H + yang sama? [Avogadro number = 6.02 x 10 23 mol -1 ] [Nombor Avogadro = 6.02 x 10 23 mol -1 ]
    I

    • 50 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm -3 of nitric acid

    • 50 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm -3 acid nitrik

II

  • 100 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 of hydrochloric acid

  • 100 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 acid hidroklorik

III

  • 25 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm -3 of sulphuric acid

  • 25 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm -3 acid sulfurik

IV

  • 200 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 of ethanoic acid

  • 200 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 acid etanoik

A

  • I and III only

  • I dan III sahaja

B

II

and IV only

II

dan IV sahaja

C

I, II and III only

I, II dan III sahaja

D

II, III and IV only

II, III dan IV sahajay

  • 21 Which of the following explains the meaning of effective collision? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah menjelaskan maksud perlanggaran berkesan?

A

The collision that causes a reaction

Perlanggaran yang menghasilkan tindak balas

B

The collision that has a low energy

Perlanggaran yang mempunyai tenaga yang rendah

C

The collision which takes place before a reaction

Perlanggaran yang berlaku sebelum sesuatu tindak balas

D

The collision where its energy is less than the activation energy

Perlanggaran yang tenaganya kurang daripada tenaga pengaktifan

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • 22 Diagram 4 shows the set of apparatus of an experiment. Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen.

Zinc chloride solution

Larutan zink klorida

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 22 Diagram 4 shows the set of apparatus of an

Aluminium chloride solution

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 22 Diagram 4 shows the set of apparatus of an

Larutan Aluminium klorida

DIAGRAM 4

RAJAH 4

Which of the following can be used to differentiate these solutions?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk membezakan larutan-larutan tersebut ?

A

Ammonia solution

Larutan ammonia

B

Barium nitrate solution

Larutan barium nitrat

C

Silver nitrate solution

Larutan argentum nitrat

D

Sodium hydroxide solution

Larutan natrium hidroksida

  • 23 Diagram 5 represents the structural formula of a carbon compound Rajah 5 menunjukkan formula struktur satu sebatian karbon

H

H

O

H

H

|

|

||

|

|

H – C – C – |

H

H

|

C – O – C – C – H |

H

H

|

DIAGRAM 5

RAJAH 5

Name of the above carbon compound is

Nama sebatian karbon di atas ialah

A

Ethyl ethanoate

Etil etanoat

B

Propil ethanoate

Propil etanoat

C

Ethyl propanoate

Etil propanoat

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • D Diethyl methanoate Dietil etanoat

  • 24 Which of the following reactions shows that tin is a reducing agent?

Antara tindak balas kimia berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan stanum sebagai agen penurunan?

  • I Reaction of tin with silver oxide Tindak balas stanum dengan argentum oksida

    • II Reaction of tin with lead(II) nitrate solution Tindak balas stanum dengan larutan Plumbum(II) nitrat

III

Electrolysis of tin(II) nitrate solution using tin electrodes

Elektrolisis larutan stanum(II) nitrat dengan menggunakan elektrod stanum

IV

Chemical cell with tin and zinc electrodes in sodium sulphate solution.

Sel Kimia yang menggunakan elektrod stanum dan zink dalam larutan natrium sulfat.

A

  • I and II only

  • I dan II sahaja

B

II

and IV only

II

dan IV sahaja

C

I, II and III only

 

I, II dan III sahaja

D

I, III and IV only

I, III dan IV sahaja

  • 25 The following chemical equation shows the reaction of the formation of lead (II) sulphate precipitate. Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas pembentukan mendakan plumbum (II) sulfat.

Pb 2+ (ak)

+

SO 4 2- (ak) → PbSO 4 (p)

∆ H = - 42 kJ mol -1

Which of the following is true about the reaction?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang tindak balas itu?

