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Endometriosis is a condition where small pieces of the womb lining, known as the

endometrium, start growing in other places, such as the ovaries.


OR


Relevant diagrams

Causes
Congenital abnormalities
Abnormal cervical mucus: hormone imbalance, namely too little estrogen or too
much progesterone.
Retrograde menstruation
Symptoms
Pain during ovulation
Infertility (11- 18% women with infertility may have it)
Dyspareunia: painful sex
Dysmenorrhea: Painful and Long menstrual periods
Dysuria: Urinary urgency
Rectal bleeding
Premenstrual spotting
Chronic pelvic pain: Lower back and abdominal pain
Diagnosis and
Endometrial biopsy
Rubin test
Hysterosalpingography,
Laparoscopy a test that allows the physician to view the uterus, fallopian tubes,
and pelvic cavity directly.