You are on page 1of 2

Endometriosis is a condition where small pieces of the womb lining, known as the

endometrium, start growing in other places, such as the ovaries.


Relevant diagrams

Congenital abnormalities
Abnormal cervical mucus: hormone imbalance, namely too little estrogen or too
much progesterone.
Retrograde menstruation
Pain during ovulation
Infertility (11- 18% women with infertility may have it)
Dyspareunia: painful sex
Dysmenorrhea: Painful and Long menstrual periods
Dysuria: Urinary urgency
Rectal bleeding
Premenstrual spotting
Chronic pelvic pain: Lower back and abdominal pain
Diagnosis and
Endometrial biopsy
Rubin test
Laparoscopy a test that allows the physician to view the uterus, fallopian tubes,
and pelvic cavity directly.