   

Heat change

Type of reaction

Perubahan

Jenis tindak balas

haba

A

Heat is

Endothermic

released

Endotermik

Haba

dibebaskan

B

Heat is

Exothermic

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

 

absorbed

Eksotermik

Haba

diserap

  • C Heat is

Exothermic

released

Eksotermik

Haba

dibebaskan

  • D Heat is

Endothermic

absorbed

Endotermik

Haba

diserap

  • 26 Which of the following molecules is soap? Antara molekul berikut, yang manakah merupakan sabun?

A

CH 3 (CH 2 ) 14 COOH

B

CH 3 (CH 2 ) 2 COONa

C

CH 3 (CH 2 ) 14 COONa

D

CH 3 (CH 2 ) 14 COOCH 3

  • 27 The diagram 6 shows the cooling curve for a sample of a pure substance X Rajah 6 menunjukkan lengkuk penyejukan bagi satu contoh bahan X yang tulin. Temperature/ o C

Time/s
Time/s
t
t

DIAGRAM 6

RAJAH 6

Which of the following statements is true about the arrangement of particles at time t? Antara berikut, yang manakah pernyataan yang benar tentang susunan zarah-zarah pada masa t?

A

All the molecules move freely

Semua zarah bergerak bebas

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

B

All the molecules only vibrate and rotate at their fixed position

Semua zarah hanya bergetar dan berputar pada kedudukan yang tetap

C

Some of the molecules move from one point to another and the others move randomly

Sebahagian zarah bergerak dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain dan yang lainnya bergerak bebas

D

Some of the molecules vibrate and rotate at their fixed positions and the others move from one point to another

Sebahagian zarah bergetar dan berputar pada kedudukan yang tetap dan yang lainnya bergerak dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain

  • 28 Diagram 7 shows the molecular formulae of two compounds, X and Y Rajah 7 menunjukkan formula molekul bagi dua sebatian, X dan Y.

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 B All the molecules only vibrate and rotate at their
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 B All the molecules only vibrate and rotate at their

Compound X

Sebatian X

Compound Y

Sebatian Y

DIAGRAM 7

RAJAH 7

Which of the following statements are similar for compound X and Y?

Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah sama bagi sebatian X dan Y?

A

The empirical formula

Formula empirik

B

Reaction with bromine water

Bertindak balas dengan air bromine

C

Hydration to produce an alcohol

Penghidratan menghasilkan suatu alkohol

D

Complete combustion in oxygen to produce water and carbon dioxide gas

Pembakaran sempurna dalam oksigen menghasilkan air dan gas karbon dioksida

  • 29 Table 1 shows the proton number of elements W,X,Y and Z. The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements. Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur-unsur W,X,Y ,dan Z. Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Element

Proton number

Unsur

Nombor proton

W

11

X

13

Y

17

Z

19

TABLE 1

JADUAL 1

Which of the following shows the ascending order of the atomic size of the elements?

Antara ynag berikut yang manakah menunjukkan susunan menaik saiz atom bagi unsur-unsur itu?

A

W,X,Y,Z

B

Z,W,X,Y

C

Y,X,W,Z

D

Z,Y,X,W

  • 30 Which of the following is true about covalent compound? Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang sebatian kovalen?

A

Conduct electricity in molten or aqueous state

Mengalir elektrik dalam keadaan lebur atau akueus

B

Low melting point

Takat lebur rendah

C

Soluble in water

Larut dalam air

D

Not volatile

Tidak meruap

  • 31 Diagram 8 shows a set up of chemical cell using a pair of zinc and copper as electrodes. Rajah 8 menunjukkan susunan radas sel kimia menggunakan pasangan elektrod zink dan kuprum.

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 Element Proton number Unsur Nombor proton W 11 X 13

Zinc

Zink

Copper(II) sulphate solution

Copper kuprum
Copper
kuprum
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 Element Proton number Unsur Nombor proton W 11 X 13

Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

DIAGRAM 8

RAJAH 8

The blue copper(II) sulphate solution turns pale. Warna biru larutan kuprum(II) sulfat luntur

Which of the following explains the observation?

Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah menerangkan pemerhatian itu?

A

Zinc atom ionizes

Atom zink mengion

B

Copper atom ionizes

Atom kuprum mengion

C

Sulphate ion is discharged

Ion sulfat dinyahscas

D

Copper(II) ion is discharged

Ion kuprum(II) dinyahcas

  • 32 The pH value of 0.1 mol dm -3 hydrochloric acid,HCl is smaller than the pH value of 0.1 mol dm -3 ethanoic acid, CH 3 COOH Nilai pH bagi 0.1 mol dm -3 asid hidroklorik, HCl adalah lebih kecil berbanding dengan nilai pH bagi 0.1 mol dm -3 asid etanoik, CH 3 COOH

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 DIAGRAM 8 RAJAH 8 The blue copper(II) sulphate solution turns

Which of the following explains the above statement?

Antara berikut, yang manakah menerangkan pernyataan di atas?

A

Hydrochloric acid is a weak acid while ethanoic acid is a strong acid

Asid hidroklorik ialah asid lemah sementara asid etanoik ialah asid kuat

B

Hydrochloric acid dissociates partially while ethanoic acid dissociates completely in water

Asid hidroklorik bercerai separa sementara asid etanoik bercerai sempurna di dalam

air

C

The number of hydrogen atom in hydrochloric acid is smaller than in ethanoic acid

Bilangan atom hidrogen di dalam asid hidroklorik lebih kecil berbanding di dalam asid etanoik

D

The concentration of hydrogen ion in hydrochloric acid is higher than in ethanoic acid

Kepekatan ion hidrogen di dalam asid hidroklorik adalah lebih tinggi berbanding di dalam asid etanoik

  • 33 The following equation shows the preparation of salt R. Persamaan berikut menunjukkan penyediaan garam R

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Solution P

+

Solution Q

Solution P + Solution Q Solid R + Solution S

Solid R

+ Solution S

Larutan P

+ Larutan Q

Larutan P + Larutan Q Pepejal R + Larutan S

Pepejal R

+ Larutan S

Which of the following set represents compound P,Q,R and S?

Antara set berikut, yang manakah merupakan sebatian P,Q,R dan S?

 

P

Q

R

S

I

Pb

NaBr

PbBr 2

Na

II

Ca(NO) 3

K 2 SO 4

CaSO 4

KNO 3

III

AgNO 3

NaCl

AgCl

NaNO 3

IV

NH 4 OH

HCl

NH 4 Cl

H 2 O

A

I and

II only

I dan II sahaja

 

B

I and IV only

I dan IV sahaja

C

II

and III only

II

and III sahaja

D

III

and IV only

III

and IV sahaja

  • 34 The manufacturing of sulfuric acid involves several reactions. Pembuatan asid sulfurik melibatkan beberapa tindak balas. Which of the following equations represents the sulfuric acid reaction that uses a catalyst? Antara persamaan berikut, yang manakah mewakili tindak balas asid sulfurik yang menggunakan mangkin?

A

S + O 2 → SO 2

 

B

2SO 2 +

O 2

2SO 3

C

SO 3

+

H 2 SO 4

→ H 2 S 2 O 7

D

H 2 S 2 O 7

+

H 2 O

2H 2 SO 4

  • 35 Diagram 9 shows the graph of volume of oxygen gas against time . Curve P is obtained from an experiment of the decomposition of 25 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm -3 hydrogen peroxide solution. Rajah 9 menunjukkan graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa. Lengkung P diperolehi daripada tindak balas penguraian 25 cm 3 larutan hidrogen peroksida 0.2 mol dm -3 .

Volume of O 2 gas/cm 3 Isipadu gas O /cm 3

2

16

P Q
P
Q

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Masa/s

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 Masa/s DIAGRAM 9 RAJAH 9 Which of the following solutions

DIAGRAM 9

RAJAH 9

Which of the following solutions will produce curve Q?

Antara larutan berikut, yang manakah akan menghasilkan lengkung Q?

A

  • 25 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm -3

  • 25 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm -3

B

  • 20 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm -3

  • 20 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm -3

C

  • 15 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm -3

  • 15 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm -3

D

  • 10 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.25 mol dm -3

  • 10 cm 3 hydrogen peroxide 0.25 mol dm -3

  • 36 The equation below shows the chemical equation of the combustion of ethanol in excess oxygen Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan persamaan kimia bagi pembakaran etanol dalam oksigen berlebihan

2C 2 H 5 OH

+

7O 2

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 Masa/s DIAGRAM 9 RAJAH 9 Which of the following solutions

4CO 2

+

6H 2 O

What is the volume of carbon dioxide gas released when 9.20 g ethanol reacts completely?

Berapakah isi padu gas karbon dioksida terbebas apabila 9.2 g etanol bertindak balas lengkap?

[Relative atomic mass of H = 1, C = 12,

O = 16,

1 mol of gas occupies 24 dm 3 at room

condition] [Jisim atom relatif H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, 1 mol of gas memenuhi 24 dm 3 pada keadaan bilik]

A

  • 4.8 cm

3

B

  • 9.6 cm

3

C

96.0 cm 3

D

9600 cm 3

  • 37 Diagram 10 shows the set up of the apparatus to study the redox reaction . Rajah 10 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji tindak balas redoks.

17

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 Masa/s DIAGRAM 9 RAJAH 9 Which of the following solutions

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Carbon X Carbon Y Karbon X Karbon Y Solution Y Solution X Larutan Y Larutan X
Carbon X
Carbon Y
Karbon X
Karbon Y
Solution Y
Solution X
Larutan Y
Larutan X
Porous pot
Pasu telap

DIAGRAM 10

RAJAH 10

Carbon X is a negative terminal.

Karbon X merupakan terminal negatif.

Which of the following are solution X and solution Y?

Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan larutan X dan larutan Y?

 

Solution X

Solution Y

Larutan X

Larutan Y

A

Iron(II) sulphate

Bromine water

Ferum(II) sulfat

Air bromin

B

Iron(III) sulphate

Potassium bromide

Ferum(III) sulfat

Kalium bomida

C

Acidified potassium dicromate(VI)

Potassium chloride

Kalium dikromat(VI) berasid

Kalium klorida

D

Acidified potassium manganat(VII)

Iron(II) sulphate

Kalium manganat(VII) berasid

Ferum(II) sulfat

  • 38 The reaction between 25.00 cm 3 of hydrochloric acid and 25.00 cm 3 of sodium hydroxide solution releases the heat of 2100 J. [Specific heat capacity of a solution = 4.2 J g -1 o C -1 Assume that 1 cm 3 of a solution is equal to 1 g of the solution ] Tindak balas antara 25.00 cm 3 asid hidroklorik dan 25.00 cm 3 larutan natrium hidroksida membebaskan haba sebanyak 2100 J. [Muatan haba tentu larutan = 4.2 J g -1 o C -1 Anggap 1 cm 3 larutan sama dengan 1 g larutan ] What is the temperature change of the mixture ? Berapakah perubahan suhu campuran itu?

A

1 O C

B

2 O C

C

10 O C

D

20 O C

  • 39 Which of the following is true about soap or detergent ? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang sabun atau detergen ? A

Soap forms scum in soft water

18

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Sabun membentuk kekat dalam air lembut

B

Detergent forms scum in hard water

Detergen membentuk kekat di dalam air liat

C

The presence of magnesium ions in detergent forms scum

Kehadiran ion magnesium di dalam detergen membentuk kekat

D

Scum decreases the effectiveness of the cleansing action of a soap

Kekat mengurangkan keberkesanan tindakan pencucian sabun

  • 40 Bromine-79 has 44 neutrons. Bromin-79 mempunyai 44 neutron Which of the following symbols represent the bromine atom? Antara simbol berikut, yang manakah mewakili atom bromin?

 

35

A

Br

79

35 A Br 79 44 B Br 35 79 C Br 35 79 D Br 44

44

B

Br

35

79

C

Br

35

79

D

Br

44

  • 41 2.0 g metal oxide J contains 1.2 g of element J

 

2.0 g oksida logam J mengandungi 1.2 g logam J

What is the empirical formula of metal oxide J?

Apakah formula empirik bagi oksida logam J?

[Relative atomic mass of J = 24,

O = 16 ]

[Jisim atom relatif: J = 24,

O = 16 ]

A

JO

B

JO 2

C

J 2 O

D

J 2 O 2

  • 42 In the Periodic Table, element X is in group 1 and element Y is in group 17 The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements. Dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur, unsur X berada dalam kumpulan I dan unsur Y berada dalam kumpulan 17. Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu. Which of the following chemical equation is true for the reaction between element X and element

19

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Y?

Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah benar bagi tindak balas antara unsur X dan

unsur Y?

A

2X

+

Y 2

B

X

+

Y 2

C

2X

+

Y

D

X

+

Y

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 Y? Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah benar bagi tindak

2 XY

XY 2

X 2 Y

XY

  • 43 The table 2 shows the electron arrangements of elements R, S, T dan U. Jadual 2 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi unsur R, S, T dan U

Elements

Unsur

R

S

T

U

Electron arrangement

2.4

2.8

2.8.7

2.8.8.2

Susunan elektron

Which of the following pair of elements can form ionic compound?

Antara pasangan unsur berikut, yang manakah boleh membentuk sebatian ion?

A

R and S

R dan S

B

S and U

S dan U

C

T and U

T dan U

D

R and T

R dan T

  • 44 The reaction between hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate produces carbon dioxide gas. The reaction is complete in 50 seconds and the maximum volume of gas produced is 25 cm 3. Tindakbalas antara asid hidroklorik dengan kalsium kabonat menghasilkan gas karbon dioksida. Tindak balas lengkap dalam masa 50 saat dan isipadu maksimum gas ialah 25 cm 3 . What is the average rate of reaction? Berapakah kadar tindak balas purata?

A

  • 0.5 cm 3 s -1

B

  • 1.0 cm 3 s -1

C

  • 2.0 cm 3 s -1

D

  • 4.0 cm 3 s -1

  • 45 Diagram 11 shows the set-up of apparatus for the titration of sodium hydroxide solution with sulphuric acid. Rajah11 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi titratan larutan natrium hidroksida dengan asid sulfurik

20

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 0.5 mol dm of sulphuric acid solution Larutan 0.5 mol

0.5 mol dm -3 of sulphuric acid solution Larutan 0.5 mol dm -3 asid sulfurik

  • 25 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 sodium hydroxide +

phenolphthalein

  • 25 cm 3 0.5 mol dm -3 larutan natrium hidroksida

+ fenolftalein

DIAGRAM 11 RAJAH 11 What is the volume of 0.5 mol dm -3 of sulphuric acid solution required to completely neutralize 25 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 sodium hydroxide solution? Berapakah isi padu 0.5 mol dm -3 asid sulfurik diperlukan untuk meneutralkan lengkap 25 cm 3 0.5 mol dm -3 larutan natrium hidroksida?

A

  • 12.50 cm

3

B

  • 25.00 cm

3

C

  • 50.00 cm

3

D

  • 75.50 cm

3

  • 46 The following chemical equation shows the reaction of preparation lead(II) iodide salt. Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas penyediaan garam plumbum(II) iodida.

Pb (NO 3 ) 2 (aq)

+

2KI(aq)

Pb (NO 3 ) 2 (ak)

+

2KI(ak)

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 0.5 mol dm of sulphuric acid solution Larutan 0.5 mol
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 0.5 mol dm of sulphuric acid solution Larutan 0.5 mol

PbI 2 (s)

+

2KNO 3 (aq)

PbI 2 (p)

+

2KNO 3 (ak)

What is the volume of potassium iodide 0.5 mol dm -3 solution needed to produce 4.61 g lead(II) iodide salt? Berapakah isipadu larutan kalium iodida 0.5 mol dm -3 yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan 4.61g garam plumbum(II) iodida?

[Relative atomic mass of Pb= 207, I= 127]

[Jisim atom relatif P= 207, I= 127]

A

  • 20 cm

3

B

  • 40 cm

3

21

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

  • C 400 cm 3

  • D 1440 cm 3

  • 47 Diagram 12 shows the stages I, II, III and IV in the Contact Process during the preparation of sulphuric acid. Rajah 12 menunjukkan peringkat I, II, III dan IV bagi penyediaan asid sulfurik melalui proses Sentuh.

S I SO 2 II SO 3 III H 2 S 2 O 7 IV H
S
I
SO 2
II
SO 3
III
H 2 S 2 O 7
IV
H 2 SO 4

Which of the following chemicals is used at each stage? Antara bahan kimia berikut, yang manakah digunakan pada peringkat itu?

 

I

II

III

IV

A

O 2

O 2

H 2 O

H 2 SO 4

B

O 2

O 2

H 2 SO 4

H 2 O

C

O 2

H 2 O

O 2

H 2 SO 4

D

H 2 O

O 2

H 2 SO 4

O 2

  • 48 Diagram 13 shows the set up of the apparatus for an experiment to determine the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulphate solution and sulphuric acid solution. Rajah 13 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperimen untuk menentukan kadar tindak balas antara natrium tiosulfat dengan asid sulfurik.

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 C 400 cm D 1440 cm 47 Diagram 12 shows
Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1 C 400 cm D 1440 cm 47 Diagram 12 shows

22

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Sodium thiosulphate solution and sulphuric acid

Larutan natrium tiosulfat dan asid sulfurik

DIAGRAM 13

RAJAH 13

Which of the following combination of conditions take the longest time for the mark X to disappear from sight?

Antara kombinasi keadaan berikut, yang manakah mengambil masa paling lama untuk tanda X hilang daripada penglihatan?

A

B

C

D

Sulphuric acid solution

Sodium thiosulphate solution

 

Larutan asid Sulfurik

Larutan natrium tiosulfat

Volume/cm 3

Concentration/ mol dm -3

Volume/cm 3

Concentration/ mol dm -3

Temperature/ 0 C Suhu/ 0 C

Isipadu/cm 3

Kepekatan/ mol dm -3

Isipadu/cm 3

Kepekatan/ mol dm -3

10

1.0

 
  • 50 30

0.5

 

10

1.0

  • 50 40

0.5

10

0.5

  • 50 30

0.5

20

0.5

  • 40 40

0.5

  • 49 Diagram 14 shows the structural formula of carbon compound J Rajah 14 di bawah menunjukkan formula struktur sebatian karbon J

H

H

H

H

|

|

|

C

 

|

H – C – C –

=

C –

H

|

|

H

H

DIAGRAM 14

 

23

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

RAJAH 14

Which of the following statements are true?

Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?

[Relative atomic mass of H = 1,

C = 12 ]

[Jisim atom relatif

H = 1,

C = 12 ]

  • I Empirical formula of J is C 4 H 8 Formula empirik J ialah C 4 H 8

    • II Name of the compound J is but-1-ene Nama sebatian J ialah but-1-ena

III

Hydration of compoud J produce butan-1ol

Penghidratan sebatian J menghasilkan butan-1-ol

IV

Complete combustion of compound J produce carbon dioxide gas and water

Pembakaran lengkap sebatian J menghasilkan gas karbon dioksida dan air

A

  • I and II only

  • I dan II sahaja

B

III

and IV only

III

dan IV sahaja

C

I, II and III only

 

I, II dan III sahaja

D

II, III and IV only

II, III dan IV sahaja

  • 50 Metal W is between iron and copper in the reactivity series of metal. The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements. Logam W berada di antara ferum dan kuprum dalam siri kereaktifan logam. Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu Which of the following metal oxides can be reduced by metal W? Antara oksida logam berikut, yang manakah boleh diturunkan oleh logam W? A

Zinc oxide

24

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

 

Zink oksida

B

Silver oxide

Argentum oksida

C

Magnesium oxide

Magnesium oksida

D

Aluminium oxide

Aluminium oksida

END OF QUESTION PAPER

KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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